personal dictionary


abandon/abnegate/forego/forgo/forsake/give up/relinquish/renounce/resign/waive
v. to part with a claim, possession, privilege or right
_v. to relinquish to another, esp. by demand or under duress
__v. to yield a right, property, etc. by punitive consequence of some crime, error or offense

v. to withdraw support, companionship or aid for someone or something; to leave behind and alone

abandon/give up/quit/resign
v. to give up an occupation, office or position
_v. to formally resign from a high authority or office, as a throne
_v. to resign in favor of a successor

v. to diminish force or intensity
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually diminish
_v. to render less severe

abate/attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fail/fall off/flag/lessen/lower/lull/mitigate/moderate/reduce/relent/remit/slack (off)/slacken/subside/temper/weaken
v. to become less forceful or intense
_dwindle/taper (off)/wane
_v. to gradually diminish
_v. to become less severe

v. to reduce an amount or degree
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually retrench
_v. to diminish to the smallest possible volume or degree
_v. to drastically curtail

abate/attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fall (off)/lessen/lower/reduce
v. to be reduced in quantity or degree
_dwindle/taper (off)
_v. to gradually abate

v. to make smaller
_v. to reduce the length of data by encoding it, often by archival
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually attenuate
_v. to shrink to the smallest possible magnitude

attenuate/contract/decline/decrease/diminish/fall off/lessen/reduce/shrink
v. to become smaller
_v. (of a penis) to shrink from an erect, sexually aroused state
_dwindle/taper (off)/wane
_v. to gradually attenuate

v. to cause to be weaker

attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fail/flag/fall off/lessen/reduce/weaken
v. to become weaker
_v. to gradually flag

v. to reduce the quality or value of

attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fall off/lessen/lower/reduce/shrink
v. to lose value or quality

v. to decrease an extent
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually curtail
_v. to lessen to the smallest possible extent

v. to lessen in extent
_dwindle/taper (off)
_v. to gradually decline

n. an act of making or becoming less in amount, scale, significance, size, etc.
_n. a gradual reduction
__n. a gradual reduction of strength or efficacy consequent of sustained attack, harassment or pressure
__n. a prolonged decrease of membership or personnel who aren't replaced sequent to retirement, resignation or expiry
_n. diminution of swelling: the subsidence of anything swollen, esp. a penile erection
_n. diminution to the smallest possible grade, measurements or quantum

v. to terminate before a complete, intended or proper end or extent; to cut short

n. a formal resignation from an office and all its powers and responsibilities, esp. that of a regent

v. to assist or encourage the achievement of a misdeed

abet/aid/assist/back/help/minister [to]/serve/subvent
v. to furnish service or resources to ease accomplishment
_aid/help/minister [to]/relieve/subvent/succor
_v. to provide services or supplies to someone in a period or occasion of asperity or calamity
_v. to be useful or helpful to someone or something

n. an affordance of help
_n. any provision of assistance or care during a disaster or other instance of hardship

n. action in adherence to conventions, edicts, laws, rules or standards

v. (often followed by *to, **by or ***with) to act in accordance with commands, conditions, desires, laws, proprieties, rules, etc.
_v. (*usu. followed by to) to comply with customs, traditions or societal standards or norms

v. (*usu. followed by from) to restrain oneself from doing something
_v. to forbear voting, as in a legislature
_v. to abstain from bestowing or giving
_v. to refrain from claiming, enforcing or insisting upon

abjure/abnegate/abstain*/avoid/deny**/dispense with/eschew/forgo/forego/resist
v. (usu. followed by *from or **oneself) to elect not to partake of or indulge in something; to do without
_v. to suppress or subdue one's sensual appetites and passions by abnegation or disciplinary exercises

n. the act of refusing the indulgence of one's own desires or appetites

v. to wear away or dissipate by erosion, evaporation, melting or vaporization

v. to cleanse one's body with soap and water

n. the act of cleansing one's body with soap and water, as in a shower or bathtub

v. to relieve from a liability, obligation, responsibility or task, esp. that to which others are subject

v. to free from culpability or guilt, and any consequences or penalties ensuant therefrom

absquatulate/bolt/decamp/flee/fly/run/scoot/scram/skedaddle/skip/take flight/vamoose
v. to quickly, abruptly depart, esp. to escape or elude something or someone
_v. to furtively flee
__v. to abscond to elude obligation

v. to clean something by rubbing it with a cloth, paper towel, etc.
v. to remove by rubbing, esp. with a cloth

v. to take something without its owner's consent or any intention of restitution
_v. to appropriate someone else's ideas, music, writings, etc. and present them as one's original work
__v. to plagiarize one's own work

v. to take something off, away or from an occupied location or position, as by grasping, lifting or pushing
_v. to scrape or scratch something from or out of

n. an act of taking something off, away or from a spot or situation by seizing, raising or pushing

v. to courteously, often reluctantly assent to another's desire, judgment or opinion

accept/adopt/assume/bear/shoulder/undertake (for)
v. to take on or over a duty, obligation, position or responsibility
_v. to assume a dignity, right, office or title

v. to bring two or more things (as perspectives, opinions, data, accounts, etc.) into consonance or agreement; to make compatible
_v. to produce an attractive combination, usu. of attire or furnishings and esp. by harmonizing colors or patterns
_v. to conciliate (and often consolidate) disparate or converse principles, practices or beliefs, as of religions, philosophies or ideologies
_v. to cause to occur or operate concurrently or at a corresponding rate

v. to give something needed or wanted to be used or expended for necessity or comfort
_v. to furnish with shelter or living quarters
__v. to accommodate military personnel
_aliment/maintain/provide (for)/subsist/sustain
_v. to provide necessaries or sustenance for, as food or shelter
_allot/deal*/dish out/dispense/distribute/divide/dole*/lot/mete*/parcel*/portion*/share*
_v. (*usu. followed by out) to give out (or issue assigned) portions or shares to recipients
__v. (*usu. followed by out) to dispense proportionally
__v. (*usu. followed by out) to distribute small portions
__v. to parcel out fixed portions, usu. of provisions
_clothe/dress/enclothe/rig (out, up)
_v. to supply with clothing
__v. to furnish with an ensemble or costumes
_equip/fit (out)/furnish/gear/outfit/provide/rig (out, up)/supply
_v. to provision with equipment required to implement a specific task or function
__v. to equip with weaponry
__v. to outfit with instruments
_v. to supply with edibles, esp. for travel
_v. to provide in restricted, frugal, often inadequate quantities
_v. to supply with a tenon

v. to successfully bring an ambition, objective or desired result to fruition

v. to give or present a title, status, right, privilege, honor, degree or benefit
_v. to accord authority to implement a task or function
__v. to empower someone as a representative or substitute
_v. to grant official or formal permission to do something

v. to meet someone with defiant, disputatious or inimical intent or address

v. to physically or psychologically familiarize and consequently make comfortable with something by constant, frequent or prolonged exposure, esp. by habit, iteration or practice
_v. to accustom to a new climate or environment
_v. to accustom to something exceptionable by experience or protracted subjection
_v. to introduce and habituate plants or animals to a new environment

v. to become conditioned to something
_v. to become attuned to a new climate or environment

v. to develop, improve or refine a lineament, physique, proficiency, etc. by education, exertion or training

v. to come into possession of something, as by effort, purchase or request
_v. to gradually acquire friends, information, knowledge, property, strength, resources, wealth, etc.
__agglomerate/aggregate/bunch/clump/cluster/lump (together)/mass
__v. to gather into a single cluster or mass
__v. to accumulate a store of some resource reserved for future or emergency expenditure
_v. to obtain something by deception
_v. to garner by coercion or force
_v. to obtain by some forcible or toilsome essay necessitated by resistance
_v. to gain by argument
_v. to acquire by some operose, specialized or unusual effort
_v. to get something offered or delivered
_v. to secure something previously filched, mislaid or otherwise lost

v. (of organic matter) to gradually deteriorate or cause to disintegrate ensuing chemical action of bacterial or fungal growth
_v. to decay and emit a miasma

v. (of multiple substances, constituents, etc.) to stick or hold together in a single mass and resist separation

v. to hold fast to a surface, substance or object

v. to be devoted to a cause, conviction, faith, ideology, party, person, etc.

adhere (to)/stick to
v. to implement a plan or procedure without divergence

v. to examine and submit a formal, conclusive judgment regarding and thusly resolve a conflict, disputed matter or other problem

v. to serve as a judge of a competition

v. to work in an executive role: to command the affairs of an organization, as a business or government

v. to allow to enter; to grant entry to, as though an entranceway

v. to indicate, show or suggest what may transpire in advance; to be an omen of some future occurrence
_a. to vaguely presage
_v. to betoken in monition

v. to aid or contribute to the progress, growth or development of a project, person, enterprise, cause, etc.

v. to attach something to something else
_v. to affix firmly or securely to obviate movement or loss
_v. to tack with brads
_v. to attach before or at the fore
_v. to annex at the end
_v. to fasten with a tack or tacks

n. a deliberately offensive or discourteous act
_n. intentionally incivil inattention

v. to treat rudely, so to provoke anger or indignation
_v. to openly or publicly offend
_v. to ignore or regard with insouciance as an expression of disrespect

v. to effect adhesion to a substance or surface, as with glue or any other adhesive agent

v. to make worse
_v. to worsen by a factor's addition or increase

v. to arouse public interest in a matter and usu. support for a related cause

air (out)/aerate
v. to expose to or supply with circulating, usually fresh air, esp. to cool, dry or deodorize
_air (out)/ventilate
_v. to aerate an enclosed space to displace stale or contaminated air therein

v. to disclose or indicate a particular direction to a site or other destination

v. to exit or descend in egress from a plane, ship, train or other vehicle
_v. to disembark from an airplane following landfall
_v. to exit or induce to leave a railroad train

v. to descend from the air to settle upon a surface, as an aircraft, bird, skydiver, spacecraft, etc.

v. to reserve (resources, as time, space, funds, etc.) for a specific, often special purpose
_v. to proportionally earmark

v. to affect jubilance or engrossment, as with one's charm and beauty

v. to occur or proceed in consecutive turn, as two or more events, elements, conditions or actions

v. to join into a single, coherent entity or whole
_v. to smoothly and inseparably combine one substance (esp. a fluid) with another
_v. to unite troops into a brigade

n. the action or process of combining individual elements into one body or group

n. a leisurely, ordinarily public walk

v. to go from place to place
_v. to move at a moderate pace by stepping forward in alternation upon a surface
__v. to walk at a slow pace with a leisurely bearing
__v. to walk around something
___v. to circumambulate a site (as a forest, manor, etc.) to officially inspect and record its bounds
__v. to walk unsteadily
___v. to feebly stagger
___v. to teeter from side to side
__v. to walk inelegantly or haltingly with an uneven gait when lame or injured
__v. to walk nocturnally
__v. to walk a short distance
__v. to make one's feet sore by (usu. excessive) walking
_v. to peregrinate in or as though in a procession of vehicles, people or animals
_v. to travel in a capacious covered wagon drawn by equine
_v. to locomote in a van equipped with household amenities, esp. on holiday
_v. to move or pass across, over or through
__v. to travel a route regularly, usu. by vehicular means
___v. to traverse one's commute regularly, as between work and home
__v. to laboriously range something (usu. water)
___v. to wade a ford
_v. to locomote aimlessly, sans route, purpose or destination
__v. to meander beyond specified limits or bounds
__v. to wander at night
_v. to move confusedly about
_v. to peregrinate along a circuitous or sinuate route
_v. to move in a zigzag course

v. to await and attack from an occulted situation

n. a sudden attack from a concealed locus

v. to make better
_v. to make whatever's wrong right by eliminating an error, flaw or problem
__v. to restore something worn, decayed or damaged to sound or functional condition, ordinarily by replacing faulty or broken components thereof
___v. to mend footwear, esp. boots or shoes
___v. to hastily mend something
_v. to render flawless
_v. to improve something by eliminating its crude characteristics; to make elegant or polished

v. to become better

v. to make larger

v. to become larger
_v. to gradually enlarge

v. to render stronger

v. to become stronger
_v. to gradually strengthen

v. to increase an extent

v. to become greater in extent
_v. to gradually expand

v. to increase force or intensity

v. to become more forceful or intense
_v. to gradually intensify

v. to increase the amount of
_v. to increase by progressive addition
__v. (of multiple constituents) to accumulate into one cluster or mass
_v. to increase or multiply threefold

v. to become more numerous
_v. to increase by progressive addition
__v. (of multiple constituents) to accumulate into one cluster or mass
_v. to increase or multiply threefold
_v. to gradually swell

v. to distract one's attention from serious or soporific matters or concerns with any agreeable, amusing or stimulating entertainment
_v. to entertain oneself with a pastime
_v. to entertain with a feast or festival
_v. to entertain to great delight

v. to assign an inaccurate time to an artistic work, document, edifice, event, etc.
_v. to anachronize an erroneous date

v. to conduct a finical, systematic examination of a subject's constituents to ascertain their interrelations, its essence or structure, or to identify causes, consequences or factors
_v. to conduct a chemical analysis of

v. to treat mental and emotional disorders (as neuroses or psychoses) by investigating, patefying and analyzing conscious and unconscious anxieties, conflicts or impulses, esp. by means of free association, or behavioral or oneiric interpretation

v. to render immobile or stationary

v. to move or lift at an angle diverging from a level position, so that one end or side is higher than the other in a slanting, oblique or diagonal position or direction

v. to take possession of something for one's own use, esp. illegally or without permission
_v. to forcibly or illicitly appropriate control of authority or a position
_v. to appropriate for public use
_v. to swiftly and forcibly arrogate something
__v. to arbitrarily seize

v. to appropriate and integrate a territory or country into the domain of a city, county or country, esp. by dint of force, as of conquest or occupation

v. to destroy entirely; to render completely nonexistent
_v. to obliterate with nuclear weapons

v. to come into existence
_v. to commence in a particular manner
_v. to suddenly begin

v. to fulfill a desire or (esp. edacious) appetite to satisfaction
_v. to sate one's thirst by drinking
_v. to indulge oneself in delightful, voluptuary pleasure

v. to apply or put something (as a tool or resource) to service in assay of a function
_v. to efficaciously utilize a right, privilege, influence, authority or faculty
_v. to apply to the greatest advantage
_v. to deftly and carefully use an instrument, as a tool or weapon
_v. to use in a manner or for a purpose not initially intended

v. to select someone for a membership, office or position

approach/come/draw near [or] close/near
v. to spatially or temporally move near or nearer to something or somebody

v. to occur as a consequence or effect

arouse/awake/awaken/rouse/wake (up)/waken
v. to cause a person or people to wake from sleep

v. to assemble (constituents) into a convenient, orderly or proper whole
_v. to arrange in abidance with a method
_v. to organize (data, pages, texts) in a logical or numerical sequence
_v. to collocate in a series according to a scale of quality or rank
_v. to order in an alternating or overlapping pattern, as on the sides of an axis or in successive shifts of labor

n. the use of tricks to deceive someone, esp. to achieve a political, legal or financial purpose

v. to learn or prove with surety by dint of calculation, experiment, inquiry, inspection, investigation, observation, study or survey

v. to kill by obturating respiration to deprive of oxygen
v. to succumb to a lack of oxygen

v. to suck (a substance, as fluid) out: to draw out or away, or remove by suction

v. to apply effort to accomplish an objective
_v. to arduously essay

v. (of people) to come together for conference or activity

v. to pick someone to implement a particular task or function
_v. to assign a task, responsibility or function to somebody (esp. a subordinate) as one's authorized agent

v. to conform or adapt to one's environment or culture
_v. (of an individual or cultural, ethnic or social group) to assimilate culturally; to conform to previously foreign and esp. prevailing cultural characteristics and norms

v. to become like something else
v. to render something akin to something else

v. to receive and integrate concepts, culture or people into a broader society or culture, esp. by adapting them to the predominant cultural ethos

v. to assign someone or something to a (taxonomic, social, organizational, economic, artistic, altitudinal, etc.) category
_v. to classify two or more people or things together
_v. to classify organisms into hierarchical groups based on correspondent genetic and physical properties

v. to take on a certain attribute, bearing or form

v. to make certain that something has been or shall occur or be effectuated

v. to reduce a substance to motes or a fine spray
v. to project a fluid (esp. perfume) as a fine spray

v. to furnish reparation for an error, fault or misdeed

n. any act of making amends for one's deficiency, mistake or trespass

v. (of constitutents or components) to bring, put or come together
_v. to join flesh, skin, etc. by means of suture
_v. to join with a tenon

n. an act of bringing, placing or coming together
_n. the act of sewing two bodily surfaces together, as the skin of an open wound

v. to become or render fine, slender or thin
_v. to render extremely, unnaturally thin, usu. by starvation

n. the process of instructing oneself

avoid/banish/dislodge/drive (out)/eject/expel/oust/rout
v. to impel flight; to force out or away from a place
_v. to expel from a locality or country, esp. by diktat as a punitive measure; to force to move out or away
__v. to banish someone from their country
___v. to temporarily, democratically banish someone
__v. to expel a foreigner from a country, usu. on grounds pertaining to illegal status or criminality
_v. to occasion a disarrayed departure by drubbing

v. to deliberately stay away from someone or something disapproved, detested or feared

v. to end an employee's occupational engagement

v. to treat, protect, provide and care for with excessive indulgence, as one might a pet or child, esp. to the eventual detriment of their character

v. to restrict or retard activity or advancement; to be a hindrance to
_v. to cumber an enemy force by destroying its channels of travel, supply or communication

v. to fill and fashion the bed of a railway line or road with coarse gravel or crushed stone

v. to secure an advantage or victory through deception or trickery
_v. to surreptitiously use a crib whilst assaying an examination, test, etc.

v. to exclude from a community, group, profession or society

v. to impede passage through, esp. with an obstacle

v. to lay open to view; to make visible, apparent or known

v. to deprive something of its covering; to make naked or bare
_v. to strip skin from an organism
_n. to strip skin or blubber from the body of a seal, whale, etc.
_v. to strip a husk or husks from

n. the removal of a covering or surface

v. to overspread or cover completely with a fluid (esp. water), as during a flood

v. to flood or spread over or through with liquid
_v. to infuse completely or thoroughly

v. to violently oppose someone or something, as by grappling, an acral exchange of blows or the use of weapons
_v. to engage in proximate, unarmed combat by atteming to seize and throw one's opponent to the ground rather than cuffing, punching or kicking
_v. to deflect an attack, as a blow or thrust in fencing

v. (of accoutrements, maquillage, vesture, etc.) to enhance someone's appearance or attractiveness

n. to decorate or ornament in a garish or tasteless manner

v. to move or run with short, fleet steps, often covertly

v. to bring about or give rise to an event, condition, situation or response
_v. (of efforts, factors, perspectives, etc.) to engender a common conclusion, condition or result
_v. to ultimately produce an effect or consequence

v. to prompt or perform the first or earliest part of an action, process or undertaking thereof
_v. to commence by performing a procedure (as a wassail) or holding a ceremony intended to confer good luck or beget fortune
_a. to begin anew

v. to surround a region, locale, etc. with a military force or forces, esp. to compel surrender

v. to make something seem small or smaller, usu. in contrast to the magnitude of another or others

v. to encircle and secure with a flexible band, such as a bandage, belt, cord, girdle, etc.

v. to move at high or full acceleration in a specified direction, often uncontrollably

v. to incline one's body, head or knee to express gratitude, politesse, salutation, submission or veneration

v. to provide with a bed (esp. a bunk) on a train or passenger ship

v. to attack from all sides; to siege from circumference

v. to encumber someone with a suplusage of tasks, interaction, information, activity, etc. with which they're obliged to contend

v. to set something aside for future use
_v. to store in a cache
_v. to carefully store an object or objects in a container, esp. for transportation or storage

n. a stupid act, esp. a mistake

n. a deliberate breach of confidence, faith, fidelity or trust

v. (of flame, esp. that of a candle) to burn unsteadily, usu. immediate to extinguishment

n. to flow rapidly, with a rippling or gurgling sound

v. to prompt someone to do something against their will, often by dint of physical force
_v. to impel by legal measures
_v. to constrain by intimidating, as with threats
_v. to compel with moral persuasion
_v. to force with violence

v. to stick or hold together, as any mass composed of discrete parts

v. to indue cohesion to a mass, as of ingredients

v. to exclude someone from an activity or esp. a society via the negative vote of a backstair ballot conducted by said fraternity

v. to vote against
_v. to reject an enactment by exercise of a veto; to refuse to endorse or assent

v. to turn pale, as from illness, horor or shock

v. to show conspicuously and esp. publicly

v. to mark something with dirty or discolored patches of dirt, dye, ink, paint, etc. that are difficult (if possible) to remove
_v. to stain with blood
_v. to blotch with a greasy, oily or otherwise viscous substance

n. the act of spotting or staining something

n. (of a liquid) an act or process of bubbling and vaporizing when heated to a certain temperature

v. to make (a condition, contention, position, structure, etc.) stronger or defensible
_v. to guard or strengthen the flank of a military force or its position

v. to increase the degree of

v. to become greater in degree

v. to cause difficulty at someone's expense or discomfort

v. to proceed by repeatedly striking and rebounding from a surface

v. to spring back or away from an impact with a surface

n. an act or instance of jerking or springing back from an impact

v. to keep activity, movement, scope, selection, etc. within specified abstract, quantitative, spatial or temporal bounds
_v. to circumscribe within a small space, such as that of a cabin
_v. to begird or fetter an animal's legs to inhibit its movement
__v. to hobble by fettering with a spancel
_v. to confine someone involuntarily in or as though in a prison
_v. to restrain someone by securing their wrists or ankles with shackles
__v. to shackle one's wrists with handcuffs
__v. to shackle one's ankles with fetters to impede and restrain ambulation

v. to determine or mark the bounds or limits of something

v. to prepare oneself for action or asperity

v. to unrepentantly, confidently, audaciously face or endure a trial or challenge

v. to furnish with a feature or facility, as by design or inspiration
_v. (as of a deity) to invest with beauty or an aptitude
_v. to endue with an individual character

v. (of organisms) to sexually or asexually produce offspring
_v. (of a population) to augment by propagation
_v. to breed rapidly and profusely, so to become common

v. to induce animals to reproduce by natural processes, often by controlled selection

n. to take from one place to another, as by manual effort or vehicular effect

v. to distribute or scatter (fluid, information, seed, etc.) over a broad area, or to many people
_v. to publicly disseminate information, esp. news
__v. to publicize by distribution of circulars
__v. to publicize or announce with placards

n. the spread or transmission of something to a wide or wider area or group

v. to touch, scrape or rub something lightly in passing

v. to deform or contort when subjected to pressure, moisture or heat

v. to chasten, dissuade or overcome by eliciting fear or awe, as with threats
_v. to intimidate with glowering, a domineering deportment or overbearing and threatening language, esp. to coerce
_v. to intimidate smaller or weaker people with strength or power

v. to plant remains in a grave

v. to create a burr by casting, cutting or drilling

v. to remove an edge's or area's burr, usu. by smoothing or sanding

v. to violently, suddenly, usu. stridently break or fly open or apart attendant of internal pressure or combustion
v. to prompt an explosion
_v. to effectuate, form, obliterate, open, shatter, etc. with an explosion

v. to touch the pursed lips to or press one's lips to another's as an expression of concupiscence, love, reverence or salutation
_v. to kiss briefly or perfunctorily

v. to move or act with agitated or busy and speedy, energetic excitation

v. to pass around an area or obstacle

v. to slyly avoid response to queries or attendance to responsibilities, problems, issues or duties

v. to give a name to an individual, collective or class

v. (of icebergs and glaciers) to split and shed smaller masses of ice

camp (out)/encamp/pitch
v. to temporarily lodge in tents, huts or cabins at an established campsite or wooded locality
_v. to camp at an unsheltered site or in improvised shelters

v. to provide a locale with a canal
v. to excavate a canal through

v. to convert a river into a canal

v. to void, mitigate or nullify by exerting an equal and opposite influence of weight, force or effect

v. to consume the flesh of one's own species

v. to remove functional components from a machine (esp. a vehicle) to repair or enhance the function of another

n. a motion that tilts, turns or oversets something

v. to investigate prevailing sentiment and behavior by soliciting and recording public opinion (esp. that of people residing in a specific district)

v. to skip, run, leap or dance playfully; to play in a frisky, exuberant manner
_v. to gambol rumbustiously

capsize/knock [OR] tip [OR] turn over/overset/overturn/upset
v. to (often accidentally) turn something from an upright or normal position onto its top, side, face or back

v. to inflict severe punishment

v. to create an itemized list

v. to record an item or items to or in a list
_v. to itemize a datum in an index
_v. to formally inscribe a property, name, event, activity, etc. in a register
__v. to register in a manifest
_v. to enter a distance, incident, speed or time in the log of an aircraft or vessel

v. to manually take hold of something or someone
_v. to catch something falling or flying
_v. to suddenly prehend
__v. to firmly seize
_v. to prehend tightly or firmly
_v. to forcibly take

n. any process or action that prompts a result, occurrence or condition

v. to bring a state or activity to its end; to prompt to stop doing something
_v. to discontinue a session of a parliament or other legislative assembly without dissolving it

n. the act or process of bringing a proceeding, condition or activity to an end

v. (usu. followed by *on or upon, or ^across) to discover something or meet someone without intention or expectation

v. to substitute, give or receive something for another, usually of a correspondent type or comparable value

v. to give and receive reciprocally, esp. to satisfy disparate or converse needs or desires

v. to serenade a freshly wed couple with noise

v. to induce moral improvement by punishment

v. to move around a central point or axis; to turn on or as on a swivel or pivot
_v. to revolve rapidly
_v. to rotate or spin in a wobbling motion so that the axis of rotation sweeps conically, as a gyroscope, planet or top

v. to best by dint of cunning, ingenuity, intelligence, machination or wit

n. the act of evading by passing around

v. to impart culture, teach or refine discrimination of taste or judgment and develop intellectual faculties by edification and education

n. to climb quickly, laboriously and often feverishly, esp. on one's hands and feet

v. to render limpid by removing impurities or solids, esp. by heating or filtering

v. to tightly, passionately hold someone in the arms to one's bosom, esp. as a demonstration of love or affection

v. to place or keep something, someone or oneself out of sight, discovery or disclosure
_v. to secrete weapons, valuables, provisions, larder, etc.

v. to shut off from social intercourse or activity; to confine so to be alone

v. to forcefully, usu. sharply bring an extremity, tool, weapon, etc. into contact with someone or something, as during combat or construction
_v. to strike vigorously and repeatedly
__v. to beat with heavy blows
__v. to belabor with or as with a birch rod or bundle of birch twigs
__v. to drub with or as if with a cane
__v. to larrup with a stick
___v. to flog with or as with a club
__v. to larrup with or as though with a whip
__v. to beat with or as though with a flail
__v. to belabor with or as if with a hammer, esp. to drive nails into wood
__v. to beat severely or thoroughly
__v. to hammer by or as by punching
__v. to drub with a flat object
__v. to larrup with a thong
_v. to strike with one's foot or feet
_v. to wallop sharply with an open hand
__v. to slap somebody's derriere (esp. repeatedly) as a punishment or stimulation
_v. to whomp with a clenched fist
_v. to clout with a club
__v. to whomp with a short, heavy club
_v. to strike with or as though with a whip
__v. to whip with a quirt
_v. to hit with a hammer, esp. to drive nails into wood
__v. to strike with a hammer's peen
_v. to sock with a flat object
_v. to strike with a thong

v. to make footwear, esp. boots or shoes

v. to systemize procedures, laws or rules into a code

v. to move in or along a spiral course, esp. around a fixed point

coitus interruptus/onanism/withdrawal (method)
n. a method of contraception by which coitus is initiated, but the penis is deliberately withdrawn ere ejaculation

v. to adjust an optical instrument's line of sight

v. to furtively contrive and collaborate to realize a deceitful, fraudulent or illegal objective

n. surreptitious scheming and cooperation in furtherance of a deceitful or illegal plot

v. to deliver something or someone to the care, protection or safekeeping of another

v. to endeavor to surpass, defeat or gain an advantage over another or others with whom one is in competition, as in a game, campaign, contest, venture, etc.

n. an endeavor intended to surpass that of opponents, as participants in a contest or professionals of a bailiwick, esp. to attain some prize or profit

v. to come together at a point from different directions, as roads, lines, objects in motion, etc.

v. (of lines, moving objects, etc.) to move or draw together to a specific position

v. to train someone to deport themselves or respond in a predetermined manner

v. to relinquish blame or resentment concerning a transgression, offense, mistake or discourtesy

v. to aid the effectuation of a particular result

conjuration/legerdemain/magic/prestidigitation/sleight of hand
n. any performance of illusionary magic or card tricks wherein utilization of superb manual dexterity is exercised

v. to recruit someone compulsorily into military service

v. to commit permanently and irrevocably, as to death, incarceration, reposition, etc.

n. the act of committing someone to confinement in a prison or mental hospital

v. to formally or legally set up and initiate a community, institution, organization, society, etc.

n. the act or process of formally or legitimately initiating a community, confraternity, institute, etc.

v. to exploit and consequently diminish the supply of a resource
_v. to expend the totality of a resource's supply

v. to complete a marital union with coitus after its wedding
v. to fulfill sexually, usu. by intercourse

n. any act or process of utilizing and thusly dissipating resources
_n. the consumption of a resource exceeding its replenishment

v. to struggle to overcome an adversity or challenge, esp. with some degree of success

v. to produce an analogous copy of something

v. to create an exact or identical reproduction of something
_v. to duplicate a sealed document as a certified copy
_v. to create several copies of something (such as a page, document, pamphlet, book, etc.) with carbon paper, a mimeograph or a photocopier

n. playful conduct intended to excite casual sexual interest

v. to bar access to or from a site or building by surrounding it with police officers, sentinels, soldiers, warships, etc.

v. (of animals) to drive into and confine in a corral
v. to dispose wagons in an annular formation akin to a corral

n. a striking or staggering exhibition of talent, wit or brilliance

v. to forcibly fill a space, place or receptacle tightly, esp. in excess of its intended capacity

v. to produce something hitherto nonexistent

n. a wicked, unjust or immoral act
_n. an exceptionally egregious malefaction
_n. a paltry sin

v. to congress or move about in great numbers, as a crowd of people, flock of birds, automotive traffic, etc.

v. to seek the society of someone; to court acquaintance or friendship

v. to prepare land by plowing and fertilization to raise crops

v. to nurture the growth of a plant or crop

n. the act of putting off (an activity, event, etc.) to a future time
_n. (often habitual) deferral ensuing indolence
_n. any punitive postponement

v. to put off to a later time
_v. to needlessly and habitually or lazily remit
_v. to postpone someone's punishment (esp. an execution)
_v. to prolong a discussion or process by deferment or prevarication to gain time or induce a compromise

n. a routine, habitual activity

v. to carry out an action or function
_n. to execute a crime or other misdeed
_v. to perform the functions and obligations of an office or post
_v. to do again
__v. to do repeatedly, insistently, often excessively

v. to cause damage to something and impair its function or diminish its value

v. to effect or inflict a bodily injury
_v. to injure by burning with vitriol

v. to move with swift, nimble expedition, esp. in flight

v. to gently bounce a baby in one's arms or on one's knee

v. to swiftly, suddenly move and esp. run

v. to act or move quickly or expeditiously

v. to reduce someone to physical or mental weakness
_v. to enfeeble by protracted or strenuous exertion
_v. to tire excessively, often to a point of collapse
_v. to perniciously or gradually weaken

v. to pack and leave a camp or camping ground

v. to gradually become worse

n. a (ordinarily gradual) process of changing to a worse or inferior state

v. to become physically weak; to wane in strength and vigor
_languish/pine (away)
_v. to waste away ensuing severe compunction, grief, longing, etc.

n. to extract an essence or flavor from a substance by boiling it

v. to take apart
_v. to separate into groups, parts, sections, etc.
__v. to divide into two parts
___v. to divide into two equal parts
___v. to divide into two branches
_v. to proportionately divide

v. to come apart
_v. to split into groups, parts, sections, etc.

n. the act or process of taking apart or breaking a connection

n. an intrepid, notable or extraordinary achievement

n. disavowal of and departure from one's country to reside in another
n. desertion of an allegiance in favor of its opposition

v. to throw someone or something through or from a window

n. the act of throwing a person or thing through or from a window

v. (of soldiers) to march in single file or columns

n. an act of sanctioning someone (esp. an adjutant) to act in one's stead as their representative

v. to transmit correspondence or a parcel to an address, ordinarily by a postal carrier
_v. to post sold goods
_v. to post by a special messenger or fleet conveyance

n. conveyance of mail or packages to an address
_v. dispatch of merchandise to a vendee

n. the act of coming or going out

v. (of a mechanism or personnel) to be triggered to action or function

v. to put in a particular place or position
_v. to position troops, artillery or vehicular forces in battle formation
_v. to be so arrayed
_v. to deposit in a train

v. to violently lay waste to and consequently leave barren, as by an invading army or tornado

v. to rob of currency, goods, valuables, etc. often collectively, during hostile raids provoked by war, riots, etc.
_v. (of a military force, esp. an army) to reave a locale captured during a military campaign

n. the act of robbing money or goods during a raid in a period of war or civil disorder
_n. the plunder of a locality captured during a military campaign; usu. committed by an army

v. to take authority, property, rights, status, etc. from someone
_v. (*usu. followed by out of) to deprive another or others by dint of deceit

v. to forcibly relocate or necessitate migration of an individual or social or ethnic group from their provenance or homeland to a new, foreign locality or environment

v. to pull or tear up or out by or as though by the roots, as one might a plant from earth

v. to originate from a (cognate, lineal, etc.) source or origin

designate/indicate/mark/point (out)/show
v. to spatially or figuratively indicate a direction, location or presence

n. a forcible or violent and often collective act of theft

v. to set apart for a particular recipient, as a gift or harm

v. to determine a course of destiny or events beforehand, usu. irrevocably

v. to decentralize authority, as that of a federal government to a provincial, regional or local administration

v. to impose an unfavorable condition upon someone

n. an act of divesting oneself of something

discern/distinguish/perceive/pick out/note/notice/observe/spot
v. to detect with one's senses

v. to forcefully pull something apart or into pieces
_v. to pull off or away
_v. to violently or vigorously tear
__v. to rip one's clothing or hair when livid or grieving
_v. to discerp into strips or fragments

v. to give or send forth an effluence of gas, light, liquid, etc.
_v. to emit gases
_v. to gradually discharge, as through pores or other tiny apertures
__v. to exude fluid
_v. to issue rays or waves of light or heat
_v. to expel liquid, steam, etc. through an opening, as a vent

v. to free or release from complication, difficulty, entanglement, involvement, obligation, etc.

n. a refusal to abide or obey
_n. noncompliance against (usu. established) authority
__n. resolute recusancy
__n. open, valorous insubordination
__n. active opposition to authority or convention
___n. steadfast mutiny
___n. (of sailors or soldiers) rebellion against superior officers

v. to deprive one of life; to cause somebody's death
_v. to inexcusably or unjustifiably and unlawfully kill someone, usu. posterior to premeditation
__v. to murder by secrecy or surprise, esp. for a political purpose
_v. to kill a large segment of a group or population
_v. to kill a condemned person by legal sanction, ordinarily as a punitive measure
__v. to dispatch by burning, as at the stake
__v. to execute by electrocution, usu. with an electric chair
__v. to dispatch someone by girding their neck with a rope hung from above and swiftly removing the support upon which they stand
___v. to execute someone by hanging them from a gallows
___v. to exhibit corpses by hanging them from a gibbet
__v. to execute someone by decapitation in a guillotine
_v. to kill someone by hailing them with stones
_v. to violently dispatch

v. to refuse to acknowledge something or someone
_v. to withdraw one's attention from a person or thing

v. to draw someone's attention away from something

v. to be, extend or move in various directions from a common point
_v. to diverge into two branches
_v. to diverge at a broad angle

v. to move unsteadily
_v. to feebly stagger
_v. to wamble from side to side

n. an unsteady movement

v. to let or have saliva trickle from one's mouth

v. to forcibly induce motion forward or onward
_v. to impel by attack or blows
_v. to impel a horse with the spurs of one's boots
__v. to urge a horse with the rowels of one's spurs

v. to quickly fill beyond capacity with an overflowing abundance or superfluity, as with a liquid

v. to make a procedure, activity, etc. easier

v. (of gas or fluid) to flow in a twisting, circular current

v. to promote and develop someone's moral values or intellectual faculties by instruction

v. to develop or draw out from a latent or potential state

eluctate (out)
v. to struggle out of a place, condition, circumstance, etc.

v. to preserve a dead body with the application of balm or arterial infusion of chemicals, esp. formaldehyde

n. the act of applying a lotion to skin, as an ointment, emollient, liniment, etc.

v. to come forth or go out from, esp. into view

n. an act or process of becoming apparent sequent to concealment

v. to pierce through or fixate with any sharp instrument such as a stake or spear
_v. to transpierce on or with a skewer
_v. to impale with or on a spike

v. to invest or afford the opportunity, power, means or knowledge to realize a task or function

n. the act of surrounding something on all sides, esp. land or cattle with fencing

v. to advance beyond established or recognized limits, esp. at the expense of someone's authority, privacy or rights

n. stealthy or gradual entry to or assumption of another's rights, property, position or authority without right or permission

v. to oblige compliance with and observance of laws and rules

v. to set (something or someone) aflame

v. to occur immediately after

n. ceremonial placement of a corpse in a tomb

v. to posit a corse in a vault

v. to board a train

v. to induce a trance state akin to slumber wherein the subject is unusually susceptible to suggestion

v. to grind or wear down, off or away, as by pressure or motion
_v. by erode by friction, as by rubbing or scraping

n. any act or process of wearing matter down, off or away, usu. by continuous motion or pressure
_n. erosion by friction, as wood rubbed by sandpaper or rock particles corraded by flux of wind, water or ice

n. (of a couple) the act of pledging commitment to a forthcoming marriage

v. to turn inside out

v. (of a computer) to activate a program or process an instruction

v. to excavate a gravesite and unearth its corpse, customarily for the purpose of reburial or medical investigation

n. to squeeze fluid (esp. juice) out, as from a tube or fruit

v. to exceed normal limits, as of etiquette

v. to heedlessly or indifferently leave something undone, as a task
_v. to inadvertently neglect consequent of a mnemonic lapse
_v. to neglect to include someone or something; to leave out

v. to render someone motionless with a fixed stare or evocation of horror, awe or astonishment

v. to cause an egg, female animal or plant to develop a new individual by imparting to it male reproductive material

v. to make or be fruitful or prolific

v. to honor with a celebration or regale

v. to move about with squirming, shifting or jerking motions attendant of anxiety or impatience

v. to fashion or adorn with filigree, as from a precious metal

v. to move with erratic jerks or sweeps, like a flail; to wave, swing or toss wildly about

v. to attack down or from the sides

n. a decampment executed to avoid obligations, esp. the payment of a debt

n. any action or process of continuous, invariant movement, as of air or water
_n. an act or process of flowing together
_n. a process or action of flowing out
_n. an act or process of flowing in

v. to soothe skin or muscles by bathing with warm water and/or applying ointment

n. the act of searching for comestibles and provisions
v. to seek provender or provisions, esp. across a broad expanse

n. the surrender of something as a penalty ensuing a mistake, fault, breach of engagement, etc.

v. to restore or impart fresh vitality, strength, life, health, impetus, energy, etc.

v. to neatly roll or fold and secure a fabric article such as a flag, garment or sail

v. to melt the end or edge of a metal or plastic object with intense heat to conjoin it with another

n. a simultaneous or successive discharge of multiple firearms, missiles or artillery
_n. the fusillade fired by a warship's broadside

v. to attack with a fusillade
_v. (of a warship) to volley a broadside

v. to be or become wide open

v. to ascertain the quantity, capacity or dimensions of something or somebody, esp. with an instrument
_v. to measure the girth of something

v. to bow while bending one knee to a floor as an expression of reverence or worship

v. to divide a region into electoral districts with intent to provide the candidates of a political party with an unfair advantage
n. an act, instance or result of gerrymandering

v. to pierce or bore holes in wood with a gimlet
v. to gather a crop's usable residuum (usu. grain) after a harvest

v. to situate or tend animals (esp. cattle or sheep) in a field, meadow, etc. while they graze
_v. to graze animals in a pasture

v. (of a candle) to melt away as wax drips or streams from the waxen pool surrounding the wick

v. to chop into small pieces
_v. to mince into small cubes

v. to teach data or establish an idea or attitude with persistent iterations or admonishments
_v. to instill a doctrine or ideology in a person or group and condition them to accept it unconditionally, without misgivings or critical deliberation

v. to create, compose or perform without preparation

v. to form into a discrete entity

v. to immerse tea, herbs, bark, etc. in liquid to extract a salutary, savory or other soluble property

v. to set or place in

v. to subtly introduce or maneuver oneself into a position or someone's society, esp. by cajolery or other means of ingratiation

v. to place something in regular alternation between the layers or parts of something else

v. (of multiple elements) to mutually penetrate each other or one another

v. to place between other elements

v. to involve oneself, esp. to alter, preclude or stymie an action or development
_v. to intervene between parties with an intent to reconcile differences, disputes or other problems

v. to intervallically distribute or scatter inter alia
_v. to intersperse plenteously
_v. to diversify with other things distributed or interposed at intervals, as _particolored stripes of a pattern

n. an act of turning something upside down

v. to turn something upside down

v. to suddenly or forcibly enter a room or other area

v. to act, move or shift with a sudden, spasmodic motion

v. to abruptly or heartlessly reject or abandon a lover

v. to run at a moderate or slow, steady, leisurely pace
n. a brisk yet unhurried pace of running

n. an act of traveling (esp. a long distance) to a destination
_n. aimless travel bereft of course, destination or objective
__n. oberration exceeding some limit or perimeter
__n. the act of walking or wandering during the night

v. to array side by side or in a particular propinquity, esp. to emphasize contrast of the disposed constituents

v. to pelt someone with stones

n. the dispatch of an envoy on a diplomatic mission

v. to run or move with a long, swinging or bounding stride
n. a steady gait of long or bounding strides

v. to study strenuously, esp. at night

v. to journey from one country or zone to another, so to settle and reside therein
_v. to relocate periodically or seasonally

v. to disintegrate naturally into dust

v. to render subtle or invest with greater subtlety

v. to render ineffectual or otiose

n. any gesture that expresses deference or homage, as a bow, curtsy, genuflection, kowtow, nod, salaam, etc.

n. any intentional evasion of clarity; the practice of deliberately obviating the disclosure of facts or details

v. to make a concept, nuance, situation, etc. uncertain or incomprehensible

v. to force something (esp. one's presence, participation or opinion) upon others when unwarranted or unbidden

v. to push or thrust out or forward

v. to dispose of a need in advance

v. to render as effective, functional or useful as possible whilst maximizing efficiency
v. to obtain the most from; to exploit fully
v. (of a computer program) to program or modify to attain maximal efficiency in storage capacity, cost, execution or retrieval

v. to assert or adhere to a sanguine, hopeful and confident perspective

v. to confine horses in a paddock

v. to examine part of a body by touching it

v. to place, make, extend or be adjacent and equidistant to something else

v. to peel or trim an outer layer, integument, edge, coating, etc. by cutting

n. a hike around a locale's perimeter conducted to examine and document its measurements

v. to punish by locking in a pillory

v. to expose to public mockery or abuse

n. a rapid spin of one's body performed on a pedal ball or points of the toes
v. to execute a pirouette, usually as part of a dance

v. to regularly or assiduously perform one's craft, endeavor, pastime or vocation
_v. to pursue a project to completion

v. to conjoin strands of yarn or rope, or clay by weaving, twisting or molding

v. to violently hurl or throw downward

v. (of condensed water vapor) to fall from clouds as snow, sleet, rain or hail

v. to assign a date preceding actuality

v. to occupy or appropriate before another or others

v. to favorably impress someone beforehand

v. to venture without permission or sanction

n. forward movement toward a locality or other destination
n. development toward a specific objective, often actualized as cumulative achievement

v. to transmit one's hereditary attributes to offspring or a sequent generation

v. (of thermic, photic, elecromagnetic, compressive or aural waves) to move through a medium (esp. air), often in a particular direction

v. (of thermic, photic, elecromagnetic, compressive or aural waves) to send through a medium (esp. air), often in a particular direction

v. to explore a region or site therein for useful or valuable substances such as gold, minerals or oil, esp. by means of experimental drilling or excavation

prostitute/sell out/whore
v. to compromise one's integrity or degrade oneself by the exercize of one's talents in pursuit of a base or unworthy objective for pecuniary or other gains

v. to exchange sex for money

v. to exert force with a lever to move, open, raise or separate something

v. to flow with a gently curling or rippling motion

v. to blunt the edge or point of a sharp weapon

v. to build or form something again ulterior to its damage, destruction or deterioration

n. the act of rehabilitating one's constitution, conduct or reputation

reconcile/make [OR] patch up
v. to make peace with someone; to restitute friendly relations

v. to return a building, furnishing, painting, vehicle, etc. to an earlier or original condition by extensive repair or remodeling

n. preliminary exploration or survey of an area conducted to obtain information

v. to survey an area to acquire data
v. to survey an area (esp. an enemy position) to acquire tactical or logistical data

v. (usu. of disease, misfortune, etc.) to recur after a dormant period

v. to return to a former condition, position or rank

n. an act or process of altering economic, political or social conditions, institutions, practices or laws to curb or obviate abuse or dysfunction, esp. that ensuant of malfeasance

v. to return to a prior or less developed condition or comportment, usu. that which is inferior or worse

n. the act of passing something from an establishment, collective or individual to another or others
v. to pass something from one station, group or person to another or others

v. to lessen to an inferior rank or status
_v. to downgrade one's social class or status

v. to manually let go of something or someone; to free from one's grip

renege (on)/break
v. to fail or refuse to fulfill a promise or obligation

v. to place confidence or trust in a person or thing

n. punishment inflicted in return for an injury or transgression
_n. any retaliation against an enemy in wartime, as the destruction of property or execution of POWs

v. to reject someone's or something's authority or validity

v. to suspend physical activity or movement to disport or rejuvenate oneself
_v. to cease work or study to relax awhile

v. to come or go back to a place or person

v. to bring, give, send or take something back to its owner

v. to bring, put, send or take something back to its quondam or rightful place or position

v. to wash under a fluxion of or by immersion in water

n. a fencing counterattack performed immediately subsequent to one's effective parry of an opponent's lunge
v. to execute a return thrust after parrying

roister/revel/party/make merry [OR] whoopie/cavort
v. to celebrate with raucous and jubilant conviviality
_v. to revel whilst drinking or inebriated; to cavort drunkenly

v. to make a person or locale poor; to reduce to poverty

ruffle/riffle/flick (through)
v. to rapidly or absently turn or flip through with one's fingers, esp. the pages of a book, magazine, etc.

n. a careless, leisurely gait

v. to cut a superficial notch or line, as on cardboard to facilitate bending
_v. to incise with an angular or V-shaped cut or indentation

v. to polish or cleanse by vigorous rubbing, as with a detergent or abradant

n. to frantically scrape, grope or dig with one's hands, hooves, paws, etc.

v. to write or draw something in an awkward, hasty, often sprawling fashion without concern for its legibility or recognizability

v. to mark or score a ceramic, metal or wooden surface with a scriber to indicate where it's to be cut

v. to be constrained by moral or ethical considerations; to waver or hesitate to do something that one adjudges potentially wrong

v. to glide lightly and swiftly on or over a surface

v. to impose separation of a racial, religious or other group from a populace

v. to smoothly transition from one condition, element, function or situation to another

v. to separate from others or one another, as a jury during a trial and deliberations

n. any sexual activity intended for procreation or pleasure
_n. sex sans ardor or desire
_n. manual stimulation of the genital organs to derive sexual pleasure and ultimately attain orgasm
_sex/(sexual) intercourse [OR] congress
_n. penetrative genital contact or coupling between two or more individuals
__n. consensual sexual congress between a married individual and someone who isn't their spouse
__sex/(sexual) intercourse [OR] congress/copulation/coitus
__n. sex by which a male's erect penis is inserted into a woman's vagina
_sodomy/buggery/anal sex [OR] intercourse
_n. intercourse via the anus
_sodomy/oral sex/cunnilingus/cunnilinctus
_n. oral stimulation of the clitoris or pudendum
_sodomy/oral sex/fellatio(n)
_n. oral stimulation of the penis

v. to fashion into a particular shape, as by sculpting
_v. to shape or enlarge a hole with a broach
_v. to shape the outline of, esp. to fit within or in juncture with something else
__v. to cut or reduce an edge or corner from an orthogonal shape to an oblique, symmetrical form; to contour to a bevel
_v. to form by cutting
_v. to model to particular dimensions
_v. to form by beating with a hammer
__v. to bend, enlarge, smooth or straighten by striking with a hammer's peen
_v. to impress (a component) with a fine series of ridges

short shrift/summary treatment
n. any brusque, scant, unsympathetic treatment that ordinarily precedes a rejection or dismissal

v. to convey a liquid from one container into another by means of initial suction and atmospheric pressure
v. to withdraw or transfer funds or resources over a protracted duration, esp. by illicit means

v. to become or permit to be less taut, as of a cable, line, etc.

v. to create calcium hydroxide by mixing lime and water or deliquescing lime

v. to accommodate with a sluice
v. (of water) to direct, flow, drain, irrigate or release from or through a sluice
v. to wash (usu. sediment) with water streaming through a sluice
v. to transport (usu. logs) down or through a sluice

v. to make or become sober posterior to inebriation

n. an armed attack from a besieged situation
v. to attack from a beleaguered position

v. to increase speed of progress, occurrence or development
_v. to abruptly or prematurely engender an incident or situation

v. to break or divide an object (such as a log or cabbage head) from end to end by striking
_v. to split with a sharp instrument, as an axe or cleaver

v. to contemptuously reject someone or something

v. to hurl a stick or sticks at something

v. to escort a woman as or in the manner of a squire

v. to stop an effluxion, esp. of blood from a wound

v. to make or become stable in condition, position or quality

v. to spend or expend money or other resources minimally in providence or parsimony

v. to debase oneself morally, esp. by lowering one's standards to effectuate a reprehensible or otherwise shameful act; to demean oneself by acting in an unworthy, undignified or dishonorable way

v. to keep from occurring
_a. to avert something by means of precautionary measures
_v. to stop (someone) from accomplishing something; to successfully oppose a plan, endeavor, desideratum, ambition, action, etc.
__v. to dash by acting in advance

v. to cause someone or something to appear inconsistent, silly or stupid

v. to make futile, impuissant or otiose, esp. by frustrating

v. to dull or benumb one's senses or intellect by or as though by a blow or shock
_v. to stupefy with inebriation or infatuation

v. to divert energy of physical, instinctual and esp. libidinous impulses to endeavors of productive or socially acceptable activity

v. to render actual; to give existence, real form or substance to a concept, objective, etc.
_v. to actualize in a human form
_v. to make an abstraction concrete or real

v. to undermine the power and authority of and ultimately overthrow an established system, institution or leader, esp. in a surreptitious manner

supervene (on, upon)
v. to happen additionally, irrelevantly or unexpectedly

v. to take the place or assume the role, position or function of something or someone anterior

v. to make or become flexible

v. to suspend activity or ideas

v. to forcibly vanquish rebellion or havoc, esp. to establish one's dominance

v. to ride the face of a wave toward shore, esp. while standing on a surfboard

v. to navigate from one broadcast or online channel, site or page to another with a television or web browser

v. to monitor the activities of an (ordinarily suspect) individual or group

v. to examine, determine and record the borders, elevation, extent, form, position, topography, etc. of a tract, harbor, coast, etc. by means of linear and angular mensuration in accordance with geometric and trigonometric principles, esp. for cartographic purposes

v. (usu. followed by on) to sustain one's life by consumption of aliment, or acquisition of money or other resources

v. to consciously restrain an action, emotion, impulse or reaction

v. to move about in water with a splashing sound

v. to influence someone's opinion in favor of a certain partiality or attitude
_v. to bias in advance

v. to search thoroughly

v. to feed beasts with swill

v. to suddenly sweep or spring down upon to attack, as in predation

v. to array or enter data in a tabular format

n. a course of action divergent from another antecedent
v. to alter one's course of action

v. to make filthy or impure, esp. with waste substances

tally/score/rack up/notch/chalk up
v. to gain a point, goal, run, etc. in a game or contest
v. to record the score of a game

v. to construct or pave with macadam

v. to act adaptively in accordance with current, temporary occasions or circumstances

v. to present for acceptance or rejection
_v. to formally offer for receipt or refusal

v. to assign a title to, as an artistic work

v. to shave someone's head

v. to advertise with aggressive, brazen, hyperbolic enthusiasm

v. to be born anew as another person posterior to one's death

v. to change in or an appearance or perceptible form

v. to experience a radical alteration of or change the structure, form or character of

v. to change the order, positions or sequence of numerous objects or elements in a group

n. the act or process of changing the (often linear) order of a disposal, permutation or sequence of grouped articles or constituents

v. to set each of two items in the place of one another

v. to change one substance into another, as lead into gold!
_v. to transmute into wood, as by deposition of lignin in cellular walls

v. to capture in or as if in a baited device, hidden pit, etc.
_v. to catch in or as one would with a net
_v. to trap with or as though in a snare

n. any painful or strenuous work
_n. lengthy labor

v. to engage operose work
_v. to toil a long while

v. to extend or reach across, over or through
_v. (of an arch) to span

v. to ascend, descend or cross a slope via a diagonal or zigzag course while skiing

v. to momentarily lose one's balance or footing and nearly fall, esp. after catching one's foot on something

v. to keep company with an individual or fraternity in a genial manner
_v. to consort with whores

n. desipient action or activity

v. to fall forward or down swiftly, sharply or headlong

undergo/suffer/receive/meet (with)/experience
v. to be subjected to or present at an occurrence
_v. to experience tribulation, injury, pain or loss

v. to excavate beneath a situation, fortification or building, esp. to collapse it

n. an important or difficult task, esp. that which requires preparative deliberation
_n. an initial endeavor beyond one's usual compass of activity
_n. a parlous, uncertain enterprise

v. to have or confer a wavy appearance or form (esp. a contour or pattern), as that of a liquid surface
_v. to form or prompt small waves

v. to expel from a position or office

v. to elevate to a high degree of moral excellence or spiritual purity; endue with a greater dignity or nobility of character

v. to serve as a personal attendant responsible for his employer's apparel and sundry other tasks
v. to attend to a hotel's patrons or cruise vessel's passengers

veer/swerve/stray/skew/sheer/diverge/deviate/depart (from)/cut
v. to (often abruptly) turn aside or away from a straight or plotted course
_v. to temporarily (often momentarily) swerve

v. (of wind) to shift clockwise in direction

v. to lower or ruin one's moral character, usu. by intemperance or sensuality

v. to reduce efficacy, quality or value, usu. by damage

v. to treat and esp. clean metal by immersion in dilute sulfuric acid

v. to discharge or be dispersed concurrently in rapid succession, as though in a volley

n. a badminton, football or tennis return executed by hitting or kicking the ball or shuttlecock before it lands
v. to strike and return a (cricket, football, tennis, etc.) ball before it hits the ground

v. to pledge something (usually a sum of money) as a forfeit if one's forecast of a future event should prove erroneous, usually in return for a corresponding pledge by another or others if the aforementioned prediction is accurate
_v. to stake winnings from one bet on a subsequent wager
_v. to transform any gain into another of greater value by investment

n. the act of moving something quickly and jerkily up and down or from side to side

v. to move an object up and down or from side to side with brisk, vigorous, jerking motions
_v. to shake slightly; to move or cause to move with short, wagging bobs or jerks
_v. to agitate with violent force

v. to proffer an incentive for or induce to action; to cause to act
_v. to provoke discord, recalcitrance, trouble, etc.

v. to engage in numerous (usu. fugacious) sexual relations with several people, often indulgently or impulsively; to act promiscuously
_v. to indulge intercourse or an affair with a woman or women one can't or won't marry
__v. to philander with a prostitute or prostitutes

v. to suddenly, forcibly rise or advance, as a wave or crowd

v. to celebrate, honor or wish someone or something well as an expression of benevolence by raising one's glass together with others before quaffing their contents

v. (*usu. followed by away) to use or expend money, time or resources uselessly or carelessly, esp. in a rash, foolish, frivolous or extravagant manner
_v. (usu. followed by away) to squander gradually, little by little
_v. (usu. followed by *away when transitive or ^around) to waste time by doing nothing or anything frivolous

v. to smoothly, usu. gently rise and fall or move from side to side, as waves
_v. to flow with a light or faint undulation

n. the act of moving one's hand side-to-side to signal someone or express salutation or farewell

v. to move back and forth or side to side, often at a fixed speed
_v. to move or back and forth at an invariant rate

v. to suddenly draw back, as in fear, pain, revulsion or shock
_v. to quail fearfully

v. (of a breeze, breath or other current) to blow on, off, over or through

v. to separate grain from chaff with a focused, vigorous air current

winnow/garble/cull (out)
v. to select the best or most qualified constituents of a group or list, esp. by a process of elimination

v. to depart from participation in an activity or consort of a group
_v. to withdraw into solitude; to seclude oneself

v. to act against a person, force, enterprise, etc.
_v. to openly oppose a government or other ruling authority with subversive and esp. violent techniques

v. to move with quick, jerking, often irregular motions
_v. to shake with slight, rapid movements
_v. to shake or vibrate with spasmodic or violent celerity

yield/surrender/succumb/submit/render/give up/capitulate/bow
v. to cease resistance to an enemy or opponent and subject oneself to their will, power or authority

n. the act of subjecting oneself to the dominion or power of an opponent after conceding defeat


n. an absence of dermal pigmentation

a. of a highly developed physical sense or faculty

n. either of an almond-shaped pair of masses composed of gray matter within the temporal lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, which comprise part of the limbic system and are involved with the generation of fear and aggression

a. located on or near the front plane of a body or an organ

n. incisors and canines, distinguished in the dental array before posterior premolars and molars

n. a functional, external bodily structure that projects from the trunk, as an arm or leg

ass/backside/behind/bottom/buns/butt/buttocks/caboose/can/cheeks/derriere/fanny/fundament/gluteus maximus/heinie/keister/nates/posterior/prat/rear/rump/seat/stern/tail/tochus/tush
n. the fleshy, adipose pair of protrusions constituting the lower rear of the human trunk on which one sits

n. a bodily cavity or chamber
_n. either of two cardiac chambers from which blood is conveyed to the heart's ventricles; the right atrium receives deoxygenated bood and the left oxygenated from the pulmonary vein
__(atrial) auricle/auricula atrii
__n. a small, conical, muscular pouch projecting from the upper anterior portion of each cardiac atrium
_n. a sac or cavity containing (commonly lymph or cerebrospinal) fluid
_n. a membranous cavity of the alimentary canal linking the mouth and nasal passages to the esophagus
_n. a (conventionally minute and osteal) cavity, space or depression containing cartilage or osseous matter
__n. any of a fetus's or infant's cranial lacunae covered by membrane
_n. any bodily cavity, channel or chamber leading to or opening into another (as of the inner ear, urethra or vagina)

n. the visible, protruding, cartilaginous structure of the external ear

a. of or regarding auditory modality

a. shaped like a pinna

a. (of legs) laterally excurvate at the knees

a. possessing a heavy, stout build of thoroughly developed and pronounced musculature
_a. extremely brawny
_a. muscular for the prominence of structures developed from tissues of the embryonic mesoderm

a. of or regarding the body
_a. of or pertaining to the ear
_a. of or concerning bone
__a. of or pertaining to the skull
__a. of or pertaining to the hyoid bone or associated structures
__a. of or regarding the skeleton
_a. of or concerning the heart
__a. of or concerning the atrial auricle
__a. of or pertaining to the coronary arteries
_a. of or regarding the head
__a. of or pertaining to the cranium
___a. of, concerning, within or proximal to the cranial temples
_a. of or pertaining to hair
_a. of or regarding the skin
_a. of of pertaining to the chin
_a. of or pertaining to the throat
_a. of, resembling, regarding, affecting or occurring in the liver
_a. of, regarding or situated in the groin
_a. of or relating to the spleen
_a. of or relating to muscle or muscles
__a. of or relating to the sartorius
_a. of or regarding the eye
__a. of or relating to the sclera of the eyeball
_a. of, regarding or resembling a penis
_a. of, concerning or affecting the lungs
_a. of or concerning the scapula or shoulder

n. the totality of an organism's physical structure
_n. a dead body, esp. that of a human

a. endowed with large, often prominent breasts

n. any extant, external organic mass
_n. a (ordinarily osseous) projection or protuberance from the surface of a body part
__n. an unnatural eminency
_n. any prominent, often anomalous outgrowth or protuberance such as a wart, nodule, carbuncle or blister

n. a tubular passage or cavity though which air or nutriments are conveyed
_n. a vessel through which lymph or glandular secretions (such as tears or bile) issue
_n. a muscular, tubular constituent of the alimentary canal lined with mucous membrane that connects the throat to the stomach
_n. a large membranous tube reinforced by cartilage rings that extends from larynx to bronchial tubes to convey air to and from the lungs

n. a portion of the amnion that may cover the head of a fetus upon parturition

a. within, upon or near the head

n. a crossing or junction of two tracts, such as ligaments or nerves

n. the longest portion of the large intestine, which extends from the cecum to the rectum

n. a joint between two bones
n. the line where the upper and lower lips or eyelids meet
n. a band of nervous tissue connecting the cerebral hemispheres, spinal laterals, etc.

n. a bone's rounded, terminal protuberance, which forms an articulation in conjunction with another

a. (of similar parts or organs) conjoined in growth
_a. (of anatomical structures) conjoined to a functionally dissimilar organ, extremity, etc.

n. that main portion of an organ or other bodily structure
n. any distinct, functional organic tissue, esp. an organ

a. (of a figure) having pronounced, sensual curves
_a. plumply, pleasantly curvaceous

dissepiment/septum (pl. dissepiments/septa)
n. any partition (often a membrane) that divides two bodily cavities, chambers or tissues

a. of, concerning or located on the back or upper surface of an organ, organism or part

n. a bodily structure's or organ's abnormal position or location, attendant of congenital disorder or injury

a. (of organs) atypically disposed

n. a thin flap of cartilage that's depressed while swallowing to cover the glottis and thus preclude the passage of comestible matter into the larynx

n. unusually red crinal pigmentation

a. of or constituting an excessive or abnormal outgrowth or enlargement, as a wart

n. a hand or foot
_n. the prehensile extremity of an arm comprised of the palm, fingers and thumb
__n. the joint hand and wrist

n. a bone in the leg connecting the pelvis to the knee, the strongest and longest in the human body

n. the side between ribs and hip

a. short and chubby

n. (of skin) smooth and hairless

n. the passage linking the posterior mouth to the anterior portion of the neck or rear of the mouth, including the fauces and pharynx

n. an enlargement of male breasts, commonly consequent of hormone imbalance or therapy

a. covered with (usu. when growing) hair
_a. hairy on one's cheeks and chin
_a. growing or covered with soft, fine hair
_a. fully, peppered or streaked with gray hair
_a. possessing or covered with long, coarse hair

n. the hip, buttock and upper thigh of a human

a. of anatomy dissimilar in structure or evolutionary origin; derived from a different species

a. of organs corresponding in position, structure and evolutionary origin, though not necessarily of function

n. a horseshoe- or U-shaped bone that supports the tongue, situated in the neck's anterior midline betwixt chin and thyroid cartilage

n. any stimulation of an organ's or bodily part's nerve supply that suppresses its function

insula/island of Reil
n. pyramidical areas in each cerebral hemisphere within the sylvian fissure and beneath the frontal and temporal lobes, which process autonomic functions, emotions and sensations

a. within a cavity's or organ's walls

a. (of certain nerves and muscles) located within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts

n. an erect penis

a. concerned with the secretion of tears
a. of, comprising, pertaining or proximate to glands that secrete tears

larynx/voice box
n. a muscular organ within the anterior trachea and connected to the hyoid bone that contains elastic vocal cords, which produce sonant sound when vibrated by a current of breath that passes between them

a. capable of moving or bending one's limbs freely and flexibly, esp. by virtue of a slender physique

n. a countenance's characteristic constituents: eyes, nose, mouth, chin, etc.

a. possessing a light physique of minimal muscularity
_a. macilent for the prominence of structures derived from the embryonic ectoderm's tissues
_n. extremely, unnaturally thin, usu. in consequence of starvation
_a. lean and long-limbed
__a. ungracefully rangy and tall
_a. elegantly, attractively, often delicately thin
__a. (of a woman or girl) gracefully, attractively, often delicately thin
_a. tall and usu. frailly spare

n. the white, crescent area at a fingernail's base

n. crinal or dermal darkness caused by high concentrations of melanin

Morton's toe [OR] foot
n. a condition whereby a second toe exceeds the length of the adjoining first

n. either of the nose's two exterior apertures

n. an inborn or acquired dermal maculation
_beauty spot [OR] mark/birthmark
_n. any congenital dermal blemish
_beauty spot [OR] mark/mole
_n. a small, often raised and usu. dark nevus

n. a finger's joint or knuckle

n. a small, usually uncommon swelling consisting of tissue or a cellular aggregate

a. of or pertaining to eyesight

a. of a form or function resembling that of the eye

a. consisting of or resembling bone
_a. forming a skeleton

n. a natural prolongation or projection from or within an organism's body, as an osseous protuberance
_n. any natural bulge or swelling of an anatomical structure or organ, as those interspersed along the course of a lymphatic vessel
__n. a small node

n. the shallow, cleft groove extending from the nose to the upper lip

n. any portion of a bone that lengthens with growth

pilus/hair (pl. pili/hair)
n. any of the fine, pliant, cylindrical filaments growing from a mammal's epidermis
_n. a lock of curly hair
_n. thick, unruly hair resembling thatched roofing material
_n. a bunch of hair growing or fastened together

n. any of numerous, minute dermal orifices through which perspiration is exuded

a. adapted to seize or grasp, esp. by wrapping around and clutching an object

a. possessing a protruding lower jaw

a. (of a limb or other body part) capable of outward or forward thrust

a. situated nearer or nearest to a body's midline, or a limb's or bone's point of attachment

pudendum/vulva (pl. pudenda/vulvae)
n. the external female genitals

a. possessing lungs

n. the space betwixt thumb and forefinger

n. any undeveloped or immature part or organ, esp. that of an embryo

a. (of an organ or appendage) in the first or an early stage of formation or growth

n. the longest muscle in the human body, situated at the fore of the thigh and extending obliquely from the hip to the inner tibia; the sartorius aids rotation of the leg into the cross-legged position assumed by a seated tailor

a. possessing especially fat buttocks

n. a stabile osteal (and usu. cranial) joint or line of junction

n. the large bone that forms the ankle joint in articulation with the tibial condyle

n. either of two male ovoid reproductive glands within the scrotum that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens

v. (of the heart) to beat rapidly
_v. to throb heavily or violently
_v. to pulsate with excessive or irregular celerity

a. of, concerning or located on the belly, abdomen or underside of an organism

a. (of an organ or appendage) no longer serving a function, and thus nonfunctional, degenerate or atrophied in occurrence or persistence

viscus (pl. viscera)
n. any internal (esp. abdominal) organ located within one of the body's main cavities


n. a member which receives the thrust and supports the lateral pressure of an arch, vault, span, etc.
n. a structure supporting one end of a bridge

n. any room or array of rooms added to an existing building
_n. a terminal, perpendicular extension

n. any edifice (esp. a residence) situated high on a hill or mountain

n. a recess in a wall, usu. to accommodate a bed or bookshelves

altar (Christian)
n. a table in a Christian church where communion is administered
n. a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are placed, or religious rites performed

ambo (Christian)
n. one of two raised, oblong pulpits in which the gospels and epistles were read in early Christian churches

n. any alfresco and oviform or circinate building wherein tiers of seats ascend progressively from a central space, as an arena or stage

n. an adjunct building associated with a central facility

n. a room that provides entry to another adjacent that's larger, as a waiting room
_n. a proportionally small antechamber between a building's exterior doors and interior

n. a protective (usu. cloth) cover laid over the headrest or an arm of a chair, sofa, etc. to forfend wear, maculation, etc.

apiary/bee house
n. an edifice containing numerous beehives, conventionally wherein they're raised for harvest of their honey

n. a building's domed, vaulted or sloping recess or projection of semicircular or polygonal conformation, esp. the east end of a church, where its altar is located
_n. the apse of a basilica containing the Bishop's throne

n. an arched or covered passageway normally flanked by shops
_n. a gallery or arcade of at least one side open to air (regularly supported by columns), esp. one constituting part of a house facing or dominant of a garden

n. a curved, usu. vertical structure that spans and forms the upper edge of an opening (as that of a doorway or bridge) and supports its overhead or lateral weight
v. to span (an opening, etc.) with an arch
_n. an arch's upper or exterior curve or surface
_n. an arch's interior curve or surface
_n. an arch over a passageway or entranceway
_n. a series of arches supported by a colonnade, either freestanding or comprising part of a wall
__n. an arcade constructed on a small scale
_proscenium (arch)
_n. an arch framing the aperture between stage and auditorium
_n. a sequence of arches supported by a row of piers or towers built to carry a canal, road or railroad over a valley or other low elevation

n. a structure shaped like an inverse U
_n. an arch's upper or exterior curve or surface
_n. an arch's interior curve or surface
_n. an arch over a passageway or entranceway

n. a molded frame bordering a door or window
_n. a block at the intersection of a baseboard and door's architrave

n. a large cabinet or wardrobe

art nouveau
n. a French school of decorative art, architecture and design popular from the late 19th century to WWI characterized by ornate, stylized motifs depicting the sinuous outlines of vegetation and other natural forms: leaves, vines, flowers, bodily contours, etc.

n. a convex, typically semicircular or beaded molding disposed at the head or base of a column, or to close the clearance gap of a door or pair thereof

n. a room in which an artist or designer works

n. an ordinarily skylighted square or orthogonal central hall or court lit from above, into which rooms or galleries open at one or multiple levels
n. the central court of an ancient Roman house distinguished by its open roof

n. a room or space directly beneath a roof, which may be utilized for lodging or storage
_n. a garret beneath a mansard roof

n. a low story or (usu. decorative) wall above a classical facade's cornice

n. a rooflike projection (fashioned of canvas, another tough fabric or flexile plastic) supported by a frame and installed over a doorway, deck, window or storefront to provide shelter from sunlight or precipitation
_n. a lengthy awning extending over a doorway to its contiguous sidewalk's curb

n. a flat roof

n. one of a railing's series of columnar supports

n. a bridge's, terrace's or stairwell's railing or handrail supported by balusters

n. a raised platform on which a band performs

a. (of a column) without base between the shaft and pedestal

n. a stationary basin connected to a fauceted water supply and drainpipe, with which one may wash their hands, face, kitchenware, etc.
_lavatory/washbasin/wash-hand basin/washstand
_n. a bathroom's basin

n. a projecting portion of a fortification (such as a rampart) enabling deployment of multidirectional defensive fire

n. the frame of a bed, often comprehending a headboard and springs

n. a (usually tiered) bed of a vessel or train

n. an ornamental projection, as of a vaulted ceiling or roof
_n. a Gothic architectural ornament fashioned to resemble curved foliage (as buds or leaves) projecting from the sloping angles and edges of pinnacles, spires or gables

brace/bracing (pl. braces/bracing)
n. any structural member that stiffens and imparts steadiness to a framework
_n. a short, upright post employed as a vertical strut for structural framing

n. a small house of a single story and broad front porch, usually located near a lake or beach, or in a rural vicinage
_n. a (usu. attractive or charming) rural cottage
_n. a bungalow designed in the style of a chalet

n. a room or closet in which food is reposited

n. a storeroom in which liquors and wines are stocked

n. an integral projecting support (usually constructed of stone or brick) that supports the wall of a building
v. to provision or reinforce [a structure] with a buttress

n. a small dwelling of simple or crude construction, often serving as a provisional domicile
_n. the hutch of a herder in the Swiss Alps
_n. a wretched, squalid or otherwise unsavory hut
_n. a hut constructed of daubed wattle and a thatched roof
_n. a Native American hut composed of a frame covered with brushwood, grasses or mats

n. a (commonly fabric) covering suspended on pillars or posts over a bed, throne, altar, statue, fountain, etc.
_ciborium/baldachin (Christian)
_n. a canopy standing on four pillars over an altar
_n. a length of decorative drapery hung from the canopy of a bed to screen its structure

v. to furnish or cover with a canopy

n. a space of or area in a cellar
n. cellars collectively

n. a wooden house of Swiss provenience distinguished by its low roof and extremely broad eaves

chancel (Roman Catholic)
n. the space in a church circumferent of its altar, usu. enclosed by a lattice or railing and occupied by the clergy and often the choir

charnel house
n. a building or vault in which corpses or bones are heaped or deposited

n. a tall furnishing containing drawers of one side opposite space wherein vesture is hung

n. a reservoir or tank in which water is stored, esp. that utilized to supply taps or flush toilets

n. a covered walk of a convent, cathedral, monastery or college, commonly flanked by a wall and a colonnade open or leading to a courtyard

n. a recessed panel in a ceiling, dome, vault or soffit

v. to decorate with coffers

a. having the form of a column

a. characterized by or comprising columns

n. a large, broad, open space within or before a building where crowds can walk, as those in an airline terminal

n. a tube or pipe containing electrical cables and wires
n. a tube or pipe through which air, gas, liquid, etc. is conveyed
_n. a duct through which smoke or other waste gases exhausted by a fireplace, furnace or gas heater passes

n. the top layer or course of a masonry wall, the upper surface of which is usually canted to shed precipitant water

v. to furnish with a cope

n. any member that projects from the face of a wall to support a cornice or arch
v. to supply, support with or construct a corbel

n. a horizontal, ornamental molding that crowns or completes a wall, abutting or flush perpendicular to the ceiling
v. to furnish, finish or decorate with a cornice

n. any concave molding

n. an incurvate surface joining a room's wall and ceiling

n. a metal cup or basket mounted on a pole in which oil or pitch is burnt to illumine an area

n. a baby's bed, the high sides of which incorporate slats

n. a transverse beam, bar, brace, joist etc. fixed or placed over another or something else; a horizontal member that extends across something
_n. a horizontal member (as a beam or architrave) supporting superincumbent weight over a door, window or pillars by means of resistance to crosswise fracture
_n. a reinforcing horizontal crosspiece above a window or door demarcating it from a window atop

n. a small, often domed structure surmounting and adorning a ceiling, roof or dome

n. a low, raised platform on which a lectern, throne or seats of honor are installed

n. a tall, commonly pyramidal framework erected over an oil well or other boring on or from which boring equipment, drill tubes and lengths of pipe are supported, suspended, hoisted or lowered

n. a neolithic stone formation presumed to be a tomb, comprising two large, upright stones topped by a transverse capstone

n. an entrance barred and opened by a door
_n. a doorway sill: horizontal shelf or slab of hardwood or stone constituting the foot of a doorway
_n. a curtain hung over a door or in a doorway

n. a ventilation shaft through which air enters a mine

n. a skilled drawer who renders technical plans and blueprints of buildings and machines

draining tile/draintile
n. one of several hollow tiles comprising a drain

n. a long, artificial mound of stone or earth built to avert flooding, provide protection or support a road or railroad
_n. any embankment that protects soldiers (as those entrenched) from enemy fire
_n. a defensive embankment raised to surround a place, which is ofted topped by a parapet
_n. a facing (usu. embodying masonry) that consolidates an embankment

v. to protect, enclose, enable passage or confine within specified limits with a bank or mound of earth or stone
_v. to protectively encircle with or as though with a rampart

n. a collinear conformation of interior doors affording a lengthy vista when all are open

n. a superstructure of moldings and bands laid horizontally upon columns to support a roof, encompassing:
_n. a beam resting upon the capitals of columns
_n. a sculptured, horizontal band betwixt architrave and the cornice, usually carved in bas-relief
_n. the topmost projection crowning an entablature

n. a low, intermediate story between two others (usu. the first/ground and second/first floors) of a building

n. a compositional desk containing drawers and compartments, on the surface of which one writes

n. a thin, often ornate plate installed around a keyhole, doorknob, light switch, etc. to adorn and protect these fixtures

n. the fore of a building, often facing a street or lot and embellished with decorative features
_n. an ornamental facade

n. drapery, a garland or a curtain suspended from each end and hanging decoratively to its center

n. an extortionate, ornamental building of no practical value constructed to resemble towers, temples, castles, mock Gothic ruins, etc. in a garden or park, usually to satisfy a singular conceit or fancy

n. a base or support on which a column, statue, obelisk, vase, etc. is mounted
_n. a block or slab on which the base of a column, pedestal or pier rests

foyer/(entrance) hall/lobby
n. a large room in a building at its entrance
_n. a small entrance hall

n. a continuous, horizontal band of painted, sculpted or calligraphic decoration adorning the walls of a room, which may depict scenes in a succession of discrete panels

gable (end, wall)
n. a wall topped by a gable
_n. the upper, triangular portion of a wall beneath and between the sloping ends of a pitched roof

n. a decorative, triangular feature resembling a gable, usu. above a door or window

n. a construction or excavation concocted to resemble a small cave or cavern, esp. that of an 18th-century parterre

n. any brick or stone laid at a right angle to the face of a wall, so that only its short end is apparent

n. a Navajo dwelling built of logs, stones, etc. and covered with mud or sod, the entrance of which traditionally faces east

n. an intermediary platform in a staircase punctuating consecutive flights of stairs

n. a washbowl anchored to the same wall as the spigoted tank above it that supplies its water

n. a room equipped with a washbowl, toilet and/or bidet, shower and/or bathtub

n. a building equipped with washbowls, toilets and occasionally showers, often designed for public accommodation

n. a roof of single slant, the upper edge of which abuts a wall
n. any shelter whose roof is composed of a single slope

n. any flat, narrow molding interposed betwixt two others

n. a theater's open balcony

n. an orifice or slit in a wall through which air and light can pass, or small arms may be discharged

lounge/waiting area
n. a spacious public room in a hotel, theater, club, airport, etc. furnished with seating where people wait, lounge, read, relax, etc.
_n. a small, rather private lounge in a club, hotel, inn, etc.

mansard (roof)
n. a sloping, quadrilateral roof

n. a (often hemispherical) rooflike projection over a theater entrance, blazoning the titles of features and names of stars exhibited therein

n. a large tent (usu. featuring open sides) employed for social or commercial functions such as a garden party

n. inlaid, wooden, particolored veneers that form patterns or images, utilized to decorate furniture
_n. geometric or mosaic marquetry fashioned to ornament furnishings and esp. floors
__parquet (floor)
__n. a floor composed of parquetry

n. the lowest balcony in a theater, stadium, etc.
_n. the foremost rows of such a balcony

mezzanine (floor)
n. a floor beneath a theater stage, from which various contrivances (such as traps) are operated

n. a Mosque's slender tower surrounded by projecting balconies, on which a muezzin stands whilst calling Mossulman faithful to prayer

n. any structure (statue, plaque, shrine, cenotaph, headstone, etc.) erected in commemoration of persons or events

n. a recessed slot, notch or hole carved into wood or stone to receive a tenon (to form a joint) or a mortise lock
_n. a projecting end of a wooden piece contoured to be inserted into a mortice and form a joint

n. a design's or pattern's (often successively) repeated figure, form, shape, etc.

n. a rigid wooden or metal bar or strip retaining adjacent window panes

narthex (Christian)
n. an early Christian or Byzantine church's lobby or portico leading to its nave by way of a railing or screen

nave (Christian)
n. the central area of a church flanked by aisles, spanning from its narthex to its chancel

newel (post)
n. a post to which the handrail of a balustrade terminates at a staircase's beginning, end or landing

n. a shallow recess (usually in a wall) where a statue or other ornament is placed for display
_tabernacle (Roman Catholic)
_n. a niche wherein a statue or relic is enshrined

n. gilded brass or bronze, often used to fashion fixtures, furniture mounts and other adornments
n. any of numerous, gilt copper, tin or zinc alloys, utilized as a decorative component of architecture, furnishings, jewelry, etc.

n. any place (such as a vault) wherein human bones are deposited

n. a dungeon, the sole ingress and egress of which is an aperture though its ceiling

n. a subsidiary defensive structure positioned beyond and before the principal fortification

pale/paling/picket (pl. pales/paling/pickets)
n. one in a row of pointed, upright, wooden posts, stakes or strips forming a fence

n. a low, protective wall or barrier along the edge of a roof, balcony or bridge

parlor/lounge/front (or) living (or) sitting room
n. a room in a private residence where denizens and guests may sit, converse, relax and engage disports

n. an ornamental, diversified flower garden in which flower beds and paths are arrayed to form a pattern

n. an area of a theater's or auditorium's main floor where spectators are seated
_parterre/parquet circle
_n. the rear of the parquet beneath the balcony

v. to construct flooring with parquetry

n. a large, peaked, extravagant tent sporting crenellated adornments, customarily utilized at a show or fair

n. a trellised arbor or passageway supported on columns, the framework of which is covered by trained climbing or trailing vegetation

a. of or pertaining to the last phase of English Gothic church architecture prevalent from the late 14th to middle 16th centuries, typified by broad arches, large windows of vertical tracery and flamboyant fan vaulting

n. an upright structure composed of stone, steel, brick, etc., employed either to support a superstructure such as an entablature or arch, or freestanding as an ornament or monument
_n. a decorative cylindrical or polygonal pillar usu. topped by a capital and resting on a base
_n. anything that approximates the shape or function of a column
__n. a ringed band or molding circumferential to the shaft or capital of a pillar
__n. a series of equidistant columns supporting a roof, entablature or arcade
___n. a series of arches supported by a colonnade, either freestanding or comprising part of a wall
____n. an arcade constructed on a small scale
___n. a circumferent colonnade about a building, court, garden, porch, etc.
___n. any architectural space so encompassed
__n. a rectangular column projecting from a wall
_n. a central supporting pillar from or around which the steps of a spiral staircase project or encompass in a helical formation

n. a roof's rake

plinth (course)
n. a protruding, continuous course of stones at a wall's base

n. an external, covered (usu. roofed) platform before a house's doorway
_n. a (usu. roofed and partly enclosed) porch extending contiguous along a house's exterior and level with its ground floor 

n. an open, roofed, columned walkway affixed to a building, usually comprising a porch or leading to an entrance

n. the part of a theater stage before the curtain or between curtain and orchestra
_proscenium (arch)
_n. an arch framing the aperture between stage and auditorium
_proscenium (wall)
_n. a wall demarcating stage from auditorium in modern theaters

n. a broad, heavy length of rough timber applied as a floorboard

n. a small square or diamond windowpane of a latticed window

n. a wall's exterior angle or corner

n. a roofed shelter of open sides

a. (of an arch or vault) rising from one abutment to asymmetrically rest at another or opposite of a higher level

n. a raised platform on which someone stands whilst delivering a speech or conducting an orchestra

n. an annular, often domed building or room

sacristy/vestry (Christian)
n. a room within a church where sacred vessels and vestments are reposited and ecclesiastics habilitate

n. decorative fringe extending from either end of an oriental rug

n. a plate or surface through the slot of which a lock's bolt passes

n. an article of furniture positioned to a dining room's side, the shelves and drawers of which contain utensils, vessels, plates or table linen

n. a room, porch or gallery exposed to sunlight through either a skylight or glass walls

n. a tapering, acute conical or pyramidal structure upon a building, esp. a tall tower of a church or temple
_n. a slender spire above the intersection of a Gothic church's nave and transepts
_n. a church tower and spire

n. a set of steps leading to a small porch before a house's threshold

n. any portion of a beam, corbel, rafter, etc. embedded in a wall

n. the hard, substantial, yellowish-brown wood of teak trees, which is resistant to insects and warping, and utilized in the construction of ships and furniture

n. polished flooring material comprised of marble or granite chips embedded in mortar

n. small squares of marble, glass, earthenware, etc. employed in the innovation of and comprising mosaics

v. to decorate a surface (esp. a floor) with a configuration of tesserae

n. plant stalks or leaves (straw, rushes, palms) used as roofing
n. a roof composed of thatch
v. to roof with thatch

(flush) toilet/throne/privy/lavatory/commode
n. a plumbing fixture fitted with a hinged seat in which one excretes, which is cleared of waste by a hydrous eddy

transom (window)/fanlight
n. a window above a door or larger window that's usually hinged to a crosspiece over the door

n. a massive, braced framework of metal and/or timber constructed to support an elevated structure, as a railroad bridge

valance (board)/pelmet/cornice
n. an ornamental wooden board or metal strip fitted at the top of a window casing or doorway to conceal fixtures

n. a length of decorative drapery fitted at the top of a window casing or doorway to conceal fixtures

valance/dust ruffle
n. a pleated or gathered length of decorative drapery affixed to the frame of a bed to screen the space beneath it

v. to furnish or adorn with a valance or valances

n. architecture concerned with domestic and utilitarian purposes according to local culture
a. (of architecture) concerned with the normative domestic and functional rather than the monumental

n. a rafter fashioned from a peeled, trimmed tree trunk, the end of which projects from the adobe wall containing its tailing

n. a large, opulent rural residence comprising extensive grounds
n. an ancient Roman provincial home comprehending residential quarters and farm buildings surrounding a courtyard

vitrine/showcase/display case
n. a cabinet or case paneled by glass sheets wherein items of a shop, museum or home are displayed

n. any (usu. wood) facing, lining or paneling applied to a room's interor walls

n. the lower portion of a wall finished with a material varying from that of the upper
v. to line or panel a room's walls with wainscoting

n. a frame comprising poles, rods or stakes interwoven with twigs, reeds or branches, usu. to form a fence or wall
n. matter bestowed to fashion a wattle
v. to construct a wattle

n. an ancillary or laterally projecting portion of an edifice
v. to provide a wing to a building


n. the convergence and cohesion of matter drawn (as objects or gases) by gravitation to augment a celestial object (such as Jupiter)

n. the photic ratio of sunlight received to reflected by a celestial body

n. as observed from the sun, a planet's angular deviation from its last perihelion

n. the point in a moon's or satellite's orbit at which it's furthest from the planet around which it revolves

n. a (usually denominated) cluster of stars smaller than a constellation

n. the horizon's arc measured clockwise from the south point
n. the direction of a celestial object expressed as the distance from the horizon's south point

a. of, concerning or situated within the space between the earth and the lunar orbit

n. an apparent alignment of two or more celestial bodies in the same celestial longitude
_n. (literally: "yoked together") a triplex conjunction, as of the sun, moon and earth

n. the reappearance of a celestial body following an eclipse

n. the great, dome-shaped, outdoor expanse of overhead air, the nocturnal aspect of which appears a concavity or vault on which celestial bodies are projected

n. the positions of the heavenly bodies at the time of one's birth

n. the obscurity of a celestial body in the shadow of or behind another, as during an eclipse

line [OR] parallel of latitude/parallel
n. any of several imaginary lines circumferent of the Earth and parallel to its equator that represent degrees of latitude

n. the angular distance between an imaginary, equatorial line encircling a heavenly body and a point anywhere north or south of it, ordinarily expressed as degrees and minutes

n. a small planetarium consisting of an apparatus illustrating the relative sizes, positions and motions of a solar system's planetary bodies, which are represented by the rotations and revolutions of balls turned by wheelwork

n. a lucent image of the moon on a lunar halo

n. a point in the orbit of a moon or satellite at which it's nearest to the planet around which it revolves

n. the time during which a body rotates once on its axis
n. the time that elapses when a planet or satellite revolves once in orbit around its primary

n. incandescent gas erupting from the sun's surface that resembles a tongue and rises to an altitude of several hundred thousand kilometers
_n. a prominence seen before the solar disc

n. the illusory elevation of a celestial body caused by atmospheric refraction

a. positioned beneath the moon

n. the portion of a celestial body's shadow where a source of illumination is wholly occulted, as during an eclipse
n. a sunspot's dark center

Ursa Major/Great Bear
n. the most prominent northern constellation, which rotates around the North Star; seven of its stars embody the Big Dipper
_Big Dipper
_n. an asterism of Ursa Major resembling a dipper

Ursa Minor/Little Bear
n. the northernmost constellation, which rotates about its North Star; its seven constituent stars comprise the Little Dipper
_Little Dipper
_n. the ladle-shaped asterism of Ursa Minor
_North Star/Polaris/polar star/polestar/pole star
_n. the brightest star in the constellation Ursa Minor, located at the end of the Little Dipper's handle; the Earth's northern axis points toward it

Vesper/Hesperus/evening star
n. a brightly illumined planet (usu. Venus) visible during dusk in the western sky

v. (of the moon) to display a surface of dwindling illumination between the full and new moons
n. the period during which the moon's surface becomes progressively darker

v. (of the moon) to display a surface of escalating illumination whilst passing from new to full

n. the highest evident point in the orbit of a celestial body above the horizon of an observer
n. a celestial point directly above an observer


n. an adjunct, often ornamental article of attire extrinsic to an ensemble
_n. a tagged, ornamental cord or braid worn by certain officers from the shoulder of a military uniform
_n. a (usu. bedight) leather belt or silk sash worn over one shoulder and across one's chest, from which a sword's scabbard or trumpet is slung
_n. a rigid (usually plastic or chrome) bracelet or anklet
_n. a rather large, decorative pin or clasp worn by women
__v. a brooch worn on the breast, esp. to secure a garment
__v. a metal broach worn to clasp articles of attire in ancient Greece and Rome
_n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle
_n. a badge or insignia composed of V-shaped stripes denoting noncomissioned rank or span of service
_n. an ornamental cord or ribbon; worn by military personnel diagonally across the breast as insignia of honor or rank
_n. ornamental headgear (usu. a circlet or headdress) fashioned of a precious metal and often bejewelled, worn by a monarch as a symbol of their royalty
_n. an ornamental fringed shoulder strap, commonly of a military uniform
_n. an ornamental, often jeweled pendant worn on a chain necklace; designated for the Duchesse de La Vallière, a consort of Louis XIV
_n. a flared ruffle affixed to the waist of a blouse, bodice, dress or jacket, as a flounce
_n. a decorative feather or cluster of feathers mounted to a helmet or headdress
_n. a decorative ball or tuft of wool, feathers or other fluffy material applied to ornament hats and slippers
_n. a pin with an ornamental head used to secure an ascot or necktie
n. a pendant adornment consisting of a fastened tuft of cords

n. a tubular metal or plastic sheath that seals each end of a shoelace or cord to facilitate passage through eyelets

n. a talismanic trinket or piece of jewelry usually hung about the neck and thought to confer a magical protection against evil or disease

n. tailored articles designed to be worn on a person's body
_n. a coordinated set of clothes worn together, ordinarily for a specific occasion or objective
_n. expensive, extravagant or ostentatious attire, accessories or ornaments
_n. a sort or fashion of clothing
_n. men's habiliments and accouterments purveyed by a haberdasher

apparel/array/assume/attire/clothe/don/dress/enclothe/endue/garb/garment/habilitate/habit/indue/invest/tog (out, up)/vesture
v. to put clothing on one's own body
_v. to garb in fine, often elaborate or elegant clothes
_v. to dress in meretricious or strikingly tasteless vesture

v. to put clothing on someone else's body
_v. to garb in fine, often elaborate or elegant clothes
_v. to dress in meretricious or strikingly tasteless vesture

n. ornamentation applied in dressmaking consisting of one material sewn onto another
v. to decorate by sewing applique to

n. a soft, socklike, ordinarily knitted or crocheted shoe worn by babies
n. a boot of short leg worn by women

n. a simple garment consisting of a cloth that covers one's loins or hips

n. a (usu. rectilinear) frame fitted with a hinged prong designed to pass through the perforations of a belt or strap to join its ends
n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle
v. to secure or decorate with a buckle

n. a laced calf- or knee-high boot
_desert boot
_n. a laced, suede buskin of soft soles

n. a laced boot or shoe of thick soles worn by an Athenian tragic thespian to elevate his stature

n. a brooch's or ring's medallion engraved with a profile in raised relief

a. a lingerie undergarment that covers a female's torso and crotch, akin to yet more loose and diaphanous than a bodysuit or swimsuit

n. a short, sleeveless undergarment for women, usually worn under a sheer blouse

n. a short negligee

n. any hard, often padded and strapped hats worn by solidiers, police officers, firefighters, cyclists, athletes, et al. to protect the skull
_n. an ornate, visorless, often conical helmet worn during the 15th and 16th centuries

n. a loose, waistless dress that hangs from its wearer's shoulders
n. a loose, shirtlike women's undergarment

chukka (boot)/turf boot
n. an ankle-high boot laced through two or three pairs of eyelets, commonly fabricated of suede or calfskin

clothe/dress/enclothe/rig (out, up)
v. to supply with clothing
_v. to furnish with an ensemble or costumes

v. to make or mend footwear, esp. boots or shoes

combat boot
n. a rugged, laced, thick-soled boot worn by soldiers in combat

congress boot [OR] gaiter [OR] shoe
n. an ankle-high shoe featuring elastic lateral gussets

n. a long, loose cloak worn by a priest or bishop over an alb or surplice in a procession or during a litugical function

n. a stiff, often hooped petticoat tailored of crinoline

n. a campanular framework of horizontal hoops worn under a woman's long, full skirt
n. the aforementioned skirt

n. a fold or band at the end of a sleeve

n. an upturned fold at the end of a trouser leg

a. attractively, often stylishly neat of raiment or appearance

n. a man's short, padded, close-fitting jacket worn in Western Europe from the 14th through the 17th centuries

n. the expensive white fur of the ermine weasel, often used to trim raiment

n. any flashy article of attire, as jewelry

n. a glove distinguished by its flared or extended cuff, worn by laborers, drivers, cyclists, athletes, et al.

v. to encircle the waist, abdomen or a limb with a band, belt or girdle

n. a collared, often embroidered shirt of short sleeves and large pockets that's buttoned and pleated at the front

n. a calf- or knee-high rubber boot

n. a vendor of men's vestments

n. a haberdasher's shop, where men's attire is sold

half boot
n. any calf-high boot

halter (top)/halterneck
n. a woman's top fastened behind the neck and waist that leaves its wearer's arms, shoulders and upper back bare

n. a sturdy bag containing provisions, carried by a single strap on one's back or over one's shoulder

Hessian boot
n. a man's knee-high, tasseled leather boot

n. sandals of uppers fashioned from interwoven leather strips and low heels

n. a piece of material sewn into a garment to strengthen or enlarge one of its parts, as a shirt's collar, undergarment's inguinal region or congress gaiter's elastic strips

n. a decorative lace frill or ruffle cascade extending from the neckline down the front of a woman's a shirt or blouse

n. a large, stout, knee-high leather military boot

n. a crocheted or knitted garment covering the arms and abdomen

n. a loose jacket worn by workmen and sailors
n. a coverall worn by children

jumper/pinafore (dress)/pinny
n. a collarless, sleeveless dress tied or buttoned at back and worn over other raiment, esp. a blouse or sweater

n. a cotton or silk cloak belted by a sash of long, broad sleeves that extends to the ankles; worn by men in the Levant
n. a women's dress style concocted in imitation of the kaftan cloak

n. soft, smooth leather tanned from the hide of a young goat

n. a waterproof coat, usu. worn during rainstorms
_n. a raincoat fashioned of rubberized, waterproof cotton or wool fabric

n. a bag of traditional design slung from the shoulder, and native to South America

n. waterproof footwear that protects one's shoes from precipitant or terrestrial moisture
n. fabric footwear that deters scuffing of soles on a floor
_n. a waterproof overshoe ordinarily fashioned of rubber and worn to protect shoes from water or snow
__n. a high, buckled gumshoe

n. a complete suit of armor, including arms
_n. an ornate, visorless, often conical helmet worn during the 15th and 16th centuries
_n. a medieval body armor comprised of two contoured metal plates fashioned to cover and shield its wearer's torso
__n. an armor plate that covers and protects one's chest; the forepart of a cuirass
_n. an armored glove consisting of mail or plate, commonly a constituent of a knight's panoply
_n. an article of plate armor (one of a doublet) worn over the shoulder and upper arm

n. tight men's trousers extending from the waist to the ankle, the instep of which is supported with straps; widely worn during the 19th century

n. a loose dressing gown worn by women

n. any aperture or slit of a garment that eases its habilitation
_n. an aperture of a garment through which the arm passes and to which a sleeve may be sewn

n. a piece of cloth sewn beneath a closure with buttons, eyes, hooks, snaps, zips, etc.

n. a pocket of a woman's skirt

v. to bedeck with a plume

v. to dress or groom oneself with elaborate care

n. a strip of cloth wound helically from ankle to knee, frequently included as part of a military uniform during World War I and the interwar period

n. a lengthy scarf worn by Mexican women over the head and shoulders

riding boot
n. a laceless boot worn for equestrian engagements

n. a hooded cloak of knee's length worn by men in the 18th and 19th centuries

n. a sharp, spiked wheel to which the shank of a spur terminates, used to impel a horse

n. a robust canvas, leather or nylon bag carried on one's back by a doublet of shoulder straps, often supported by a light metal or plastic frame

n. a wide, starched, pleated, projecting collar worn by both sexes in the 16th and 17th centuries, characteristic of Elizabethan and Jacobean costume

a. of or pertaining to a tailor or to tailoring
a. of or regarding apparel

scapular(y) (Roman Catholic)
n. a loose, sleeveless, often cowled monastic garment worn over the shoulders

n. light cotton or rayon fabric, the texture of which features crinkled or puckered stripes

n. a long, often colorful and fringed woolen shawl similar to a blanket worn by men, esp. in Mexico

n. a tall, stiff, plumed cylindrical military dress hat sporting a visor and bedecked with a metal plate or badge

n. a man's collarless (and often sleeveless) undershirt

ski boot
n. a stiff, padded boot that is locked with a binding to a ski

n. a long, loose water-repellant coat fashioned of oilskin

n. a narrow braid (usually composed of silk or rayon) used to trim vestments, esp. robes and pajamas

v. to afford or adorn with tassels

top boot
n. a high boot, the cuff or upper portion of which incorporates a fabric or leather of contrasting color or texture

v. to remove one's own or someone else's clothes

n. a short, collarless, sleeveless garment usu. worn over a shirt

a. supplemented by or worn with a vest

n. something that covers or cloaks like a garment

n. waterproof hip boots or a waterproof garment covering the legs and abdomen, worn by anglers whilst fishing

v. to have clothing, ornaments or appurtenances on one's body
_v. to wear clothing of a particular variety or in a distinctive manner

n. woven fabric
_n. (usu. heavy) weft interwoven with a raised, ornate design, often with gold or silver thread
_n. a stiff, coarse fabric (usually woven of horsehair and cotton or linen thread) used as interlining, esp. for hats
_n. a rugged fabric woven of cotton and flax
_a. fashioned from fustian cloth
_n. a length of woven fabric's finished edge that's weaved or knit to preclude curling, fraying or raveling

Wellington (boot)
n. a waterproof knee-length boot constructed of rubber or plastic

n. a cloth headdress worn by medieval women and nuns over the head and about the neck and ears 

zoot suit
n. a flashy suit of extreme cut popular in the 1940s, characterized by a long, loose jacket with padded shoulders and sprawling lapels, and baggy, tapering pants


v. to shorten length, extent or duration by omission of content while retaining essential elements and substance, as that of a motion picture, novel, play, speech, etc.

a. of artwork in which real or natural objects or forms are neither depicted nor represented; not representational

a. of artwork wherein natural objects or figures aren't realistically represented

n. an abstract composition, novel, painting, sculpture, etc.

n. a series of verses or other passages in which certain letters, such as the first or last of each line, constitute a word or message

v. to perform the role of a character or characters in a motion picture, stage play, radio drama, etc.
_v. to be the first to render a character
_v. to render a role in harmony with one's individual conception of a character or characters
_v. to play a part with restraint and/or subtlety

n. supplementary textual matter appended to a publication's principal content
_n. an addendum comprising an alphabetized list of subjects (events, names, places, etc.), each entry of which features the number of a page on which the topic is mentioned or treated to enable reference
_v. to supplement a text with an index
_v. to itemize a datum in an index

a. executed, performed or said without forethought or preparation

ad libitum
a., av. at one's pleasure; at liberty (affording a performer discretion in regard to tempo or omission of accessory accompaniment)

v. to transmit audio or audiovisual content heard on radio or seen on television
_v. to control or retransmit (a signal, message, etc.) with a relay
_v. to broadcast simultaneously on AM and FM stations, radio and television or multiple radio or television stations, esp. when presented or dubbed in different languages
_v. to broadcast (commercials, feature films, news programs, serials, etc.) via television
__v. to air content by cable television

a. resembling, constituting or containing a figurative, emblematic treatment of one abstract subject under the narrative guise of another
_a. of, regarding, resembling or involving an allegorical short story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson

n. a collection comprised of written (usu. literary) passages or works, such as short stories, poems, plays, essays, etc.
_n. an anthology of reprints indited by a single author or written in treatment of related subjects or themes

n. a brief, condensed description providing only the basic or significant details of an event, situation, speech, subject, etc.
_n. a summary of a text, as a book, essay, etc.
__n. an abstract of a literary work's plot, premise or topic

n. any wooden or metal framework constituting a sculpture's supporting core

a. of, by, concerning or characteristic of an author

v. to increase a major or perfect interval by a semitone

n. an abrupt, anticlimactic, ludicrous transition from the sublime to the quotidian
n. triteness or triviality of style

n. literature valued for its esthetic rather than informative content

a. written in assay of and regarded for aesthetic merit rather than content

n. a novel treating of the psychological, moral and intellectual development of its protagonists during their formative years

a. (of written lines) alternately inscribed from right to left and left to right
n. a scriptory method wherein lines are written in alternation from right to left and left to right

n. (in art or literature) construction or innovation from a diverse range of available things
n. that constructed or created from a diverse array of available sources

n. poor, hasty, inelegant, unskillful handwriting

n. a pause in a line of verse dictated by verbal rhythm or sense instead of metrics

n. beautiful, elegant handwriting
n. the art of refined handwriting

n. the technique of carving an engraving in low relief on a gemstone or shell so that the colors of its raised design and background contrast
n. the bas-relief carving of disparate hues
n. the gem or other substance so engraved

n. a brief, graphic literary sketch or dramatic scene

cancel/delete/elide/excise/expunge/scratch/strike (out)
v. to mark text as invalid by drawing a horizontal line through it

n. a fundamental rule or principle of established validity in a religion, philosophy or field of art or science that governs belief, conduct and procedure, and in compliance with which something may be judged, decided or compared

n. a contrapuntal musical composition in which a melody of one part is imitated exactly in others

n. a smoothly fluid, melodic, instrumental or esp. vocal passage or movement

v. to examine a book, motion picture, musical work, publication, etc. and expurgate content therein accounted morally or politically unacceptable

n. a style of printing or writing (as a special script)

n. the treatment and sequent distribution of light and shadow in an image

n. a graphic superimposed at the bottom of a broadcast television (usu. news or sports) program's image or frame, ordinarily comprising a banner of scrolling text or conspicuous animation

v. to critically analyze and compare texts or other data, esp. to detect discrepancies

n. a publisher's emblem or trademark, ordinarily printed on a book's spine or title page
n. a statement printed in a book detailing its title, author, date, production, publication, etc.

a. of of pertaining to comedy

n. a collected body of writings by an author, of an age, genre or idiom, or pertaining to a particular topic
_n. a body of historical literature

corps de ballet
n. dancers of a ballet troupe who perform together and are assigned no solo parts

n. a list of a publication's errors and their corrections

n. an (usu. printer's) error to be corrected

n. a verse's rhyming pair of consecutive lines, ordinarily in the same meter

v. to make an artistic work

credo (Christian)
n. a musical setting of The Nicene Creed

v. to remove text entirely, as by rubbing it out

n. a sequence or episode in a fictional story depicting a precedent event
n. a transition to such a scene

n. a continuous picture displayed on the wall of a cylindrical room, viewed by spectators standing at its center, that represents a natural vista
n. a (usu. incurvate) wall or drop emplaced at the rear of a stage, often painted to represent various backgrounds

v. to produce a pictorial representation of anything, as a diagram, drawing, painting, etc.
_v. to create an image of a subject by inscribing marks and lines on a surface with a charcoal, crayon, pen, pencil, scriber, stylus or other inscriptive instrument
__v. to draw or trace the contours or outline of anything
___v. to draw a line around
____v. to circumscribe within a circle
__v. to create a crude, ordinarily tentative and often hastily conceived drawing of minimal detail
_v. to shorten lines in a picture to create an illusion of depth

n. a work depicting Christ's descent from the cross

a. of or characterized by disconnected speech or writing in address of a broad array of subjects, perhaps divergent from a principal pith or topic

v. to reduce a minor or perfect interval by a semitone

n. (of music) a wane in volume or force
n. a musical passage in which diminuendo is effectuated
a. (of music) dwindling loudness

n. the statement of a theme in notes of lesser duration, usually half that of those preceding

n. a formal, detailed essay written in treatment of a specific subject
_n. an introductory portion or passage of a disquisition
_n. an explanatory discourse
_n. a systematic disquisition
__n. a treatise on the subject of antidotes
__n. an introductory portion or passage of a treatise
__n. an explanatory treatise
__n. a tractate concerning the authorship of laws
__n. a treatise about natural wonders

a. (of melodies) pertaining to progressions distinguished by intervals exceeding a second

n. a skilled drawer
_n. a draftsman who describes works for publications, esp. books or magazines

dramatis personae
n. the characters of a fictive narrative, as those of a novel or stage play
n. a list of a stage play's characters

a. of or relating to the art of dramatic theater

n. any written reprehension of something or somebody

a. representing or expressing a mournful quality, as that of an elegy

n. characterized by an extreme economy of expression and omission of superfluous elements

v. to produce a photographic print larger than its source negative

n. a party of musicians who play or sing together
_(broken) consort
_n. an association of musical instruments in different families who perform together
_(whole) consort/choir
_n. an outfit of musical instruments in the same family performing together
__n. a group of bagpipers

n. an interval betwixt two successive acts of a theatrical performance
_n. a musical, theatrical or terpsichorean entertainment performed during an entr'acte

n. a brief, conclusive dedicatory or expositive stanza of certain poetic forms, esp. ballades

a. (of a sculpture, painting, etc.) depicting or representing someone on horseback

n. the moral aspect of a character that determines or prompts their comportment or actions

n. a detailed discussion of a particular point in a book, usually printed as a constituent of an appendix
n. any diegetic digression

n. a critical explanation or interpretation (esp. of Biblical scripture)
_n. an exegesis expressing the author's personal opinions as exposition

n. any spectacular, elaborately staged entertainment production

facetia/jeu d'esprit (pl. facetiae/jeux d'esprit)
n. a witty, usu. amusing written work, such as an essay or story
_n. a brief, witty and facetious or sarcastic written essay

n. a light comedy of crude characterization, broad humor and ludicrously improbable situations in which much buffoonery and horseplay ensues, the plot of which depends on skillfully exploited circumstances
n. the humor of a farce
n. the genre of farcical comedy
_n. a comic operetta; a musical farce

a. rendering numerous paintings, illustrations, etc.
a. composing a profusion of musical works

a. inditing numerous literary works

n. delicate and intricate ornamentation of gold, silver or other fine, twisted wire

n. the conclusive movement of a musical composition
_n. the final passage of a composition's finale

n. a beautifully illustrated book concerning flora

flue (pipe)/labial (pipe)
n. an organ pipe, the tone of which is produced by an effluence of air passing across its sharp or liplike fissure

n. a sheet of paper folded once to form two leaves (four pages) of a book
n. the printed number of a book's page
n. any book or manuscript of folio pages measuring the largest common size (presently, 15 inches)
a. having or relating to the format of a folio

n. a durable method of painting on a wall of wet plaster with watercolors
n. a painting pictured with watercolors on wet plaster
v. to paint with watercolors on a wall's wet plaster

n. an illustration that precedes (usu. facing) the title page of a book

furor scribendi
a. an ardor for writing

n. a musician who plays the viola da gamba

n. a biography of a saint or saints
n. a partial biography that idealizes its subject
n. composition of a hagiography

n. any sacred musical composition based on the hosanna, "hallelujah"

n. a fatal flaw that effectuates the downfall of a tragedy's protagonist

a. of or regarding (usu. euphonic) audial tones sounded concurrently, as notes in a chord
a. or or relating to a musical line complementing a melody

a. characterized by or producing (usu. euphonic) audial tones sounded concurrently, as notes in a chord

v. to write a harmony for a melody; to add notes to produce harmony
v. to sing or play in harmony

n. the study, principles and techniques of historical research
n. the authorship of history

hymnody/hymnology (Christian)
n. the composition of hymns
n. the study of hymnal classification, composition, history, etc.

hymnody/psalmody (Christian)
n. hymns collectively

hymnody/hymnology/psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing hymns

n. collective pictorial representations of a subject
n. symbols utilized in an artistic work
n. emblems or symbols frequently applied in an artistic movement
n. signification ordinarily attributed to such symbols

n. any verse's metrical or rhythmical stress 

idiom/manner/artistic style
n. the style of a particular artist, movement, period, school, etc.
_n. an engraver's artistic style
_n. a style of writing: the assemblage, disposition and application of words in written discourse, in concern of clarity, accuracy, variety, etc.

a. pertinent to or characteristic of an artistic style of a particular period, phenomenon, collective or individual

n. a brief musical passage or composition that was or seems to have been extemporized

inlay card
n. a card or pamphlet constituting part of a cassette's or disc's packaging containing acknowledgements, artwork, credits, lyrics, production details, a conspectus, etc.

in media res
av. in the midst of successive events, esp. those of a narrative

n. a small picture inserted within the bounds of a larger one
v. to decorate with an inset

n. incisive carving distinguished from that in relief
n. a design or figure incised or engraved into or under any hard material
n. a gemstone, seal, jewelry, etc. carved or etched in intaglio
v. to carve or engrave in intaglio

v. to increase a photographic negative's or plate's contrast

v. to diversify or embellish (usu. prose) by interjecting something unusual, unique, foreign or idiosyncratic

v. to furnish a book with blank leaves, esp. to protect illustrated pages

v. to insert words, passages, etc. into a text for purposes of revision or falsification

n. the difference between the pitches of two notes, expressed numerically: a fourth is the interval between B and E; a third is the interval between C and E

n. a contrapuntal variation of a melody or passage in which ascending intervals are interchanged with descending intervals and vice versa

inversion/double counterpoint
n. counterpoint achieved by counterchanging an upper and a lower part

a. (of graphics, sculpture, etc.) depicting an erect penis

n. a blank, empty or missing portion of a book or manuscript

n. a single sheet of paper comprising two pages printed or written on its sides
_n. an extra leaf or leaves bound, tipped or loosely inserted into a book or magazine, which usu. blazon advertisements
_n. a blank leaf inserted between those printed in a book
_n. one side of any printed or written leaf

n. a jaunty musical rhythm

a. (of a rhythm) characterized by buoyancy

n. educated people who indulge an edifying interest in literature

av. (of textual replication) letter for letter

n. a tedious period or portion of a narrative that elicits boredom

n. a solemn or pedantic literary work produced by endeavor

a. printed or written in a page's margin

(mass) medium
n. any media technology designed to disseminate information to the public by means of transmissions: print, audio recordings, cinema, radio, television, Internet

n. a solvent with which pigment is mixed to produce paint, or paint is mixed to extenuate its viscosity

a. of or concerning melody

a. containing or producing melody
_a. (of a composition) having a single melodic line or vocal part

a. of, relating to or composed in poetic meter

n. a composer of metrical verses, as a lyricist or poet

n. any representation or imitation of reality (esp. nature and human behavior) in artistic media

n. a slow, graceful, regal court dance for two in triple time consisting of a coupee, a high step and a balance, which was popular in the 17th and especially 18th centuries
n. a musical work in triple meter composed for the minuet, often constituting a movement of a sonata, suite or symphony

n. a musical composition consisting of or dominated by a single melodic line

n. a long, uninterrupted, dramatic speech recited by a single character in a fiction
_n. a monologue voiced in solitude by a character to himself or herself, intended to convey hitherto unspoken reflections

n. a recurrent concept, theme or topic
n. a design's or pattern's (often successively) repeated figure, form, shape, etc.

n. the totality of an artist's output

a. reading everything
a. having read everything

n. a dramatic yet unstaged musical composition based on a religious text or theme, and performed by vocalists and orchestra

av. on the other side of a leaf (the opposite page)

n. a song expressing jubilation, praise or triumph

n. a system of numbering pages

n. the sequence or number of numerated pages

n. a manuscript (usually scribed on papyrus or parchment) on which more than one text has been written and traces of the earlier, effaced writings are still visible

n. a typically formal, often lofty composition indited in enthusiastic praise of someone or something

n. a cinematic, literary, musical, etc. work contrived in humorous imitation or misrepresentation of another, or of an artist's or genre's style by exaggerating the idiomatic qualities thereof for comedic and often satirical effect
_n. a spoof that satirizes its subject by caricature

n. a work of art devised of a style in imitation of a previous work, artist or period
_n. a musical composition embodying a series of songs, motifs or other musical passages from various sources

n. a quality that evokes pity or sorrow
_n. contrived, excessive or insincere pathos

n. ascription of human qualities to objects or conceptions

n. artistic imagery of fantastic and otherwordly subjects

a. of or describing witty, amusing rogues or their adventures
a. of or pertaining to an episodic and satirical or otherwise humorous genre of fiction depicting the adventures of picaroons

n. to set the musical key of
n. the relative auditory quality of a tone or note within a musical range
n. a tonal standard by which tones/notes may be relatively compared

n. a note appended to a letter posterior to its signature, and usually introduced by "P.S."

v. to afford a book or essay a preface

n. an essay or article precursive of a longer or more detailed work
_n. an introductory portion or passage of a disquisition or treatise
_n. a preliminary and normally comprehensive essay of a text (usu. a book), ordinarily written by its author, which treats of its subject matter and may serve as a guide to the work
_n. a brief initiatory statement of a text, conventionally penned by someone other than its author, as an authority on its topic endorsing the work, author or both
_n. a book's introductory statement expounding the scope, preparation and intention of the succeeding work; a preface follows a foreword, often contains acknowledgments and is customarily composed by its author
_n. a formal scholarly or critical essay introducing a lengthy and usu. complex text
_n. a novel's precursory chapter

a. of, pertaining to or possessing the style or diction of prose

a. (of actors) extremely versatile

psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing psalms
n. the musical composition of psalms
n. any musical arrangement of a psalm
n. psalms collectively

a. distinguished by elaborate syntactic, grammatical or rhetorical constructions and unusual or recondite language
_a. inclined to bestow long words
_a. tediously pompous or extravagant in style of writing

n. a French square dance in 2/4 or 6/8 time comprising five or more integral movements and performed by four couples
n. music composed for a quadrille

n. a page size of approximately 9.5" X 12", consisting of printed sheets folded twice to form four leaves (eight pages)
n. a book of quarto dimensions
n. a size of writing paper measuring approximately 10" X 8"

v. to repeat an earlier theme of a composition

n. a revised edition of a text effected by critical review and incorporating the most plausible elements gleaned of varying sources
n. the edited text of a recension

n. a constituent article or excerpt thereof printed again
v. to print an article or excerpt from a prior publication again in another
_n. a reprint first published in a larger publication
_v. to reprint an article or excerpt from a larger, previous publication

v. to bring a painting, statue, etc. back from a state of injury or decay, or from an altered condition

v. to enhance text by correcting errors and implementing improvements therein
_v. to revise a text by predication on critical analysis
_v. to revise text for publication
_v. to emend by excising text accounted exceptionable, obscene or otherwise unacceptable

roman a clef
n. a novel in which actual people and events are represented in a fictional context and assigned contrived appellations

n. a title, heading or initial letter printed in red text or a special typeface, esp. in an early manuscript or book

n. a soft, steady drumbeat
v. to beat a drum with a low, constant rhythm

n. a written or printed form of a musical composition, on the large pages of which parts written for different instruments appear on separate staves
n. (often incidental) music composed for a motion picture or stage play

n. someone employed to manually pen copies of documents and manuscripts

v. to proceed or play an ulterior movement, section or song without interruption from that preceding

a. pertaining to or composed in accordance with a technique whereby notes are disposed in tone rows
_a. of, concerning, consisting of or composed as twelve-tone serial music 

n. anything broadcast or published in installments at regular intervals

n. a carved, drawn, molded, painted, photographed, sculpted, etc. representation of a person or thing
_n. a prehistoric image carved or incised on rock
_n. any image of the penis signifying male reproductive power
__n. any depiction of an erect penis

v. to play bagpipes
v. (of bagpipes) to emit a shrill wail
n. the stridulous wail produced by bagpipes

n. a poem consisting of 14 lines written in conformity to a fixed rhyming scheme
v. to praise or celebrate in a sonnet

n. an abstract, stationary sculpture (usually constructed of sheet metal) consisting of fixed units, which presents different forms from different perspectives

a. marked by or composed of sharply disconnected notes, parts or sounds that are crisply clipped
n. performance or enunciation in this manner

n. study of a work's style intended to ascertain its author, esp. that of a text's phraseology or idiolect

n. the prolongation of one chord's tone or tones into another sequent that usu. generates a temporary dissonance
n. a tone or tones so protracted

n. artistic representation of events that occurred at different times in the same work

tableau (vivant)/picture (pl. tableaux vivants/pictures)
n. a static representation of a dramatic scene or historical incident embodying one or more silent, costumed, immobile people arranged in poses, esp. on a stage

n. music of mourning composed or performed in commemoration for the deceased

v. to transfer a narrative or paradigm from one place, period or context to another

v. to rewrite or perform a piece of music in another key

n. shoddy, worthless art or entertainment
_n. banal, bland, unsubstantial trash
_n. hokey art or entertainment

n. the highest singing voice of a female or boy
n. a passage or part composed for soprano
n. a singer who sings or instrument that sounds in the soprano range
a. having or denoting the soprano range or a soprano performer

trompe l'oeil
n. visual illusion in art, esp. as employed to credibly present a painted detail as a three-dimensional object
n. a painting or design intended to create the illusion of a three-dimensional object

n. meaningless or ludicrous writing
_n. duplicitous nonsense
_n. pompous or pretentious writing

v. to mark (usu. text) with a subjacent line
n. a line drawn beneath text

n. an unaccented beat preceding the first of a sequent measure

n. a conductor's upward stroke directing performance of an anacrusis

n. an edition containing juxtaposed versions of a text or notes by various scholars, editors or other commentators
a. of, concerning or consisting of a variorum

a. using or containing a tedious excess of words

n. an overabundance of words

a. spoken or written in a vernacular or patois

v. to create a composition, essay, novel, play, poem, etc.
_v. to further write
__v. to add an appendix or supplement
__v. to add something at the beginning, as a foreword or proem
__v. to affix at or from an end
_v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to write at (usu. detailed) length in treatment of a subject
__v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to dilate in greater detail
_v. to write arduously, esp. at night
_v. to indite scholarly content
_v. to pen enthusiastic laudation of something or someone
_v. to pen in address of something with wild zest!
_v. to write a musical score for a movie or play
_v. to compose a sonnet

xylopyrography/poker painting
n. an art or technique of rendering pictures or designs on wood with a heated stylus


v. to convert victuals into substances readily absorbed by the body succeeding digestion
v. to metamorphose food into living tissue by anabolism

v. (of a woman) to give birth to a baby

n. the act of giving birth by expulsion of a child or children from the womb

v. (of a man and woman) to produce children

v. to color reddish or pinkish when ill, impassioned or physically engaged
_v. to abruptly redden when ashamed, guilty or embarrassed

a. perfused with blood and thus reddened by ailment, exertion or evocation of emotion
_a. suddenly crimson for chagrin, guilt, modesty or shame

v. to draw air into and expel air from one's lungs
_breathe (in)/inhale/inspire
_v. to breathe oxygen, smoke, etc. into the lungs through one's nose or mouth
__v. to inhale liquid or a foreign object
__v. to nasally inhale
___v. to audibly, momentarily snuff
_breathe (out)/exhale/expire
_v. to orally or nasally discharge carbon dioxide, smoke, etc. from one's lungs
__v. to noisily, forcibly exhale through one's nostrils, often to express despite or resentment
_v. to breathe strepitently, as when congested
_v. to snortingly breathe through the nose (and often mouth) whilst asleep

n. the act of becoming pregnant; fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon that effects a fusion of male and female gametes to form a zygote

v. to produce or shed tears in response to intense emotion or physical stimulus

v. to cause or experience a declension of penile erection

v. to discharge waste (as feces or urine) from the body
_v. to evacuate fecal matter from one's bowels through one's anus
_v. to egest urine from the bladder

v. to orally eject wind from the stomach with cacophony

v. to forcefully expel (saliva, phlegm, etc.) from the mouth

n. forced oral expulsion, as of saliva or phlegm

n. a voluntary or reflexive emission of intestinal gas through the anus

v. to expel intestinal gases through the anus

gustation/gustatory modality/(sense of) taste
n. the faculty by which one perceives and severalizes bitter, salty, sour and sweet properties in one's mouth

n. erection of goose bumps and bodily hair provoked by chill, chagrin or fear

n. the elimination of fecal waste from the bowels through the anus

v. to bite, crush and grind vittles with the teeth ere swallowing

n. the act of biting, crushing and grinding food in one's mouth, so to soften it for swallowing

v. to discharge the menses (blood and other matter) from the lining of the uterus each month

a. having given birth
_a. bearing multiple offspring, esp. during one birth
_a. producing eggs from which one's offspring hatch
__a. producing eggs from which young hatch within a mother's body
_a. birthing live young instead of eggs

v. to secrete moisture through epidermal pores

v. to suddenly, spasmodically emit air (and often nasal secretions) from one's nose and mouth, usu. when the mucous membrane is irritated

n. an abrupt, explosive expulsion of air (and often nasal matter) through the nose and mouth

n. rhythmic cardiac contraction by which blood is pumped through the aorta and pulmonary arteries

n. the discharge of urine
_n. involuntary urination

v. to masticate, savor and swallow food

v. to eject the stomach's contents through the mouth
_v. to disgorge undigested or semi-digested food

n. reflexive oral discharge of the stomach's contents
_n. emesis of undigested or partially digested food


a. facing away from an axis (as the undersurface of a leaf from a stem)

Abies alba/European silver fir/silver fir
n. a coniferous evergreen of gray bark and needlelike leaves native to mountainous central and southern European regions

Abies amabilis/amabilis fir/Pacific silver fir/red silver fir
n. a medium to tall fir of western North America characterized by its tiered branches and conic crown; when crushed, its leaves smell of orange

Abies concolor/Concolor fir/white fir
Abies lowiana/California white fir/Colorado fir/white fir
n. a tree of medium to tall height endemic to central or western United States distinguished by its narrow crown, acuate leaves and soft wood

n. any among several ordinarily spiny trees and shrubs of leguminous genus Acacia yielding alternating, bipinnate, compound leaves or leaves of flattened stalks from which dense inflorescences of small white or yellow flowers grow
_Acacia farnesiana/cassie/huisache/mimosa bush/scented wattle/sweet acacia/sweet wattle
_n. a thorny shrub or small tree of tropical and sub-tropical American provenance, the fragrant yellow flowers of which are used as a key ingredient of perfumery

a. facing toward an axis (as the face of a leaf to a stem)

n. any among the varied deciduous shrubs and trees of genus Alnus yielding toothed leaves that alternate with coned catkins; alder bark is employed as an ingredient in dyeing and tanning, while its wood is exploited for the construction of bridges for its prolonged resistance to rot when submerged

n. any of various plants of the genus Aloe yielding rosettes of juicy, spiny leaves and red, orange or yellow tubular flowers from long stalks

n. any weed of the North American genus Ambrosia, the green flowers of which produce airborne, profuse pollen that provokes hay fever

n. any of a plant's defensive organs (such as thorns) or protective coverings (as a carapace)

n. any herbaceous plant of the genus Artemisia possessing green or gray and fragrant foliage and small discoid flowers: mugwort, sagebrush, tarragon and wormwood

n. any daisies of genus Aster topped by radiate flower heads of white, pink and violet rays encompassing a yellow disk; most bloom in Autumn

a. (of a plant's extremity) tapering to a slim or narrow point or span

n. any tree or shrub (esp. the Balsam fir) yielding balsam

n. plants growing at the bottom of a pond, sea, stream, etc.

a. deeply cleft into two parts or lobes, as a petal or leaf

n. a twining or winding stem of any climbing plant, as that of a woodbine or hop

n. any among several bacterial, fungal or viral diseases (as mildew or smut) that afflict plants, of which wilting or death are symptomatic

n. a time when or process or condition whereby plants produce flowers 

n. any extant, external, often swollen organic mass
_n. a small, rounded swelling or protuberance growing from a plant

n. the totality of plant life in a particular habitat, region or period

Brachychiton acerifolius/flame durrajong/flame tree/Sterculia acerifolia
n. a tree of south Australia producing panicles of brilliant scarlet flowers

Brachychiton australis/broad-leaved bottletree/flame tree
n. a north Australian tree bearing white flowers and broad leaves 

n. a large, coarse fern sporting triangular, usu. triplex fronds
n. a cluster of bracken

briar/Erica arborea/tree heath
n. an ericaceous Mediterranean shrub or small tree in the heath family, the woody roots of which are used to fashion tobacco pipes

n. a convex, wooden projection growing from a tree's trunk or branch

a. shed at an early stage of development, as a plant's sepals

n. the collective whorl of a flower's sepals comprising an external floral envelope or layer of the perianth that encloses its petals to protect its developing bud
_n. one green, leafy constituent of a calyx
_a. of a calyx embodying one sepal
_a. of a calyx comprising two sepals
_a. of a calyx containing three sepals
_a. of a calyx embodying a variable or indefinite number of parts
_a. of a calyx consisting of united or partially united sepals, as those of the primrose

n. two waxy shrubs of western Texas and Mexico: Euphorbia antisyphilitica or Pedilanthus pavonis

Capparis spinosa/caper
n. a spiny, trailing, capparidaceous shrub of the Mediterranean that yields pale to white lilac flowers, the buds of which contain red, pulpy fruits

n. a tall reed of North America possessing wide leaves and large, pluming panicles

n. an erect shrub, the small spines of which produce racemes of white to yellow flowers 

Ceratopetalum gummiferum/Christmas bush/Christmas tree
n. an Australian tree or shrub bearing red flowers, often bestowed as a Christmas decoration

n. an unusual white or yellow hue of green plant tissue symptomatic of a chlorophyllous scarcity

n. any of various spiny, cylindrical, arborescent cacti of genus Opuntia in Mexico and the southwestern United States
_nopal/prickly pear
_n. any cacti of the genus Opuntia sporting spiny and flattened or cylindrical stem joints, red, orange and yellow flowers, and (often esculent) ovate fruit

Christmas tree 
n. any evergreen or simulacrum thereof ornamented with lights and gimcrackery, conspicuously emplaced as a principal interior Christmas decoration

n. any fruit (esp. peach) of flesh that adheres tightly to its pit

n. poisonous plants of the Zigadenus genus native to North America

Delonix regia/flamboyant/flame tree/peacock flower/Poinciana regia/Royal poinciana
n. an extravagant tree or shrub native to Madagascar, widely planted in tropical and sub-tropical regions for the vivid beauty of its immense racemes of scarlet and orange flowers

a. (of flowers) only open during daylight hours

dwarf oak
n. a shrublike, deciduous tree of the United States yielding a sweet, edible nut

n. a plant native to a specific region

a. pale and wilting for a dearth of sunlight

everlasting (flower)
n. any of various plants (as of genera Anaphalis, Gnaphalium, Helichrysum and Helipterum) that bloom flowers retaining their form and color after they've been culled and dried

a. abundant in vegetal growth

n. any rosaceous, thorny shrub of genus Pyracantha distinguished by evergreen foliage and brilliant red and orange berries

a. withering, fading or (of caducous parts) shed early

n. any of various gentianaceous plants of genera Gentiana or Gentianella sporting brilliant blue, red, white or yellow flowers

n. any plant of the genus Senecio, esp. S. vulgaris: a common weed bearing small, rayed, usu. yellow flowers

v. to integrate a shoot or bud with another growing plant by collocation or insertion

grama (grass)
n. any among varied dense American grasses of genus Bouteloua that are usually grown as pasture grasses

a. of, regarding or denoting grasses

n. any tropical tree of the sapotaceous genera Palaquium and Payena

haulm/stalk/stem/stock (pl. halm/haulm/stalks/stems/stocks)
n. the main, vascular body or axis of a herbaceous plant

n. botanical attraction or adaptation to sunlight

a. growing, turned or turning toward light, esp. sunlight

n. the dry, membranous integument of some seeds or fruits, as walnuts or corn

v. to strip a husk or husks from

n. any among the various shrubs or trees of genus Ilex, esp. the holly and inkberry

n. any of multiple leguminous shrubs or herbs of genus Indigofera growing pinnate compound leaves and racemes of red or purple flowers

n. an array of flowers growing from a common stem or stalk
n. a cluster of flowers
_n. a branched inflorescence
_n. an inflorescence comprising stalked flowers growing along a common stem, those buds at the base of which are the first to mature and bloom
__n. a compound raceme

n. any coniferous, evergreen shrub or tree of the genus Juniperus yielding spiny or scaly leaves and berrylike cones

n. any of numerous small, green, nonvascular plants of class Hepaticopsida that grow in wet areas, embody a flat, lobed thallus or leafy, mosslike matter and reproduce by dint of encapsulated spores

Lophophora williamsii/mescal/peyote
n. a spineless, globy cactus native to Mexico and the southwestern United States, the tubercles (peyote buttons) of which contain mescaline and occasion hallucinogenic effects when chewed

n. various large Mexican agaves exploited as a source of fiber, mescal and the sap from which it's distilled

n. shrubs and small trees of genus Prosopis autochthonic to arid regions of the Americas; notable for their spiny, bipinnate leaves and sugary beanlike pods, and employed as forage and firewood

n. herbaceous perennials of the Mimulus genus aboriginal to western North America, the flowers of which resemble a monkey's physiognomy

n. any circumscribed decay and death of plant tissue resultant of disease or frost
_n. any necrotic fungal or bacterial disease of woody plants that inflicts localized damage to trunks, branches or twigs

n. any of several cacti of genus Nopalea that resemble the prickly pear

Nuytsia floribunda/flame tree/fire tree/Christmas tree
n. a shrub or small tree of western Australia, notable for its vivid yellow-orange flowers and parasitism to the detriment of contiguous vegetation

n. a desert candlewood shrub native to Mexico and the southwestern United States yielding long, spiny stems and clusters of tubular scarlet flowers that blossom from the tips of its branches

v. to be relegated to an intermediary class between two taxonomic groups

palo verde
n. any among varied, leguminous, spiny desert shrubs and trees of genus Cercidium/Parkinsonia featuring green bark and yellow flowers, and indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern United States

panic grass
n. any grass of genus Panicum (notably millet), many of which are grown for fodder and grain

n. (ordinarily soft, succulent) essential cellular tissue composed of divisible cells distinguished by thin walls comprising the pulp of fruits or pith of stems, bark, roots, etc.
_n. the soft, spongy central cylinder within the stems of most flowering plants primarily comprised of parenchyma

n. any plant that survives in excess of two years, or indefinitely
a. (of a plant) living three or more seasons

a. (of a floral extremity) retained; never shed, as certain leaves or the scales of a pine cone

n. the need of some plants for exposure to powerful sunlight

n. the process by which algae, plants and some bacteria synthesize carbohydrates as sustenance from carbon dioxide, (usu. aqueous) hydrogen and inorganic salts with solar energy absorbed by their chlorophyll

n. motion or growth of a sessile organism toward or away from light

n. a branch of biology dedicated to the study of botanical physiology, genetics, classification, diffusion, ecology and economic significance

piñon (pine)/pinyon (pine)
n. pine trees of northern Mexico and southwestern United States bearing edible seeds

v. to remove the pith from a plant's stem

n. a thick, dark green Mexican chili pepper of hot, poignant flavor

v. to convey pollen to or deposit pollen on and thusly fecundate a floral stigma or coniferous ovule

a. growing flat along the ground
_a. laid or growing otherwise prostrate to an erect tip

n. a small, rosaceous tree or shrub indigenous to west Asia blooming white to pink flowers and yielding a hard, ovate, xanthous fruit
n. the firm, yellow, acerbic fruit of the quince tree or shrub, usu. bestowed as an ingredient of jellies or preserves

n. a flowering grass native to North America

n. any among numerous climbing, prickly, tropical American plants of genus Smilax bearing serrated, cordate leaves, the large, redolent roots of which are used to produce a flavoring
n. dried roots of a sarsaparilla plant

n. a branch, bush or shrub whose growth has been stunted, as by etiolation

scrub oak
n. any of various small oaks forming shrublike bosks

n. a tall, arborescent yucca of the southwestern United States

n. plants of genus Dasylirion and the agave family distinguished by panicles of whitish flowers, and slender, spiny leaves; autochthonal to the southwestern United States and contiguous northern Mexico

n. a flower's protruding, pollen-bearing reproductive organ comprised of a filament and anther
_n. the slender stalk of a stamen that supports its anther
__n. a pair of lobes extending from the extremity of a stamen's filament in which pollen accrues to be ultimately discharged and borne upon the wind or harvested by bees

n. one of numerous minute epidermal apertures in a leaf or stem through which gases and water vapor pass that enable transpiration or absorption

n. a plant whose fleshy leaves or stems contain water, such as cacti or sedums
a. (of a plant) possessing thick, fleshy, juicy tissues

sycamore/plane tree/buttonwood/buttonball
n. any of the deciduous trees of genus Platanus, distinguished by its flaky bark, lobed leaves and hanging, hirsute fruit clusters; its wood is often exploited as tinder

n. a deciduous, Eurasian maple tree notable for its greenish flowers, winged fruits and lobed leaves

n. the tufted head of some plants, esp. that growing from a cornstalk's tip and sporting prominent stamens
v. to form or grow tassels

n. a tall tree of east Indian provenance now widely planted in western Africa and the tropical Americas for harvest of its durable, attractive timber

a. growing on land or from soil

n. a lateral shoot sprouting from the base of a graminaceous stem
v. (of plants) to grow shoots sprouting from the root, or base of a stalk

v. to unearth a plant and replant it elsewhere

n. any leguminous, European plant of the Trifolate or Lotus genera bearing trifoliate compound leaves and small, dense flowers of white, yellow, red or purple hues

n. a thick clump or tuft of vegetation (esp. grass), the length or density of which exceeds that circumferent

n. a creeping evergreen dwarf shrub bearing leathery, astringent leaves, pink flowers and vivid, ruddy berries

n. green, lush vegetation or foliage thereof

n. the vibrant viridity of flourishing vegetation

n. the arrangement of young (folded/coiled/rolled) leaves in a bud ere it opens

n. any prostrate plant of genus Viola typified by flowers of irregular white, yellow, blue or purple petals

wallflower/Cheiranthus cheiri
n. any perennial of genus Erysimum native to southern Europe that grows inflorescences of all colors (esp. yellow and orange) and naturalizes on cliffs or walls

n. a thorny Eurasian shrub bearing carmine berries and dense clusters of scarlet to white flowers

n. any grass of wiry roots (as Bermuda grass) or stems (as A. stricta or A. purpurea)

n. a branch of dendrology concerning the structure of wood


v. to mentally learn and consequently comprehend information

a. exclusively and obsessively intrigued by something
_a. engrossed in one's own thoughts
__a. so preoccupied that one is unaware of other matters, esp. what is happening about oneself

n. the mental state of being fascinated by something to the exclusion of all else
_n. excogitative immersion

v. to consider a concept theoretically, without thought of a specific example

account/adjudge/consider/count/deem/esteem/find/hold (to be)/judge/rate/reckon/regard (as)/take (for)/think/view (as)
v. to subjectively believe or perceive to be a specific way
_v. to rate highly in reflection of one's admiration
_v. to adjudge less impressive, significant or valuable than it actually is or appears
__v. to depreciate something as piffling
_v. to regard people or things as correspondent
_v. to rate something disapprovingly; to regard as reprehensible or wrong
_v. to regard something or someone as equal to another or others
_v. to count something individually

n. a precise and profound capacity for comprehension
_n. a faculty to render valid judgment in consort with one's insight
_n. intuitive insight

a. endowed with profound, accurate understanding
_a. possessing sound judgment exercised in accordance with acuity
_a. intuitively perceptive

v. to frustrate someone's comprehension

v. to have in mind as an intention or objective

n. a strong, often sudden creative impulse; divine inspiration

a. prompt to learn and comprehend

v. to harmonize in opinion or sentiment

n. a profound, often sudden comprehension regarding a property or quiddity by means of percipience or intuition

n. the erroneous colligation of patterns and connections from random data

a. readily understood

v. to intellectually lay hold of a concept or communicative tenor

v. to approximately judge the value, number, quantity or extent of by calculation, reasoning or practical experience
_a. to analytically judge
_v. to evaluate or esteem an inadequate value
_v. to assess proportionately
_v. to conduct a formal assessment of troops, esp. those comprising the formation of a ceremonial parade

n. a span of comprehension, experience, interest, knowledge or perspective
_n. an especially broad purview

v. to inspire curiosity or interest
_v. to engage or intrigue obsessive interest or attention to the exclusion of other thoughts

a. easily conceiving and implementing many novel ideas

v. to establish a causal, imaginative, logical, natural or syntactic connection or relation
_v. to relate factors or observations by an applicable hypothesis
_v. to demonstrate or establish a complementary, mutual or reciprocal relation

au fait/au courant/abreast
a. possessing reliable, detailed, current knowledge of something; fully informed

n. firm acceptance of some perceived verity

n. a mental ability, as those of intellection, perception or speech

v. to apply one's mind for decision, invention or reason
_brood (on, upon, over)/dwell (on, upon)
_v. to cerebrate of something persistently and often sullenly
_cogitate/consider/contemplate/debate/deliberate/excogitate/meditate*/mull^/muse/ponder*^/reflect*/ruminate*/speculate*/think (about)
_v. (often followed by *on, upon or ^over) to think intently in deliberation about a subject or subjects with prolonged care
__v. to consider as a possible though uncertain intention
__v. to deliberate on one's own thoughts and feelings
__v. to ponder the past

n. exercise of the intellect: the action or process of using one's mind to conceive, consider or reason in concern of something
_n. careful and profound intellection
__n. analytical excogitation of one's own feelings and thoughts
__n. reflection on past events, matters or people
_n. laborious cerebration

chimera/dream/fantasy/pipe dream
n. a grotesque product of the imagination; a vain, foolish or incongruous fancy

n. a carefully considered thought about something

a. deeply, thoroughly thoughtful
_a. mulling over one's internal cogitation and feelings

n. the mental act or process of knowing, which encompasses awareness, intuition, judgment, perception and reasoning
_n. awareness by means of sensory faculties
__n. perception of internal bodily sensations
__n. neurological perception of corporeal motion and position
_n. the rational act or process of analysis, deduction and judgment

a. of or relating to cognition

v. to commit one's attention to something, esp. when reading or studying

n. the creation of an idea, as a theory, principle, plan, explanation, etc. in one's mind

v. to develop and form an idea, opinion, project, theory, etc. in one's mind by intellectual exertion
_v. to adapt, design or press with ingenuity and skill
_v. to imaginatively conceive something new, as a concept or device
_v. to form a falsity or fiction
_v. to design a (usu. detailed or involved) procedure or program for the realization of an objective
__v. to cleverly plan
__v. to covertly contrive a (usu. evil) stratagem
__v. to devise with malevolent, malicious or treacherous intentions
_v. to make an artistic work

v. to establish a conclusion by reasoning derived from evidence or premises

v. to reach a decision concerning a matter, esp. a course of action
_v. to decide with resolution
_v. to decide in advance

v. to mistake two or more concepts, people or things as being the same by ignorance of their distinctions

n. a general idea that's usu. derived or educed from specific instances
_n. an ideal conception of someone (usu. a parent) formed during childhood that subconsciously persists into one's adult years

v. to unsettle the reason of; to render insane

n. a state of stunned confusion inhibiting coherent thought or feeling

n. an erroneous, commonly delusory mental representation of something perceived

v. to perceive a difference or differences in or between people and things; to recognize as distinct

v. to have a disparate opinion

n. incapacity to verbally communicate concepts or reason symptomatic of mental disorder

a. (of a conviction or habit) firmly established and unlikely to change

n. imaginative re-creation

v. to omit from consideration

v. to reference specific instances in comparative address of others; to infer an unknown from something that is known

v. to extend the application of a method or conclusion (esp. one based on statistics) to an unknown situation by assuming that existing trends will continue or similar methods will be applicable.
v. to attempt to gain knowledge of that neither known nor experienced by extrapolating

n. an inference about the future or some hypothetical situation based on known facts and observations

n. the intellectual productivity of a creative imagination

v. to be constantly engrossed by a person or thing in an exclusive and neurotic manner

fixation/fixed idea/idée fixe/obsession
n. an idea in concern of which one is compulsively preoccupied
_n. a fixation on feces and defecation
_n. an obsession to recollect a forgotten word
_n. an obsession with a single subject or idea

a. tending not to remember
_a. suffering partial or total personal mnemonic loss ensuant of brain damage, illness, psychological trauma or shock

n. mental lethargy

n. any belief, conjecture or opinion discordant with those established or official

n. a vague idea

v. to regard as resulting from, created or caused by, characteristic of or belonging to a source, origin or person
_v. to attribute responsibility or esp. culpability to a cause, group, person or source
_v. to unjustifiably ascribe to another

n. discrimination of an individual from its generic group or species

v. to know or comprehend by dint of intuition

n. a psychological disorder whereby mnemonic lapses of key words inhibit one from articulating themself

a. of or regarding memory
a. aiding or intended to boost memory
n. any means by which memory may be elicited, as a correlation, formula, rhyme or verse

n. want or lack of knowledge

a. on the verge of innovating a new idea

n. an impression of something perceived, developed as a consequence of perceptual thought processes

v. to imagine or consider beforehand

v. to disunite something or someone from another or others in thought or consideration

n. the power to presage events or trends prevenient to their occurrence

a. of, concerning or characteristic of prescience

v. to know what will transpire in advance

n. predictive knowledge of future events

a. possessing knowledge of events before they occur

v. to deem an abstraction concrete or real; to attribute material reality to a concept

a. acutely aware of and quick to detect or respond to subtle changes, signals or influences

n. faculty for intellectual or aesthetic awareness, feelings, distinctions, discernment, predilections, etc.

v. to suspend activity or ideas

a. possessing a good memory; easily recalling facts and impressions

v. to expect or imagine as true or probable without verification, based on limited evidence

n. a belief, conclusion, proposition or opinion based on incomplete or inconclusive evidence

a. slow to learn or comprehend for a deficiency of intelligence, or mental or personality disorder

n. a wish without sufficient impetus to prompt action

n. a belief, aspiration or tentative vision concerning the future

a. (of a memory) conveying or evoking the accuracy, clarity, freshness and realism of immediate experience

a. (of one's imagination) forming distinctly realistic images

n. the mental faculty of concious, deliberate choice and determination of action
_n. the weakest grade of volition

n. an act or instance of asserting a concious choice or decision

a. intelligence manifest as deceptive skill


n. an association of people, groups or countries (esp. those bound by a pact or treaty) to advance their common interests and achieve specific objectives
_n. an international alliance formed to coordinate foreign and military policy

n. a large, concentrated gathering of people
_n. a robustious or disorganized crowd
_n. a moving multitude

n. a group formally convened for a common purpose
_n. a formal, discussional assembly of delegates from a political party, labor union, vocation, etc. who confer in concern of common interests
_n. a representative group (as a delegacy) constituting part of a larger convocation
__n. a party of representatives or delegates
___n. a diplomat (esp. one subordinate to an ambassador) and their staff

n. any group of people engaged in an endeavor or activity

n. an army subdivision comprised of multiple infantry battalions, squadrons or regiments

n. a body of activists constituting the smallest unit or nucleus of a larger political movement or organization

n. a nucleus of professional servicemen required to establish and train a new or newly expanded military unit

n. the performers of a stage play or motion picture

n. a group employed to acclaim an act or performer

n. an obsequious group, as one's retinue

n. a group of cats
_a. a clowder comprised of cats who are uncertain of one another
_n. a litter of kittens

commonality/commonalty/herd/hoi polloi/mass/masses/mob/multitude/populace/public/rabble/third estate
n. the (often inferior or philistinic) common people, as distinguished from artistic, intellectual, political, military and other notables

n. a collaborative circle of theatrical performers
_n. a theatrical company that tours numerous venues

n. a body of troops dispatched to succor a larger force in a campaign

n. a group of vehicles that travel together, often to guarantee mutual protection

n. a series of police, soldiers or guards enclosing, guarding and preventing access to or from an area, building or thing

n. a body in the company or attendance of someone, usually a dignitary or other notable

n. two people regarded together, as partners, siblings, spouses, et al.

n. military personnel assigned to perform a task

n. a group of dogs

n. a group of musicians who play or sing together

n. a group bound by personal (ethnic, familial, religious, etc.) relations

n. a society united by impersonal formal, practical or professional relationships

v. to accept people into an exclusive society or group, usu. by a rite

n. jointly, a diplomatic minister (esp. an envoy) and his suite

n. educated people who indulge an edifying interest in literature

n. a group of eight people

n. the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered

n. any (often hereditary) upper or ruling class of nonpareil wealth and preponderant influence, as a peerage

n. all of a progenitor's descendants
n. all future generations of people

presbytery (Presbyterian)
n. those ministers and elders who compose a presbytery

n. division of a group into opposing factions

n. any large group of aquatic animals (esp. fish) that swim in confluence, esp. during migration
_n. a school of whales

n. a group of bagpipers

n. troops engaged in an attack from a sieged situation

n. a harnessed, driven pair of oxen, mules or horses
__a span linked by a yoke

n. multiple animals, people or vehicles following one another
_n. a succession of pack animals or vehicles traveling together, usu. in single file
_n. an orderly succession of individual constituents
__n. an orderly, formal, often ceremonious succession
___n. a procession of equestrians, carriages or cars
___n. a funeral procession
__n. a single file of soldiers


n. an elongated strip of contrasting color

n. the presence or formation of striae

n. a color between green and violet in the chromatic spectrum, as that of a clear sky or sunlit sea
_n. a light blue-green or greenish blue color
_azure/cerulean/sky blue
_n. a rich, bright, clear blue color, as that of a cloudless sky
_baby blue
_n. a pale shade of blue
_n. a greenish-blue color
_midnight blue
_n. an extremely dark blue
_navy (blue)
_n. a dark blue color
_peacock blue
_n. a greenish-blue color akin to that of a peacock's neck
_powder blue
_n. a soft, pale blue color
_Prussian blue
_n. the deep blue color of Prussian blue pigment
_royal blue
_n. a deep, vivid blue color
_n. a bright blue color
_steel blue
_n. a dark, bluish-gray color
_n. a brilliant, deep blue color

a. of a color between green and violet in the chromatic spectrum

n. a dark color of yellowish or reddish hue, as of dark wood or rich soil
_n. a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_n. a reddish-brown color
_n. a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown color
__n. a yellowish-beige color of undyed leather
__n. the pale beige color of unbleached linen
_n. a pale brown
_burnt sienna
_n. a deep reddish-orange to reddish-brown color akin to that of sienna darkened by heating
_n. the light, yellowish-brown color of camel hair
_n. the rich, light brown color of caramel
_n. a deep reddish-brown color, as that of chestnuts
_n. a dull, grayish-brown color
_n. a light yellowish-brown color
_n. a light reddish-, greenish- or golden-brown color, as that of certain irises
_n. a dull yellowish-brown color
_n. a rich, reddish-brown color, as that of mahogany wood
_n. a grayish-beige color flecked with brown
_n. a red-orange-brown color resembling iron oxide
__n. a reddish-brown hue of rust
_n. a light yellow-brown color like that of sand
_n. a dark reddish-brown color akin to that of dried blood
_n. a grayish, yellowish brown resembling that of the sable's fur
_n. a rose-brown color prominent in fin de siecle monochrome
_n. a pale or yellowish-brown color
_n. an orange- or yellowish-brown color
_n. a dark, reddish-brown color
__burnt umber
__n. a dark brown color

a. of a dark color of yellowish or reddish hue
_a. of a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_a. colored reddish-brown
_a. dyed a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown
__a. of a light yellow-beige color
_a. light brown of color
_a. of a dull, grayish-brown color
_a. of a rich, dark brown color
_a. of a grayish, yellowish brown
_a. of a rose-brown color
_a. of an orange- or yellowish-brown color

n. a deep to vivid reddish-pink color
a. of a deep or vivid reddish-pink color

n. a property of changeable color or luster immediately conditional on the angle of applied light, as that of a gemstone cut as a cabochon

n. chromatic purity: the vividity of a color contingent on its grade of distinction from diluting white

(chromatic) spectrum
n. a band of colors visible when white light is dispersed (as by a prism or diffraction grating) representing photic wavelengths: violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red

a. of, pertaining to or produced by color or colors

n. the scientific study of colors

a. glittering with gold and silver

v. to indue with a hue or change the color of
v. to assume a or another color; to become colored
_v. to render or become blue
_v. to make or become brown in color
_v. to make or become a deep purplish-red color
_v. to render or become purple
_v. to turn or become green
_v. to spread or flood over or through with (a) color
__v. to perfuse entirely
_v. to impart a slight or faint coloration
_v. to dye something vermilion/cinnabar
_v. to turn yellow, esp. by aging

n. light yellowish-pink hues
a. of any coral colors

a. displaying, possessing or embodying a variety of colors
_a. chromatically varying when viewed from different angles
__a. mutably colored or lustrous, as gems or silk
__a. disclosing a play of lustrous colors resembling those of a rainbow
___a. radiating a milky iridescence, as that of an opal or illumined mother-of-pearl
_a. varicolored in discrete sections
_a. marked with patches, spots, streaks, etc. of various colors

n. a grayish-pink color, as that of the damask rose

n. (of uniaxial crystals) chromatic variation exhibited from two different axes
n. (of chemical solutions) variation of colors at differing concentrations

a. (of colors) neither bright nor vivid
_a. of a dark, dull, murky hue discolored by impurities; neither bright nor clear

n. the bright, lustrous, metallic yellow or yellow-brown color of gold

a. of a bright, lustrous, metallic yellow or yellow-brown color

n. a minute dissimilarity between tones, shades or colors

n. a color between yellow and blue in the spectrum of thriving grass or emeralds
_n. a light blue-green or greenish blue color
_jade (green)
_n. a vivid spectrum of greens varied from bluish- to yellowish-green
_n. a dull grayish-green color, as that of an unripe olive
_pea green
_n. a yellowish-green color like that of pea soup

a. of the color between yellow and blue in the spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
_a. slightly green

n. the quality of a color as determined by a dominant wavelength and purity independent of brightness, by which is it severalized as a gradation or variety of red, green, blue, yellow, etc.

n. a color betwixt blue and violet in the chromatic spectrum; a deep violet-blue

n. polychromatic coloration akin to that of a rainbow or prismal light
_n. milky iridescence, such as that of an opal

n. a bright reddish-yellow color of the chrononymous citrus fruit
_burnt sienna
_n. a deep reddish-orange to reddish-brown color akin to that of sienna darkened by heating

a. colored a reddish yellow, as that of a ripe orange

n. any color amid blue and red in the spectrum
_n. a blackish purple color
_n. a bluish-purple color disposed at the far end of the spectrum

a. of a spectral hue between blue and red
_a. of a bluish-purple color

n. any of various colors resembling the color of blood afore orange and opposite violet in the spectrum
_n. a reddish-rose color
_n. a red, rosy or pink tinge
_n. a rich, vivid red color
_n. a rich, bright or deep red of cherries
_n. a deep purplish-red color
__n. a vivid, reddish hue of crimson
__n. a light crimson or warm pink color of roses
_n. a dark brownish-red color
_n. an intense purplish-red color
_n. a brilliant, slightly orange-red color
__n. an especially orange scarlet hue
_wine red
_n. a dark red color like that of red wine
__n. a deep, reddish-purple color like that of burgundy wine

a. of a color at the spectral terminus of blood, cherries or rubies
_a. of the rich, bright or deep reds of cherries
_a. of a deep purplish-red color
_a. of a brilliant, slightly orange-red color

n. an achromatic color of maximum darkness and no hue
a. of black

n. any discoloration of a metal surface effectuated by corrosion or esp. oxidation

n. a faint shade or slight coloration
_n. a red, rosy or pink tinge

a. (of colors) of intense saturation and radiant brightness

n. a color of sunflowers or ripe lemons amidst orange and green in the spectrum
_n. a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_n. a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown color
__n. a yellowish-beige color of undyed leather
__n. the pale beige color of unbleached linen
_lemon (yellow)
_n. the brlliant yellow color of the lemon fruit
_n. a dark yellow color, as that of the condiment

a. of the color intermediate between orange and green in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk
_a. of a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_a. colored reddish-brown
_a. dyed a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown
__a. of a light yellow-beige color


n. a citrus fruit's soft, white, interior rind

n. the consumption of human flesh by humans

a. (of food or drink) possessing a flavor pleasing to one's gustation
_a. (of food or drink) extremely appetizing
_a. pleasantly pungent or tart of flavor

n. the oval, glossy and black-purple, green, white or yellow fruit of the nightshade eggplant (Solanum melongena), which is prepared and eaten as a vegetable

v. to boil vegetables briefly until they're partially cooked as a preparative measure to whiten, ease peeling, neutralize distasteful pungency, etc. 

n. a warehouse wherein wine is stored and aged

a. objectionable to one's taste; having an unpleasant flavor
_a. having a harshly biting, usu. unsavory taste
__a. slightly sour

n. a spit on which meat is roasted

a. containing, spread with, resembling or akin to butter

n. a baked or deep-fried Italian turnover consisting of pizza dough filled with cheese, meat and vegetables

n. a pickled floral bud of Capparis spinosa employed as a tangy garnish or condiment of relishes or sauces

n. a cut of meat containing a portion of an animal's backbone
v. to cut meat along or across the spine when butchering

n. a small casserole in which an individual portion is cooked and served

a. feasting to surfeit

a. fit to be eaten

n. a meaty cut from the fleshy part of an animal's side between its ribs and leg

n. the pungent, aromatic bulb of the garlic plant, used as an ingredient, esp. for culinary seasoning

gustation/gustatory modality/(sense of) taste
n. the faculty by which one perceives and severalizes bitter, salty, sour and sweet properties in one's mouth

n. the act of discerning the savor of a substance in one's mouth or in contact with one's tongue

n. diced meat and potatoes that are browned or reheated in gravy or sauce, often with other vegetables

v. to chop ingredients (esp. meat and vegetables) into small pieces
_v. to mince into small cubes

v. to mix lean and adipose meat

a. relating to or consisting of legumes: alfalfa, beans, clover, peas, etc.

v. to heat, spice and sweeten a potable, esp. wine or wassail

n. colored sugar beads applied as a topping on candies and cookies
n. a flat chocolate disk coated with nonpareil

n. a conical loaf of sugar

n. meal comprising ground corn or wheat, mesquite or toasted chocolate beans, spices, sugar, etc.

piñon (nut)/pinyon (nut)
n. comestible seeds of the piñon pine

n. a thick, dark green Mexican chili pepper of hot, poignant flavor

a. safe or suitable for drinking

n. any liquid fit to drink
_n. Iberian brandy distilled from grape pomace
_n. (often potent) Latin American liquor derived from sugarcane and commonly flavored with anise
_n. dark, heavy malt liquor fermented from cereal (esp. barley); comparable to yet exceeding the weight and acerbity of beer
_n. a pale, dry sherry of Spanish origin
_n. any red or white wine produced in France's region of Burgundy
_n. a cocktail comprising equal parts gin or vodka and lime juice, and occasionally a mite of sugar
_n. an unaged Italian brandy distilled from grape pomace subsequent to pressing
_n. liquor of fermented honey and water
_n. colorless Mexican liquor distilled from fermented agave sap
_n. cheap, usually inferior wine
_n. a thick, light, milky alcoholic drink produced from the fermented juice of certain agave plants, esp. the maguey
_n. a soft drink (such as root beer) flavored with extracts of sarsaparilla roots or comparable artificial flavors
_n. an alcoholic potation brewed from corn
_n. a heated beverage concocted of ale, beer or mulled wine spiced or sweetened with roasted apples or sugar; imbibed at festivities, esp. Christmas

prickly pear
n. the fruit of a prickly pear cactus

a. of or concerning a refection, esp. dinner
_a. suceeding a meal, esp. dinner
_a. preceding a meal, esp. dinner

n. any solid or semisolid nutriment that's eaten
_n. grass, hay or other vegetation eaten by grazing animals such as equine or cattle
_n. food eaten by humans
__n. an article of victual
___bonne bouche (pl. bonnes bouches)
___n. a tasty tidbit of food

n. quail flesh, which may be roasted or broiled if young, or otherwise braised

n. the firm, yellow, acerbic fruit of the quince tree or shrub, usu. bestowed as an ingredient of jellies or preserves

v. to inspissate sauce, gravy, broth, etc. by boiling it

v. to serve food
_v. to insistently lavish someone with victuals and drink
_v. to provide with choice or abundant food or drink

n. food which is served and eaten at one occasion
_n. an extravagant repast of resplendent preparation, often eaten in celebration
_n. a light, informal repast

n. a string on which preserved foodstuffs such as chilies, garlic, onions, dried fruit, etc. are threaded to be hung

n. a slice of sweet, raised bread, baked twice until browned and crisp
_n. a rusk that's baked as a loaf, sliced and toasted

a. full of flavor

v. to appreciatively taste food with delight

v. to bake shelled eggs

a. (of food, ingredients, etc.) profuse with juice

a. fed to satiety
_a. immoderately full

a. (of flavors) keenly potent

treacle/golden syrup
n. a pale, gold cane syrup used to sweeten cakes, ice cream, puddings, etc. as an ingredient or topping

n. dark, viscous brown syrup derived from refinement of raw sugar, ordinarily used as an ingredient

n. layered sponge cake soaked in brandy, rum or sherry and spread with cream, custard, jam or jelly; may be adorned with fruits, nuts or chocolate morsels

n. the esculent lining of a ruminant's stomach

a. bereft of flavor

v. to masticate, savor and swallow food
_v. to eat greedily or excessively; to make a pig of oneself
_v. to eat sparingly, esp. betwixt meals or when partaking of manifold morsels
__v. to eat a succession of snacks in lieu of meals
_v. to eat an opulent meal

v. to supply with edibles, esp. for travel

v. to acquire comestibles

n. a stock or supply of foods


n. a loud, enthusiastic demonstration of praise expressed by clapping or shouts, ordinarily intended to honor or welcome someone or something

v. to salute with clapping, shouts or other vociferations of approval

v. to agree or accept that something is true or valid, esp. after first denying or resisting as much
_v. to admit of a fault or to a crime
_v. to acknowledge defeat in a contest

n. (usu. reluctant or begrudging) agreement concerning or acceptance of a truth
_n. admission that one was or is mistaken

v. to register pretence by adopting a false attribute, bearing or sentiment
_v. to conceal one's true feelings, motive, personality or thoughts by pretence with intent to deceive
_v. to dramatize or dissemble illness as an excuse to shirk

n. any deceptive comportment, exhibition or representation intended to impart a spurious, often respectable impression
_n. a conspicuous pretense
_n. any pleasant or gratifying facade

v. to request humbly, earnestly, often urgently
_v. to entreat persistently, often in an irksome manner
__v. to persistently importune in concern of overdue payment

n. cautionary advice concerning something imminent, esp. danger or other unpleasantness

a. acting or serving to warn; instructing by way of admonition or caution

advert (to)/mention/refer (to)/reference
v. to briefly, often adventitiously speak of something
_v. to mention (examples, reasons, sources, etc.) as evidence, as during an argument
_v. to reference obliquely or tacitly
_v. to reference an instance as an example

v. to make someone aware of something, such as a salient fact or situation
_v. to inform someone of possible trouble or danger; to advise caution concerning a certain act
_v. to inform positively, with certainty and confidence
_v. to apprise by synopsizing
_v. to notify others of information previously known only to a select few, or which was intended to be kept a secret
__v. to rashly or foolishly disbosom
__v. to treacherously divulge
_v. to advise in advance

v. to suggest a course of action or option as advantegeous, prudent, sound, etc.

v. to speak or argue in favor or praise of someone or something, esp. publicly
_v. to accept and endorse a cause, idea, ideal, ideology, principle, etc. as one's own

v. to frankly, positively express that something is so with confidence and certitude
_v. to aver with persistence or resolution
_v. to claim insincerely
_v. to claim an accomplishment, knowledge of a subject or proficiency of a practice or profession

n. a confident, positive, often emphatic statement of fact or belief
_n. an assertion advanced to be maintained or proven in argument

n. a rude, disparaging or belittling remark intended to offend or hurt

a. previously mentioned or stated

av., *int. an expression of concern, grief, pity or regret

a. suggested, though not perspicuously expressed or explicated

v. to attract or induce someone to do something by extending an (advantageous, cibarious, monetary, sexual, etc.) impetus

n. an indirect or covert indication, suggestion or reference

n. an expression whose meaning cannot be determined from its context

n. any expression of unfavorable assessment
_n. bitterly abusive criticism, denunciation or insult
_n. scathing criticism
__n. violent excoriation
__n. open or public condemnation
___n. violent denunciation
_n. a written or spoken reprehension of something or somebody

v. (usu. followed by *on or upon) to communicate a negative assertion or opinion concerning perceived faults, iniquity, etc.
_v. (usu. followed by *on, upon, ^at, against) to harshly or severely criticize
__v. (usu. followed by *against) to openly or publicly castigate
_v. (usu. followed by *against, ^at) to reprehend abusively, angrily, bitterly or contemptuously
__v. to publicly disparage

n. a mention of or allusion to something by claim that it won't be mentioned

n. an expression of uncertainty regarding what to say, which course to pursue, where to begin or end, etc.

n. an abrupt verbal cease in the midst of a sentence indicating a reluctance to continue, as that prompted by misgiving

v. to express a positive opinion, as esteem or approval, of something or someone
_v. to ardently praise
__v. to publicly applaud
__v. to verbally extol
__v. to exalt by singing a hymn or hymns
_v. to praise or celebrate in a sonnet

v. to verbally express divergent or opposing views or opinions by submission of reasons or data in a contentious, often heated exchange
_v. to passionately argue
_v. to angrily (and usu. clamorously) controvert
__v. to quarrel in concern of a pissant matter
_v. to strenuously debate

n. a conversation in which disagreement regarding divergent or opposing perspectives is expressed
_n. an impassioned variance
_n. a choleric, often clamant contestation
__n. a negligible quarrel
_n. arduous debate
_n. a minor, rather mortifying disagreement
_n. a public argument

v. to (usu. presumptuously) claim for oneself without justification

v. to verbally communicate emotions, information, intentions, opinions, etc. with articulated speech
_v. to further voice, usu. following a pause
__v. to add at the end, as of a conversation
_v. to speak to someone or many people
_v. to speak with accuracy and clarity
_v. to speak incessantly
__v. to rapidly blabber about trivial matters
_v. to idly express
__v. to gab diffusely
_v. to voice poppycock
_v. to utter unintelligibly
__v. to speedily maunder
__v. to wildly babble, as one may in delirium
_v. to speak by prounouncing the letter R with a trill
_v. to pronounce the letter R with a trill
_call (out)/clamor/cry (out)/halloo/holler/resound/shout/vociferate/yell
_v. to say stridently with shock, remonstrance, elation, agony, etc.
__v. to suddenly vociferate
__v. to shout "halloo"
_v. to vocalize in a singsong tone
_v. to engage in conversation; to contribute to an exchange of verbal communication
__amplify (on)
__v. to discourse at length
__v. to converse in a casual and informal manner
__v. to talk about a subject
___v. (of enemies) to discuss terms of surrender during an armistice
___v. to discuss idly or casually and conjecturally, without certitude or sufficient reason to formulate a conclusion
_v. to pronounce softly or lovingly in a gentle voice
_v. to deliver obscene or profane language
_v. (*usu. followed by on or upon) to speak at (usu. detailed) length in treatment of a subject
__v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to dilate in greater detail
__n. to pompously perorate
__v. to formally or magniloquently dilate
_v. to omit or slur a phoneme or syllable in pronunciation
_v. to state again
__v. to say repeatedly and often insistently, esp. to emphasize or clarify
__v. to incessantly repeat a word, phrase or sentence for affliction of a mental disorder
_v. to emit something abruptly, esp. as an aside or interruption during a conversation
_v. to shrilly speak
_v. to talk with a grating voice
_v. to talk about something with frantic gusto!
_v. to verbalize with a nasal tone
_n. to speak diffusely
_v. to speak briskly and tremulously
_v. to utter simultaneously or in quick succession

a. of the contrivance or dissemination of disparaging claims about someone to damage their reputation

v. to call upon people to congregate at a meeting or for an activity

v. to assure somebody of a verity with the intention of inspiring confidence
_v. to assure again, esp. by iteration

v. to establish that something is so by presentation of sound argument or evidence
_v. to support the certainty or validity of something with cumulative or supplemental proof
_v. to prove to be false; to overthrow an assertion, notion or theory with disceptation or evidence

n. unintelligible speech
_n. brisk babble

v. to confabulate with light, playful joking

n. light, playful, teasing repartee exchanged in friendly and frivolous good humor

v. to prompt erroneous belief with falsehood or prevarication
_v. to deceive by agency of cunning
_v. to befool with a pretense of aggression or assurance

n. the conviction of someone to falsity by lies or equivocation
_n. deceit by confident or aggressive simulation

n. a trite or stereotyped remark or statement, often of instructive or prescriptive purport and intended to soothe or placate

n. a statement by which one directs someone to do something
_n. a formal or official order
_n. a contrary command cancelling or reversing a previous command
_n. an arbitrary command

v. to direct someone to do something, esp. when empowered with authority
_v. to command or compel (troops) to march in single file

v. to detract from someone's or something's authority, dignity or eminence, as with invective or by distinction

v. to express contempt for; to speak of with derision

n. a dumb remark

v. to persuade, manipulate or influence by charm, flattery or gentle exhortation

n. charming flattery or promises intended to persuade or win favor

a. conspicuously and offensively loud; disposed to vehement outcry

v. to speak of one's achievements, possessions, function, position or abilities with excessive pride and vanity

n. verbal self-assessment expressing conceit
_v. unfounded or pretentious bluster

n. a burst of loud, hearty laughter
v. to laugh loudly and boisterously

a. expressing much with few words; briefly comprehensive
_a. succinctly stating the totality of a subject's basic substance
_a. precisely, concisely, elegantly expressed and thus fit to be engraved to stone
_a. forcibly, substantially terse

v. to introduce a subject for discussion or dispute

v. to distribute or scatter (fluid, information, seed, etc.) over a broad area, or to many people
_v. to publicly disseminate information, esp. news
__v. to publicize by distribution of circulars
__v. to publicize or announce with placards

n. the spread or transmission of something to a wide or wider area or group

bruit/rumor (pl. dish/gossip/hearsay/rumor/rumors/scuttlebutt)
n. an item of unverified information in popular circulation
_n. a deliberately false rumor or story, often calumniatory of intention

v. to disseminate a rumor or rumors, usually by casual conversation

v. to freely obtain or seek to freely obtain by asking or wheedling at the expense or generosity of others

n. a uvular trill of the letter R common to some northern English and Scottish accents

n. a loud, inarticulate utterance voiced of surprise, delight, pain, protest, opposition, convocation, etc.
_n. a shrill cry, as that of cats in estrus
_n. an abrupt outcry
_n. a cry of "halloo"

cant/pious platitudes
n. insincere palaver of a moral, religious or political nature

v. to raise annoying, trivial objections, esp. as a means to prevaricate
n. an irritating, irrelevant distinction or objection, usu. advanced to evade the topic of an argument or debate

v. to examine by means of query or interrogation

v. to speak contrary to an assertion; to claim that a statement is not true, esp. by contending the opposite
_v. to challenge the honesty, veracity, validity or integrity of
_v. to reject as false

v. to communicate a representation of an abstraction, person, thing, etc.
_v. to portray people or things as similar to one another
_v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to add further details or related information to one's description
_v. to character as less important, impressive or valuable than it genuinely is or seems
__v. to depreciate something at the lowest possible or conceivable consequence or worth
_v. to delineate the essence, nature or properties of something or someone
_v. to describe precisely
_v. to depict an account of an event, experience, story, etc.
_v. to render something or somebody as equivalent to another or others
_v. to characterize someone or something as possessing a particular property

v. to make clear, comprehensible or plain with communicative description; to dispel confusion or ignorance with communication
_v. to succinctly exposit the pith and/or summarized main points of an account or report
_v. to elucidate in greater detail
_v. to enucleate with an example or comparison
_v. to present, analyze and explain an account, concept, hypothesis, principle, theory, etc. in systematic detail, esp. to elevate discourse
_v. to introduce by advance explication
_v. to clarify by distinguishing aspects or events from one another, esp. by itemization

a. pellucid, coherent and forcefully convincing

v. to confer secretly

n. a conversation or conference, esp. one formally arranged

n. a formal or authoritative announcement from an official source

v. (of a word, phrase or object) to suggest or signify a meaning or notion concomitant to that which is central or literal

a. of, involving or likely to arouse dispute or argument

n. a confounding query or statement phrased to implicate deliberation so to determine its meaning or answer, esp. that based on paronomasia

n. the act of calling people together, esp. to attend a convention

a. communicating with few words
_a. discourteously laconic

v. to interrogate someone (esp. a military or diplomatic figure) to obtain an exhaustive report in concern of a mission or undertaking

n. a mode by which something is vocally expressed with words; the assemblage, disposition and application of words in spoken discourse, in concern of clarity, accuracy, variety, etc.

n. the articulation of speech as estimated by its intelligibility to an audience

v. to exhibit or give expression to a quality or feeling by one's acts, appearance, attitude, behavior or countenance

n. the act of expressing earnest, forceful opposition or protest

n. a communication (esp. an exclamation or argument) of protest or dissent

a. expressing disdain or derision, as for someone or something deemed inferior or noisome

a. of or characterized by disconnected speech or writing in address of a broad array of subjects, perhaps divergent from a principal pith or topic

v. to count over or tell off one after another as a list of individual items; to state names, facts, etc. in sequence

v. to depart from a principal topic to address concomitant matters in verbal or written discourse

v. to free someone from an erroneous belief

v. to dispel any uncertainty, esp. by means of unequivocal communication

n. an elaborate analytical or expository treatise or discussion in treatment of a particular subject

v. to persuade someone against pursuit of an action or course thereof, often by instilling doubt or fear of consequences

v. to reason with someone for the purpose of dissuasion

v. to practice sophistry: to deliberately misinterpret or misconstrue a meaning to mislead or deceive

a. maliciously misinterpreted, as calumny or any duplicitous communication

n. the semantic content of a communication or expression
_n. an expression's suggestive, secondary, commonly implicit purport
_n. tacit meaning
_n. the essential, most significant import, as of a matter, speech, story, etc.
__n. a profound and usu. unspecified strain

n. an offensive or derogatory expression substituted for another deemed pleasant or neutral

n. any omission of supererogatory words from speech

n. characterized by an extreme economy of expression and omission of superfluous elements

n. an expert manner of speaking entailing control of voice and gesture
n. the study and practice of public speaking

n. facility of speech and writing

a. characterized by or readily expressing oneself with perspicuous and cogent language

v. to produce sounds, as a bark, growl, shout, etc.
_call (out)/clamor/cry (out)/holler/resound/shout/vociferate/yell
_v. to loudly vocalize with shock, remonstrance, elation, agony, etc.
__v. to utter a long, loud, emotional cry
__v. to suddenly vociferate
_v. to voice a low, murmuring sound akin to the characteristic notes of pigeons or doves
_v. to emit in a piercing tone

a. expressed with perspicuous force of speech or action

n. a witty or sarcastic saying or writing of aphoristic brevity

v. to express oneself with ambiguous or circumlocutory language to evade, mislead or withhold information

n. an inoffensive, indirect or vague expression substituted for another regarded as offensive or inordinately harsh

v. to present an example of (something); to show with an instance

n. an extensive, systematic interpretation or explanation of a specific topic

n. an extravagant flight of sentiment or language

v. to feel or express extreme joy, happiness, elation; to be ecstatic with joy
_v. to jubilate for victory

n. any expression of delight

n. a deliberately false statement
_n. a great or heinous lie

n. a gratifying capacity for expression

a. artfully persuasive in speech, though superficial and insincere

v. to deliver a forceful, virulent speech

n. a tedious, didactic, moralizing discourse

v. to express, indicate or state indirectly

n. an expression of respect

impromptu/ad lib
n. an extemporaneous speech or remark

n. a ritual recitation of words or sounds believed to induce magical effects

n. an abrupt remark, conventionally an interruption or aside expressing surprise such as "oh!" or "dear me!"

v. to diversify or embellish speech by interpolating something singular, humorous or irrelevant, as quotations, jeux d'esprit, jeremiads, epigrams, anecdotes, etc.
_a. to interlard (a speech, etc.) with jokes or quips

invoke/appeal (to)
v. to request the aid of an authority or external party for justification or substantiation

n. dereliction of response, esp. in pertinence to correspondence

n. a long, mournful complaint or list of woes

v. to proclaim or summon by or as though by a knell

a. expressing concupiscence

a. defamatory by means of written or pictorial expression

a. of a smooth, euphonious verbal cadence

v. to cry feebly or softly

n. an act of copying another's idiolect, personality, temperament and often appearance in performance, esp. for the amusement of others
_n. a risible, hyperbolized, often satirical impression

non sequitur
n. a statement or reply immaterial to what preceded it

n. use of the collective, first-person "we" when speaking of oneself

v. to neglect to mention someone or something

v. to express one's opinion

v. to enlarge beyond bounds or truthful portrayal; to represent something as larger, greater, better or worse than it actually is

v. to conceal or minimize the gravity of a mistake or offense with exposition, excuses or apologies

n. a public oration delivered in formal praise of someone or something
_n. a formal expression of praise for someone who has recently died

parapraxis/Freudian slip
n. a minor mnemonic, practical or verbal error interpreted as the betrayal of a repressed emotion or motive

n. a disparaging word, phrase, expression, etc.

a. (of a word, phrase, expression, etc.) possessing or endowed with a negative or disparaging connotation

a. (usu. of commands) permitting neither controversion nor refusal

av. in an imperative and commanding manner admitting possibility for neither denial nor refusal

v. to conclude a speech by recapitulating

a. clearly expressed and easily understood

a. clarity of expression or statement

v. to engage in or contribute to a controversy, esp. by way of argumentative dispute

n. a series of preliminary remarks spoken as introductory to a speech or discourse

v. to publicly state

v. to confess one's faith in or allegiance to

v. to spread information, customs, etc. from one person to another

n. an invitation for sexual activity
v. to suggest or offer an engagement of sexual intercourse

a. distinguished by elaborate syntactic, grammatical or rhetorical constructions and unusual or recondite language
_a. inclined to bestow long words
_a. tediously pompous or extravagant in style of expression

n. a sentence or expression phrased to solicit information

n. a bitter, vehement discourse condemning someone or something
_n. a protracted denunciation, usu. delivered as a speech

n. an accusation in response to another

n. mutual, exchanged accusations

n. a quick, witty, usu. incisive reply to a remark, question, insult, criticism or accusation

v. to express critical disappointment in someone or disapproval of their actions, esp. those of a child, student, underling, et al., often to chasten them
_v. to reprove mildly, if firmly
_v. to harshly reprehend
__v. to scold at some length
__v. to formally or officially chastise

n. a critical expression of disappointment or disapproval
_n. a gentle yet earnest reproach
_n. emphatic or severe reproval
__n. a protracted objurgation
__n. a formal or official rebuke

a. expressing disappointment or disapproval

v. to cast off: to refuse acknowledgement of, relinquish all responsibility for, or deny connection and association with
_v. to formally (often solemnly) disavow or retract, usu. upon oath

n. lewd, vulgar humor

a. laughing

n. contemptuous, jeering laughter

n. any pretentious exhibition of knowledge or scholarship of which one possesses merely superficial conversance

v. to persuade someone to participate in sexual intercourse, as with cajolery or dalliance

a. defamatory by oral expression

v. to inquire intrusively in concern of someone's private affairs

n. a grammatical error of speech or writing

n. the act of speaking to oneself, esp. when alone

sotto voce
a., av. (of speaking or singing) softly verbalized, so as not to be overheard

n. the accidental transposition of two phonemes in words of the same phrase or sentence, as "that backed pin" for "that packed bin;" named for W.A. Spooner, an English university don and Anglican priest prone to such mispronunciations

n. the act of provoking action or influencing belief by appeals to reason or understanding

v. to specify fine distinctions (as among words or semantics) in discussion

v. to proffer an idea, perspective, plan or theory for consideration or acceptance

v. to silently express saturnine resentment, esp. by glowering

n. a statement that is necessarily true by the virtue of multiple corresponding propositions: "Either he'll arrive on time or he won't."

v. to prolong a discussion or process by deferment or prevarication to gain time or induce a compromise

v. to convert something by speech or writing from one language into another

v. to copy someone's action, mannerisms or speech to ridicule or deride them, and often to entertain others

n. an excessive or pretentious use of lofty verbal ornamentation

n. senseless or preposterous speech
_n. deceitful nonsense
_n. pompous or pretentious talk

n. an aggressive, caustic, usu. contemptuous remark directed at someone to insult or provoke

v. to subject someone or something to sarcastic derision; to make fun of

n. speech intended to humiliate by making light of a person or thing

n. the act of saying farewell

valediction/valedictory (address, oration)
n. a farewell oration, esp. that delivered during graduation exercises by an outstanding member of the graduating class

v. to declare a future event or trend in advance, often from present facts or indications
_v. to presage from interpretation of an omen

n. the act of telling future events or trends ere they transpire

n. any advance averment or estimate concerning future events or trends

n. compulsive, usu. crazy and continuous reiteration of words, phrases or sentences

a. using or containing a tedious excess of words
_a. needlessly, circuitously verbose

n. an overabundance of words
_n. any circuitous mode of expression

a. spoken or written in a vernacular or patois

n. any malicious, mendacious accusation or misrepresentation of someone or something intended to besmirch their reputation
_n. published or broadcast aspersion
_n. verbal defamation

v. to maliciously misrepresent or lie about someone or something to damage their reputation
_v. to traduce via publication or broadcast
_v. to vilify viva voce

a. harshly critical or insulting

a. (of an account) conveying or evoking the accuracy, clarity, freshness and realism of immediate experience

a. disposed to profuse speaking
_a. exceedingly talkative, esp. regarding trivial matters

zinger/witticism/sally/quip/jeu d'esprit/jest/facetia/crack/bon mot (pl. zingers/witticisms/sallies/quips/jeux d'esprit/jests/facetiae/cracks/bons mots)
n. a witty, usu. amusing remark


n. deviation from a normal or common order, type, form or rule
_n. any (mental, social, etc.) condition divergent from that deemed normal or healthy

a. suffering an appallingly unfortunate and often hopeless or humiliating condition or circumstances

a. on fire; emitting flames

v. (of a place) to be abundant or supernumerary with animals, people, plants, vehicles, etc.

n. formal discharge from duty, guilt, obligation, penalty or punishment

n. a broad, often irreconcilable difference or division of perspective or situations between people or groups, which often engenders tension or hostility

a. predominantly or officially accepted as reliably accurate or true
_a. standard and complete

a. existing or occurring in accompaniment or association with something else
_a. accompanied by a condition or element, as peril
_a. reciprocally or mutually related, so that each implies the other

v. to be consistent or compatible in accounts or characteristics
_v. to be logically or aesthetically connected and therefore consistent

acme/apex/apogee/apotheosis/bloom/climax/crest/crown/culmination/efflorescence/florescence/flower/height/meridian/ne plus ultra/peak/pinnacle/prime/summit/tiptop/top/zenith
n. the highest point or stage of development, quality or achievement at which something is best, perfect or successful

a., av. currently in active progress

a. originating externally

n. a dearth of strength or vitality
_n. deprivation of energy or strength consequent of exhaustive activity, as labor
__n. exhaustion resulting from a lack of nourishment

a. bereft or deprived of strength or vigor
a. depleted of energy and physical strength or mental resources sequent to some formidable or protracted toil, and requiring sleep
_a. gradually, often insidiously weakened

v. to be ill or unwell

a., av. slightly open

a. moving about
_a., *av. [traveling] on foot
__a. nocturnally peripatetic
_a. locomoting without purpose, plan or destination
__a. drifting in search of adventure
__a. straying beyond a border
__a. wandering while homeless
__a. roving globally
__a. divagating during the night
_a. traveling on a devious or anfractuous course

a. having neither definite form nor distinct shape

n. (of an individual, group or society) an absence of social, moral or ethical values

a. exerting tremendous effort

a. physically connected by a link, as railway cars

n. the state of being joined together

a. occurring or produced as an effect or result
_a. likely to occur in consequence

a. in physical contact with something else

a. vestured of no footwear

a. born to unwed parents

v. to be appropriate to someone or something's circumstance, constitution, gravitas, stature, etc.

n. a state of violent, wild, confused disorder or agitation
_n. a clamant commotion

v. to exceed someone's or something's resources, limits or faculties

a. lacking necessaries; poverty-stricken

v. to be an indication, sign or symptom of

binding [on, upon one to]/compulsory [to]/imperative [that]/incumbent [on, upon]/mandatory [that]/necessary [to]/obligatory [on, that]/required [that]
a. required as a duty or responsibility

a. responsible for an iniquity

a. (esp. of fabric) marked with colored or dirty patches that are difficult or impossible to eliminate

a. (esp. of devices) not functioning
_a. inadequately performing an intended or expected function
__a. working with erratic, unpredictable inconsistency and consequently unreliable

a. demanding or requiring immediate action, aid, attention or resolution, as an emergency

call for/compel/demand/exact/force/necessitate/oblige/require
v. (of circumstances or imperative) to impose action or obligation as requisite

n. the state of being cancelled

a. occurring or existing without cause or apparent cause
_a. happening without evident external cause

a. acting, functioning or occurring continuously without pause or slack

n. a state of being widely known to many in a locality, region, nation, culture, etc.
_n. widespread (local, regional, national, cultural, etc.) repute
__n. incomparable renown

n. the likeliness that a future event will occur
_n. any probability of success

of choice/favored/preferred
a. esteemed with partiality: admired, appreciated or enjoyed above others
_a. preferred excusively beyond any other or others

a. selected in preference, esp. in lieu of others

a. accepted, existing, occurring or practiced frequently and prominently in an area or culture, or during a particular period
_a. found or existing everywhere

v. (of constituents) to be part or the entirety of something

v. to possess (classes, components, elements or members) as part or parts of something larger
_v. to contain something in its entirety, often as part of a broader purview
__v. to encompass a particular ambit

comprise/consist (of)/contain/embody
v. to be composed of

a. (usu. followed by on or upon, **of or *to) determined or influenced by certain conditions or resultant circumstances

v. (of an action, activity or condition) to occasion or impose as a logical or necessary circumstance, condition, concomitance or consequence

n. any condition by which someone or something is restricted or subject to the imposition of limitations

n. a contented state of happiness, good health, prosperity and comfort

n. a condition of being dependent on some event or action

a. of that which may occur yet can't be presaged with surety

v. to relate reciprocally or mutually

a. signing collectively

a. indisposed or suffering ensuant to gross intemperance of cibarious or alcoholic consumption

a. (of people) pressed together

a. increasing or growing by successive addition

a. fraught with uncertainty and some risk of harm or death
_a. dangerously insecure or unsteady, esp. if liable to fall

a. not living; no longer alive
_a. on the verge of death; breathing one's last

n. a state of deterioration ensuant of old age or long use

v. to constitute a symbol of

a. a state whereby a supply or resource has been wholly consumed

n. a state whereby a person or group have been reaved of possessions, esp. by a mob

a. appointed to but not yet installed in office

a. not joined together: set or taken apart

n. a state of being disconnected

n. the state of being harmed or damaged

v. to be different from one another

n. the state of being neither similar nor equivalent to another or others
_n. a difference between conflicting claims, facts or opinions
_n. a distinction determined on the basis of contrasting or opposing properties
_n. any subtle variance of character, color, feeling, expression, meaning, sound, taste, tone, etc.; a slight or delicate distinction

n. clarification resulting from the removal of ambiguity

a. fading (usu. apace) from sight, memory or existence

n. a loss of respect, honor or esteem
_n. disgrace arising from despicable, shameful conduct
_n. dishonor ensuant to public censure or calumny

n. a lack of equality

a. cruelly or unjustly suppressed by any authoritarian class or entity

n. a condition in which rising from bed is difficult

n. exceptional or blatant success

a. selected or appointed by a vote
_a. elected though not yet inducted to office

a. dependent on charity
a. supported by or subsisting on charity

v. (of someone or something) to reflect or represent an abstraction, attribute, ethos, principle, sentiment, spirit, etc.

a. free or safe from violation, desecration, injury or damage

v. to be an example of a group or sort by manifesting or possessing its integral characteristics

n. a state of having the same value, status, significance, function, force, amount, etc. as another or others
_n. functional or occupational equality

n. the condition of a reclusive lifestyle, withdrawn from society

a. still in existence; neither destroyed nor extinct

a. existing outside
a. acting or operating from without

a. located beyond a boundary or enclosure

n. happening or conducted beyond the premises or courses of a college or university

a. (of unicellular organisms) reproducing by fission

a. (of fluids) in motion
_a. flowing out or forth
_a. flowing in or into

(state of) flux
n. a condition of dubiety concerning progress prior to action or the institution of a new order (usu. ensuing a significant event) 

a. achieved or implemented by (usu. physical) force

a. punitorily seized or surrendered

a. able to serve a purpose or perform a function

a. living underground, esp. for a stage of one's life

a. soaked, smeared or coated with grease or oil

a. not moving

n. a state in which one lacks money

a. (of a physical force or forces) acting fugaciously, even momentarily

n. a state whereby neither activity nor attendant change transpires
_n. temporary cessation or inactivity
_n. quiet inaction

a. (of an official) presently holding an office

a. existing or functioning without another or others; neither subordinate nor collective

a. possessing neither inherent power of nor resistance to influence of mobility

a. never to be violated, transgressed, profaned, infringed or dishonored

v. to be inherent in something; to belong intrinsically and essentially

n. a state of being alone and detached from other people or things

n. engaged by or occurring between multiple institutions

n. transpiring or performed in an (usu. educational) institution

n. assumption of a gender role traditionally assigned to the opposite sex

n. an authoritarian atmosphere consequential of dictatorial utterance

a. set or kept apart from others

a. (*postpositive) stymied in essay or enterprises to realize one's ambition

n. a state intermediate between extremes

a. neither progressing nor developing attendant to inactivity or neglect

a. commencing existence, and thusly germinal or unformed

n. an absence or cessation of existence or life

n. a state wherein one is a tyro of a vocation or religious order

a. awaiting conclusion, confirmation, decision, resolution or settlement

a. (of a task or function) done routinely, with minimal if any effort or reflection

n. a condition of being full or complete

n. the state of being plural
_n. any dual or twofold state

av. it's possible or conceivable, though uncertain that; by chance

n. the condition of being the lastborn of a parity

postulate/precondition/prerequisite/requirement/requisite/sine qua non
n. something required as a prior condition for a subsequent occurence or existence

v. to be a forerunner or prior version of something not yet created or introduced

n. the state of being a firstborn offspring, esp. to the same parents as one's siblings

a. (of a victory) countervailed by staggering losses, esp. those commensurable of the defeated party

n. a harmonious, sympathetic relationship of mutual, empathic understanding

n. a state of moral rehabilitation

a. acting or functioning as substitute for an absent sovereign

a. repairing to new activity, popularity or prevalence subsequent to a period of dormancy or unpopularity

a. done or occurring repeatedly
_a. recurring often
_a. recurring every day
_a. happening every night
_a. recurring every ninth year

n. temporary relief from harm or discomfort

n. the state of being or appearing alike

a. neither drunk nor affected by any other drug

n. a very sleepy state

a. needing, prone or fit to sleep

a. suddenly or contemptuously dismissed
_a. abruptly rebuffed by a lover

n. a high degree of respect, importance or influence proceeding from some impressive development or achievement
_n. widespread (local, regional, national, cultural, etc.) repute
__n. incomparable renown

a. (of a substance) cleansed of impurities

v. to possess objective existence or reality

n. a condition of being right, proper or fitting

a. realizing success or progress

n. dull, often drowsy sluggishness attending a dearth of energy

n. a restful condition entailing an absence of tension, stress, anxiety or activity

a. (of a situation) easily upset, consequently difficult to manage and necessitating discreet tact, prowess or diplomacy

a. not invited, as to one's home

a. sexually experienced; not vestal

n. a total absence of meaning, ideas or intelligence

n. the absence of matter

av. not quite attained, completed, implemented, realized, etc.

a. in a state of sexual virginity

n. a severe lack of necessaries such as food, money, material possessions or means of support

a. exposed to winds

a. capable of being accomplished or realized
_a. capable of being realized as something concrete or manifest

n. a condition or circumstance of extreme difficulty, distress or suffering that tests forbearance or endurance


a. with one's mouth wide open, as in astonishment or awe

av. with a sidelong or oblique glance

aspect/countenance/(facial) expression/visage
n. an appearance effected by a facial gesture that registers a particular reaction, mood or emotion

n. a facial reddening, esp. that induced by exertion, illness, passion, etc.
_n. a fresh, healthy floridity denoting vigor or youth
_n. sudden rubicundity generated by abashment, guilt or modesty

a. red of complexion, suggesting fervency or exertion

v. to contract one's brows and turn down the edges of one's mouth to convey anger, indignation or sullen discontent
n. a frowning countenance

n. a staring, open-mouthed expression radiating astonishment

v. to stare with an angry or saturnine countenance
n. a sore or sour stare

n. an ugly, contorted countenance expressing pain, disgust or wry amusement
v. to contort one's face so to indicate a negative mental or emotional state

v. to stare suggestively or obliquely, esp. with libidinous intent; to glance or gaze with a sly, malign, immodest or lecherous expression
n. a cunning, fresh or lusty aspect

v. to express disapproval or petulance by projecting one's lips

n. a sullen protrusion of the lips emanating annoyance or distaste

n. a small smile

v. to smile contemptuously, as by curling one's upper lip; to express contempt or scorn with a smile
n. a jeering visage of a curled upper lip

a. (of one's complexion) unnaturally deficient of color, indicating emotional distress, physical malady or lassitude

a. (of facial features) twisted to exude disgust, disappointment or annoyance


a. indulging and often corrupted by a nimiety of sensual pleasures

a. observing prudent moderation, esp. in regard to consumption of food and drink
_a. free of alcoholism; abstemious in one's consumption of alcohol
__a. eschewing alcoholic beverages entirely

n. a harsh, bitter demeanor

a. ardently, immoderately desirous to obtain wealth or possessions
_a. esurient for the property of others
__a. discontentedly or resentfully covetous

n. an insatiable, reprehensible lust for wealth or property, especially in gross excess of that needed or deserved
_n. cupidity for the property of another or others

v. to behave in a certain manner, esp. when interacting with others

a. fixed firmly in intention or purpose: undeviating from a course of action
_a. liable to stop and obstinately refuse to proceed, as a mule or pettish child
_a. persistent in entreaty, esp. to a point wherein annoyance is provoked or intrusion imposed
_a. intractably intent on doing or having whatever one pleases, notwithstanding consequence
_a. stupidly obstinate

a. unshakably adherent to a conviction, opinion, position or principle
_a. intractably adherent to a convention, habitude or perspective; resistant to change
_a. not to be placated or persuaded by request or obsecration
_a. stupidly obstinate

a. not friendly: characterized by or actuated to enmity

n. a tendency to behave, feel or think a certain way
_n. a tendency favoring something or someone, esp. in lieu of others
__n. a natural predilection
__n. a capricious and usu. sudden liking
__n. a strong, especial fondness
__n. a self-indulgent partiality
_n. a powerful, distinct disposition
_n. an inherent inclination

a. disposed to compliance or consent
_a. implicitly submissive
_a. excessively, often pathetically or miserably obedient
__a. subservient in an ingratiating and fulsome manner, usu. to win favor and obtain advantage
__a. obsessively obsequious to one's husband
__a. (usu. affectionately) servile to one's wife

a. behaving in a manner expressive of one's copious (cheery, enthusiastic, forceful, etc.) energy
_a. uninhibitedly vivacious

n. a personality's abundantly energetic cheer, force, gusto, etc.
_n. unreserved verve

n. the power to please, entice or attract with beauty or charisma

a. neither friendly nor loquacious; coolly reserved and unsociable

a. incapable of resolving one's opinion or choosing a course of action

a. morally excellent; possessing or manifesting immaculate virtue

a. (of humans) inclined to ingest human flesh

a. opposed [to]; neither willing nor eager to do something

a. opposed to or deploring fun or merriment

a. cumbered by neither interest nor concern
_a. indifferent or bored in consequence of exhaustive experience, indulgence or observation
_a. disagreeably, often rudely indifferent to the needs, feelings or sensibilities of others
_a. casually disinterested; coolly apathetic
_a. emotionally indifferent or removed, and thus objective and impartial
_a. careless of (often dicey) consequences

a. exhibiting or comporting oneself with little or no emotion

n. calm, confident mental and emotional self-control, esp. in a state of pressure or tension

a. expressing distress, sorrow and regret for one's sins or malefactions

a. (usually followed by "to") naturally or favorably compelled to think, act or perform in a particular way

a. disposed to dispute or disagree, esp. so to provoke argument
_a. disputative for the sake of argument or prevalence thereof; often employing specious arguments to attain this end

n. inflated, inordinate, overbearing self-regard or presumption
_n. overbearing, intolerable pride manifest as disdain or disregard for others

a. exhibiting undue, magnified, often insufferable pride and self-esteem
_a. contemptuously, condescendingly proud: emanating arrogant, dismissive disdain in conviction of one's superiority

a. characterized by or exuding credulity, unaffected simplicity and a dearth of guile or wordly experience

av. with an attitude of cautious, uncertain speculation

n. constant and attentive effort, as to a task or endeavor

a. exerting or characterized by heedful and unremitting effort

a. prone to anger or annoyance; often rankled by nugatory matters
_a. abruptly, capriciously, often childishly saturnine or splenetic

n. a disposition of agitated anger
_n. sudden, whimsical, usu. immature choler

a. liable to deliberately or apathetically inflict suffering upon others

n. the way in which one behaves and conducts oneself, esp. in radiation of their character or immediate temper
_n. an inveterate demeanor or leaning

a. steadfastly confident and resolute when confronting challenge, danger or fear
_a. inclined to brave risk or assay difficult or unusual enterprises
_a. utterly courageous; impervious to deterrence, fear or intimidation
_a. impetuously brave

n. determined readiness to confront danger, difficulty or risk without or in spite of fear
_n. a categoric immunity to discouragement, fear or intimidation
_n. rash daring

a. harshly and inflexibly assertive of authority, the exercise of discipline and observance of rules

bananas/bats/batty/berserk/bonkers/buggy/certifiable/cracked/crackers/crazed/crazy/cuckoo/demented/deranged/disturbed/dotty/gaga/insane/loco/loony/loopy/lunatic/mad/meshuga/non compos mentis/nuts/nutso/nutty/screwy/unbalanced/unhinged/wacko/wacky
a. mentally ill, maladjusted or otherwise unsound, and consequently impaired of normal perception or comportment and incapable of safe or lucid interaction
_a. afflicted by a severe, chronic mental disorder severely distorting one's perception and apprehension of reality
_a. suffering from a mental disorder characterized by delusion, hallucination and a withdrawal from reality
_a. slightly crazy

a. expressing neither remorse nor guilt for one's malefactions

n. a deviation from moral or spiritual values; an aversion to rectitude

a. reticent, hesitant or quietly anxious for a dearth of confidence or assurance
_a. shy and fond of solitude; avoiding contact or interaction with others

a. apt or avid to fight

a. inclined or seeking to help or be good to others
_a. pleasantly kind, as a friend would be
__a. gratifyingly easy to converse or consort with
_a. inclined to give or share with others, often in large amounts
_a. tending to feel and exhibit solicitude or sorrow regarding the troubles of others
_a. generous in forgiveness; loth to sustain a grudge

n. any moral defect of one's character
_n. a minor failing

n. a disposition which prompts one to give to or share with others

a. acting or given to act without sufficient deliberation, esp. in concern of consequence
_a. (usu. suddenly) thoughtlessly subject to action actuated by megrim
_a. careless of (often dicey) consequences

n. an inclination to act without due reflection
_n. provoked by impulse instead of mentation
_n. indifference regarding consequence

a. exuding an irascibly gloomy or sardonic temperament

n. desipient yet jocose, comic and esp. animated behavior

a. posessing or emanating a pleasantly happy humor
_a. merrily optimistic

a. cautiously judicious of deportment or expression, esp. to attain an advantage or preclude affront, danger, detriment or contretemps

a. free from tension, anxiety or agitation; at ease

n. a disposition free from stress or severe emotion

a. predisposed to detect and object to (usu. minor or trivial) faults

a. applying inadequate attention and care to one's responsibilities, as of work or duty

n. confirmed, unshakable moral excellence by virtue of principled morality and sincerity

n. mercifulness proceeding from tolerance or compassion in concern of one or those whom one is sanctioned to judge, chasten, punish or harm

a. especially or excessively anxious or insistent in concern of one's specific needs or requirements, and all aspects thereof

a. destitute of affection, enthusiasm, sympathy or any warmth of bearing

a. of, consequent of, possessed of or fixed by an acquired, established pattern of behavior or practice that is unlikely to change

a. demonstrating regard for others with friendly, considerate and accommodating behavior
_a. attentive and courteous to women
_a. condescendingly polite

n. polite and obliging conduct evincing respect for others
_n. mutual cordiality, as between two or several people or parties
_n. formal courtesy

a. fond of and disposed to exuberant play

a. cheerful, friendly and engaged in the society of others

a. proudly, immoderately satisfied and content with one's facility, achievements or advantages

n. an individual's unique character, mentality, mood and predisposition evinced by their actions, reactions and demeanor

a. related to, resulting from or impelled by an irresistible psychological urge, esp. one contrary to one's conscious will or purport

a. predisposed too eagerly to trust or believe what one is told

n. (of people) correspondent in partialities, personality, etc. and consequently compatible

n. faithful dedication, as of a friend or spouse to another
_n. loyalty of activists to their cause, citizens to their nation or subjects to their sovereign
_n. impassioned loyalty
_n. reverent, familial (esp. filial) fealty

a. affording or demonstrating constant support or allegiance to a person or institution
_a. fervently faithful

a. open to persuasion, as by contention
_a. extremely responsive to persuasion; easily influenced
__a. susceptible to suggestion

n. a temperament characterized by or conducive to friendly, lively sociality

a. languidly slow, esp. surprisingly or undesirably so

a. deporting oneself with deliberate, serious aplomb worthy of respect

n. serious, formal composure

a. communicating with few words
_a. discourteously laconic

a. liable to delay, usu. for sluggishness or abstraction

a. averse to obedience; neglecting or refusing to comply
_a. obstinate in defiance of command or control
_a. stridently disobedient
_a. impatient with control, delay or inhibition
_a. clamorously, uninhibitedly and vigorously ungovernable and often disruptive
_a. determined to dissent or do the converse of whatever is expected or desired
_a. neither submissive nor obedient to authority
__a. stubbornly insubordinate
__a. boldly recalcitrant
__a. actively resisting authority or convention
___a. intractably rebellious
___a. (of soldiers or esp. sailors) inclined to rebellion against superior officers

n. a disinclination to obey or submit
_n. adamant recalcitrance
_n. stridulous indocility
_n. unruliness in opposition to (usu. established) authority
__n. open, valorous recalcitrancy
__n. disposed to combat authority or convention
___n. obdurate rebelliousness

a. of comportment or action evoking or deserving disgrace or shame

a. expressing an offensive lack of respect for another or others
_a. discourteously laconic
_a. boldly uncivil
__a. calmly insolent
_a. scornfully disrespectful
_a. casually or playfully rude

n. insulting comportment destitute of cordiality
_n. bold incivility
_n. contemptuous disrespect

a. deliberately purporting falsehoods

n. a propensity to profess lies

a. characterized by or inclined to betrayal of confidence or trust
_a. subtly or secretly treacherous

a. unrestrained by morality or moral convention
_a. unprincipled and unrestrained in concern and pursuit of sexual matters; receptive to sexual advances
__a. characterized by or indulging casual, frequent and transient sexual relationships

n. an odd, distinctive behavioral habit or trait
_n. a specific individual's quirk

a. frivolously sybaritic or dissolute, reflecting a cultural or moral declension

n. an elegant, dignified or imposing deportment

a. emotionally mutable; prone to frequent changes of moods and sequent behavior
_a. subject to and consequently prone to suddenly act in accordance with impulse rather than necessity or reason

n. grossly immoral or unfair conduct
_n. outrageous iniquity

n. interest in or concern with one's environment and other people, instead of oneself

a. disinclined to activity or exertion

a. precisely attentive to and concerned with accuracy and detail

a. easily frightened
_a. barren of courage or resolve; contemptibly fearful
__a. malicious and recreant

n. the trait of being happily, playfully carefree and facetious, often at the expense of due respect; neither serious nor sensible

a. independent from and unswayed by authority, dogma or ideology

a. sexually unresponsive, insensate or indisposed

a. predisposed to tell the truth
_a. honest, unequivocal and unreserved of expression

n. a predisposition to tell the truth
_n. direct, unalloyed sincerity

a. impervious to correction or reform

a. prone to perceive an affront to oneself, be it actual or imagined; defensively hypersensitive

n. a predilection to gratify or accommodate someone or others

a. sedulous and percipient in scrutiny, inquiry or investigation

n. ignorance of or indifference to concepts, cultures, peoples, experiences, etc. beyond the bounds of one's breadth

a. disposed to involve oneself unbidden in the affairs of others, esp. with a disruptive or offensive comportment

n. introspective interest or occupation exclusive of sociality or externalities

a. apt to or characterized by great sexual desire, interest or indulgence 
_a. excessively lascivious
_a. preoccupied with male sexuality

a. disposed to or characterized by playful jest
_a. irreverently or insincerely jocular
__a. spitefully tongue-in-cheek; expressing derision with sneering, witty irony
__a. phlegmatically facetious; of humor expressed with an impassive pretense
__a. cynically facetious
_a. crudely or offensively jestful

a. crying or liable to weep

a. characterized by or exhibiting or apt to imitation of behavior or a process

a. uncommonly intrigued by death or macabre events

a. (of a human or animal) apt to bite

a. assertive of one's authority in an irritatingly domineering manner

a. hopeful for, confident of or anticipating the best possible circumstances, conditions, results, etc.
_a. merrily optimistic

n. a calm or good-natured tolerance of delay, incompetence or provocation

a. characteristic of a dictator: apt to enjoin with disregard for the opinions or desires of others

n. the totality of a person's distinctive, aggregate behavioral, emotional, mental and social attributes

a. of, characterized by, involved in, appealing or disposed to atypical sexual predilections or practices

n. intractably smug, ignorant and conventional indifference or hostility to artistic, intellectual and spiritual values, refinement or enterprise

a. of, pertaining or prone to an autocratic, often pedantic imposition or enforcement of a rule, method or perspective

n. conventional standards of behavior deemed correct for public or social interaction
_n. etiquette of formal diplomacy

n. compliance with established standards of correct or appropriate behavior, speech, attire, etc.

a. evincing, suggesting or characteristic of a child's emotional or intellectual development, esp. manifest as silliness or frivolity

n. exactly adherent to etiquette and formalities

a. cooly formal and disinclined to emotional demonstration

n. an aversion to communication; volunteering nothing unnecessary

a. indisposed to communicate with others

a. blatantly, hypocritically or hyperbolically pious or righteous

savoir faire
n. knowledge of how to comport oneself with aplomb and grace in any situation

a. given to sanctimonious moralizing, esp. as expressed with adages
a. apt to utter maxims

a. zealous for slaughter

v. to make or become more serious, sensible and solemn

n. a serious, commonly ruminative demeanor

a. characterized by or exuding anxious care or concern

av. in a concerned, restive manner

a. of or evincing an extremely serious, often pensive bearing or appearance bereft of cheer or mirth

a. of superior moral or intellectual character

a. destitute of intellectual or emotional depth; only comprehending or concerned with whatever is manifest

a. possessing or registering a specific and deliberate tendency

a. harboring or exuding an emphatic or resolute prejudice in favor of or opposition against something or someone
_a. favorably tendentious
__a. biased in favor or support of a person, party, creed or cause
_a. biased in favor of or against one gender or the other

v. to behave in a frivolous manner

n. inane behavior

n. exceedingly suave, affected ingratiation

a. effusively, unpleasantly, insincerely polite, flattering or ingratiating

a. neither feeling nor expressing chagrin or discomfiture

a. antipathetic to remit a slight or other discourtesy

upstart/parvenu/nouveau riche
a. characteristic of someone whose paucity of social graces (esp. ostentation) or acceptance belies a position ensuing his or her recent economic or social advancement

a. elegantly, confidently charming, agreeable and courteous whilst conveying sophistication

a. prone to violence

a. disposed to profuse speaking
_a. exceedingly talkative, esp. regarding trivial matters

a. scrupulously observant, esp. for danger or trouble

a. prone to complain, esp. in a petulant and grating manner

a. bereft of moral scruples or principles and characterized by or disposed to malefaction
_a. criminally wicked; predisposed to or characterized by lawless brutality

a. apt to or skilled in the achievement of one's ends by deceitful or circuitous means


n. a fixed sum regularly disbursed, esp. to cover one's expenses, as to a student or Anglican vicar
_n. a scanty stipend

n. the consolidation of two or more commercial companies into a single enterprise, by which a new entity is engendered or the dominant firm absorbs those subordinate

n. a fixed sum paid annually
n. the right to receive or obligation to remit an annuity

n. income from capital investment remitted at set (usu. yearly) intervals, often for the remainder of the recipient's lifetime

v. to increase in price or value

n. a simultaneous or contemporaneous purchase and sale of commodities, currencies or securities in different markets to profit from their disparities of price
v. to practice arbitrage by purchasing and selling assets in distinct markets

n. a sum of money owed constituting an overdue debt
n. a state of dereliction regarding an unpaid pecuniary debt

v. to provision or allocate funds for a purpose or endeavor; to guarantee financial support
_n. to afford capital as a means to realize an undertaking

n. trade conducted by exchange of goods and commodities in lieu of monetary transaction

n. the act of furnishing goods or services to receive others desired
v. to interchange goods or services commercially without the use of money

n. an itemized list of charges and fees summated to a total owed for goods and services provided
_n. a bill on which the enumerated costs of refections served at a restaurant or drinks in a tavern are registered

n. anyone employed or engaged in a commercial or industrial enterprise

n. the act of exchanging money for a product or service
n. anything obtained in exchange for money
_n. the purchase of a commodity's entire supply as a means to control its price

n. anyone who purchases goods or services
_n. a frequent or habitual customer, usu. of a retailer or hotel
_n. the sole vendee of a commodity or service in a market
_n. one of very few purchasers in a market, whose scarcity affords them leverage in concern of costs
_n. someone who purchases bulk tickets to an event so to resell them at a profit

n. commerce implemented along a coast
n. the act of conducting trade along a coast

n. goods transported and delivered by a ship, motor vehicle or aircraft
_n. that portion of cargo that generates revenue

n. wealth (esp. money) available or employed to initiate or finance a business venture

caveat emptor
n. "let the buyer beware" -- a commercial principle asserting that without a warranty, a vendee assumes all risk of quality

n. a fee charged for the storage of goods or personalties in a cellar

n. a voucher of any sort for a product or service owed, esp. a repast

v. to pay the totality of a debt

a. of or regarding an effort to procure the totality of a commodity's supply

n. monetary currency in the form of stamped (usually discoid) metal pieces
_n. coins minted from gold

v. to provide something (esp. money) in acknowledgement of damage, injury, loss or suffering for which one is responsible

v. to give money in exchange for a service such as work, a favor or some other effort

v. to pay in compensation for expenses or losses

n. payment in exchange for a service fulfilled
_n. recompense earned from employment
__n. a constant sum paid at regular intervals for services, esp. to a professional
_n. exiguous earnings

n. something owed, esp. money

v. to steal or misuse assets (esp. money) entrusted to one's care

deficiency/deficit/loss/red ink
n. the monetary amount by which the costs (as expenditures or liabilities) of operating a business exceed its revenue

v. to sell, dispose of or withdraw from an investment

n. one of but two suppliers of a product or service in a market

a. of or concerning a market in which but two entities purvey goods and services

n. a market condition defined by the concentration of a commodity's or service's availability when vended by only two sellers

a. of or relating to a market in which but two emptors purchase a particular product or service

n. an economic condition in which only two customers exist in a market to purchase a specific product or service

v. to frugally limit, decrease or minimize expenses

a. of or concerning the purchase, sale and exchange of commodities, products and services

a. of or regarding merchandise

a. subject to or available for purchase

v. to provide or bequeath with a permanent fund or source of income

n. funds or property donated to a collective, individual or institution

a. subject to exchange, return, replacement or negotiation for another of correspondent or equivalent substance or function

n. the monetary resources of a corporation, government, institution or individual

a. providing or producing profit

fiat money
a. legal (usually paper) currency, the value and purchasing power of which is established by diktat of the issuing government; neither based on nor convertible into gold, silver or specie

v. to charge an extortionate price for a product or service; to rip off

v. to oversupply a market with a commodity or service so that supply exceeds demand and the cost of the aforementioned surplusage plummets

v. to pledge money or property as collateral without transfer of title or possession

incidental (expense)/minor expense
n. an expense neither budgeted nor specified and often contingent, as meals, taxi fare, tips, etc.

a. (of goods and services) charged at a price exceeding value
_a. (of prices) grossly exceeding a reasonable or usual value
__a. likely or purposed to deter purchase by virtue of an unconscionable price
__a. (of interest rates) extortionate

a. (of paper and esp. fiat money) convertible into neither coin nor gold or silver

v. to convert assets (esp. securities) into cash

v. to settle the affairs of and dissolve a business or estate by assessing and discharging its liabilities (esp. debts) with its apportioned assets

n. an amount of emptional commodities or merchandise

v. to exchange goods for money

v. to profit by buying and selling goods and commodities

n. the act or profession of purchasing and vending goods for profit

a. of or pertaining to money
_a. of or relating to coinage or other currency

n. policy, practices and a system immanent to monopolies

n. a person who or firm that enjoys exclusive control of a commodity or service in a market
n. an exponent of monopoly

n. of or characterized by a market or products and services thereof manufactured, sold or controlled exclusively by a single entity

n. a market condition in which only one seller provides a product or service
n. the exclusive control of a commodity or service in a particular market
n. a company or other enterprise exercising sole control of a product or service
n. the commodity or service subject to aforementioned exclusivity

a. of or pertaining to the single emptor in a market

n. a market condition in which a single purchaser exists for products or services offered by numerous sellers

n. an absence of limit or restriction appertaining to the number of sellers offering a particular product or service

n. a market condition in which a number of potential buyers is indefinite

a. (of a cost or price) nugatory in contrast to the genuine value
a. of, regarding or comprising a rate of interest or return unadjusted for inflation or compounding

v. to commit funds, property or other assets as security to the fulfillment of an obligation

n. an advocate of extremely limited competition in a market

n. of or pertaining to a market condition in which relatively few sellers compete

n. a situation wherein the presence of scant few sellers in a market enables any among them to exert a significant impact

n. of or relating to a market in which very few buyers exist

n. a market condition wherein a paucity of emptors can exploit their position to influence prices to their advantage

a. comprising money
a. entailing a monetary penalty, as a fine

n. a document describing a forthcoming enterprise, project or security, usually distributed to prospective investors
n. a formal, written offer to sell securities that exposits a plan for a proposed business enterprise, filed with the SEC as a constituent of a registration statement

v. to recover from or a financial loss

v. to send money as a payment or gift

n. a a sum of money sent (as by post or Internet) as a payment or gift

n. someone whose income is derived from property rents, bond interest or other investments

v. to retrieve a personalty (esp. a car) when its purchaser defaults on its payments

v. to refuse to acknowledge a debt and liquidate accordingly

n. refusal to concede or discharge a debt (esp. by public authorities)

n. the sale of merchandise and commodities in relatively small quantities to consumers
v. to sell goods individually or in small quantities directly to consumers 

v. to invest at a risk of loss

a. of or concerning taxes

n. foreign aid paid by one sovereign or nation to another to purchase their cooperation or neutrality

n. a grant of financial aid (cash; insurance; interest-free or low-interest loans; rental rebates; tax credits, deductions or exemptions) furnished by a government or other benefactor to:
__an economic sector, to maintain or reduce market costs
__a particular commercial enterprise or business that benefits the public welfare
__a scientific institution or group whose work is esteemed socially or economically auspicious
__an artistic or educational institution (as museums) adjudged culturally significant or informational

subsidiary (company)
n. a public company, the controlling interest (a majority or totality of its stock) of which is owned by another firm

a. (of laws or statutes*) regarding or *regulating excessive expenditure

trade name/marque/brand (name)
n. the name of a product, product line or service

n. an installment or portion, as of a loan or securities

n. a corporate, governmental or institutional department responsible for the collection, management and expenditure of revenue
_n. a royal or national treasury; originally, the public treasury of Rome or Emperor's private purse

n. the act or process of valuing: estimating value or worth
n. an (often expert or official) estimate of something's value

n. an assessed monetary value or price

v. to fail to pay a debt, esp. that incurred whilst gambling


n. an abrupt instance of breaking off or away, as consituents from a mass

n. any unexpected, unplanned incident that occurs without apparent cause
_n. any abrupt or unanticipated occurrence representing change
__n. a vagary of circumstance or fortune at a distinctive period in one's life, or the development of something
_n. a happenstance yielding good fortune
_n. an improbable, unforeseen outcome, esp. that of a competition

n. a preceding instance, event or cause

n. any crucial, catastrophic conflict from which cataclysmic destruction eventuates

Armageddon (Christian)
n. the ultimate, climacteric battle between the forces of good and evil precursive to the Day of Judgment, as foretold in the Apocalypse of Saint John

n. an abeyance of hostilities during which two opposed parties negotiate terms of peace

n. a surreptitious rendezvous, esp. one scheduled by lovers

n. an event interpreted as an indication of a forthcoming occurrence

(the) ax/discharge/dismissal/dismission/sack/termination
n. the elimination of someone's employment

n. the act or an instance of restraining action, admittance, exposition, expression, sale, etc. in accordance with a law

n. a disastrous, decisive, resounding defeat

n. a scene of fevered, confused, possibly brutal disorder or agitation
_n. a clamant commotion
_n. a brief, excited, commonly precipitate instance of commotion

n. a military campaign executed to attain a swift and decisive victory, esp. by dint of aerial bombardment supported by tank encroachment

v. a complete, humiliating, often preposterous failure

n. a sudden, advantageous happening that brings good fortune, esp. that actualized as great wealth

n. a ceremony confirming and celebrating the matrimonial union of two people, as a husband and wife
_n. a wedding feast

n. the ritual deposition of a corpse in a grave

n. a temporary discontinuance, as of action or speech
_n. a calm interval during which activity or noise wanes, as during a storm or conversation

n. an event inflicting great damage, hardship or loss, as a flood or volcanic eruption

n. a day, night or other period or occasion of jubilant celebration, ordinarily held outdoors and often featuring ceremonies, a feast or entertainment
_n. a (usu. ceremonial) celebration of a religious holiday, esp. a saint's day
__Carnival (Roman Catholic)
__n. a frolic fiesta contiguously anteceding Lent
_n. a gala of a prior event perennial on its annual date
__n. any gala celebrating a (25th, 50th, 75th, 100th, etc.) anniversary
_n. a rowdy, clamorous festivity

casus belli
n. any event that provokes or is exploited to justify initiation of war

n. a cacophonic mock serenade for newlyweds, usu. performed with noisemakers

n. a period (esp. a year) when crucial events and their consequences transpire

n. an uncanny, contingent concurrence or similitude of events or circumstances without evident causal relation

n. a routine journey of some distance to and from an occupational locale

n. an event that occurs simultaneously or in connection with another; a parallel, related or concurrent happening

n. any occurrence whereby people come together

n. a circumstance, event or result that may transpire

n. an unforseen and embarrassing or inopportune incident

n. a direct, practical consequence or result that follows naturally

coup (d'etat)/putsch/takeover
n. a sudden, often violent appropriation of an overthrown government's power and authority, from which a new government ordinarily stems

n. the evening period immediately succeeding sunset, ere the lambent sky darkens

n. fissuring of fluvial ice, from which flooding may proceed

a. an instance in which a claim, datum or opinion varies from another or others, often unexpectedly

n. a rowdy, crowded, confused fight

n. an interval betwixt two successive acts of a theatrical performance
_n. a musical, theatrical or terpsichorean entertainment performed during an entr'acte

n. a brief trip, esp. for pleasure

n. any spectacular, elaborately staged entertainment production

n. a (commonly recurring) program of cultural events, entertainment, exhibition or competition (such as cinematic screenings, dances, musical performances, theatrical stagings, etc.), usu. presented at a particular locus

n. a sudden gust of wind
n. a brief, light, windy snowfall or rain shower

n. any natural process that causes something to form

n. an academic event such as a formal dinner or student celebration held at certain British colleges and universities

n. a punishment wherein an offender walks or runs between two rows of armed men who switch him as he passes

n. a prodigious loss of life, esp. by slaughter

n. the formal beginning or initiation of any movement, period, course of action, etc.

n. a formal ceremony conducted to acknowledge and celebrate the admission of an appointee or elect nominee to an office

n. a formal admission to an office, outfit or position

n. an open, organized and violent or subversive resistance to state authority, ordinarily represented by a conflict in which one faction attempts to wrest control from another

n. two uprisings effected by Palestinian Arabs:
__a revolt in the Gaza Strip and West Bank protesting the Israeli occupation therein that commenced in December of 1987 and persisted to September, 1993
__an insurrection provoked by Ariel Sharon's visitation to the Temple Mount spanning September of 2000 to February, 2005

n. a special anniversary of existence or activity, as the 25th, 50th, 75th, etc.

n. a boring period

n. a complete change in character or condition

n. the latter duration of the Stone Age in west Asia (9000-6000 B.C.) and Europe (4000-2400 B.C.), when primitive agriculture and stock rearing, and ground or polished stone tools and weapons prevailed
a. of, relating to or denoting the latter Stone Age

Pyrrhic [OR] Cadmean victory
n. a victory in which the conqueror's losses are tantamount or proportional to those of the thwarted

n. a period distinguished by increased, intense or copious rainfall

n. an event preceding and often preparing for another of greater or principal importance

n. an instance or act that may be instantiated to justify posterior, parallel occurrences or circumstances

n. a period when a neophyte of an occupation, position, religious order or other society is tested in appraisal of their character, proficiency or qualifications; their engagement thenceforth may be incident to their proven accomplishment

n. a formal dance held at and attended by students of a school or college at the end of an academic year

n. a restoration or resumption of cordial relations

n. a series of contemporaneous and usu. unpleasant recurrences 

n. any cultural revival of the arts, sciences and learning

n. a European revival of the arts influenced by classical models, arising in Florence in the 14th century and diffusing throughout the continent and British Isles through the mid-17th century
n. the culture and artistic styles prevalent during the Renaissance

n. a remote or indirect consequence of an event or action

n. any repeated occurrence

n. a brief period of repose or recreation during which work or other exertion is suspended

n. division of a group into opposing factions

n. a scheduled period or assigned share of work

n. an evening party ordinarily held at a private house where attendants nosh, dance, discourse, etc.

n. the flight of a combat aircraft dispatched to a mission

n. an sustained period during which something happens or is done

n. an instance wherein one thing or person is exchanged for another

n. mutability in life, nature or fortune, esp. successive alternations from one condition or circumstance to another

n. any appearance or arrival of a supernatural being, esp. a deity
n. an instance of divine calamity, castigation, relief or reprisal

n. a time during which some action or occurrence is awaited

n. a grievous or frustrating setback

n. an experience during which some severe difficulty, frustration, upset or misery is endured


v. to inspire uncomfortable self-consciousness and a consequent lapse of dignity or pride

a. feeling or betraying self-conscious anxiety ensuant of contretemps or awareness of a fault

v. to passionately, despondently desire something or someone not present or available

a. (of an emotion or sensation) profoundly or sharply felt, as any extreme pain or pleasure

a. inclined to, inflamed with or displaying love
_a. sexually romantic

v. to occasion an emotional sensation or response
_v. to affect excitation or fervor

n. any act that excites an emotion or emotive response

v. to inflict mental or emotional suffering
_v. to disrupt the composure of; to inflame anxiety
_v. to pain greatly
_v. to keenly pain
__v. to suddenly sting

v. to cause physical pain
_v. to inflict severe pain
_v. to afflict with sharp pain
__v. to induce an acute, abrupt pain

n. abrupt, extreme fear excited by an awareness of danger

v. to arouse choler
_v. to elicit mild anger
__v. to annoy with persistent criticism, importunity, inquiry or solicitude
_v. to excite extreme anger or indignation

a. manifesting mental or emotional strain provoked by ennui, anxiety or discontent as nervous impatience or tetchiness

n. anxiety concomitant of active worry

a. feeling or radiating stimulated interest, enjoyment, appreciation or anticipation
_a. enthusiastic to achieve an objective
__v. merrily eager
_a. passionately enthusiastic
_n. effusively zestful

n. lively enjoyment, interest, approval or appreciation
_n. a positive feeling that one desires to do or have something
__n. cheerful zeal
_n. intense zest
_n. gushing gusto

n. a loss or dearth of sympathy for others

v. to subdue physical pain or discomfort, as with treatment or ingestion of an agent

v. to remit a painful or vexing emotion (agitation, anxiety, despondence, fear, grief, etc.), esp. by calming
_v. to diminish one's choler

v. to dull or excite senses with shock or wonder; to overwhelm or render speechless with amazement

n. an absence of pain
n. an inability to feel pain

n. a potent feeling of extreme animosity, displeasure or belligerence
_n. bitter anger or annoyance in response to inquity or unfair treatment
__n. (usu. envious) rancor inspiring imprudence
_n. extreme, often violent anger

a. feeling or expressing anger, hostility or resentment
_a. frustrated and mildly angry, esp. by frequent or petty annoyances
_a. feeling resentment in response to injustice or unfair treatment
__a. injudiciously, often jealously disgruntled
__a. intensely indignant
_a. exceedingly, fiercely angry

n. an acute yet unspecific feeling of despondent anxiety or dread

a. feeling little or no emotion

v. to render (someone or people) calm, as by assurance

calm [OR] settle (down)/lull/still/tranquilize
v. to become tranquil

a. feeling distress, sorrow and regret for one's sins or malefactions

v. to evoke a friendly or favorable disposition, as by indulgence or palaver
_v. to placate so to overcome one's distrust, hostility or rancor
_v. to insure one's pleasure or satisfaction by accordance of or adherence to their notions, wishes or whims

n. intense emotive warmth, esp. of devotion, fondness, enthusiasm, etc.
_furor scribendi
_a. an ardor for writing

a. feeling, emanating or engendered by powerful emotion
_a. imbued with a potent yet foolish, unreasoning or fleeting passion, esp. of love
_a. greatly impassioned

a. sexually excited; feeling carnal desire
_a. intensely aroused

n. firm conviction that something is true; freedom from doubt

a. feeling neither remorse nor guilt for one's malefactions

a. feeling great rapture or delight; exuberantly or triumphantly happy

n. a feeling of extreme, exciting, often overwhelming happiness

n. a feeling of listless dissatisfaction occasioned by a lack of engagement or excitement

v. to succumb to or collapse under emotional pressure

n. a sudden, inexplicable desire or shift of bearing, opinion or temperament
_n. a potent involuntary (usu. physical) or instinctual impulse

a. feeling concern or sadness for someone's adversity

a. of, pertaining to or distinguished by physical (esp. sexual or gastronomic) appetites, needs and passions
_a. of or pertaining to sexual appetites and desire

n. empathic feelings of sorrow for the misfortunes of others

v. to permeate or pervade with (an) emotion

n. a feeling of contented, usu. conceited self-satisfaction

n. a derisive feeling that someone or something is beneath consideration or offensively worthless

a. suddenly and acutely painful, as though inflicted by a sharp instrument

a. characteristic of or affected by violent, irrepressable excitation
_a. hysterical in concern of a desideratum

a. miserably, hopelessly lonely

v. to ignite physical nausea, or aversion or loathing by affront to aesthetic or moral sensibilities

n. a negative feeling in concern of something or someone
_n. intense dislike
__n. detestation of one's father
__n. violent, usu. sudden aversion

v. to feel displeasure for something or someone
_v. to ardently or severely dislike; to account as repugnant

n. a state of unsurety concerning something; a dearth of conviction

n. profound respect and awe for someone or something

n. sensations of bloating, heartburn, nausea and abdominal discomfort or pain symptomatic of impaired digestive function

n. an abrupt, passionate, often violent emotive discharge
_n. a cross or wroth outburst

v. to inflame with love for someone

v. to derive or receive pleasure from something
_delight (in)/love/revel (in)
_v. to take tremendous pleasure in or from

a. craving food
_a. extremely hungry
_a. desiring an esculent plenitude or nimiety
_a. slightly hungry

n. any fundamental, unelaborated awareness of physical or perceptual stimulation
_n. esthesis of bodily and appendicular motion

v. to feel extreme joy, happiness, elation; to be ecstatic with joy
_v. to jubilate for victory

n. a feeling favoring someone or something
_n. a natural affection
_n. a capricious and usu. sudden liking
_n. a warmly potent, often unparalleled fondness
__n. a passion for bathing and showering
__n. profound, perfervid and devoted love
__n. a passion for cats
__n. a great philia for oneself
__n. a love of wine
__n. a love for water
__n. a (usu. libidinous) love for fatigue
__n. a love of words
__n. prurient passion for an erect penis
__n. a freaky love of filth
__n. a love of light
__n. a love for fire
__n. a passion for cemeteries, graves and funerals
__n. a love for foreign comportments, cultures, customs, and peoples

a. imbued with a potent yet foolish, unreasoning or fleeting passion, esp. of love

n. sensations enabling perception of one's bodily motion, position, tonus, weight, etc.

n. a comfortable, sluggishly relaxed feeling

n. a point at which a stimulus is sufficiently strong to be perceived or distinguished from another, and below which it cannot

a. of, regarding or at the threshold of sensory perception; barely perceptible

a. languishing with love, usually for one absent

n. an excessive, excited, intensely obsessive desire, enthusiasm or affection for something or someone
_n. an immoderate desire to wash, esp. one's hands
_n. a peculiar, often excessive love of cats
_n. an immoderate fondness for solitude
_n. an aberrant obsession with feces
_n. an (often medorthophilic) fixation on genitals
_n. an obsession with oneself; severe egocentrism
_n. a wild desire or enthusiasm for freedom
_n. an extreme enthusiasm for stillness
_n. an excessive liking for rubescence
_n. a curious adoration for the sun
_n. an excessive thirst or adoration for water
_n. an extreme zest for wood
_n. a mania favoring sitting
_n. a compulsion to pursue legal disputes
_n. a boundless avidity for words or speech
_n. hatred of everything
_n. a strange love for mice
_n. an odd compulsion to lie or exaggerate
_n. an excessive compulsion to purchase all sorts of products
_n. an antic love for noise
_n. an excessive love for light
_n. a pathological desire to initiate fires
_n. an irrational passion for foreigners, their cultures and customs

(sense) modality
n. a particular form of sensory perception, as visual, tactile, auditory, etc.

n. gastrointestinal distress antecedent of a vomitive impulse

a. feeling sickness of the stomach, mild disorientation and an involuntary impulse to vomit

n. any physical desire
_n. sexual desire
__n. potent sexual desire
_n. a desire for food kindled by an innate need for nutriment
__v. severe hunger
__n. an excessive desire to eat

n. a sudden, acute, localized pain

n. any deviant sexual conduct, fetish, fantasy, addiction or activity
_n. a paraphilia of prurience provoked by bathing or showering
_n. a paraphilia in which carnal pleasure is prompted by degradation, domination, humiliation or physical pain inflicted by another or others
__n. masochism moved by ridicule and consequent mortification
_n. erotic gratification kindled by the infliction of pain on another or others
_n. lasciviousness affected by water and swimsuits
_n. a state of salacity inspired by feces or defecation thereof
_n. a condition in which sexual satisfaction is derived from the public exposure of one's genitals to strangers
_n. a paraphilia whereby eros is evoked when touched by oneself or another, usu. in erogenous zones
_n. a paraphilia involving libido piqued by fatigue
_n. lubricity penetrated by an erect penis
_n. sensuality aroused by feet, usu. in concern of their shape, size, odor, pedicure, adornment, footwear, etc.
_n. a state whereby eroticism's elicited by viewing nude bodies (esp. unclothed genitals) or sexual intercourse of any sort

a. evincing, feeling or characterized by vague or reflective longing or melancholia

n. an intense, irrational, irregular, persistent fear of something
_n. a weird fear of bathing or washing
_n. a deviant dread of cats
_n. an unusual fear of wide or (usu. crowded) public places
_n. an abnormal fear that one may be clawed or scratched
_n. an unnatural fear of water
__n. a fear of drowning
_n. an abnormal fear of uncleanliness
_n. an aberrant fear of being alone
_n. an atypical fear of referencing oneself or being vain
_n. an unnatural fear of walking
_n. an excessive fear of slime
_n. an anomalous fear that one has minging body odor
_n. a weird fear of mockery
_n. an unusual and irrational fear of being in enclosed (and usu. cramped) or narrow places
_n. a distinct fear of feces
_n. an uncommon trepidity of or distaste for justice
_n. a strangely unwarranted fear of one's home
_n. a queer fear of freedom
_n. an aberrant hatred for wine
_n. an unreasonable fear or hatred of work
_n. an odd fear of blushing or red colors
_n. an unusual fear of touching or of being touched by another or others
_n. an atypical terror of wood or forests
_n. an uncommon fear of being seated
_n. an excessive, uncommon fear of physical or mental fatigue
_n. an eccentric fear of or distaste for words
_n. a potent and morbid fear of an erect penis
_n. an atypical fear of dirt
_n. an unconventional fear of vehicles
_n. a physician's irrational fear regarding the prescription of opioid medication
_n. an anomalous fear of light
__n. a bizarre fear of sunlight
__n. an irregular fear of photic pain
__n. a unique fear of coruscations
_n. an extreme, aberrant fear of fire
_n. a potent or unfounded odium or fear of strangers, foreigners or anything accounted unfamiliar

n. a distinct, intuitive feeling that something is imminent
_n. a presentiment of misfortune or iniquity

v. to feel (often complacent) self-satisfaction regarding an achievement or fluke

rectal tenesmus
n. a sensation of incomplete defecation

a. too bored or impatient to relax

n. ennui or impatience expressed as incessant motion or activity

a. feeling an unpleasant emotion; not happy
_a. feeling or afflicted with severe, oppressive, lingering, often chronic sadness
__a. extremely depressed
_a. saddened by a loss of courage, enthusiasm or hope
_a. sad beyond solace
_a. profoundly unhappy for misfortune, as a loss, disappointment or death
__a. crushed by intense grief
__a. immoderately or affectedly mournful
_a. severely or utterly triste

n. the gustatory sensation experienced when an aliment is taken into the mouth

n. a pang or tide of anxiety or doubt prompted by ethical considerations that inhibits activity of moral dubiety

n. the capacity possessed by an organism to perceive and respond to sensations

n. torpidity felt when one is ready or fit to sleep

n. a feeling of anxious or excessive concern

n. a yielding of oneself to an emotion, esp. despair

v. to consciously restrain an action, emotion, impulse or reaction

n. any intense, profound, usu. overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety
_n. sudden terror

n. the lowest degree of desire

v. to fluctuate indecisively regarding dissimilar or antipodal options, opinions or feelings


n. one whose deportment or characteristics substantially discord from those of their peers or demographic

abhorrence/abomination/asshole/bete noire/cocksucker/cullion/cunt/detestation/dickhead/fink/fuckface/hate/jerk/motherfucker/rat/scumbag/shithead/swine/twat/whoreson/wretch
n. someone who evokes or deserves loathing or disgust
_n. a male detestation
_n. a female asshole
_n. a detestably fearful or irresolute person, esp. one who shrinks from or avoids exertion, pain or hazard
__n. a malicious coward

n. anyone employed of an inferior class or rank, or in any subservient role to the authority of another or others
_n. a fawning subaltern
_n. any officer junior in rank below the master of a commercial vessel
__(first) mate
__n. a commanding officer of a merchant ship directly subordinate to its captain

n. one who aids another or others, often in an ancillary capacity

n. someone who actively and ardently promotes a cause, endeavor, person, policy or organization
_n. someone who defends or maintains a principle, conviction or attitude
_n. a steadfast supporter or follower
_n. an essential or prominent supporter
_n. an exponent of monopoly
_n. an advocate of extremely limited competition in a market

n. someone appointed or elected to verify the objective truth of and conclusively resolve a disputed issue

n. a (commonly servile or insincere) person who cajoles others (esp. their superiors) to attain favor or advantage by ingratiation

adventurer [OR] adventuress/argonaut
n. anyone engaged in a perilous yet rewarding venture

n. someone who states a claim with assurance

n. a military commander or civil official of a Muslim nation, esp. Turkey

n. a person appointed or otherwise authorized to represent or act on behalf of others, as at a conference

n. an expert on the subjects of soil management and field-crop production

n. a stupid person
_n. an ungainly moron
__n. an awkward, doltish man
_n. a male dolt

n. an elected member of a municipal legislative body, such as a local council

n. someone who distributes alms on behalf of a household or institution

n. one who subsists on charity
_n. a pauper who survives on whatever he or she can cadge from others by begging
_remittance man
_n. an emigrant or expatriate reliant on money dispatched from home

n. a person acting or serving in lieu of another, esp. in their absence

n. a powerful, valorous, aggressive woman

n. a person who seems displaced in time, or whose peculiarities are typic of another age

n. a person or thing similar, resembling or correspondent to another in value, significance, function, or characteristics

n. someone who's despised

n. any person or thing anathematized by clerical or papal authority

n. a machine designed to resemble a human, replicate certain human functions and lineaments, and perform routine and mechanical tasks on demand
n. a person who works or deports themselves in a mechanical, monotonous or phlegmatic manner

n. a human who eats human flesh

n. someone who renounces a religion, ideology, or any other faith, cause or principles
_n. one who abandons a cause, faith, movement, etc. for another

n. someone representative of a group or type
_n. anyone who typifies or exhibits an attitude, concept, principle, quality or spirit
__n. a perfect or purest embodiment

n. one who transports goods with pack animals, esp. mules

n. someone bereft of wisdom, good sense or sound judgment

auspex/augur (Roman)
n. a religious official of ancient Rome who interpreted omens (esp. those educed from avian activity) to advise authorities regarding matters of public policy

backer/benefactor [OR] benefactress/contributor/donor/friend/giver/patron/sponsor/underwriter
n. a person who aids people, causes, institutions or enterprises, esp. with monetary endowments

n. someone disloyal to a cause, party, nation, friend or trust
_n. a traitor who colludes with and abets an occupying enemy force

n. a grossly litigious individual

bawd/cocotte/cyprian/doxy/fille de joie/harlot/hooker/hustler/moll/prostitute/slut/strumpet/tart/tramp/trollop/trull/wench/whore
n. a woman who solicits and accepts payment for sexual intercourse

n. a man prompted by vanity to immoderate concern for his attire and appearance

beau ideal/best/exemplar/flower/ideal/jewel/model/nonesuch/nonpareil/paradigm/paragon/perfection
n. a person adjudged a peerless exemplar of excellence or perfection

bedlamite/loon(y)/lunatic/madman [OR] madwoman/nut/wacko
n. a deranged individual
_n. someone afflicted with psychosis
_n. a person suffering from schizophrenia

n. a young woman
_n. a lippy lass
_v. a young, unmarried woman
_n. a slender, graceful young woman

n. someone who prates, esp. in concern of trivial subjects
_n. a conceited, garrulous person

bon vivant/bon viveur/epicure/epicurean/hedonist/sensualist/sybarite/voluptuary
n. a person devoted to the pursuit and indulgence of refined and luxuriant pleasures, esp. those of superlative food and drink

n. someone whose convictions, discourse or diversions are tediously trite or prosaic

n. a citizen of the middle class

n. a male child

n. a skilled worker assigned or employed to execute varied, often minor tasks, esp. those pertinent to maintenance or repair

n. any artist, craftsman or designer who innovates by exploiting a diverse assortment of available resources, often to assure some economy of invention

n. a Bulgarian, Kievan Rus'ian, Moldavian, Moscovian, Russian or Wallachian aristocrat subordinate to the prince of his respective nation, of an order abrogated by Peter the Great in 1711

n. a dashing, fashionable young man

n. the treasurer of an educational institution, as a school, college or university

n. anyone employed or engaged in a commercial or industrial enterprise

n. one who meddles in or pries into other peoples' affairs

n. anyone who purchases goods or services
_n. a frequent or habitual customer, usu. of a retailer or hotel
_n. the sole vendee of a commodity or service in a market
_n. one of very few purchasers in a market, whose scarcity affords them leverage in concern of costs
_n. someone who purchases bulk tickets to an event so to resell them at a profit

n. a chivalrous gentleman

caballero/equestrian/horseman/horseback rider
n. someone accomplished in equitation

n. a farmer or peasant in Latin America

n. a craven, dithering or impuissant person

n. a royalist supporter of King Charles I during the English Civil War

n. someone who files a caveat with a court

n. someone who reproves or condemns others

n. an inspector authorized to review content and expurgate or wholly suppress anything therein rated obscene or politically unacceptable

n. an itinerant vendor who purveys goods on the street, at carnivals, or door to door
_n. a hawker of shoddies
_n. entertaining purveyors of quack medicines whose chicanery, comedy and anecdotes are exploited to sell their wares
_n. a packman who sells small items, usu. at a stand

n. anyone who governs or rules a group, institution, region, country, etc.
_n. a Spanish or Latin American mayor invested with judiciary authority
_n. a leader of the hoi polloi
_n. an immane, oppressive autocrat or authority figure
_n. a hereditary ruler
_n. the leader of a heretical sect
_n. any military or political leader
n. a feudal lord or sovereign commanding and entitled to fealty and service
n. a Muslim governor of an Indian province designated by and sustaining the sovereignty of the Mughal Emperor
_n. someone who rules a country during the absence, incapacity or minority of its sovereign
_n. a provincial governor of ancient Persia
_n. a subsidiary chief
_n. a sovereign exercising hegemony over a dependent country's foreign affairs, usu. while affording it domestic autonomy

chorine/chorus girl
n. a female choral singer or dancer in a musical production

n. a colonial Spanish buffalo hunter active in New Mexico and Texas
n. a Mexican buffalo hunter active in New Mexico and Texas

n. an individual bereft of influence, significance or value

n. a student of civil law

n. a trained member of a religious order authorized to conduct religious worship, as an imam, minister, priest or rabbi
_archpriest (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest of the first rank in a cathedral chapter, acting as chief assistant and subordinate only to its bishop
_canon (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest who is a permanent member of a cathedral chapter's staff
_n. a monk of the Augustinian or Premonstratensian Canons
_coadjutor (Roman Catholic)
_n. a bishop designated to assist and succeed a diocesan bishop
_cordelier (Roman Catholic)
_n. a Franciscan friar of the order of the Friars Minor
_curate (Protestant)
_n. any cleric who administers a parish
_n. a clergyman who assists a rector or vicar
__parson/rector (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican divine who manages a parish and collects its tithes as his income of this benefice
__vicar (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican curate paid a stipend in lieu of the tithes allocated to a rector
__rector (Episcopalian)
__n. a clergyman supervising a parish
_imam/imaum (Islam)
_n. a Muslim cleric who leads recitation of prayer in a mosque
_a. a priest or priestess in classical antiquity who purported to serve as a divine medium and presaged future events
_minister/parson (Protestant)
_n. a cleric of a Protestant denomination, as a pastor or rector
__pastor (Christian)
__n. a minister in charge of a church and its congregation
_n. any ecclesiastic of high rank or office, as an abbot, archbishop, bishop or cardinal
__abbot (Roman Catholic)/archimandrite (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a priest who oversees a monastery
__primate/archbishop (Roman Catholic)
__n. a bishop of the higest rank who presides over the archdiocese or archbishopric of a province or country
___n. an archbishop whose purview extends to one or multiple suffragan sees
__Primate (of all England)/Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican)
__n. the Church of England's chief bishop, whose influence as a leader guides the global Anglican church
__vicar (Roman Catholic)
__n. a Roman Catholic priest assigned the delegacy of a prelate (as a primate, bishop, abbot, et al.) or the pontiff
_provincial (Christianity)
_n. any cleric (as an archbishop or metropolitan) presiding over an ecclesiastic province
__metropolitan (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a provincial ranking betwixt an archbishop and a patriarch
_rector (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest administering a Roman Catholic institution, as a university, religious house or Jesuit seminary
_shrift father (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest to whom confession is recited
_vicar (Anglican)
_n. a clergyman in the Church of England acting as a substitute or deputy for a rector or bishop
_vicar (Episcopal)
_n. an Episcopal cleric governing a chapel

n. a person of approximately the same age as or period of another

cognate/kin/kinsman [OR] kinswoman/relation/relative/sib
n. one related to another by blood and esp. a common ancestor
_n. someone consanguine by birth from the same father or descent of a common male ancestor as another
_n. somebody from whom one is descended, esp. a person antedating a grandparent
__n. the earliest ancestor of a lineage
_n. a cognate of variant lineage
_n. someone kin to another of a common mother or matrilineage

n. a discerning expert possessing specialized knowledge or refined taste, esp. that in appreciation of the fine arts
_n. an enthusiast or cognoscente of wines
_n. a connoisseur of cuisine boasting an acute and discerning palate

n. someone whose propensities or behavioral patterns are governed by psychological compulsion

n. one who holds, owns or operates a concession

n. a member of a hotel's staff who manages luggage conveyance, messages and tour and event reservations for guests and residents
n. a (usually French) resident caretaker of an apartment complex or hotel who monitors traffic, transports luggage, handles mail and performs janitorial services

n. someone to whom private matters are confided

n. someone drafted for military service

n. a person who or firm that consigns goods, as by sea or rail

n. the spouse of a reigning monarch

n. someone whose interpretation of laws (esp. a governmental constitution) is specific and esp. stringent

n. a journalist employed to pen news articles for newspapers or broadcast media outlets
_n. a newswriter who reports from a distant (usu. foreign) locality

n. a person engaged in or disposed to argument 
_n. someone adept in dispute: an expert eristic

n. someone who communicates by delivery and exchange of letters

n. anyone who signs a document jointly with another or others

n. anyone domiciled in a cottage

n. a repellent fat or doltish woman

n. anyone who's been legally convicted of a crime
_n. someone repeatedly convicted of criminal activity, esp. for their iteration of the same offense

n. someone who has committed a crime
_n. someone who assists a perpetrator in the execution of a crime
__n. an accomplice who's absent during the commission of the crime abetted
_n. someone who destroys property with fire, esp. by commission
_n. an armed thief (usu. affiliated with a criminal outfit) who ambuscades travelers
__n. a bandit who waylays and robs travelers on a road or other path
___road agent
___n. a highwayman who preys on stagecoaches

n. an attendant at a gaming table who oversees play, collects bets, pays money, deals cards, etc.

n. a person engaged in villainy, who commits evil acts
_n. anyone who prevails or deprives someone of something by chicanery; one who mulcts others for attainment or advantage
__confidence [OR] con man/stinger
__n. a swindler who bilks his targets with a confidence game
__n. a diddler who plies his fraud by gambling, usu. in card or dice games
_n. an immane, oppressive autocrat or authority figure
_n. anyone seeking or violently purloining goods, esp. during wartime
_reprobate (Calvinism)
_n. an irreclaimable sinner predestined to everlasting damnation

n. someone who strongly attracts attention and admiration

n. formerly (1349-1830), the French King's eldest son and direct heir to his throne

n. a person who proceeds very slowly and consequently lags behind

n. any member of an Indian tribe that inhabited the Delaware and Hudson river valleys and localities betwixt before migrating west posterior to their deracination by post-European settlement

n. an agitator (esp. a political activist or leader) who obtains support by appealing to popular passions and prejudices, esp. by manipulative, mendacious or unprincipled means

n. an extremely energetic, forceful, productive person

n. a person destitute of moral scruples given to deceit or mischief, esp. one rated charming

n. formerly, the governor of Algiers antecedent of French conquest in 1830
n. a kindly, avuncular person of middle or old age

n. any government official constituted to represent their country abroad by conducting negotiations concerning thorny issues and maintaining cordial political and economic relations
_n. a sanctioned diplomat of the highest rank installed as a permanent delegate of one's country in another
__n. a papal ambassador: any diplomat representing the Holy See at a foreign capital or court
___n. a papal envoy ranking immediately beneath a nuncio
_n. a staff member of an embassy or legation, esp. a specialist delegated to serve in a specific capacity
_charge d'affaires
_n. a diplomat of the lowest rank, junior to a minister plenipotentiary
_n. a diplomat acting as a surrogate for an absent or incapacitated ambassador or other government minister
_n. an official residing in a foreign nation, tasked with protecting and ministrating traveling and expatriate compatriots and furthering commercial interests
__consul general
__n. a consul of superior rank stationed in a foreign city of commercial significance who supervises other consuls and consular offices thereof
_n. a messenger or representative dispatched to fulfill a diplomatic mission
__n. a diplomat dispatched on a pro tempore or special mission
_envoy/envoy extraordinary/minister plenipotentiary
_n. an accredited diplomat of second rank, subordinate to an ambassador
__n. a papal envoy ranking immediately beneath a nuncio

n. someone who does not believe, as in a theory, rumor, religion or idea

n. a comprehensively educated guide who conducts tours in a cathedral, gallery, museum, etc.

n. an ugly woman
_n. a hideous woman
_n. an elderly gorgon

n. someone employed to guard and attend the entrance or gateway of a public or private edifice

doyen [OR] doyenne
n. the eldest or senior member of a group or profession

n. a skilled drawer, esp. one who renders technical plans and blueprints of buildings and machines
_n. a draftsman who describes works for publications, esp. books or magazines

n. a European calvalryman armed with short muskets or carbines and trained to combat mounted or afoot, prevailing from the 17th century through World War I

n. someone who drives sheep and cattle, esp. to market
_n. one who impels mules

n. one of but two suppliers of a product or service in a market

n. a person who's been tricked or swindled: a victim of chicanery, esp. that facilitated by their credulity

n. a person afflicted by indigestion

n. a person whose build is lean and rather delicate

n. a charlatan who pretends to be a doctor or professes medical skill or qualifications

n. formerly, an army's lowest rank of commissioned officer, who carried the ensign or flag of a company or regiment
n. a commissioned officer of the lowest rank in the navy (subordinate to lieutenant junior grade and superior to chief warrant officer), corresponding to the grade of second lieutenant in the army

n. a mediocre or inferior follower or imitator of someone, esp. an artist

n. someone living alone, withdrawn from society
_anachoret/anchoress [OR] anchoret/anchorite/eremite/hermit
_n. a religious recluse

n. anyone who expounds, elucidates or interprets
_n. a person proficient in analysis and interpretation (esp. of religious texts)

n. an assistant or employee tasked with a manifold sweep of labor and responsibilities

n. someone who shoes horses

fashion plate/clothes horse
a. someone who consistently, almost exclusively wears vesture of current fashion

feudatory/helot/liege (subject)/liegeman/serf/vassal
n. an agricultural laborer bound by feudal servitude and allegiance to perform labor in exchange for residence, protection and legal or customary rights furnished by his suzerain
_n. a free feudal tenant of medieval England subject exclusively to his respective leige, to whom he paid rent or performed services in exchange for the land on which he resided

n. one who often visits a place
_n. a constant frequenter

n. a man who attends or escorts a woman

n. a musician who performs the viola da gamba

n. a vagrant girl who roams urban streets; a female urchin
n. any girl distinguished by some pert, boyish or impish appeal

n. an armed police officer in a Francophone country or region

n. one keen to learn and disseminate scuttlebutt

n. a soldier who carries a guidon

n. a vendor of men's vestments

n. a member of a political party, faction or society who adheres intractably to an ideology, policy or principle

n. a bilious, usu. contentious woman prone to reproach
_n. an irascible, imperious woman
_n. a crude, usu. unsophisticated shrew

n. anyone who occupies a position of authority in a hierarchy

n. a recipient of an honor, as an accolade

n. someone who cares for horses, esp. at an inn
_n. a noncommissioned, equestrian military officer who tends to horses
_n. one who cares for horses at a stable

n. an engineer who services or maintains a large vehicle (as a bus or train) or its engine

n. a person who is anxiously, often morbidly obsessed with their health, and liable to believe that they are or will become ill despite an absence of symptoms

n. one who occupies an office, position or post to which they were appointed or elected

n. a person whose disease is incurable

n. someone who asks a question

n. a person engaged in conversation
_n. one disposed to or adroit in conversation

n. someone possessing morphological and physiological characteristics of both genders; at birth, neither an unambiguous male nor female identity can be ascertained
_n. a gynandromorph that has both male and female genitals

n. one who perishes without a legal will

n. someone suffering from or incapacitated by disability or chronic illness

n. someone prescribing annexation or restitution to their country of any territory it once possessed or to which it's culturally or ethnically related

n. a soldier of the Turkish infantry's elite class comprising the Sultan's personal guard from the 14th through the early 19th century

n. one who abruptly, capriciously rejects a lover

n. a skilled worker of a trade, esp. that entailing manual handicraft
_n. one who fashions articles from brass
_n. someone who constructs or mends wooden barrels, casks and tubs
_n. an artisan who cuts, engraves and polishes precious stones

n. a trained worker employed on a daily wage

n. someone who jumps

n. a citizen of Sparta

n. anyone unfamiliar with the sea or unaccustomed to seamanship

n. someone domiciled or employed on land

n. an expert on the subject of precious stones and the lapidary art

n. someone of broad or tolerant convictions, esp. in pertinence to religion
n. an Anglican of the 17th-19th century opposed to the dogmatism endemic to the Church of England, whose exegesis was based on reason

n. a legal expert, such as a lawyer
_n. a specialist on the subject of feudal law
_n. a historian whose expertise pertains to the codification and revision of Roman laws enacted by the 6th-century Byzantine emperor Justinian
_n. the author of a complete legal code
_n. a specialist of public or international law

n. one who loves and enjoys words

n. an impetuous or impulsive person

n. a wealthy, powerful, influential person, esp. an industrialist
_n. a mogul of a particular sphere or industry

n. a steward who purchases provisions for a college or monastery

n. an adherent of Manichaeism

n. a medical practitioner serving in the armed forces who administers triage and dispenses first aid at combat sites

n. a composer of verses

n. a term of address for an English nobleman, esp. one peregrinating throughout continental Europe

n. a female lover or sweetheart

n. a member of a dynastic Muslim empire that dominated India and areas of the Deccan from 1526 through the early 18th century

n. a person who or firm that enjoys exclusive control of a commodity or service in a market
n. an exponent of monopoly

n. a Muslim of mixed Arab and Berber descent in north Africa (specifically, of Morocco, Algeria, Tunis and Tripoli)

muadhdhin/muazzin/muezzin (Islam)
n. a mosque's cryer, who vociferously convokes the Islamic faithful to prayer from its minaret five times daily

n. one who obdurately adheres to a fallacious belief, idea, ideology, etc. or persists in unsound enunciation, practice, routine, etc.

n. a wealthy person (esp. a Briton) who amassed a fortune in India

n. an ingenuous and often confiding person

n. a modern person who accepts and advocates new concepts, trends or fashions

n. anyone active, awake or walking during the night

n. someone afflicted with somnambulism, who tootles whilst asleep

n. someone whose existence isn't acknowledged by a government or news media outlets for objectives of political expedience; an officially ignored person

n. a layperson dedicated to religious life, esp. one affiliated with a monastic order

n. anyone who excites genital stimulation manually or by means exclusive of coitus
_n. someone who masturbates by rubbing against someone else

n. anyone who contributes to the beauty, credit, glory or honor of a group or period

n. one who studies correct or accepted pronunciation

n. someone who resides some distance from their workplace

n. someone who engenders chaos

n. a (often hereditary) person of high or noble social status; a member of the governing or upper class
n. an individual of cultivated partialities and carriage

n. a person who repents for his or her iniquity

n. one who perceives, as with their senses or intellect

n. a petty, niggling, often reprobate lawyer of a minor practice

n. a picayune person

n. any agent (esp. a diplomat) fully vested with the authority to act independently in representation of their government

n. someone who believes that acceptable practices (esp. of language) should be prescribed by an authority rather than be determined by the usage of the general public
_n. one among a consortium of 17th- and 18th-century scholars who proposed to reform English orthography to better reflect enunciation

n. someone who applies and is considered for an office, prize, honor, etc.

n. someone esteemed a likely success

n. one who worships fire

n. a person or team who qualify for competition or a final round thereof

n. someone who retroverts to precursive, undesirable patterns or modes of behavior

n. the principal of certain universities or colleges

n. someone who refuses to submit to authority, observe propriety or comply with prevailing convictions or practices

n. someone whose income is derived from property rents, bond interest or other investments

n. a lewd, vulgar and amusing person

n. a debauched individual
_n. a sexually immodest or promiscuous woman
_n. a fashionable or wealthy man of profligate and promiscuous appetites
_n. a person who dissipates resources or money in self-indulgence and reckless extravagance

n. a partisan supporting Parliament during the English Civil War; designated in derisory reference by their opponents to the Puritans in their ranks, whose hair was cropped circumferent to their noggins

rustic/provincial/peasant/countrywoman [OR] countryman/bucolic
n. someone who resides and works in a rural area, as a farmer or shepherd

n. a physician who specializes in and performs surgery

n. someone employed to manually pen copies of documents and manuscripts

n. anyone who constantly chastises or criticizes

n. someone who is or has been segregated

n. a proponent of cultural, ethnic, political or religious secession from a dominant body, organization, party or country

n. a female prophet
n. (Greek, Roman) a female oracle or prophet of antiquity
_n. one who believes or follows a sibyl or sibyls

n. a student of Chinese history, culture, civilization, language and literature

slaver/slave dealer [or] trader
n. someone who procures and purveys slaves

n. one who owns slaves

n. one convinced that only their own mind or self exists

n. a clairvoyant who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead

n. a tiny, mischievous, magical humanoid usu. possessing the power of flight

stenographer/shorthand typist
n. someone skilled in the transcription of speech (esp. dictation) in shorthand format

n. a speaker (often an orator) possessing an oddly or exceptionally loud voice

n. someone assigned to tend and feed fuel to a furnace, as that of a steam locomotive or steamship

n. an added or superfluous person

n. a minor actor assigned no dialogue, as one portraying a constituent of a crowd

n. a merchant who accompanies an army unit or maintains a store at an army post to purvey provisions to its soldiers

n. a Hindu widow who cremates herself on her husband's funeral pyre

n. a slender, graceful girl

n. anyone proficient in seamanship who directs or ministrates a vessel's navigation
_n. an unseasoned sailor
_shellback/sea dog/(old) salt
_n. a veteran sailor, esp. of advanced years
_n. any sailor who's crossed the equator

n. someone who teaches, esp. someone who imparts instruction and education to young people

n. an inhabitant of the earth

n. a cultivator who tills land to prepare soil for crop planting

n. someone who advertises or solicits potential customers, voters or patrons with an especially brazen carriage
n. one who sells advice concerning racehorse speculation

n. an official elected by the plebeians of ancient Rome to protect their interests, esp. against the abuses of patrician magistrates

n. an inexperienced person new to a field, activity or circumstance

n. one who advises or opines regarding matters of which they're ignorant or incompetent

undine (Paracelsus)
n. a mortal, soulless, usu. female elemental being that inhabits water

upstart/parvenu/nouveau riche/arriviste
n. someone suddenly flourishing in a higher economic or social class in which they've neither achieved reception nor adopted proprieties

valet (de chambre)/manservant/man
n. a male attendant responsible for his employer's habiliments and other mundane duties

n. a servant (as of a hotel or cruise ship) who attends to patrons, esp. in concern of cleaning, laundry and pressing

n. an undead, sentient, nocturnal corpse sporting protrusible canine teeth who rises at night to drink the blood of the living
_n. a female vampire

n. an official, minister or advisor of high rank in a Muslim government, esp. that of the Ottoman Empire

n. an army outpost's mounted sentry

n. one who pays a visit to another or others for any or no purpose

n. a diffident, awkward or neglected attendant of a social function too farouche to interact with others present

whoreson/love child/illegitimate/by-blow/bastard
n. any offspring of unwed parents

n. a small, spare person, esp. a child

wizard/witch [OR] warlock/thaumaturgist/thaumaturge/sorceress [OR] sorcerer/magus/magician/magian/mage/enchantress [OR] enchanter
n. one possessing magical powers who practices sorcery

n. the incorporeal, often visible spirit of a deceased individual
_n. a returning ghost
_n. an apparition of someone witnessed shortly anterior to their death (usu. as an augury)

n. a person of fair hair and complexion


n. a gradual process by which land is worn away by abrasive action of wind, water and ice

abbey (Roman Catholic)
n. a convent managed by an abbess
n. a monastery supervised by an abbot
n. a church constituting an annex of a monastery or convent

n. a sheer fissure of monumental or fathomless depth, as a gorge

n. volcanic rock consisting of fused rounded and angular fragments

n. a small island, esp. of a lake or river

n. a shaded, leafy recess or shelter formed by entwined tree boughs, climbing vines or both in a garden, copse or wood

v. to enclose or shelter within or as though in a bower

alfresco/outdoor(s)/out of doors/outside/thereout
a., av. in the open air; outside a building

ambit/border/(outer) boundary/bounds/bourn/brim/circumference/compass/edge/end/fringe/limits/marge/margin/mete/periphery/perimeter/rim/skirt/verge
n. the outermost limit of any area or surface, at which it terminates or ends; a place or point furthest from the center

n. an annexed territory or country

n. an arched, stratified rock formation

n. one of two places located at diametrically opposite global positions

n. a large chain, cluster or group of islands, such as the Aegean Islands or Myeik Archipelago

n. any portion of a country, county, city, town, etc. distinguished by particular attributes

n. any space of land or water comprising a broad, continuous surface

n. a sharp, narrow mountain ridge engendered by glaciation that demarcates cirques or valleys

n. an municipal district of a French city

n. an administrative subdivision of a French department, itself comprised of numerous cantons
_n. a subdivision of a French arrondissement

n. any remote or uninhabited and esp. undeveloped rural vicinage

n. an establishment where men pay to fuck trulls

n. a public Italian or Turkish bathhouse

n. an unplowed strip of land
_n. a balk at the margin of an arable field

n. the lateral rake of a road's or track's bend (from inner to outer edge) enabling runners or vehicles rounding it to maintain speed by reducing the effects of centrifugal force

n. inclined land, as that of a hill or riverbank
_n. an upward slope
_n. an incline contiguous to a body of water, as a channel or lake
__n. a steep bank
__n. a bank adjoining a river
_n. a downward slope
__n. any declivity down which one can coast, as on a bicycle or sled
_n. a steep slope formed by erosion or faulting

bar(room)/beer hall/cantina/dramhouse/pub/saloon/tavern
n. a public establishment in which liquor is served
_n. a basement beer hall
_n. an unlicensed tavern of picayune disrepute

n. a narrow valley or passage formed by aqueous erosion betwixt precipitous hills or mountains that comprise its steep walls, esp. that through which a stream flows
_n. an especially circumscribed ravine
__n. a gulch that's ordinarily dry, save after heavy rainfall

n. a large, often concave depression in the earth's surface
_n. an area wherein rock strata decline to a common center

n. any extremely fortified and secure location
_n. a fortress commanding or defending a surrounding or proximal city

n. a recess of land partially encompassed by hills

n. a body of water partly enclosed by seaboard, the wide outlet of which renders access to a sea

n. a landed feudal estate or territory, tenure of which is incident to the service or labor of a helot for its liege

benthic division/benthonic zone/benthos
n. the bottom of a body of water, as a lake, river or ocean

n. lodging for military personnel, esp. in a private home
_n. an army's winter quarters

n. a small restaurant
_n. a small, often squalid bistro or cafe where alcoholic potables are sold

n. a warehouse wherein wine is stored and aged

n. an area of moist, spongy ground consisting of moss and peat

n. a concentrated growth of bushes, small trees or similar vegetation
_n. a copse of shrubs
_n. a bosk of evergreen shrubs and trees (usu. evergreen oaks) in the southwestern United States, most prevalent in central and southern California
_n. a thicket where game or other wild animals may hide or secure shelter

n. a small stream

n. a region and quondam province of central France famed for its wines

n. a shop purveying light meals, frequented by students of certain British universities

n. a rock formation protruding from a hill or mountain

n. a facility where the arraigned awaiting trial or bail, or offenders convicted of misdemeanors are detained

n. a huge crater ensuing the collapse or explosion of a volcano's summit or center

n. a slight convexity at the center of a road's surface

camp/campground/camping area [OR] ground [OR] site/campsite/encampment
n. a (usu. sylvan) locus where a party may camp in tents or alfresco, esp. that furnished with bathrooms and cooking grills
_n. a temporary encampment ordinarily established in an unsheltered area, where campers either sleep in the open or beneath a makeshift shelter
_n. a military encampment where soldiers reside pro tempore

n. a small, territorial division of a country, esp. one of Switzerland's 23 states
v. to divide into cantons

n. a partitioned desk, or a small cubicle or room containing a desk intended for private study, esp. in a library

n. a steep, copious fall of flowing water from a height, usu. over a precipice
_n. a succession of small, shallow waterfalls over a rocky, often steplike declivity
_n. a large waterfall

n. cindery, crusty, dark, porous, solidified cellular lava

n. a bluff, incurvate mountain basin, which often forms the head of a glacier or stream

clay [OR] pug mill
n. a mill in which clay is mixed to create bricks or crafts

n. a residence of religious seclusion, as a convent or monastery

n. land or a region adjoining the sea
_n. a swath of sand and pebbles along a shoreline
_n. a seashore's broad indentation
_n. the seaboard of a country or continent

a. of or concerning any shore, such as that bordering a lake, river, ocean or sea
_a. of or regarding a coast by the sea

a. (of land) bordering a lake, river, ocean or sea
_a. (of a coast) bordering a sea

n. a cafeteria, restaurant or snack bar of a motion picture studio

n. a volcano situated in the Andes of central Ecuador; at a height of 19,347 feet, it's Earth's tallest active volcano

n. a small, intermittent stream, esp. that coursing through a canyon

n. a stream of molten lava
n. a sheet of congealed lava
_n. the rough, often spiked surface of a coagulated lava stream

n. any sheltered recess in a mountainside

n. a passage through which one leaves a place, as a doorway or gateway

n. particles of loose material (gravel, rocks, silt, stone fragments, etc.) broken or worn away by attrition from a mass
_n. a mass of rocky rubble that covers or constitutes a slope at the base of a cliff or hillside, or on a mountainside

n. an administrative, electoral, etc. division of a county, city or town
_n. a district wherein a bailie or bailiff possesses jurisdiction
_n. a demesne under the jurisdiction of and patrolled by a particular police unit
_n. a cultural region of a city or town
_n. a ward intended for a specific purpose (as residence or commerce) and therefore subject to certain restrictions of construction

n. an erosive process by which rock strata are bared and subsequently exposed by elemental ablation

n. a river in western Russia flowing mostly south for 1,162 miles southeast of Tula to the Sea of Azov

n. a cheap, seedy boarding house

n. a (usu. fortified) position where artillery or other military weapons are situated

n. a distinct locality, country or territory thereof entirely encompassed by another, esp. that which is culturally or ethnically disparate

n. a geographically isolated region of one nation that's wholly surrounded by another or others

n. an area that has been enclosed for some purpose by a fence or wall
_corral/fold/pig [OR] cow [OR] cattle pen
_n. a fenced enclosure in which livestock are confined
_n. a fenced field near a barn or stable where horses graze
_n. an encosure at a racetrack where horses are saddled, paraded and mounted preceding a race

n. surrounding locations or districts, esp. those of a city, as a suburb

n. a passage through which one enters a place, as a doorway or gateway
_n. an entry under an arch
_n. an entrance barred and opened by a door
_n. any subtle, concealed or secret entrance

n. the longest division of geological time (minimally, 500,000,000 years) during which the eonothem rock strata is formed, comprising two to fourteen eras
_n. several hundred million years when the erathem rock strata is formed, consisting of numerous periods
__n. the primary unit of geologic time representing the formation of a standard rock system; constituted of epochs
___n. tens of millions of years during which a series of rock strata is laid down, comprehending multiple ages
____n. millions of years during which a stage of rock strata is formed

a. of, regarding or composing a geological eon

n. the church, mausoleum, monastery and palace of Spanish sovereigns, located 27 miles northwest of Madrid and constructed from 1563 to 1584

n. a long, narrow, steep, sinuous ridge composed of coarse sand and gravel once deposited by a meltwater stream running beneath a glacier

n. a small, often squalid bistro or cafe where alcoholic potables are sold

a. located beyond the bourn of a locality, as of a city or town

n. any rural estate in Spain or Latin America
_n. a large estate in Spain or Latin America, esp. a ranch or farm
__n. the central house of such an estate

n. a plain composed of sediment (usu. clay, sand, silt, etc.) deposited during the floods of a river it neighbors

n. a shallow place in a river or stream that may be traversed afoot

n. a building (as an arena) where jai alai or pelota are played

n. slender, usu. tubular glassy rock generated by lightning when it strikes and fuses rock or sand

n. a gray, heavy mineral mined from hydrothermal veins notable as the primary ore of lead

(geological) formation
n. an array of strata distinguished by correspondent characteristics, which constitute the rudimentary lithostratigraphic unit

n. the sharp rock pinnacle of a mountain ridge

n. one of twain supercontinents split from the greater supercontinent Pangaea during the Precambrian eon, which sundered in the middle Mesozoic Era; its erstwhile constituents eventually became Africa, the Indian subcontinent, South America, Australia and Antarctica

n. an agricultural region yielding bounteous grain

Green River
n. a river of 730 miles' length that rises in western Wyoming's Wind River Mountains and flows southward through northwest Colorado and eastern Utah to become a tributary of the Colorado River
n. a river rising from south-central Kentucky that courses 384 miles northwest to confluence as a tributary of the Ohio River

n. a small, often picturesque cave or cavern

n. any deep ditch or channel occasioned by heavy, protracted rainfall
_n. a mountainside's gully, esp. that of the Swiss or French Alps

n. a haberdasher's shop, where men's attire is sold

n. an open tract of sandy, uncultivated land where shrubby, prostrate plants (esp. heather) flourish

n. an area neighboring or surrounding and dependent on a port or town
n. any land or region beyond a coastal district

n. a wooded area smaller than a forest, the bushes, grasses, shrubs, etc. of which are dominated by a single or few species of trees 
_n. a little holt of small trees and bushes
_n. a hurst where game or other wild animals may hide or secure shelter
_n. a small (usu. dense and isolated) wood containing minimal if any undergrowth

army [OR] field hut
n. a temporary military shelter

a. of, regarding or constituting an island
a. located or domiciled on an island

n. a motorway intersection comprised of interconnected roads and bridges devised to preclude decussation of traffic flow

n. any place where two or more routes (esp. roads or railways) converge or conjoin
_n. a junction where two or more streams (esp. rivers) or glaciers join to flow together
_n. anywhere two or more roads meet and cross one another
_n. an intersecting section of otherwise collateral railway tracks

inversion layer
n. a layer of the atmosphere in which temperature increases with height

n. a semiprecious stone composed of either the nephrite or jadeite minerals, the color of which ranges from rich green to white and is applied primarily to fashion gemstones or sculptures

n. a small outbuilding constructed over a deep, narrow pit in which one sits on and defecates through a hole in its seat or bench

n. a seaport on the Red Sea in Saudi Arabia traveled by Mohammedan pilgrims en route to Mecca

n. a subterranean or semi-underground chamber in a Pueblo Indian village used for religious rites and councils

n. a lengthy inland body of fresh or salt water

lazaret/lazarette/lazaretto/lazar house/pesthouse
n. a hospital where people suffering from infectious diseases (esp. leprosy or plague) are quarantined and treated

n. an area sheltered from wind

n. the official headquarters and residence of a diplomat at a foreign court or seat of government

n. any prominent, linear topographic feature that denotes or reflects an underlying geological structure, as a fault

n. physical attributes of rocks or rock formations (as color, composition and texture) by which they may be classified
n. the scientific study and classification of rocks

n. soil composed of clay, sand, silt and decomposing vegetable matter
n. a particular area, esp. one where an activity occurs or something exists
_n. wherever an event or action (esp. a congregation) occurs or has transpired

n. crumbly, fine, friable deposit rich with a mixture of clay, calcium and magnesium carbonates and shell fragments employed as fertilizer to enrich soil lacking lime

n. any stone serving as a landmark to designate a boundary

n. a social or cultural environment

n. a soft, wet area of muddy ground that yields underfoot

n. a small, hard mound of snow on a ski slope forming a bump

n. a singlar incline of stratified rocks

n. an expanse of open, uncultivated land, the peaty soil of which is normally covered with bracken, coarse grass, heather and moss
n. a game preserve comprised of moorland

n. a mountainous island off the coast of western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides

n. an interior bend, corner or recess of a cliff, mountain, river, etc. 

Orange River
n. a river in Lesotho, South Africa that flows 1,367 miles westward from the Drakensberg mountains to the Atlantic Ocean

n. an isolated portion of a rock stratum separated by erosion from its formation and subsequently surrounded by older rocks
n. wherever something may be seen

n. a mountain in central Greece standing 8,061 feet/2,457 meters, at the foot of which Delphi was located

a. converting organic matter into stone
a. concerning the process or condition of petrification

a. (of an organic substance, esp. wood) fossilized by a suffusion of dissolved minerals and unchanged in form
_a. experiencing petrification

n. an elevated area of land featuring a level surface
_n. a tall, flat hill of precipitous flanks
_n. a broad tableland of one or multiple steep sides larger than a butte

n. a small pool, esp. of rainwater

n. the flat bed of a desert basin that's occasionally covered with water

n. dark, igneous, reddish-purple rocks containing large crystals (usu. feldspar) embedded in a mineral groundmass

n. a Spanish or Latin American inn 

n. a hole in a paved surface (esp. a road) produced by detrition of precipitation, pressure, etc.

n. a subdivision of a city or town under the jurisdiction of a police force or unit thereof

n. a high and steep or sheer rock face
_n. a line of cliffs
_n. a lengthy cliff sequent of erosion or faulting

n. a tract of land and all buildings thereon

presbytery/rectory (Roman Catholic)
n. a parish priest's residence

presbytery (Presbyterian)
n. churches in a presbytery's jurisdiction

n. a state or territory ruled by a prince

n. a public walk of grass or pavement where pedestrians may perambulate, as of a resort
_n. a promenade lined with and shaded by (usu. poplar) trees
_n. a seashore esplanade constructed of wooden boards
_n. a shaded or sheltered promenade

n. an elevation of land or rock that precipitously projects into a lake or sea beyond a conterminous bank or coastline
_n. an especially steep, usu. broad headland

n. a Spanish garrison, as in colonial Mexico

n. any gravelly stone

v. a basement beer hall or restaurant

Red River
n. a river flowing 730 miles from China's southern Yunnan province through northern Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin
n. a 1,360-mile tributary of the Atchafalaya and Mississippi Rivers that rises biramous in the Texas Panhandle and courses eastward as the border between Texas and Oklahoma and Texas and Arkansas, through Arkansas and Louisiana into the Mississippi Rivers

n. rock constituting the perimeter of an elevation, esp. a plateau

n. wherever a rookery nests

n. elevated, barren, rocky land
_n. outcropping scabland

n. a small room neighboring a kitchen where vegetables are prepared, and dishes and utensils are washed and reposited

n. fissile rock formed by compression of sedimentary layers rich in clay

n. a rugged mountain range of irregular or jagged peaks in Spain or the Americas

n. the insoluble, refractory, white dioxide form of silicon, a crystalline compound that occurs naturally as agate, flint, quartz, sand, etc., and is bestowed to manufacture abrasives, ceramics, concrete and glass
_n. hard, lucent silica found in igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks: the most common of minerals, and utilized in the manufacture of abrasives, cement and glass 
__n. purple or violet quartz, often fashioned into gemstones
__n. translucent to transparent and often milky or grayish quartz consisting of microscopic crystals, slender fibers of which are disposed in parallel bands
___n. fibrous chalcedony of particolored bands
___n. semitransparent, pale to deep reddish-yellow to reddish-brown chalcedony
___n. chalcedony of alternating black and white striations, often used as gemstones
__n. siliceous, sedimentary rock primarily composed of microcrystalline quartz
__n. an opaque, cryptocrystalline variant of quartz colored brown, red or yellow
_n. a white, porous, siliceous incrustation deposited from hot mineral springs

a. comprised of, containing, regarding or resembling silica

n. a place or point of origin: where something originated

n. a chip, flake, fragment or splinter from a piece of ore, rock or stone

n. a branch of geology treating of the age, composition, denomination, deposition, distribution, relegation of rock strata to discern their history
_n. the scientific study and relegation of rock strata based on their distinct lithography

n. a facility where things can be deposited for preservation, safekeeping or storage
_n. a storehouse where threshed grain is stowed

n. a layer of soil betwixt topsoil and bedrock

n. permanently waterlogged and seasonally flooded land distinguished by riotous vegetation

n. a (usu. damp, elongate and narrow) depression in a tract of land, wherein especially riotous vegetation often grows

n. a paved surface consisting of crushed, compressed stone bound by bitumen and tar

n. the configuration of a region's surface, including all its natural and artificial features
_n. the aforementioned features thereof
n. a survey of a purlieu's or location's natural and artificial surface features
n. a delineation or detailed graphic representation (as a map or chart) of a place's or region's surface features that specifies their relative positions and elevations

n. an extent wholly shaded under a shadow such as that contrived by an opaque object's obnubilation or a lunar eclipse

n. land or a locality of a relatively high elevation
a. of, pertaining to or located in an elevated region

n. an elongated lowland betwixt hills, mountains or other uplands through which a river or stream usually courses
_n. a small, ordinarily wooded valley
_n. a small, narrow valley, esp. one flanked by mountains

vault/tomb/sepulture/sepulchre/sepulcher/repository/burial chamber
n. a stone edifice where corpses are interred, often underground

n. an area or territory near, encompassing or immediate to a particular location

n. a locus devoid of matter

n. a pool of water or mud where animals (esp. bears) roll about for enjoyment

n. an overcrowded residential building or zone
_n. a decrepit warren

n. any of several varieties of hard, dark rocks
_n. a dark, hard, igneous, often vitreous rock composed of olivine, plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene

n. living quarters in a Muslim household reserved for females


av. (usu. extending or placed) from one side to another

prep. from one side to the other

a. (of an angle) less than 90 degrees

a. located at different points in or on the same straight line
_a. of multiple things arranged in single file
_av. one behind or following the other

ambit/border/(outer) boundary/bounds/bourn/brim/circumference/compass/edge/end/fringe/limits/marge/margin/mete/periphery/perimeter/rim/skirt/verge
n. the outermost limit of any area or surface, at which it terminates or ends; a place or point furthest from the center
_n. the enclosing outer boundary of a closed plane figure
__n. the margin of a circle
___n. any continuous portion of a curve's circumference, as that of a circle or ellipse
____n. a quarter of a circle's circumference; an arc of 90 degrees

a. shaped in, following a course of or containing profuse twists, turns, curves or bends

v. to move or lift at an angle diverging from a level position, so that one end or side is higher than the other in a slanting, oblique or diagonal position or direction

n. the highest point of something

v. to form an arch or curve of similar conformation
_v. to arch faintly at center

(surface) area
n. the extent of a bounded two-dimensional surface

n. a particular spatial organization of things or people
_n. formation in a straight line
_n. any symmetrical arrangement of components or constituents
_n. a comprehensive or resplendent array
_n. a configuration ensuing rearrangement
_n. an alternating disposition
_n. an arrangement of two or more objects or persons in succession

a. of an acute or obtuse angle; neither perpendicular nor parallel to a line
_a. slanting sharply whether rising or falling, as of an angle, contour, precipice, flight of stairs, etc. in ascent or descent
__a. extremely steep; nigh perpendicular
_a. beveled to a point
_a. (of an angle, contour, slope, etc.) slanting slightly in ascent or descent

a. shaped like a pinna

n. an acute or obtuse angle, surface or position; any line or surface deviant from a level position
_n. the oblique inclination of a line or surface that meets another
_n. a downward incline or slope
_n. the specific angle of a slope: a degree of deviation from a horizontal or vertical plane

v. (of a surface or line) to be in a sloping position deviant from the horizontal or vertical, whereby one end or side is higher than the other

n. an oblique, symmetrical surface at an edge or corner

a. divergent, divided or separated into two branches, prongs, tines, etc.

n. a distortion of shape or form such as a bend, bulge, kink, etc.

n. a slight arching or convexity (as of a road's surface)

a. shaped like a bell or campana

n. the centerpoint of any body

n. an intersection or crossing of two lines or tracts in the form of an X

a. extending on all sides of at once
_a. circularly surrounding

n. the length of a circumference

v. to draw a geometric figure around another so that the circumferent and enclosed forms contact at points yet never intersect

a. within a short distance of another or other things
_a. immediately preceding or succeeding in position or sequence; spatially closer than any other
__a. next to or directly nearby; sharing a common border
___av. adjoining along, to or at the side of
____av. alongside one another and facing the same direction
___n. attingently abutting

a. sharing and within a common boundary

n. any gathered or wound and conjoined series of loops, rings or spirals
_n. any individual ring or loop therein

a. having the form of a column

a. corresponding in proper or relative size or dimensions

n. any spatial attributes, esp. those defined by outline
_n. a line that defines or represents the outer configuration or bounds of an object or figure

a. coiled or rolled together in overlapping folds or whorls, as shells, petals or leaves

n. a feature (or order or arrangement of features) of any complex structure

a. shaped like a heart

n. any small crease, furrow or ridge effectuated by crumpling, folding or shrinking

a. having the shape of a cross

n. a degree to which something is curved
n. a curved condition

n. a continuously bending line without angles

n. any curved shape or form
_n. an ornamental curve, curl or twist of plastic design or calligraphy
_n. two isobilateral loops that meet at a central node, as the infinity symbol or contours of a shotgun's twin barrels
_n. a closed symmetrical curve which is either prolate or oblate, resembling a circle of which the polar or equatorial diameter is elongated
_n. a symmetrical plane curve formed by the intersection of a cone and a plane parallel to an element of the curve
_n. a nonplane curve comprising intersecting surfaces of an oblique cone and a sphere centered at its vertex
_n. a curve wound uniformly at a constant angle on a cylindrical or conical axis
_n. a curve that winds around and away from a central point
_n. a short, irregular curve or twist that curls and loops
_n. a wavy curve of a form or pattern

a. shaped as a curve
_a. having the shape of a circle or ring; shaped to a circumference of constant equidistance
__n. round in a wheel's shape
_a. curved like an arc or bow
_a. of, pertaining to or having the form of an ellipse
_a. curving or bulging outward
__a. excurvate in a spherical or annular shape
___a. bilaterally convex; shaped like a lens
_a. possessing the shape of a globe or sphere: curved entirely equidistant from a fixed, central point
_a. curved or curving inward
_v. to curve inward
__a. incurvate in the shape of a sphere's interior
_a. curled or rolled inward or spirally from a margin or edges, as leaves in vernation
_a. curvilinear in the shape of a leaf or egg; broader at the base
_a. of, similar to or possessing the form of a parabola
_a. of or having a margin of undulate or sinuous indentations formed by alternate rounded notches and lobes
__a. (of a rim) shaped in a series of curved projections, as that of a leaf or shell
_a. of or having a wavelike form or pattern that rises and falls smoothly

a. following, characterized or bounded by curved lines

a. lower than a surrounding surface

n. a straight line passing through the center of a circle or sphere and meeting at each end its circumference or surface
n. the length of a diameter, representing the width of the circle or sphere

v. to be, extend or move in various directions from a common point
_v. to diverge into two branches
_v. to diverge at a broad angle

a. at equal distances; equally distant

n. any figure wholly comprised of equal sides
n. any side equal in length to others

a. extending outward from a surface or shape

n. any lateral subfigure, esp. a surface

v. to be situated at one or each side of something or somebody

n. the side of a right triangle opposite its right angle

a. lying or resting upon something else

v. to draw a geometric figure wholly within another so that the enclosed and circumferent forms contact at as many points as possible without intersecting

a. of equal dimensions
_a. of an equal spatial range or extent
_a. of or having equal angles
_a. of or having sides of equal length

a. (of a surface or edge) raised with small ridges

a. of, concerning or situated at a side or sides
_a. of or having sides of equal length
_a. directed or inclined to, or proceeding or extending from one side
_a. possessing or composed of multiple sides
__a. of, having or pertaining to two sides
__a. of or formed by four sides
__a. possessing or involving three sides

n. any rounded projection

n. a curve, surface or other figure formed by all points that satisfy a particular equation of the relation between coordinates, or are determined by specific mathematic conditions

n. anything shaped in the form of a crescent

n. the relative spatial properties of something

n. a point at which lines or pathways intersect, branch or converge; a central or connecting point
_n. a junction at which two of a curve's branches intersect
_n. treble tangency of two curves or surfaces

metric (function)
n. the function of a topological space that provides a value equal to the distance between any two points therein

n. any state of spatial closeness

a. (of a spheroid) flattened at the poles; having an equatorial diameter exceeding the polar diameter

n. an object or plane figure (such as a rectangle or ellipse) deviating by its unidirectional elongation from a square or circle
a. of or having an elongation of form by which one dimension exceeds the other, as that of a rectangle or ellipse

a. (of an angle) greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees

obtuse angle
n. an angle between 90 and 180 degrees

a. neither sharp nor pointed

a. aligned, located or positioned in a particular direction or in relation to compass points or other specific surroundings

a. of, involving or pertaining to an angle or angles of 90 degrees to a specific line, plane or surface

v. (of two branches in a curve) to touch so as to have a common tangent at the point of contact

n. an egg-shaped object or surface

a. extending in the same direction, invariably equidistant and never convergent or divergent

n. any among a set of parallel, geometric lines or planes

n. an object without dimensions, extension, etc. possessing only a position, as an intersection

a. (of a spheroid) elongated at poles; having a polar diameter exceeding the equatorial diameter

v. to render multiple things proportionate

n. a polygon constituted of four sides
_n. a tetragon comprised of parallel opposite sides
__n. a parallelogram of four equal sides, two of which are acute and two obtuse; an oblique-angled equilateral parallelogram, of which only the opposite sides and angles are equal
___n. a parallelepiped comprised of six equal rhombuses

n. an area within a circle's quadrant and two perpendicular radii 
n. any of a plane's four areas divided by two Cartesian coordinate axes

a. ruled in squares, as a pattern of graph paper

a. characterized by, consisting of, contained by, forming or moving in a straight line or lines
_a. intersecting at or consisting of right angles, surfaces or axes

n. a plane figure enclosed by two radii of a circle or ellipse and the arc betwixt them

n. half of a circle or its circumference

v. to fashion into a particular shape, as by sculpting
_v. to shape the outline of, esp. to fit within or in juncture with something else
__v. to cut or reduce an edge or corner from an orthogonal shape to an oblique, symmetrical form; to contour to a bevel
_v. to form or shape into folds or alternate ridges and grooves by contraction, pressure, bending or drawing
_v. to form by cutting
_v. to model to particular dimensions
_n. to form or shape a ductile substance (metal or plastic heated to a malleable state, Play-Doh) by forcing it through a die or other aperture
_v. to impress (a component) with a fine series of ridges
_v. to shape or cut with a flat surface

a. tapering to or terminating in a fine point

a. possessing a tapered, effectual cutting edge

a. positioned beneath or below something else

v. to extend under so to enclose or surround
v. to be opposite to and delimit an angle or side

n. any external, visible surface or aspect, as of a body

a. of, on, near, occurring at or affecting a surface

a. identically conformed or configured on opposite sides of a point, plane or line
_isobilateral/bilateral/bilaterally symmetric(al)
_a. symmetrical on each side of an axis

n. a curve, line or plane that touches another without intersection
a. touching a curve at a single point, or along one line without intersecting

a. of, relating to or acting along or in the direction of a tangent

v. to precisely fit identical shapes together, esp. to cover a plane surface

n. a polygon of three sides and three angles

v. to have or confer a wavy appearance or form (esp. a contour or pattern), as that of a liquid surface
_v. to form or prompt small waves

v. to occur in rounded and wavy curves

a. oddly bent or turned to one side

n. the horizontal reference axis of a two- or three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system, on which the abscissa is measured, and from which the ordinate is measured
_abscissa/abscisse/x coordinate
_n. the coordinate of a point's horizontal position in a plane's Cartesian coordinate system, representing its distance from the y-axis measured parallel to the x-axis

n. the vertical reference axis of a two- or three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system, on which the ordinate is measured, and from which the abscissa is measured
_ordinate/y coordinate
_n. the coordinate of a point's vertical position in a plane's Cartesian coordinate system, representing its distance from the x-axis measured parallel to the y-axis


#/crosshatch/hash/octothorpe/number [OR] pound sign
n. a typographic symbol of two vertical lines intersected by two horizontal lines, symbolic for the word number or representing a cartographic village

n. an alternation of vowels in related words or forms (esp. tenses thereof) that reflects a distinction of their grammatical function (sing, sang, sung, song)

n. the conventionally recognized definition of a word or phrase

a. characterized by the use of acronyms

acute (accent)
n. a mark placed above a vowel to indicate an alteration of its quality, quantity or pitch

n. a traditional, observational and admonitory or instructive saying commonly accepted as veritable on its own merit
_n. a pithy adage

n. any word, phrase or clause (esp. that which is prepositional or adverbial) used to extend, augment or modify the meaning of a word or phrase, but is not among the main constituents in a sentence

n. a lexical element added to a root or word to produce an inflected or derived form: a prefix, infix or suffix
v. to attach a prefix, infix or suffix to a root, stem or word to modify its definition
_n. an affix prepended to a word or another prefix
_v. to add a prefix to a word
_n. an affix interjected into a word
_v. to insert an infix into the body of a word
_n. an affix appended to a word or stem
_v. to subjoin a suffix to a word

v. to form words in an agglutinating language by conglomerating component morphemes or words, often to express compound ideas

a. of or being a language characterized by lexical agglutination, as German, Hungarian, Turkish, etc.

n. a trisyllabic measure, the first two syllables of which are short or unstressed and followed by a third that's long or stressed, as kerosene

n. a word (esp. a pronoun) that refers to another, used to avoid repetition; the referent of an anaphor is determined by its antecedent
_n. the referent of an anaphor; a phrase or word to which an anaphoric pronoun refers, as "runners" in "Runners who excel"

n. a reversal of the usual order of words or clauses: "I don't know where he's going"/"Where he's going, I don't know"

a. of reciprocally opposite words, so related that one reverses the definition denoted by the other: "parental" and "filial"

n. an identifying word or phrase by which someone or something is known, addressed, classified or distinguished from others
_n. an affectionate, derisive, familiar or humorous name appended to or substituted for someone's real name
_agnomination/cognomen/last [OR] family name/surname
_n. a hereditary name common to all members of a family
__n. a family name derived from that of a mother or maternal progenitor
__n. a surname derived from that of a father or agnate ancestor
_n. a classification's designation
_n. a word or name derived from a person's denomination, as bowdlerize, Brannock Device, lavaliere or spoonerism
_n. a name from which an eponym is derived, such as Thomas Bowdler, Charles F. Brannock, Françoise Louise de la Baume Le Blanc, Duchesse de La Vallière, or William Archibald Spooner
n. an apposite appellative

n. a grammatical relation between two (usually sequent) nouns or nominal phrases of the same referent and syntactic relation to other elements in a sentence, as "acute auteur" and "Eric Rohmer" of "Many critics panegyrized acute auteur Eric Rohmer as the nouvelle vague's most vital."

n. an archaic word, phrase, idiom, etc.

n. any sound pronounced with an exhalation of breath
n. a consonant articulated with a verbal rush of air, esp. the sound h
v. to enounce a sound with an exhalation of breath
v. to pronounce the sound h at the beginning of a word

v. to enounce a phoneme or word similarly to another adjacent or esp. preceding

a. (of modifiers) placed adjacent to words modified
_a. (of qualifiers, usu. adjectives) placed prior to those nouns modified
_a. (of qualifiers, usu. adverbs) preceding a verb

n. the excision of a word's initial letter to form a new derivation: crack becomes rack

buzzword/catchword [OR] catchphrase/shibboleth
n. a fashionable word or phrase encapsulating a particular concept or object, often reiterated with such frequency that it becomes a slogan
_n. a distinctive phrase of an enterprise, movement, organization, party, product or sect communicating its chief principle, goal or function

n. a secret method of writing with coded symbols or a private alphabet substituted for words or letters, intended to secure secrecy of communication

n. a key to a cipher's characters

n. coded text

v. to convert ordinary language or data (esp. text) into code

a. decending from and having the same linguistic derivation as an earlier word or lingual form
n. a word derived from the same ancestral word as another 

v. (of a word or words) to occur in a collocation, as fall in "fall in love"

n. any frequent or commonplace arrangement or juxtaposition of words, esp. those of phrases or cant: "loss [of] life," "purchase [a] product"

n. a uninflected word that serves to conjoin and coordinate words, clauses, phrases or sentences (and, but, if, however, etc.)
_copula/linking verb
_a. a verb (such as appear, be or is) acting as a conjunction between subject and predicate

a. of or pertaining to a conjunction or the grammatical relation between linguistic units connected by a conjunction

n. a word or phrase that impels or resumes conversation (yes, well, as I was saying, anyway, etc.)
a. (of a word or phrase) having the function of propelling discourse

n. either of two or more words or phrases which are mutually related

n. an inflection of nouns, pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages constituting a variation of forms by which grammatical case, gender and number are identified
n. a class of nouns, pronouns or adjectives in Indo-European languages which possess the same or similar inflectional forms

a. of or pertaining to the historical development of a (usually lingual) phenomenon

a. (of a character mark) serving to indicate different pronunciations of a letter above or below which it's written

n. a sound formed by the combination of two vocal phonemes in a single syllable, for pronunciation of which the sound begins at the articulatory position of one vowel and shifts to that of another

v. to eliminate any semantic uncertainty from an ambiguous sentence, phrase or other linguistic unit
v. to establish a single grammatical or semantic interpretation

n. an offensive or derogatory expression substituted for another deemed pleasant or neutral
n. any instance or employment of a dysphemism

n. a (usu. humorous) phrase derived from the misunderstanding of another, as "For all intensive purposes" in lieu of "For all intents and purposes"
_n. a misheard, consequently misinterpreted and often comic phrase, esp. of a verse, slogan, lyric or aphorism

n. any omission of words or a phrase that's syntactically essential yet supererogatory to comprehension

n. an inoffensive, indirect or vague expression substituted for another regarded as offensive or inordinately harsh
n. utilization of a euphemism

figure of speech/image
n. a figurative or uncommon expression
_n. repetition of like or identical sounds at the beginnings of multiple words in a phrase: "petrifying personifications by parturition"
_n. iteration of a word or phrase to begin consecutive clauses, verses, sentences or paragraphs: "This is our home, this is our livelihood, this is our community"
_n. repetition of equivalent or similar vocal sounds: "a loose, boozy housewife"
_n. reversal of two parallel phrases: "Rover went in; out went Max"
_n. the formation or use of words that sound like their definitive actions or objects, as burble, buzz, clap, hiss, plonk, purl, zing
_n. ascription of human qualities, form or character to concepts or inanimate objects
_n. an image in which an absent, deceased or imaginary person acts or verbalizes
_n. a nonliteral figure of speech, as a metaphor, simile or synecdoche
__n. the comparative use of a word or phrase to refer to something with which it isn't literally synonymous to imply similarity: "he's an unmovable boulder for his obstinacy"
__n. (usu. colloquial) substitution of a word or phrase for another to which it's associated: "the bassoon there isn't playing well tonight;" "Beijing's policies were incrutable;" "you desperately need to get off the bottle"
__n. a trope wherein two heterogeneous things are compared: "she's as pretty as a picture;" "he's as indecisive as a bisexual in an orgy"
__n. use of a word or phrase that has the same syntactic relation to two clauses or phrases in the same sentence, but denotes one literally and the other metaphorically: "he took leave first of his senses, then of his house"
__n. a trope whereby a constituent or attribute is substituted for its whole or vice versa: "church" in lieu of congregation; "transistor" for transistor radio; "Holland" as the Netherlands; "sands" of desert or beaches; "law" for a peace officer; "steel" instead of girders; "vinyl" for an LP record; "suit" for business executive

n. a continuant consonant produced by breath moving against a narrowing of the vocal tract
a. of speech sounds produced by friction or rustling of breath, through a narrow aperture between two vocal organs: f, v, s, z

n. each of two or more words of different meanings which are spelled and usually pronounced likewise

n. either of two or more words of different meanings which are pronounced identically and usually spelled otherwise

n. the subordination of one clause to another as linked by a conjunction

n. any written symbol directly representative of a concept or object without indication of a word or other speech sound, as a numeral or Chinese character

n. a (usu. exclusive or specialized) mode of verbal expression
_n. language of a characteristic vocabulary peculiar to people of a certain class, profession, subculture or trade
__n. verbose, often periphrastic jargon
_n. extremely metaphorical, informal and ephemeral vernacular, the idiom of which is typified by tropes and ordinarily restricted to a group or context
_n. a regional or social lingual form distinct from the standard language of its vicinity's country
__n. a provincial dialect, esp. that deplored inferior
_n. the language or speech habits peculiar to an individual, esp. at a particular period in their life

a. of, relating to or conforming to an idiom: using, containing or denoting expressions natural to a native speaker of a language

a. (of pronouns) indicating no particular person

v. to cite a specific instance or usage of a word

n. any abrupt, grammatically autonomous utterance that conveys emotion, as "Alas!" or "Oh!" or "Yow!" or "Huh!"
_n. an exclamation concluding a discourse, usu. by summary or recapitulation

n. an accidental, often amusing misuse of a word by confusion with another of similar pronunciation
n. any instance of malapropism

n. any word (esp. an adjective or adverb), phrase or clause used to attribute a quality to the meaning of a noun or verb
_n. a word naming an attribute that modifies a noun to which it's grammatically related or added
__n. an adjective immediate to the noun it modifies to form a nominal phrase
_n. a word or phrase that modifies an adjective, verb or adverb and expresses time, location, degree, circumstance, cause, etc.
__disjunct/sentence adverb
__n. an adverb or adverbial phrase induing a context (technically, politically) or attitude thereof (frankly, obviously) to its sentence
_n. any of an adjective's or adverb's three forms specifying relative intensity, quality or quantity: the positive (large), comparative (larger) or superlative (largest) degrees

a. of, pertaining to or headed by a noun or nominal phrase
_a. substituted for a noun

a. of, pertaining to or constituting a name or names
_a. of, regarding or serving for the assignment of names

n. the nominative case or a word therein
a. denoting or concerning the case of nouns, pronouns, adjectives or nominal phrases utilized as the subject of a clause or sentence in Latin and other inflected languages

n. a word that specifies an action, person, place or thing that may function as the object or subject of a verb
_appellative/common noun
_n. a nominal representing any or all of the articles or members in a class, as banana, cat, girl or videocassette
_noun phrase/nominal (phrase)/substantive
_n. a phrase serving the role of a noun
_n. a superordinate word used in substitution for specific nouns: I, you, she, he, it, this
__n. a reflexive pronoun: herself, himself, themselves
_n. a word (esp. an adjective or pronoun) functioning as a noun

n. a specialist of correct or accepted pronunciation
n. one among a consortium of 17th- and 18th-century scholars who proposed to reform English orthography to better reflect enunciation

n. the study of correct or accepted pronunciation

a. of or concerning (usu. proper) spelling

n. a method of representing lingual sounds by written or printed symbols; the conventional spelling system of a language
n. a branch of linguistics concerned with how languages are written
n. spelling in accordance with accepted or established usage

n. a word, sentence, phrase, passage, etc. spelled identically backward as forward

n. a word that may be reversed of spelling to another, esp. in reference to a theme, riddle, etc.

a. (of clauses or phrases) syntactically correspondent

n. any consecutive apposition of sentences, or clauses or phrases within sentences, sans conjunctives: "Gloaming is upon us; let's take a walk."

n. any humorous exploitation of homophones

v. to resolve a passage of text (esp. a sentence) into its elements, specifying the constituent parts of speech therein and their syntactic relation to one other by government or agreement so to test its structure's conformity to a logical grammar

n. a disparaging word, phrase, expression, etc.

a. (of a word, phrase, expression, etc.) possessing or endowed with a negative or disparaging connotation

n. any speech sound of a small set in a specified language that distinguishes one word from another
_n. any of a single phoneme's various, acoustically distinct forms

n. a hybridized, grammatically simplified form of a language comprised in part of words from another and employed for communication between those who don't share a common language

a. (of a word) having or characterized by multiple meanings or interpretations

a. (of a word) consisting of three or more syllables
_a. (of a word) quite long, usu. encompassing more than five syllables

n. a word embodying more than two syllables
_n. a lengthy polysyllable

a. (of writing or speech) characterized by and containing polysyndeton

n. rhetorical, repetitive use of successive conjunctions, usually without punctuation: "We laughed and walked and ate and read and listened and slept together"

portmanteau (word)
n. a word comprising the merger of two, as motel (motor & hotel)

n. a word that antecedes a noun or nominal to denote a causal, temporal or spatial relation: on, at, with, for, by, after, before, etc.

a. based on or endeavoring to impose lingual rules

a. preceding a verb

punctuation mark
n. any of several marks or characters employed to punctuate text, as to indicate expression, or grammatical or syntactical structure, and especially divisions thereof
_./period/full stop/full point
_n. a punctuation mark suffixed to and concluding declarative sentences, some imperative sentences and abbreviations
__n. three successive periods indicating a textual omission, or a pause or hesitation
_!/bang/exclamation mark/exclamation point
_n. a punctuation mark appended to an exclamatory sentence, expressing ardor, astonishment or command
__n. a punctuation mark comprising a juxtaposed or superimposed exclamation point and an interrogation point, which concludes an exclamatory question
_?/question mark/interrogation point/interrogative
_n. a punctuation mark subjoined to an interrogative sentence
__n. a punctuation mark comprising a juxtaposed or superimposed exclamation point and an interrogation point, which concludes an exclamatory question
_n. a punctuation mark interjected to denote divisions in a sentence (separate clauses and items of a list), brief pauses of speech, and numeral thousands
_n. a punctuation mark applied after the final word of a clause to introduce an additional, applicable series, epitome, example, explication or quotation
_n. a punctuation mark paratactically interjected between and conjoining a compound sentence's related and independent clauses, or a list's complex items
_n. a superscript punctuation mark importing the omission of a letter or letters in a (usu. contracted) word (they're), or a possessive noun (Martin's lyrics)
_n. a punctuation mark inserted between portions of certain compound words or names, words of a phrase, or syllables of a word divided between two sequent textual lines
_//diagonal/separatrix/shilling mark/slant/(forward) slash/solidus/stroke/virgule
_n. an oblique character interposed to separate alternatives, data, verses or a URL's components

a. distinguished by elaborate syntactic, grammatical or rhetorical constructions and unusual or recondite language
_a. tediously, often pompously extravagant in style of writing

n. a term (esp. a phrase) expressing a mutual action or relationship to another

a. (of a personal pronoun) suffixed with -self to indicate how a subject's action affects it (myself, himself, herself)

rune/runic letter
n. any character from an ancient Germanic alphabet utilized in Scandinavia and Britain from the 3rd century through the Middle Ages

a. of or relating to meaning in language

n. the critical study of meanings in language, the functions of words and nonverbal symbols which represent concepts and their diachrony

semantic satiation
n. inordinate repetition of a word that divests it of its perceived meaning

n. any consonant sounded by hissing: s, z, sh, zh
a. of phonemes uttered as a hissing sound

n. a grammatical error of speech or writing

n. a speech sound generated in part by the vocal cords
a. produced by vibration of the vocal cords

a. denoting or expressing existence

n. the language of an aboriginal people that influences the form or lexicon of that spoken by their conquerers, and by which it's supplanted

n. any speech sound uttered with the breath and without vibration of the vocal cords

a. produced with the breath rather than any resonance of the vocal cords

n. application of a word or expression performing dual syntactic functions in a single sentence, usu. to govern or modify multiple words of differing case, gender, logic or number: "dined" in "both he and they dined with us"

a. of, relating to or characterized by a historical tendency for a language to reduce its use of inflections

n. the diachronic fusion of different inflected forms, from which a reduction of inflections proceeds

n. a word semantically identical or correspondent to another or others
_hyponym/subordinate word
_n. a word that is more specific than another of analogous definition (fork to cutlery; shark to fish; raisin to fruit)

a. of, pertaining to or conforming to the rules of syntax

n. proper sentence structure realized by appropriate arrangement of words and phrases
n. the pattern or structure of words in a phrase, clause or sentence
n. a set of rules for or analysis of syntax
n. a branch of linguistics addressing syntactical subjects

a. of redundant repetition of the same sense in different words: "true fact," "free gift"

n. redundant repetition of something expressed in different words: "wet fluid," "smell with one's nose"

n. the semantic role of a noun phrase that designates the time or state of action denoted by the verb
a. related to or denoting time or tense

n. a dot over a lowercase i or j

v. to convert something by speech or writing from one language into another

n. a word comprised of three letters
n. a root of three consonants
a. consisting of three letters, esp. consonants

n. language used in a figurative sense

a. the number of grammatical elements with which a particular word (esp. a verb) interacts in a syntactically sound sentence

n. a word or phrase expressing an action or state of being
_copula/linking verb
_a. a verb (such as appear, be or is) acting as a conjunction between subject and predicate
_n. a non-finite form of a verb used as an adjective (barking dog) or to create compound verb phrases (have been)
_n. a verb of preterit tense, as went or grasped
_n. a verb tense expressing a previous action or state
__past perfect/pluperfect
__n. a verb denoting a finished act or process
__n. a verb tense expressing action that has since been completed
_n. a verb expressing or depicting a hypothetical act or state
_n. a verb mood that represents an act or state as contingent or possible, but not (yet) factual, such as a supposition, possibility, wish, etc.

a. of, concerning, derived from or possessing the function of a verb
_a. (of verbs) having exclusively third-person singular forms (usually the pronoun it) in expression of an action attributable to an indefinite subject: "it is still raining"
_a. (of a verb) describing an anterior act or condition
__past perfect/pluperfect
__a. of, regarding or being a verb tense communicating action previously concluded
_a. relating to or denoting an irrealis (in contrast to indicative) mood of verbs expressing what is imagined, wished or possible

v. to convert a noun, adjective, etc. into a verb

a. using or containing a tedious excess of words
_a. needlessly, circuitously verbose

n. an overabundance of words
_n. a circuitous mode of expression

n. the common, native language spoken by the ordinary people of a country

n. a stock of words used in a particular language, sphere or occasion
n. a body of words known to one who speaks or those who speak a language

a. being, characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language
a. pertaining to or spoken as one's mother tongue; neither learned nor imposed as a second language


ad libitum
a., av. at one's pleasure; at liberty (affording a performer discretion in regard to tempo or omission of accessory accompaniment)

a fortiori
av. all the more; for an even stronger reason

a posteriori
a. of, regarding, involving or denoting reasoning illated from observation, experiment or experience in lieu of theory or first principles
a. derived from or requiring evidence, experience or observation for validation or support

a priori
a. of, employing, pertaining to or signifying reasoning deduced from a theory or general principle instead of empirical observation
a. inferred from theoretical deduction rather than observation or experience
a. known to be so, and thus requiring no evidence or experience for validation or support

ante meridiem/A.M.
a. before noon

caveat emptor
n. "let the buyer beware" -- a commercial principle asserting that without a warranty, a vendee assumes all risk of quality

de minimis
a. too trifling to merit consideration

ex nihilo
a., av. out of or from nothing

de novo
av. from the beginning

ex officio
a., av. by virtue or as consequence of an office or position

ex parte
a. partial; favoring something over another

fait accompli
n. "accomplished fact" -- an irreversible accomplishment

furor scribendi
a. an ardor for writing

in extremis
av. moribund; nearly dead
av. "in extremity" -- in extreme or pressing circumstances

infra dignitatem/infra dig
a. beneath one's dignity

in media res
av. in the midst of things

in situ
a. in its original location or position

inter alia
av. among other things

in toto
av. in entirety

lex talionis
n. the law of retaliation: that revenge exacted should correspond to the mode and severity of the offense committed

mirabile auditu
intj. wonderful to hear

mirabile dictu
intj. wonderful to tell

mirabile visu
intj. wonderful to see

mutatis mutandis
av. with all necessary changes having been fulfilled

nolens volens
a., av. whether someone wants or likes something or not

non compos mentis
a. not of sound mind

nota bene
v. note well: observe carefully or take special notice

non sequitur
n. a statement or reply irrelevant to what preceded it; literally, "it does not follow"
n. a conclusion or inference that does not follow from its evidence or premises

obiter dictum
n. any remark voiced in passing

"prepare for war"

pari passu
av. at an equal pace or rate

per se
av. "in itself," intrinsically -- with respect to its inherent nature

pons asinorum
n. a problem or challenge that taxes the faculty of an inexperienced individual

post meridiem/P.M.
a. between noon and midnight

pro forma
a., av. (done or produced) in accordance with form or propriety

pro rata
av. in proportion

pro tempore
a., av. for the time being: temporary or temporarily

sine qua non
n. an essential condition or thing; a factor, requirement or state that's absolutely necessary

sui generis
a. constituting an individual class: unique

summum bonum
n. the supreme or greatest good, wherein all moral values inhere, or from which they're derived


n. a condition wherein the ownership of property (as that of an estate) has yet to be ascertained or assigned

v. to formally or legally terminate a custom, institution, law or practice

n. the act of revoking a custom, institution, law or practice

a. aiding or abetting a criminal act

v. to formally authorize, legally sanction and express assent of, responsibility for or obligation to an agreement, contract or treaty, esp. by contribution of one's seal or signature

a. endowed with legal or official authority
_a. invested with royal authority, as symbolized by the possession of a scepter

n. an increase in a beneficiary's share of an estate that transpires when a co-beneficiary dies, fails to satisfy a stipulaton or relinquishes their inheritance

v. to charge with a crime; to aver that someone has comitted a criminal act
_v. to formally accuse someone of a crime, esp. in an affidavit or court of law

n. a juridical exoneration (determined by a judge or jury) of a defendant from a criminal charge

v. to preside as judge of a case or trial

n. a judicial decision or edict rendered subsequent to a hearing, esp. that of admiralty, divorce, equity or probate

n. the conclusion of a jury appertaining to an issue submitted to its judgment for examination and trial, as that of a criminal case or inquest

a. (of a criminal offense) distinguished by a salient, often egregious aspect imparting an especially grave significance

n. the legal right of a belligerent to sequester or destroy the property of a neutral state or its citizenry contingent upon remuneration

n. a law's ostensive or actual contradiction of another

a. of or concerning a conflict between two or more laws

n. the deliberate, criminal ruination or destruction of property by fire

v. to take forcible possession of property by legal authority
_v. to seize for use or service, esp. as a shift
_v. to occupy, requisition or seize enemy property, usu. after an invasion

attainder (English common law)
n. a state whereby a convicted or condemned criminal's civil rights are revoked

n. an affidavit that attests to the veracity of an allegation and readiness of a pleader to corroborate it

n. a district wherein a bailie or bailiff possesses jurisdiction

v. to refuse sanction of activity, admission, exhibition, puveyance, etc., esp. by legal authority; to make illegal
_v. to interdict the public distribution of politically unacceptable content, as a broadcast, publication, screening, etc.
_v. to restrain or prohibit by issuing an injunction

n. the act or an instance of restraining action, admittance, exposition, expression, sale, etc. in accordance with a law

n. an official or legal restriction of action, admittance, exposition, expression, sale, etc.
_n. any commercial prohibition
_n. an enjoinment ordered by a court or administrative official

n. a grossly litigious individual

a. of or pertaining to excessive litigation

n. any egregiously persistent engagement of litigation

v. to dispose of or grant property to designated heritors or other beneficiaries by dictate of one's will
_v. to bequeath real estate
_v. to restrict the inheritance of real property to a designated succession of heirs

Black Maria/paddy [OR] patrol [OR] police wagon/police van
n. a van used by police to transport prisoners

n. a facility where the arraigned awaiting trial or bail, or offenders convicted of misdemeanors are detained

case [or] common law
n. law based on juridic precedents rather than statutes

n. a legal notice filed with a court or officer thereof to suspend a proceeding (especially that held in concern of probate) until its filer is provided notification or a hearing

n. someone who files a caveat with a court

n. a student of civil law

n. a supplement to a will; a testamentary instrument intended to alter a will which has been executed 

n. a covert agreement between two or more persons (esp. a lawsuit's putative opponents) to secure a judicial decision to advance an illegal objective

v. to reduce a sentence or penalty to another of attenuated severity

n. a clause in a contract, will or other legal document specifying a condition to be observed or requirement attained, upon which the instrument's effect is contingent

n. any passive, implicit assent or encouragement of illegality

v. to authorize a bill or proposal as law
_v. to enact a law or court decree by communique

n. someone whose interpretation of laws (esp. a governmental constitution) is specific and esp. stringent

n. a woman's legal status of matrimony

n. anyone who's been legally convicted of a crime
_n. someone repeatedly convicted of criminal activity, esp. for their iteration of the same offense

n. someone who has committed a crime
_n. someone who assists a perpetrator in the execution of a crime
__n. an accomplice who's absent during the commission of the crime abetted
_n. someone who destroys property with fire, esp. by commission
_n. an armed thief (usu. affiliated with a criminal outfit) who ambuscades travelers
__n. a bandit who waylays and robs travelers on a road or other path
___road agent
___n. a highwayman who preys on stagecoaches

v. to indicate or disclose or bracket involvement in criminal activity

a. (of evidence) substantiating whatever prior evidence had confirmed
a. (of punitive sentences) consecutive

v. to steal or misuse assets (esp. money) entrusted to one's care

n. a formal objection to an opponent's point conceding its factual verity while repugning its relevance or validity

v. to respond to a point by entering a demurrer_

detention/durance vile
n. a state or period during which the accused is confined while awaiting trial

(obiter) dictum
n. an opinion or observation voiced by a judge regarding a point of law that's tangentially or incidentally relevant to a case over which he presides, and therefore not legally binding

n. a court calendar listing impending cases and the disputant parties thereof
v. to append or interpolate a suit or case to a docket

v. to draft a summary or abstract of a legal document and inscribe it in a register

v. to legally deprive someone of property or legal rights
_v. to divest someone of realty

n. a limited right afforded to one owner of property over that of another, as of passage or free access to water

v. to produce the final or canonical draft of a legal document

a. written formally in a large clear script, as a deed or other legal document

n. an official, systematic, investigative examination concerning a
matter of public interest

n. an entailed estate

n. exclusive tenure of an estate attributing its inheritance to a specific line of heirs

a. (of evidence or testimony) verifying that a suspect or defendant is not guilty of a wrongful or criminal act

v. to discharge a judicial sentence
v. to implement a contract, will or other legal instrument in accordance with its terms
v. to formally sign a will or other legal instrument in the presence of witnesses

v. to duplicate a sealed document as a certified copy

ex parte
a. (of a hearing, motions or orders) granted by petition to or for the sole benefit of a single party, as a restraining order; translated: "for one party"
a. (of a judicial decision) that decreed without all involved parties present

a. not to be annulled, voided, recalled, retracted, revoked, overturned, etc.; not open to appeal or challenge

a. of or regarding the application of scientific and technological methods or techniques in criminal investigation
a. used in, concerning or befitting a court of law

n. a right, privilege or article of property subject to surrender by a legal penalty imposed for criminal activity or a breach of engagement

n. the ground or purpose of a legal action

n. an illicit profit or advantage, esp. that attained by the abuse of authority

n. the tenor or material grounds of a criminal or civil charge
n. the most significant aspect of an accusation germane to a defendant's alleged crime

n. authority to enforce the law by command of state apparatuses

a. (of evidence or testimony) indicating or proving a suspect's or defendant's guilt

n. a formal accusation of a serious crime

(bill of) indictment
n. a formal document penned by or for a prosecutor that charges an accused party with a criminal offense, signed by a court official and presented to a grand jury

n. a court order issued to oblige or debar a course of action

n. a court order that prohibits a specific activity, as a cease and desist letter bidding surcease of an act on pain of legal action

n. a judicial inquiry conducted to determine the facts of an incident, esp. that prompted by a coroner to ascertain the cause of an unexpected death; ordinarily held before a jury
n. the jury appointed to hear an inquest
n. the adjudication of an inquest

a. (of a person) possessing no legal will
a. (of property) uncovenanted in disposal by any will
n. one who perishes without a legal will

n. a false, potentially injurious boast or avowal (esp. a claim of marriage) that was once legally actionable

a. of or pertaining to the administration of justice 

a. of or concerning judicial proceedings

a. of, relating or appropriate to judges, the office and functions of a judge or courts of law

a. of or regarding jurisprudence or law

n. the systematic totality of laws, rules and principles imposed by a policial authority or legal system
n. a juridic branch, as contract law, matrimonial jurisprudence or medical law
_n. a national legal code

jurisprudence/law/legal philosophy
n. a branch of philosophy concerned with law and those principles by which courts abide

n. strict, usu. literal legal conformity

v. to make legal

n. a legal expert, such as a lawyer
_n. a specialist on the subject of feudal law
_n. a specialist of public or international law

v. to demonstrate or affirm as just and legitimate

a. (of a child) born to parents who are lawfully wed
v. to accord legitimacy to a bastard by a legal process

a. conforming to, authorized or sanctioned by law

n. a compulsion to pursue legal disputes

a. of, subject or relating to litigation
a. zealous to resort to legal action as a means to prevail or resolve matters

n. a criminal offence deemed less significant than a felony, commonly punishable by a fine or jail term not exceeding a year's duration

n. a legally sanctioned cunctation of an obligation's fulfillment

nihil dicit
n. a refusal by a defendant to plead or reply

n. religious observance of law or laws

n. a system of government based on jurisprudence

n. the art of drafting laws
n. a monograph on the authorship of laws

n. a period or state of legal minority

v. to impel by legal measures

n. a legal right to possess or dispose of something
_n. individual ownership of (usu. real) property

n. the author of a complete legal code

n. a petty, niggling, often reprobate lawyer of a minor practice

n. a direction delivered by a court or judge entered on a court record yet not necessarily included in a verdict or final judgment

n. a party of (ordinarily twelve) people convened to render a verdict on the basis of evidence submitted them in the course of a court trial

n. a comprehensive register of people convoked for jury duty

n. an adjudication that may be institutionalized as an authoritative standard, or invoked or instantiated as a justification in address of ulterior resolutions for comparable cases

n. expository or prefatory text introducing a legal instrument, as a deed

n. a court proceeding by which a will is validated or invalidated
n. a judicial certificate legitimating a will's authenticity and conferring to its executors the power to administrate an estate
n. the act of proving that an instrument purporting to be a will was signed and executed in accordance with legal requirements
v. to establish the legal validity of a will in probate court

n. the body (excluding its preamble), scope or limit of a statute, which comprises the total extent of its intention or provisions

v. (of a judge or attorney) to disqualify and excuse oneself from participation in a particular case in regard to some potential conflict of interest or partiality
v. to challenge the qualification of a judge, prosecutor or juror on a basis of incompetence, bias or conflict of interest

n. an answer voiced by a defendant during the second stage of a common law pleading in response to the plaintiff's replication, intended to confute or deny averments thereof

v. to refer a legal case to a lower court, usu. with directions pertaining to the aforementioned case

n. the act of referring a case to an inferior court for further deliberation or action

n. a legal retrieval of stolen property incident to juridic determination
n. a writ of replevin

v. to recover moveables by dint of a replevin

n. a payment, duty or deduction tendered per annum by an estate or manor, esp. an annuity

v. to intermit the imminent punishment of a convict, esp. an execution

n. the titular heading of a legislative bill, statute or civil code's chapter, which may precis its purview

v. to legally assume the assets of a party until their debt has been paid or other claims of creditors satisfied

v. to legally transfer a bankrupt's property to a trustee that allots those holdings to creditors

statute/legislative act/legislation/enactment
n. a law formally enacted by a legislative body

a. of, related to, authorized, enacted, permitted, prescribed or punishable by statute

v. to attest or prove that a defendant is of unsound mind or incompetent to stand trial or testify, thus absolving them from legal responsibility so that the execution of some judicial act may be forestalled

a. (of laws or taxes*) pertaining to, *prohibiting or regulating behavior to preserve social morality

n. the delivery of a fugitive or other principal named in a suit into lawful custody
n. the act of yielding oneself or being delivered to bail

n. a judge who presides over the probate of wills and testaments, and adjudicates the settlement of estates

v. to formally deny a lawsuit's allegation in pleading

a. not assured, bound, granted or proscribed by a contract

a. absolute, settled, static and without contingency, as a right or law
a. legally entitled to the immediate possession of property, or a future benefit of property or revenue, as from a pension

v. to impair or cancel the legal effect or validity of (a contract, deed, indictment, law, ruling, etc.), esp. by invocation of a specific law's contravention
_v. to vacate a writ


n. the act, art or practices of focusing and manipulating supernatural forces to influence, effect or control with a variety of techniques
_n. incantatory or ritual thaumaturgy that wards off evil or bad luck
_black magic
_n. magic used to fulfill evil intentions
__n. black magic bestowed and enabled by the subvention of evil spirits
___n. sorcery realized with the help of (usu. invoked) demons
_n. witchery by vocal recitation of charms or spells
_white magic
_n. conjuration practiced for righteous aims
__n. white magic conferred and aided by benevolent spirits

n. a talismanic trinket or piece of jewelry usually hung about the neck and thought to confer a magical protection against evil or disease

n. an engraved or representational object (esp. an article of jewelry) worn for the magical benefit of its purported apotropaic, empowering or lucky properties
_n. a talisman worn on a necklace
_n. a west African charm

n. the magical act of summoning spirits, demons or other supernatural entities, esp. by incantation

v. to summon or dictate a spirit or demon with a magical incantation or spell

cryptaesthesia/extrasensory perception (ESP)
n. perception or communication beyond physical modalities
_n. the power to perceive objects, events or beings beyond the natural range of the senses
__n. the extrasensory ability to hear beyond a usual spatial, spiritual or temporal range
__n. clairvoyant prospicience: the paranormal ability to foresee events or situations
___n. precognition induced in a hypnotic trance
__n. a clairvoyant capacity to divine facts concerning events or people by touching objects related to them

n. the supernatural act, art or practice of disclosure or prognostication
_n. divination by interpretation of atmospheric conditions, as the weather
__n. aeromancy by examination of winds, esp. the south wind
__n. aeromancy by the study of lightning and thunder
__n. aeromancy of aerial visions
__n. aeromancy exercised by the observation of meteors and shooting stars
__n. aeromancy derived from the examination of clouds
_n. divination communicated via slips of paper baked into doughballs
_n. divination whereby barley is sifted
_n. divination performed by walking
__n. ambulomancy by which one circumambulates a central point, the crucial significance of which is usu. ascribed to the location where one falls in such a course
_n. divination derived from inspection of the embryonic sac or amniotic fluid within
_n. divination involving the entrails of corpses
_n. a study of numbers (as a birthdate) to determine their preternatural significance
_n. arithmancy concerning logarithms
_n. divination derived from scrutiny of a shield
_n. divination whereby the influence of the sun, moon and planets on activities, occurrences and personal characteristics is interpreted by studies of their motions and positions
_n. divination performed by an examination of the stars
_n. divination inferred from omens
_n. prediction involving the use of an axhead or hatchet's head
_n. divination conducted by the scrutiny of smoke
_n. divination by the utility of playing cards
_n. divination performed with a mirror and interpreted from its reflections
_n. hariolation performed by measurement of a skull
_n. divination whereby the shapes of melted wax dropped into water are interpreted
_n. divination executed by the scrutiny of brass vessels
_n. a mode of divination whereby one's temperament is established or future and fortune prevised by an examination of the lines, marks and patterns on their palms and fingers
_n. divination performed to ascertain the precise time when one must act
_n. prediction performed by drawing lots
__n. sortilege by which dice are thrown and futures are forecast by words formed from letters on the dice
__n. cleromancy interpeted from marks or words written on arrows which are randomly drawn from a quiver
__n. divination whereby randomly selected passages in a book (esp. the Holy Bible) are predictively interpreted
___n. bibliomancy whereby poetry is analyzed for predictive meaning
__n. cleromancy performed by drawing or casting marked pebbles
_n. divination performed with a crystal or crystals, esp. a crystal ball
_n. divination implicating a demon or demons
_n. divination whereby underground minerals, water, etc. are located with the use of a rod or wand
_n. hariolation interpreted from gastric noises
_n. hariolation discerning the individuality or future of a person from his laughter
_n. prophecy interpreted from a pattern of sand or soil tossed onto the ground
_n. divination by which lines connecting randomized dots are analyzed
_n. divination interpreted from someone's handwriting
_n. bloody hariolation
_n. hariolation via the perusal of sacred objects or sacrificial remains
__n. hieromancy performed by strewing, then studying grain or meal over the bodies of sacrificed animals
__n. hieroscopy performed by scrutinizing the entrails of sacrificed animals
_n. divination conducted by the scrutiny of aqueous motion and appearance
__n. hydromancy performed by examination of a glass filled with water
__n. hydromancy given by the observation of water in a basin
__n. hydromancy by which fountains or springs are studied for omens
_n. determination of one's personality by inspection of their footprints
_n. hariolation performed by scrutinizing the head or entrails of fish
_n. divination involving an idol or idols
_n. divination done with the use of rocks or (usu. precious) stones
_n. divination derived from the scrutiny of words, usu. in conversation
_n. divination divined from a study of pearls
_n. divination conducted by scrutiny of facial lineaments
_n. hariolation deduced from the motion of molten lead
_n. erroneous or asinine divination
_n. hariolation interpreted from the study of letters, as of a name or in a graphological context 
_n. divination based on the observation of wine's properties
_n. divination by which a mother's future parity is predicted by counting the number of knots in her newborn's umbilical cord
_n. divination (esp. prediction) by interpretation of dreams
_n. divination by inspection of fingernails
_n. divination applying eggs
_n. hariolation performed by scrutinizing bones
__n. osteomancy by inspection of shoulder blades
___n. omoplatoscopy whereby a shoulder blade is heated by fire that inflicts cracks and fissures interpreted as omens
___n. omoplatoscopy utilizing an animal's shoulder blade(s)
__n. osteomanty by study of a breastbone
_n. divination by study of the soles of the feet
_n. divination performed by studying leaves
_n. intentionally inaccurate or deceptive divination
_n. hariolation imparted by communication with ghosts
__n. prognostication derived from communication with spirits of the deceased
_n. divination by or connoting fire or flames
__n. pyromancy performed by tossing salt into fire
__n. pyromancy performed by the scrutiny of burning coals
__n. pyromancy by which fiery leaves and branches are studied for signs
___n. pyromancy by which laurel leaves are burnt
__n. pyromancy involving the survey of objects tossed into a fire
__n. pyromancy by which fire and smoke are interpreted
__n. pyromancy derived from study of a lamp's or torch's flame
__n. pyromancy whereby a sheet of paper is burnt on a white surface and the resultant stains are scrutinized
__n. pyromancy involving the observation of flames, smoke, shapes and sparks caused by the contact of straws burnt on a hot iron
_n. divination as done by Pythia, the high Dephic priestess
_n. the application of a pendulum to perform hariolation
__n. radiesthesia whereby a suspended key is bestowed
__n. radiesthesia whereby prophecy is determined by the movement of a sieve suspended by shears
__n. divination implemented by application of a suspended finger ring
_n. divination executed by an examination of feces
__n. scatomancy of faunal feces
_n. prediction of a person's future based on the study of their physical appearance
_n. divination by use of a cup
_n. hariolation derived from lunar scrutiny
_n. hariolation whereby a person's spasms and twitches are observed to augur their future disease
_n. divination accomplished by the scrutiny of ashes
__n. spodomancy interpreted from an examination of patterns in a sacrifice's ashes
_n. divination performed by perusing that carved in a tree's bark
_n. hariolation fulfilled by the study of figs or fig leaves
_n. hariolation by a divinely inspired person, as an oracle
_n. prevision inferred from faunal action, movement or behavior
__n. divination derived from the letters disclosed as a cock eats kernels of corn that mantle them
__n. theriomancy interpreted from caballine movements and sounds
__n. zoomancy derived from the color and movements of mice
__n. theriomancy executed via the scrutiny of anguine motion or color
__n. zoomancy based on avian flight and vociferation
_n. hariolation based on the scrutiny of cheese, esp. while coagulating
_n. divination by the observation of urine
_n. divination exercized with (usu. small) pieces of wood

n. a ritual recitation of words or sounds believed to induce magical effects

n. a function of witchcraft in which a wax sculpture or doll fashioned in the likeness of someone is burnt, melted, stabbed, etc. to inflict parallel pain on the accursed subject

a. of events, phenomena (as clairvoyance, telekinesis or telepathy) or manifestations (as ghosts or shades) to which a scientific or natural explanation cannot be ascribed

philter/love potion
n. a magic potion, esp. one which kindles love and desire for a particular person

n. a tiny, mischievous, magical humanoid usu. possessing the power of flight

a. invested with a protective magical power

v. to cast a spell over someone to render them immobile, impressible or subject to other magical influences and effects thereof

a. captive to, entranced, or influenced by a magical spell

wizard/witch [OR] warlock/thaumaturgist/thaumaturge/sorceress [OR] sorcerer/magus/magician/magian/mage/enchantress [OR] enchanter
n. one possessing magical powers who practices sorcery

n. the incorporeal, often visible spirit of a deceased individual
_n. a returning ghost
_n. an apparition of someone witnessed shortly anterior to their death (usu. as an augury)


a. at or toward the stern

n. any vessel's equipment: anchor, cordage, sails, etc.

n. a large merchant ship, usu. one carrying a rich and opulent cargo
n. a fleet of argosies

n. to empty or remove water from a boat by filling a receptacle with it and emptying it over the vessel's side

n. any heavy material (gravel, sand, iron) placed to stabilize a vessel
v. to stabilize a ship by depositing a heavy substance in its bilge or hold

n. a body of water partly enclosed by seaboard, the wide outlet of which renders access to a sea

v. to deprive a sailing vessel of the wind required to propel it

n. a ship's allocated place at a dock, wharf or pier
n. adequate space (esp. from a shoreline) in which a vessel may maneuver or navigate

v. to enter and moor at a berth, dock, pier, etc.
_v. to dock or moor at a wharf

n. wherever a ship can be moored, esp. a pier
_n. a platform supported by piles or pillars that extends from shore over water, where vessels may land to moor and stock or discharge
_n. a berth betwixt two piers
_n. a landing pier constructed of solid masonry or steel and disposed parallel to a navigable river's shoreline or harbor's waterfront to facilitate landing and transfer of cargo

n. the curvilinear portion of a vessel's hull where its incurvate sides converge to its bottom
_n. the point where the side and bottom of a flatbottom boat intersect
n. a hull's lowermost internal portion
v. to breach a bilge and effect a leak
v. to flood at the bilge, ensuing a leak

bilge (water)
n. water accumulated in the bilge of a ship, esp. that which stagnates

n. a strong vertical post (usu. one of a doublet) fixed on the deck of a ship to which cables or ropes are fastened
v. to wind and secure a line around a bitt
_n. a strong bitt, bollard or cleat to which large ropes (esp. hawsers) are belayed

n. a short, thick, firm post on the deck of a ship or landing of a wharf or pier, around which mooring lines are secured
_n. a strong bitt, bollard or cleat to which large ropes (esp. hawsers) are belayed

n. an anchor carried at and submerged from a ship's bow, esp. one of a duad

n. navigation in coastal waters
n. commerce implemented along a coast
n. the act of conducting trade along a coast

n. a float employed to raise a sunken vessel

n. a pressurized, watertight chamber in which construction is implemented underwater

n. a large box fastened to the side of a ship for the underwater repair of its hull

a. long, narrow, artificial waterway constructed to admit inland passage of vessels or convey water for irrigation
_n. an irrigation canal

v. (of a vessel) to incline laterally, usu. attendant of a leak or unbalanced cargo

a. of, pertaining or belonging to the marine order Cetacea and its members: dolphins, porpoises, whales
_a. of, regarding or characteristic of the dolphin

v. to sail near or by a coast

n. a vessel's cords or ropes, esp. those of its rigging
_n. a large, heavy cable or rope with which a vessel is moored or towed
_n. any of several small ropes horizontally fastened to a ship's shrouds and used as a ladder

n. a small, sheltered recess of a shoreline; a wee inlet

n. a waterside array of docks, dry docks, warehouses and workshops where ships are constructed, maintained and repaired

n. a small, narrow rowboat featuring a flat bottom, high sides and an acute stem

n. a national flag, banner or standard flown by a (usu. naval or military) vessel to indicate its provenance

n. the portion of or a plate fixed to a vessel's stern on which its name is blazoned

n. the wide tidal debouchure of a large river where its current meets the sea's tide, containing an admixture of fresh and salt water

n. a sea channel distinguished by strong, tempestuous and unpredictable currents

n. a long, narrow coastal inlet, often part of an estuary

n. the largest organized unit of naval vessels grouped to attain an objective under the direction of a single commander
n. multiple warships organized as a tactical unit, normally under one command
_n. any fleet of warships
_n. a small naval fleet
_n. a fleet of small naval vessels

n. the wreckage of a sunken ship or its cargo found floating on the water

n. either of two broad, flat, trilateral plates projecting from an anchor's arm designed to catch in the ground

a. at or toward the bow

n. an iron hook fixed to a handle or shaft used to land fish
v. to hook, impale or land with a gaff

n. a spar rising aft from a mast to support the head of a quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail

v. to turn an anchor by its stock with a motion akin to that of a gimlet

n. a light anchor for small boats terminating in three or more flukes

n. a broad, deep swell or undulation in the sea, often provoked by a distant storm or earthquake

n. the upper edge or planking of a vessel's side

n. a sheltered coastal area where vessels may dock or anchor, often containing piers or jetties
_n. a luxury harbor where pleasure vessels and small boats may dock

n. shelter for vessels, as that afforded by harbors

n. the area directly contiguous to a harbor

n. a barbed missile or throwing spear affixed to a line and used to catch sharks, whales and other large marine animals
v. to spear with a harpoon
_n. a harpoon's barbed head

n. a ship's lavatory

n. cargo or other refuse cast overboard (usu. in accordance with a shift to lighten the vessel) that have either sunk or washed ashore
_n. jetsom affixed to a buoy to enable recovery

v. to forcibly discharge cargo from a ship whilst at sea to lighten its load, esp. as a shift during an emergency

n. a line fastened to preclude the jumping of a yard or mast

v. to draw a vessel forth by retracting the line of a light anchor submerged some distance away
n. a small, light anchor normally employed to kedge a ship

n. a fortifying longitudinal girder fixed above and parallel to a vessel's keel

n. anywhere (a dock, pier, wharf, etc.) people or cargo may be landed
_landing stage
_n. a platform -- either floating or a constituent of a pier or wharf -- onto which passengers disembark or cargo is unloaded
_n. a landing for riverboats

n. anyone unfamiliar with the sea or unaccustomed to seamanship

n. someone domiciled or employed on land

n. any side away from the wind's direction
a. at, of, on, pertaining to or toward a side away or sheltered from wind

n. a fishing spear terminating to treble prongs used to transfix fish
v. to spear with a leister

(sea) loch
n. a long, narrow, partially landlocked sea inlet, occasionally interposed betwixt steep cliffs

n. the leading edge of a fore-and-aft sail
v. to steer a sailing vessel closer or directly into the wind, prompting her sails to flap
v. (of a sail or sails) to flap whilst losing wind

n. a colossal, powerful, violent whirpool

n. a comprehensive customs document in which a ship's or plane's crew, cargo and passengers are itemized

n. a tall post positioned at a vessel's centerline from which sails, spars and derricks are slung, navigation is conducted and navigation lights, signal lamps, radio aerials, etc. are hung
_n. the first mast, fore of the main-mast
_n. the tallest of a vessel's masts, usually situated at the ship's center
_n. the second or third mast proximately aft of the main-mast

n. any officer junior in rank below the master of a commercial vessel
_(first) mate
_n. a commanding officer of a merchant ship directly subordinate to its captain

v. to immobilize a vessel by anchoring or fastening lines to bollards

n. the act of mooring a vessel
n. a charge or payment for the use of moorings

n. loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unraveling old ropes; impregnated with tar, it's used to caulk seams of wooden ships

a. of or regarding the octopus

a. of of concerning the walrus	

n. any area of the sea visible from a coast

v. to coat a ship's seams with a waterproofing substance such as tar, pitch or asphalt

a. of, pertaining to or inhabiting open seas or oceans rather than waters proximate to or surrounded by land

n. a tapering, conventionally triangular flag flown at the masthead of a commissioned vessel to provide signal or identification

n. the practice or techniques of guiding ships with signal lights, as those shone from lighthouses

a. of, pertaining or belonging to Phocinae, family of the harbor and harp seals

a. of, pertaining to, resembling or characteristic of fish
_a. of, concerning or belonging to the cartilaginous Elasmobranchii/Selachii: dogfish, rays, sharks and skates

v. (of a vessel's bow and stern) to dip and rise in alternation
n. the interchanging rise and fall of a ship's bow and stern

n. the left forward side of a vessel
a. of, on or regarding the port
av. to or toward the port

n. an area adjoining a quay or system thereof

n. a steering mechanism consisting of a hinged, vertical plate mounted to the stern of a vessel
_n. a bar or lever used to turn a boat's rudder

n. any large group of aquatic animals (esp. fish) that swim in confluence, esp. during migration
_n. a school of whales

n. a large, orthogonal boat, usu. a light freighter

v. to run a vessel before a gale with scant (if any) sail set

a. of, concerning or belonging to Scyphozoa, the class of true marine jellyfishes

v. to bind a rope to another or a spar

setline/trawl (line)
n. a long, buoyed fishing line extended across a span of sea to which shorter hooked, baited lines are fastened at intervals

n. a submerged sandbank visible at low tide

n. any stretch of shallow water, which often comprises a navigational hazard

n. a small, shallow, often flatbottom boat propelled by sail, oars or motor

n. the right forward side of a vessel
a. of, on or pertaining to the starboard
av. to or toward the starboard

n. the forward end of a vessel
_n. the forward edge of a bow

n. the rear end of a vessel
_n. a stern's upper portion, which is often ornately carved
_n. a rail around a stern, often above its transom
_n. a flat surface forming a vessel's horizontal stern

n. sea waves that break to foam on a shore

v. to alter the course of a sailboat
_v. to change course by turning a vessel's head windward, so to redirect the wind to its opposite side; often executed along a zigzag course
_n. any such windward course
_n. an act of tacking

n. anyone proficient in seamanship who directs or ministrates a vessel's navigation
_n. an unseasoned sailor
_shellback/sea dog/(old) salt
_n. a veteran sailor, esp. of advanced years
_n. any sailor who's crossed the equator

n. a grooved metal ring fixed to line any of a sail's eyes to forfend tears or corrasion

n. a broad trave used as a seat in a rowboat or skiff

n. the cyclic rise and fall of the sea level occasioned by lunar and solar gravitational influences
v. to drift or ride with the tide
v. to be carried by the tide

v. to steer a vessel away from the wind; to turn the stern windward
_v. to veer broadside to wind and wave

n. a track of waves or turbulence left by a vessel's passage through water

v. to store or discharge at a wharf
v. to supply with a wharf or services thereof

n. wharves (collectively)
n. the utilization of a wharf
n. accommodations furnished for the loading, unloading or storage of goods at a wharf
n. charges or payment tendered for those aforementioned services

n. a wave swelling to a broken, foamy crest

n. a winch comprehending a horizontal drum or barrel on which rope or chain is wound when lifting a load to which it's secured; utilized on ships to hoist anchors
v. to raise or haul with a windlass

n. a sailing vessel possessing two masts: a mainmast and mizzenmast or jiggermast aft of its rudderpost

n. a ship's small boat rowed by a crew of four to six


n. a digit denoting an absolute absence of quantity and a mathematical element that yields the same number as another to which it's added or subtracted

v. to conduct a mathematical analysis of a problem, equation, etc.

n. the conveyance of a concept by dint of a mathematical device

v. to verify by the execution of a mathematical procedure
_add (up, together)/sum (up)/summate/total
_v. to ascertain the aggregate or total of several items, numbers, quantities, etc. added together
_v. to determine the number or amount of, usu. by checking or naming one after another
_v. to calculate proportionately

a. having the same divisor or measure; precisely divisible by the same unit, as 14 and 21 of 7

n. an unspecified quantity of invariant value in a specific mathematical context
n. any symbol representing such an amount

n. the act of counting, esp. by reciting numbers in (usu. ascending) order

a. (of two or more sets) having no common elements

n. a mathematical (usu. algebraic) statement asserting the equipollence of two expressions

n. a superscript number or variable indicating the number of times a number or expression it succeeds and surmounts is multiplied by itself

n. a relation between a pair of integers: if both are odd or even, they have the same parity

a. (of multiple quantities) possessing a constant or the same ratio

n. the ratio of two quantities to be divided 
n. a number obtained by division 

n. a matrix formed by interchanging the rows and columns of another

v. to reverse the position and sign (to maintain equality) of a term in an algebraic equation

n. a quantity to which any among a set of values may be assigned
n. a symbol (usu. an alphabetical character) emblematic of a variable, as a, b, c, x, y, etc.
a. characteristic of a variable: possessing no fixed quantitative value


a. of, yielding, characterized by, or available or existing in great quantity or supply
_a. exceedingly abundant; of a quantity surpassing requirement, normality, necessity, expectation, desire or consumption

n. however much or many constitute what one may quantify
_n. a quantum by which something has been decreased
_n. a large quantity of something
__n. an immoderate abundance exceeding desire, necessity or requirement
__n. any abundance that normally comprises a full supply
_n. a parceled amount of a sum divided between two or more people or groups
__n. a portion of profit
__n. a proportional allocation
_n. the amount a basin can contain
_n. a small measure
__n. a tiny, often scarcely detectable bit
__n. the smallest scruple of anything
_n. an insufficient amount
_n. a quantity by which something is deficient
_n. a quantity by which something has increased
_n. an amount of emptional commodities or merchandise
_n. a moderate volume
_n. the measure of hail, rain, sleet or snow that falls to earth at a particular place during a specified period of time
_n. the volume of a puncheon (70 to 120 gallons) used as a measure
_(polar) vector
_n. any variable quantity (usu. force or velocity) specified by a magnitude and a direction

n. a complete absence of quantity

n. a great number of things or people

a. extremely or exceptionally large

n. a British unit of dry or fluid measure equivalent to 8 Imperial gallons, 36.38 liters, 2,219.36 cubic inches or 0.03637 cubic meters
n. a United States unit of dry measure equal to 35.24 liters, 64 pints, 4 pecks, 2,150.42 cubic inches and 0.03524 cubic meters

n. 126 U.S. gallons, two hogsheads or approximately 477 liters

a. corresponding in proper or relative amount, degree or size

a. subject to measurement by a common standard

n. a group or set of ten

a. inadequate in amount

n. something's spatial properties
_n. prodigious proportions
_n. relative size

n. a unit of apothecary weight equal to one-eighth of an ounce, or sixty grains

n. two items or units accounted as a set or group
_n. twain correspondent or equivalent articles or constituents usu. intended to be used together

n. a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a process or system that is no longer available for work

n. a spatial unit equal to 660 feet, 201.168 meters, one-eighth of a mile or 220 yards

n. a small unit of liquid measure equal to a quarter of a pint, four fluid ounces or 118 milliliters

a. of or pertaining to longitude or length

n. any system or standard of related measures that facilitates mensuration or quantification of specific properties
_metric system
_n. a decimal system of weights and measures based on the units of longitudinal meter (39.370079 inches), ponderary gram (0.0022046226 pounds) and quantitative liter (1.0566882 liquid quarts), first proposed by French astronomer and mathematician Gabriel Mouton in 1670, and standardized in France in the 1790s

a. of or relating to measurement
_n. of or regarding mensuration of quantity
_a. of, concerning, employing or involving measurement by volume

a. of or regarding distance

a. of or pertaining to the metric system or the meter

n. the science and scientific study of measurement

a. of or concerning weight

n. a group or set of twenty

n. a unit of apothecary weight equal to 20 grains

n. the vertical distance between the lowest and highest points of an object or someone standing upright

a. involving or consisting of three components, parties, units, etc.

a. three times as great, many or much


v. to surgically remove an organ or bodily structure
_v. to ablate a limb, digit or portion thereof
_v. to abstract the cerebrum, or cut the spinal cord or arteries at the brain stem, to terminate cerebral function
_v. to extirpate a nerve or portion thereof
_v. to extirpate an intact eye, tumor, etc. from its cover or capsule

v. to wear (usu. superficial) skin off or away by application of friction
_v. to chafe slightly

n. a (usu. light) dermal wound inflicted by friction
_n. a minor abrasion

n. a localized cumulation of pus surrounded by inflamed, infected tissue, as a boil, carbuncle or whitlow

a. (of a disease or symptoms thereof) severe, yet fugitive

n. an appurtenant drug immixed or administered with another (esp. an antigen) to enhance its effect

n. a branch of medical science concerning the causes and origins of disease
n. a disease's cause or source

v.  to induce cohesion of bacteria, red blood cells, etc.

a. addicted to alcohol

n. a remedy that assuages pain without curing the malady from which it eventuates, as an anodyne
_n. an agent (esp. a drug) that allays pain, as acetaminophen
__n. a (usu. mucilaginous) substance that relieves irritation of inflamed skin or esp. mucous membranes by coating them with a soothing, protective film

n. extreme mental retardation

n. an inability to feel pain
n. an absence of pain, esp. that induced without a loss of consciousness

a. alleviating or eliminating pain

n. the absence or loss of one's aural modality

n. diminution or loss of one's sense of smell, usu. consequent of a lesion afflicting the olfactory nerve, nasal obturation or disease

a. of amnesia inhibiting the development of memories subsequent to causal trauma

n. a treatise on the subject of antidotes

a. any substance that foments the production of antibodies and excites an attendant immune response, as bacteria, foreign blood cells or toxins

n. an inability to close the mouth caused by a tonic muscular spasm

n. an inability to communicate by or discern spoken or written language resultant of brain damage
_n. aphasia manifest as mnemonic lapses whereby names cannot be recalled
_n. aphasia symptomatic of a cerebral lesion
_n. aphasia impairing the ability to recall the appropriate words to express oneself

apoplexy/cerebrovascular accident/CVA/ictus/stroke
n. an abrupt loss of brain function (usu. ensuant to a cerebral hemmorhage) effecting unconsciousness and cerebral anoxia that may inflict neurological damage from which paralysis, speech impairment, a coma or death may issue

a. of, regarding or afflicted by asthenia: suffering from an abnormal paucity of bodily strength or vitality

n. a substance (esp. a drug or lotion) that causes contraction and constriction of bodily tissues and canals
a. contracting or constricting tissues or blood vessels, often to curb or obstruct the secretion of bodily fluids

n. an abnormal dearth of muscular tension or tonus

v. to diminish the virulence of a bacterium or virus, as by heating

a. of or pertaining to bile
_a. conveying bile
_a. of or regarding bile ducts
_a. of an immoderate secretion of bile or any disorder so symptomatic
_a. suffering from or suggesting a liver disorder or resultant gastric distress

n. an abrupt, spontaneous, temporary loss of consciousness caused by an immediate drop in blood pressure or cerebral hypoxia

v. to lose consciousness, suddenly and pro tempore

v. to inflict an injury that discolors skin by rupturing blood vessels without puncturing the epidermis

n. an injury by which unbroken skin is discolored by ruptured, underlying blood capillaries

n. the winged wand entwined by a twain of serpents and possessed by the numinous Greek/Roman herald Hermes/Mercury, utilized as an emblem of the medical profession

n. an open dermal sore that heals slowly, to which an abscess is often concomitant
_canker (sore)
_n. an ulcerous open sore of one's lips or interior oral lining

a. (of teeth or bone) decayed

n. partial or complete opacity of the ocular lens that inflicts impaired vision or blindness

n. an anemia affecting adolescent girls suffering a deficit of iron, of which palpitation, enfeeblement and yellow-green skin are symptomatic

a. (of a disease or causative agent thereof) capable of being transmitted from one individual to another

a. (of maladies) coexisting or concurrent

n. contemporaneity of multiple illnesses, diseases, etc.

n. a solid, ordinarily inorganic mass in a bodily cavity or tissue formed by local accumulation
n. the accretive process by which a concretion is formed
_n. a concretion (usu. composed of mineral salts) that forms in bodily ducts or hollow organs, esp. the gallbladder or kidneys

n. any healing process of reintegration whereby the edges of a wound or a broken bone's parts grow together

n. any condition whereby bodily tissues waste away, such as pulmonary tuberculosis

a. (of an organism or individual) carrying or spreading a contagious disease

n. a crackling noise within the chest sounded during pneumonia or other diseases afflicting the lungs
n. the rude sound of a broken bone's edges when they rub against one another

a. of, concerning or employed in the identification and evaluation of an illness, injury or any other malady

n. an intestinal disorder that occasions frequent, surplus egestion of liquid fecal matter

v. to separate bones at their joints

a. (of bones) disconnected at their joints

a. of, concerning, causing, caused or altered by disease

v. to prepare and distribute (usu. prescription) medication

v. to apply medicine, bandages, etc. to a wound

n. sensations of bloating, heartburn, nausea and abdominal discomfort or pain symptomatic of impaired digestive function

a. appertaining to or afflicted with indigestion

n. a medicine (either an agent or drug) that induces vomiting

n. a charlatan who pretends to be a doctor or professes medical skill or qualifications

n. a disease or disorder peculiar to people of a certain region, locality or ethnicity

a. (of a disease) predominant among or exclusive to people of a particular territory, site or ethnicity

n. the extirpation of a nerve or portion thereof

v. (of an organ, skin, etc.) to swell or cause to tumesce with blood, water or other fluid

a. (of a disease) spreading rapidly by infection to affect many people of a locality or population concurrently

n. bleeding from the nostril

v. to turn a bodily structure or organ outward or inside out

a. of, concerning, manifesting symptoms of or suffering from a fever

a. inducing fever

n. an anomalous bodily duct or passage produced by a congenital disorder, disease or injury connecting an abscess, cavity or organ to the dermal surface or another organ

n. localized death, decomposition and putrefaction of living cells proceeding from infection or hypoxia
_n. localized necrosis ensuing obstruction of the blood supply to an organ or tissue

v. (of living tissue) to gradually die and decay ensuant to a hypoxic, infectious or diseased condition

n. the branch of medical science treating of diseases and problems specific to elderly people

n. the scientific study of the aging process and problems unique to the elderly

n. an organ or living tissue (esp. skin) surgically transferred from one part of a body to another, or from a donor's body to that of a recipient
v. to surgically remove an organ or other tissue from one part of a body to another, or from a donor's body to that of a recipient

n. a surgical operation whereby living tissue is transplanted

n. a person who is anxiously, often morbidly obsessed with their health, and liable to believe that they are or will become ill despite an absence of symptoms
a. obsessively, often morbidly concerned about one's health

n. a shortfall of oxygen in arterial blood, inspired gases, organs or tissues

a. affected by jaundice, of which dermal and ocular yellowing eventuates

n. yellowing of the skin and the whites of one's eyes prompted by an accumulation of bile (bilirubin) pigment in the blood, which is in turn symptomatic of gallstones, an obstruction of the bile duct, hepatic infection, hepatitis or anemia

a. (of a disease) incapable of being cured

n. a person whose disease is incurable

n. necrotic or dead tissue resulting from a deficient supply of blood

a. producing disease
_a. extremely infective

n. an acute, febrile, highly infectious viral disease entailing prostration, respiratory inflammation and alternating fever and chills 

v. to introduce a fluid into a body through a vein for therapeutic purposes

n. any distended organ or body part

n. someone suffering from or incapacitated by disability or chronic illness
a. suffering from or disabled by injury or illness
a. of, for or regarding invalids

n. the anomalous position of an organ turned upside down or inside out, as the upper portion of the uterus when pulled into the cervical canal succeeding childbirth

a. (of an organ or appendage) exceptionally sensitive to stimuli

n. extremely restless tossing whilst reposed, usu. induced by illness

n. any agent (usu. a drug or food) that induces defecation
a. stimulating laxation
_n. a mild laxative
_a. gently laxative

lazaret/lazarette/lazaretto/lazar house/pesthouse
n. a hospital where people suffering from infectious diseases (esp. leprosy or plague) are quarantined and treated

n. a condition of extreme torpor symptomatic of a disease

n. an early symptom of tetanus, whereby a tonic mandibular contraction locks one's jaws shut so that they're difficult or impossible to open

v. (of cancerous cells or pathogenic microorganisms) to spread throughout the body via blood or lymphatic vessels

n. any disease generating symptoms characteristic of another
n. palpable symptoms engendered by hysteria of a disease that isn't present

n. any method of therapy that requires physical treatment, as surgery or electrotherapy

n. a bogus, ineffectual medicine prepared and administered by a quack

n. appendicular numbness and subsequent paresthesia induced by pressure applied to a nerve or prolonged dearth of movement

v. to examine an area of a body or organ by touching, esp. as a means of diagnosis

n. a tingling, pricking, itching or burning sensation elicited by damage to or pressure on (as of obdormition) peripheral nerves, neurological disorders, deficient circulation, and sundry other diseases

a. at the threshold of giving birth; in labor
a. in the process of giving birth

n. the branch of medical science concerning the origins, development, processes, and effects of diseases

n. the condition of an organ, tissue or fluid afflicted with disease
n. the aggregate manifestations (esp. those evinced as symptoms) of a disease

periodontal disease/pyorrhoea
n. inflammation of gums inflicting suppuration and loosed teeth

n. the science of drugs, by which their sources, chemistry, properties, preparation, effects and clinical applications are studied

n. a book containing a list of medicinal drugs, their formulas, applications, dosages, effects and preparation, usu. issued by an official authority and regarded as an authoritative standard

n. any pathological effect induced by light
_n. ocular pain provoked by fulgency
_n. uncommon sensitivity to light, often symptomatic of optic inflammation
__n. severe photophobia

n. treatment of a (usu. dermal) disease by exposure to light, including infared and ultraviolet radiation

n. a compressed dose of medicine in the form of a small capsule, disk, pellet or tablet, intended for oral consumption
_n. a small, medicated candy tablet that's chewed or slowly dissolved in the mouth, usu. to sooth irritated or inflamed jugular tissues
_n. a small pill

n. a faux, inert medication administered or sham procedure conducted for the psychological benefit of a patient who presumes its authenticity
n. an inactive substance administered to a control group as ostensive medicine in experiments conducted to determine the efficacy of a drug

a. carrying a developing fetus or fetuses in one's uterus

(medical) prognosis
n. a prediction regarding the pending course and outcome of a disease or disorder
n. the prospect of recovery from a disease

n. prevention of or protection from disease

n. a bitter drug derived from cinchona bark utilized to treat malaria

n. a dermal eruption or cluster thereof inflicted by allergy, infection, etc.

a. (of an illness, infection or afflicted tissue) resistant or unresponsive to treatment

n. a subsidence or abeyance of (and attendant respite from) a disease's symptoms

n. a watery discharge of the mucous membranes that seeps from the eyes or nose, as during a cold

n. any of numerous painful, stiffening disorders afflicting bones, joints, muscles, tendons or nerves such as bursitis, osteoarthritis, and back and neck pain
_rheumatoid arthritis/atrophic arthritis
_n. a chronic autoimmune disease inflicting symptoms of joint inflammation (and incident deformity), osteoporosis, vascular inflammation (vasculitis), dermal bumps (rheumatoid nodules) and lung disease

n. inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes

n. a physician who specializes in and performs surgery

n. the hardening of a bodily tissue commonly provoked by inflammation or neoplastic infiltration

a. relating to or affected by sclerosis

a. producing or coated with shredded, peeling or flaking dry skin, as dandruff

n. temporarily blinded by UV light reflected from snow

n. an agent (esp. a drug) that induces sleep

n. sudden, involuntary muscular contractions prompting contorted, violent, irregular movements; ordinarily excited by neurological disorders such as epilepsy

n. a chronic, primarily tropical disease incurring intestinal malabsorption from which anemia, diarrhea, emaciation, flatulence and ulceration eventuate

n. abnormal constriction of a bodily duct or passage, as a canal

n. any unusual bodily twitching
_n. muscular subsultus

v. (of a wound or sore) to generate or discharge pus
_v. to form an inflamed and localized accretion of pus

n. the act of sewing two bodily surfaces together, as the skin of an open wound
v. to join flesh, skin, etc. by means of suture
n. fine surgical thread (usu. catgut, silk thread or wire) used to sew two bodily surfaces together
n. an organic, usu. dermal seam or scar attending a surgical stitch

n. any divergence of physical or mental function or features (esp. an impairment) that indicates and characterizes a disease or other disorder

a. of, according to, betraying, concerning or constituting a symptom or symptoms

n. chronic, unnatural dilation of capillaries or terminal arteries generating raised, red dermal blotches, usu. consequential of alcoholism or exposure to extreme cold

n. the ultimate stage of a pregnancy, spanning the onset of uterine contractions to childbirth
_n. the duration of a parturiency
_n. a woman's condition in labor

n. any ointment or potion applied or ingested as the antidote to a poison

n. any of various medicinal compounds formerly dispensed as antidotes for poison

n. prioritization of emergency patients and apposite allocation of medical treatment on the bases of need, exigency and probable benefit

n. a medicinal fluid or lotion applied externally to treat, soothe or palliate a contusion, irritation, sprain. etc.
_n. a fragrant salve
__n. a fragrant ointment containing a balsam
_n. an ointment applied to skin to soothe stiffness, soreness, sprain or inflammation

n. a raised dermal mark caused by a blow or lash, esp. that inflicted by a whip

n. any infectious disease transmitted between species, esp. from animals to humans

a. of diseases transmitted from one species to another and esp. from animals to humans, as rabies or trichinosis


n. a great or rich supply of anything
_n. a supply exceeding need

n. any prize (such as a trophy, medal, laurel, ribbon or palm) or privilege signifying approval or distinction in recognition of an achievement or merit

n. biological growth by addition, esp. adhesion of usu. individual parts or particles

n. a subordinate part added or attached to something larger or more important
_n. something added to complete or compensate for the deficiency of something else

n. support, protection or sponsorship provisioned by a particular person or organization

n. the study or science of causes, causation and causality

n. a clustered mass or collection of things

n. a proxy's signature

n. an extent of activity or function
_n. an extremely wide orbit

n. a range of applicability
_n. an extremely wide scope

n. an extent of authority, control or influence

n. a span of familiarity or competence
_n. an extensive purview

n. anything chronologically misplaced, esp. that which is conspicuously demode

n. a person or thing similar, resembling or correspondent to another in value, significance, function, or characteristics

n. something that's loathed

n. any attribution of a soul corresponding to that of a human to nature

n. a natural or artificial open or vacant space, as a gap, hole, slit, slot, etc.
_n. any empty space or interval

n. an agent (such as a food, drink or drug) that stimulates sexual desire

n. a position of employment, esp. in an organization
_n. the office or post of an envoy

n. a thing or event that's unknown, inexplicable or inscrutable, the obscurity of which arouses curiosity

n. an alchemic remedy

n. something typical of a particular class or group

n. a convenient solution that may be immoral or unethical

n. any collection of heterogeneous things
_n. a confused, usu. messy miscellany

n. the incline of an aircraft's axes relative to the ground, horizon, wind, etc.

n. anything at all

n. study of oneself

n. any tangible thing that represents or demonstrates an attitude, concept, principle, quality or spirit
_n. the perfect or purest epitome

n. the study of inanimate natural phenomena

n. something of negligible value or significance
_n. an ornamental article bereft of significant function or value
__n. a gaudy bauble

n. a professional or avocational pursuit for which one evinces an assured aptitude

n. a large, alfresco fire kindled as a beacon or for entertainment or warmth

n. anything providing or endowing stability

battledore (and shuttlecock)
n. a racket game played with flat wooden paddles (battledores) and shuttlecocks that anticipated badminton

beau ideal/best/creme de la creme/exemplar/flower/ideal/jewel/model/nonesuch/nonpareil/paradigm/paragon/perfection
n. something deemed an unrivaled model of excellence or a kind of perfection

n. a preference for or advocacy of war

n. a brief, customarily informal letter

n. a short, thick chunk of wood, usu. expended as firewood

n. self-improvement by means of autodidactics and intuition

n. a tiny piece of anything

n. a division or grouping of people or things distinguished by shared traits or attributes

n. the shattering force of a high explosion, influenced primarily by its detonation pressure

n. a rough or ragged edge or surface area (usu. on metal) after it's been cast, cut or drilled

n. an official, distinguishing mark signifying approval, authenticity, endorsement or sanction

n. an inscription stamped or printed on postal envelopes, which often commemorates a special event

n. a horse-drawn cart or wagon of two wheels that carries artillery ammunition and coffins during military funerals

n. a horse's ornamental covering or harness

n. a covered truck equipped with sleeping and dining facilities, or a hold intended for the transport of chattel or people
n. a large, covered, horse-drawn wagon

n. the art, practice and techniques of delineating maps and charts

n. a gemstone that's variably lustrous, esp. a cat's eye
a. (of gems, usu. cabochons) reflecting a single photic streak

chattel/movable/moveable (pl. chattels/gear/movables/moveables/personal property/personalty)
n. any movable article of personal property (appurtenances, books, clothing, discs, electronic devices, furniture, utensils, vehicles, etc.), distinguished from realty

n. any macabre or grotesque monster, esp. one comprising parts of various animals

n. practical, indispensable domains of activity or trade: agriculture, commerce and manufacturing

n. a compacted, indefinitely or irregularly shaped piece of matter, esp. earth or clay
_n. a large, thick clump
__n. a hunk of raw meat

n. a formal or official agreement between parties
_concordat (Roman Catholic)
_n. a pontifical pact with a secular government regarding Catholic legality
_n. a (usu. written) concordat between multiple nations, as that assuring irenicism or mutual trade

contour (line)
n. a line described on a map connecting points of equal elevation above or below sea level

n. the labor of a cooper

n. an identical reproduction, esp. a mimeograph or photocopy of a document

n. either of two or more mutually related or complementary things

n. any false imitation presented as authentic

n. a translation, list of correct answers or other illicit aid utilized furtively by students when taking exams

n. a thick, white or gray and fluffy, bulbous or billowing cloud possessing a flat base ordinarily related to fair weather and ascending air currents 

n. a specific course of academic study in a school or university
n. all curricula afforded by an educational institution

n. something that provides guidance, such as Polaris
n. something that strongly attracts attention and admiration

data point/datum/fact
n. an item of factual information derived from measurement, research or experience
_n. an exceptional statistical datum of a graph or diagram notable for either its miniscule or massive size relative to an adjacent data point or its location significantly removed beyond a main cluster of data points; outliers are often indicative of aberrant factors or errors in measurement

desideratum/essential/necessary/necessity/need/requirement/requisite/sine qua non/want
n. anything indispensable, esp. something required for the realization of a particular objective

n. something wanted

n. anything that causes damage or harm

n. a horse-drawn coach of four wheels in which mail and passengers are conveyed, usu. on a fixed, plied route

dust devil
n. a small whirlwind that lofts and incorporates light debris, dust, leaves, sand, etc.

n. a miniature whirlpool or whirlwind issuing from a fluxion of air or fluid at variance with a main current or stream

n. a juvenile psychological stage during which a child is ignorant of extraneous, dissimilar opinions and perspectives

n. something enclosed in an envelope with a covering letter, esp. a supporting document

n. sweeping gunfire discharged along a target's length, as a row of troops
n. any target vulnerable to a sweep of gunfire
v. to rake with a sweep of gunfire

ephemeral/ephemeron/fugitive (pl. ephemera/ephemerals/fugitives)
n. anything that briefly exists; that which lives, or is applied or enjoyed for a fleeting duration

n. a tombstone's or mortuary monument's commemorative inscription concerning the interred individual

n. an artificial, usu. inferior substitute or imitation

n. obscure or highly specialized subjects or articles

n. a news report initially published in a newspaper or magazine, or broadcast in a newscast in advance of rival outlets

n. intense heat

n. something that stimulates action
_n. a keen inducement

n. one side of a military or naval formation

n. scientific knowledge of gems

n. a superficially or delusively attractive or impressive appearance

n. anything that's precious, beautiful, brilliant or superior, and thusly likened to gold

n. a progressive series of degrees represening a range of competence, intensity, rank, quality or value
_n. a graded position in a scale of intensity, proficiency, quality, rank or value

n. a surge or progressive swell of public sentiment or opinion

n. vertical space available to accommodate passage beneath something

n. a tiered system of arrangement or classification according to significance
n. a system or organization whereby people or groups are ranked in accordance to their status or authority

a. situated on this or a nearer side

av. to or toward this place

n. something inserted or to be inserted

n. an organism's outer protective layer: skin, rind, shell, cuticle, etc.

n. any endorsement of peace or conciliation

n. gifts (esp. of money) given in a spirit of munificence

n. anything gargantuan of size, or possessing tremendous power

n. transmutation of a substance into wood

n. a series of names, titles, etc. written or printed in a consecutive sequence of alphabetic or other systematic order
_n. an individual item in a list
_n. a chronological, usu. tabular list of historical people, events and things arrayed to demonstrate their contemporaneity

n. a process whereby decorative porcelain objects or components are impressed with figures, which are translucent when backlit

n. a charge in the shape of a solid diamond, esp. one on which the arms of an unmarried or widowed woman are displayed

n. any external substance or surrounding in which an organism resides and thrives
_n. a surface on which an organism lives, to which it's either affixed or on which it moves, esp. that which provides it sustenance

n. an agency or means enabling an activity, communication or conveyance, as instrumentation, language, vehicles, etc.
_n. any means or instrumentality with which information is propagated

n. a foreboding, unpleasant, unwholesome atmosphere surrounding or emanating from something

n. a relatively small system, situation, location, individual or community representative in part or whole of some larger, encompassing analog
n. humanity regarded as the epitome of the universe

n. a faulty shot in billiards, by which the cue tip slips upon striking the cue ball

n. an unreasonable or erroneous belief, custom, ideology, pronunciation, practice, routine, etc. to which someone intractably adheres

n. the means of juncture between connected things, esp. those linked in a series

n. a position esp. apposite for its occupant

n. any computer or peripheral thereof connected to a network
_n. any computer or program thereof that accesses or conveys data from a network

n. a system of government based on jurisprudence

n. any pet scheme or remedy propounded to solve a problem (esp. one intended to enact social improvement or political reform) without any objective basis for its asserted efficacy

n. a system or series of specialized figures or symbols that type elements, numbers, quantities, tones or values

prep. in spite of (used to introduce a statement contrasting, contradicting or citing exception to some prior purport)

n. a large, long motor vehicle that carries numerous passengers by road, esp. one that serves the public for a fare on a fixed route
_n. a large bus used for sightseeing tours
_n. a small bus that transports passengers for a cheap fare

n. the branch of metaphysics in which the nature of being and existence are studied

n. an onerous obligation or responsibility, esp. in pursuit of a specified objective

n. an arrangement of numerous related elements (things or people) organized in accordance with a particular pattern, method or logic
_n. a linear disposal
__n. a connected series or group
_n. an order ensuing rearrangement

n. anything that contributes to the beauty, credit, glory or honor of a group or period

n. any underlying framework or skeleton

n. anything that covers or shrouds to gloomily darken or obscure

n. any disconsolate atmosphere

n. a solution for all problems
n. a remedy for all diseases

n. a long, slender cigar

n. any article fashioned of parfleche, as bags, shields, soles, etc.

n. any malign or insidious and especially tenacious influence

n. a mutable scene embodying manifold elements

n. a (usu. large) collection of objects laid or lying upon one another, often haphazardly
_n. a mound comprising feces, esp. animal droppings
_n. an orderly or organized pile

n. an amoeboid, motional, multinucleate mass of protoplasm that ingests food, constituting the vegetative phases of plasmodial slime molds
n. any of several parasitic protozoans of genus Plasmodium, some of which cause malaria

plurality/relative majority
n. the number of votes cast for a winning candidate or party, often short of 50%

n. the number by which a winner's votes exceeds those of the runner-up

n. government by the wealthy
n. a state or society ruled by the wealthy
n. a wealthy class that dominates a government

n. a subject or course of study precursive to advanced study of an art or science

n. a printed brochure delineating and advertising a forthcoming project, enterprise or academic course to attract potential members, clients, investors or students

n. the sociological or statistical study of political elections

n. anything that resembles an intestinal worm

n. that which secures safety, fortifying and defending from assault, damage or injury

n. something that resembles something else

n. something which or someone who is the direct opposite of another in sequence, character, effect, position, direction, etc.

n. an authoritative rule pertaining to conduct or procedure

n. a hot, strong, sandy wind of the Arabian and Saharan deserts

n. a bright, fiery or sparkling particle

n. the facts of a situation

n. the totality of a team's or competitor's points scored in a game or contest

n. a letter or percentage representing assessed quality, esp. that of a student's work

n. an angular indentation or incision in a surface or edge, esp. one denoting a single item of a tally
_n. a groove, incision or notch cut by a tool, esp. an axe or saw
_n. a notch incised on or in a tally

n. anything of inferior quality, esp. products or fabric

n. thread or yarn wound in a long, loose coil
n. anything akin or reminiscent of such a coil, as a lock of hair

n. the rear airstream generated by an aircraft's propeller
n. the airstream behind any moving object or vehicle that reduces air pressure and produces forward suction

n. a visible track or trail, esp. of a wild animal followed by a hunter in pursuit of game

n. a small, contrasting patch of color, light or texture
_n. a circinate macule

n. a firework comprised of a cardboard tube filled with explosive powder, the fuse of which burns to sound a sibilance ere exploding

n. a permanent rule established by an organization or institution

n. any of a number of tiny, parallel grooves, such as the scratches left by a glacier on rocks, or the streaks or ridges in muscle tissue

n. any underlying layer

n. a light carriage of two wheels, drawn by one horse and admitting a single occupant

n. the most vital, important, essential or choice part of anything, esp. an idea or experience

n. a state exerting hegemony over another's foreign affairs, usu. while affording it domestic autonomy

n. a detailed, systematic procedure intended to realize an objective
_n. any clever scheme intended to obtain an advantage
_n. a temporally organized plan for matters (duties, events, etc.) awaiting attendance, usually formatted as a list
_n. a wily, covert plan for an illegal, sinister or underhanded purpose
_n. a scheme carefully executed over a prolonged period
_n. a devious stratagem intended to effect evasion or circumvention
_n. a deceptive tactic concocted to befool, snare or stymie
__v. a wile intended to confound, cozen, ensnare, foil or outwit an opponent

n. any record of an amount

n. one of two books, sheets of paper, etc. on which corresponding data of an account is recorded
n. any account or score recorded on wood or paper, esp. that kept in duplicate

n. the branch of science concerned with the classification of organisms
n. any classification of organisms into groups based on similitude of structure, genetic origin, etc.
n. the practice of classifying plants and animals according to their presumed natural relationships

n. "planned progress:" the advancement of society by dint of harnessed natural and social processes, and an adherence to scientific method

a. located on that farther side

av. to or toward that place

n. the initial temporal or spatial point of a new state, experience, endeavor, journey, etc.
_n. a point beyond which something occurs

n. a shorn portion of one's head, as a cleric's crown

n. anything that fluctuates, rises and falls, waxes and wanes like the waters of a tide

n. a chart listing the departure and arrival times of trains, buses or airplanes

n. anything given or done in expression of esteem or appreciation

n. periodic payments signifying subservience, tendered by one nation or ruler to another in exchange for peace or protection

n. payment extorted by racketeering gangsters on threat of violence

(treasure) trove
n. any secreted store of valuable or delightful articles of usu. unknown proprietorship, esp. that which is buried

n. an aircraft's direction, course or compass heading

n. a belief, idea, principle, etc. verified or commonly accepted as true

n. something (esp. money) risked by pledge on the outcome of a game, venture or future event
_n. a wager embodying the sum of a precursive bet and its winnings
_n. a cumulative series of wagers, by which accrued winnings are utilized as a stake for others subsequent

n. a row of dust, leaves, snow, etc. heaped or swept together by eolian force
n. a row or line of hay, grain, etc. left to dry anterior to being raked into cocks or heaps
v. to arrange hay or other crops in windrows

n. a small or twisted piece, bunch or amount of something slender, as a tuft of grass, lock of hair or bundle of hay

av. in addition; as a further matter (used to introduce a new or related factor or consideration)

conj. in spite of the fact that (used to introduce or conclude a statement contrasting, contradicting or citing exception to some prior purport)

av. in spite of; all the same (used to introduce or conclude a statement contrasting, contradicting or citing exception to some prior purport)


a. existing in thought or as an idea without physical or concrete existence; conceived apart from any specific object or instance

n. a purely theoretical idea not associated with any specific instance

abstraction/abstract entity/concept/conception/construct
n. a general idea developed by derivation of common aspects or attributes from specific examples

n. the branch of philosophy treating of taste and beauty as perceived or contrived in art or nature, wherein the evaluative criteria that apply to art are expatiated

a posteriori/inductive
a. of, regarding, involving or denoting reasoning illated from observation, experiment or experience in lieu of theory or first principles

a posteriori/empiric/empirical/experiential/experimental
a. derived from or requiring evidence, experience or observation for validation or support

a priori/deductive/syllogistic(al)
a. of, employing, pertaining to or signifying reasoning deduced from a theory or general principle instead of empirical observation

a priori/deductive
a. inferred from theoretical deduction rather than observation or experience

a priori
a. known to be so, and thus requiring no evidence or experience for validation or support

n. an assertion advanced to be maintained or proven in argument
_n. a controversial argument, esp. one deploring or exploding an opinion or credo

n. a universally established or accepted principle

n. an obviously true statement

n. a fundamental rule or principle of established validity in a religion, philosophy or field of art or science that governs belief, conduct and procedure, and in compliance with which something may be judged, decided or compared

a. of or relating to Rene Descartes, his philosophy or his mathematics
n. an adherent of Cartesian theory, thought or methods

n. a resolution of moral conundra (esp. those occasioned by an apparent discordance of principles) attained by an illustrative analysis of instances in which said principles are applicable

n. whatever is known

n. an object of perception; any object or phenomenon that's perceived

v. to be logically connected and therefore consistent

n. the logical or causal connection of isolated facts by a hypothesis

a. accord of inductions derived from discrete data sets

n. a difficult, insoluble, paradoxical or perplexing problem

n. any system of principles or convictions, esp. that which constitutes the ethical or intellectual foundation of an economic, philosophical or political institution
_n. a doctrine that esteems the pursuit of pleasure as the summum bonum
_n. a credo that equates morality and gratification
__n. a hedonistic creed propounded by Epicurus contending that the world is a contingent combination of atoms, and that cultivation of and indulgence in pleasure and luxury (contrasted with pain and anguish) represents a moral ideal

(Hegelian) dialectic
n. an exchange or debate of two logical arguments intended to conciliate two contradictory propositions (thesis and antithesis) to yield a new theory (synthesis) rather than establish the verity of either

n. any collocation, interaction or resolution of discrepant concepts

a. of, concerning or employing dialectic

n. the philosophy positing that one is the center of his or her universe

n. the belief that the summum bonum is self-interest

Epicurus (341?-270 B.C.)
n. Greek philosopher who asserted that the world is a random aggregation of atoms, and that pleasure is the greatest good to which one can aspire

a. of or relating to Epicurus or Epicureanism
n. a disciple of Epicurus or exponent of Epicureanism

n. of, regarding or involving knowledge

a. of, appertaining to or prompted by epistemology

n. the branch of philosophy concerning the foundations, nature, methods, scope and validity of knowledge

n. the art or practice of logical (often specious) disputation

a. of, regarding, applied or suitable to public debate or argument

n. the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances
n. a general statement or concept obtained by inference from specific cases

generalization/induction/inductive reasoning
n. reasoning by inference from detailed facts to general principles

n. any educational method or procedure that stimulates a student's interest in learning by promoting assessment, experimentation and investigation
a. of or regarding educational methods encouraging a student's initiative for experimentation and evaluation
a. advancing discovery or learning
a. encouraging or enabling someone to discover or learn something for themselves

a. of or pertaining to any speculative procedure or contrivance employed as a means to approximate or resolve a problem

heuristic rule
n. a rule or set thereof, by abidance of which one is expected to better the likelihood that they'll resolve a problem

n. a provisional surmisal propounded to explicate an obervation, phenomenon or problem, from which argument or investigation may proceed

inconsistency/mutual exclusivity/repugnance
n. a relation between contradictory propositions

n. development of individual instances from general or universal phenomena

n. a method of reasoning by which the antithesis of a proposition is inferred from its own argument

a. of, according to, derived from or predicated on reason, a particular method of reasoning or sound judgment

n. a doctrine asserting that the world may be bettered by positive human effort

non sequitur
n. a conclusion or inference that does not follow from its evidence or premises

a. of or relating to the quiddity or nature of being
a. of or relating to the branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature of existence

n. an evidently ludicrous or contradictory statement that may be true, as "ultimately, we're just beginning"

n. any illogical or unsound averment or thesis
_n. a contention wherein a premise or premises are omitted on the basis that they're patent
_n. an erroneous statement or argument predicated on an invalid premise or inference
__ignoratio elenchi
__n. a fallacious refutation of a proposition extraneous to its substance, and perhaps germane to a related matter
_n. an assertion of integral self-contradiction, as "nobody will attend such a crowded screening"
__n. an intrinsic, insoluble paradox or logical disjunction of an argument, postulate, theory, etc.
_n. an inadvertently incorrect contention or conclusion
_n. a subtle, specious argument

n. the total body of wisdom regarding nature

polestar/pole star
n. any guiding rule or principle

v. to assert or assume a necessity, reality or verity as a basis for debate or reasoning

n. a statement that affirms or denies something, and may be true or false
_n. a proposition deemed self-evident or true, proposed as a basis for discussion or reasoning
_n. a proposition ensuant to the interchange of predicate and subject: "no virtue is vice; no vice is virtue" or "some soot is filth; some filth is soot"
_n. a proposition sequent of another and proven by the same rationale
_n. a proposition derived from another by negation of its predicate and a reversal of its quality from affirmative to negative, or vice versa: the obverse of "she's always intrepid" is "she's never trepid"
_n. a proposition assumed or proven to be true, from which a conclusion is inferred, or on which an argument is based
_n. a proposition systematically deducible from postulates or premises

n. Pyrrho's Skeptic doctrines postulating that the preservation of tranquility and disregard of life's extraneous circumstances (in light of perceptual unreliability) are the bosom of wisdom

n. absolute skepticism

n. the notional fifth and highest element (after air, earth, fire and water); the Pythagoreans believed that ether was the substance composing all heavenly bodies and latent in all physicality

n. a process of logical and methodical reasoning

n. the ascription of corporeality to an abstraction

rudiments/postulates/fundamentals/fundamental [OR] first [OR] basic principles/basics
n. basic, irreducible assumptions or concepts that cannot be deduced from any others and constitute the basis or foundation of a method, system or theory

n. an ethical or moral principle that restrains iniquity

n. a conventional principle or belief, esp. one ordinarily adjudged superannuated or irrelevant

Socratic method [OR] debate/maieutic method
n. an interrogative mode of instruction whereby a preceptor addresses their students with a succession of dialectic or logical queries to actuate critical thought and induce an apprehension of knowledge by response; employed by Socrates to elicit verities from his students

n. the theory asserting that only one's own mind or self may be acknowledged or verified

n. a deliberately delusory, fallacious and artful method of disputation or reasoning

v. to classify or include an idea, instance, proposition, etc. in a more comprehensive or inclusive category
v. to deem an instance or case as part of a rule or principle

summum bonum
n. the supreme or greatest good, wherein all moral values inhere, or from which they're derived

n. deductive reasoning whereby a conclusion is derived from two premises: "Every virtue is laudable; efficiency is a virtue; therefore: efficiency is laudable."
_n. either of a syllogism's two propositions, from which a conclusion is educed
__major premise [OR] premiss
__n. a syllogism's first premise, which contains its predicate: "All birds have feathers..."
__argument/mean/minor premise [OR] premiss
__n. the second premise of a syllogism, which posits its subject: "A duck has feathers..."
_n. a proposition inferred from the major and minor premises of a syllogism: "...ergo, a duck is a bird"
_n. a syllogism containing a tacit or unstated premise or conclusion

n. the conciliation, fusion or union of different religions, principles, philosophies, ideologies, cultures, etc.

n. a statement that is necessarily true by the virtue of multiple corresponding propositions: "Either he'll arrive on time or he won't."

telos (pl. tele/teloi)
n. the ultimate purpose or end of a process

a. capable of being maintained in argument

n. a coherent set of hypotheses that exposit a class of phenomena, esp. those that are widely accepted in a particular field

n. an enduring or indispensable aesthetic or ethical truth of fundamental significance


a., av. with hands on hips and elbows projecting sidelong

v. to take on a particular position or attitude, esp. to be drawn, painted or photographed

n. a position or posture reflecting one's mood or immediate emotion

a. (of a cat) seated with body resting on legs and head raised

a. seated upon horseback

v. to cast oneself face-forward on the ground, as in humility, reverence or submission
v. to lie facing the ground or an underlying surface, as in submission

a. lying facedown, with one's ventral side to the ground or a surface

v. to stand unsteadily

v. to assume a horizontal position on the ground, in a bed or reclining chair, etc.
_v. to lie by leaning back; to rest in an (usu. slightly) inclined position
_v. to lie while resting
_v. to lie when dead

a. lying flat, as on the ground or a bed

a. lying back at a slight cant, esp. in a comfortable position

a. lying face upward upon one's back

v. to sit or lie with one's limbs awkwardly spread
n. an ungainly posture whereby arms and legs are spread in an inelegant manner

v. to lean one's body forward and down from the waist
n. an inclination of a body's top half forward and downward
_v. to bend one's knees and stoop
_n. a crouching act or posture

v. to lie drenched in a fluid (esp. blood)


n. of exceptional quality or merit; extremely good
_a. without equal by virtue of superlative excellence, eminence or singularity

a. lessened of effect, force or potency
_a. gradually diminshed

a. departing from or different than any average, accepted or expected standard constituting normality; out of the ordinary
_a. seldom experienced, found or occurring
_a. conspicuously odd

a. provoking, deserving or esteemed in arrant contempt or hatred

a. continuing or lasting for an indefinitely long span; seeming to never end or cease

n. a quality that enables fulfillment of an action or function, usu. acquired by practice
_n. an inherent, congenital, often superior proficiency in assay of a particular discipline or purpose
_n. comprehensive knowledge of a subject or consummate skill in pursuit of a discipline
_n. manual skill
__legerdemain/prestidigitation/sleight of hand
__n. exceptional dexterity conducing or employed in the execution of conjuring tricks
_n. creative or artistic competence
_n. occupational technique
_n. a (often instinctual) proficiency for or sensitivity of language

a. possessing or exhibiting ability in practice of a discipline or execution of a task
_a. possessing or demonstrating exceptional mastery or skill
_n. skilled in the use of one's hands: manually proficient
_a. smoothly, efficiently, often cunningly adroit

a. extremely or outrageously bad
_a. conspicuously horrible
_v. too horrible to be mentioned or discussed

a. originating in a specific area, as of a region or country

a. possessing or exemplifying a specified characteristic without restriction, limitation or exception; utilized as colloquial intensifiers, usu. of pejorative context

a. (of power or authority) subject to neither conditions nor restriction

a. difficult to comprehend or severalize

a. furnishing added support; functioning in a supporting capacity

a. just so good to suffice

a. required by, or conforming or according to accepted or ordinary use, standards or practice

a. happening by chance rather than intent or design
_a. incidental, yet concurrent or seemingly related

a. matching or in agreement with the actions, feelings, function, sentiments, etc. of another or others

n. conformity to truth or fact

a. in accordance with verified facts

actual/authentic/bona fide/genuine/kosher/legitimate/real/substantial/substantive/true/veridic/veridical/veritable
a. truly and verifiably what it is represented or claimed to be; in no way artificial, counterfeit or spurious

a. of a decision, event, phenomenon, etc. entailing great significance, effect or consequence

a. apt or designed to cling to a surface or another object
_a. slghtly sticky, esp. afore drying, as paint or glue

a. of or pertaining to fat
_a. containing or consisting of fat
_a. resembling fat
_a. derived from fat
_a. secreting fat

a. connected as or serving in a position of inferior (often secondary) rank

a. without preparation or forethought

ad lib/extemporaneously/extemporarily/extempore/impromptu/offhand/unpremeditatedly
av. without preparation or premeditation

ad rem/applicable/apposite/apropos/germane/material/pertinent/relevant
a. logically relating or significant to an immediate matter

a. degraded by admixture with impure or inferior elements

a. presenting providential circumstances or auguring success

a. conducive to the pursuit or realization of an objective
_n. nonessential yet useful
_a. serviceable, though possibly improper or unethical

a. opposed to one's interests or welfare; likely to preclude success or development

a. serving or meant to inform; supplying information

a. of or pertaining to wind
_a. arranged, carried or produced by wind
_a. bounteous of strong winds
__a. abruptly blustery
_a. (of winds) blowing downward (esp. downhill), ordinarily during nocturnal periods when air cools and condenses

a. continuing, enduring, existing or lasting forever; never ending or ceasing

a. enkindling the emotions
_a. eliciting distress
__a. severely upsetting
__a. acutely agitating
_a. exciting mild anger or frustration
__a. persistently irritating by some mode of importunity, as nagging
__a. constantly annoying or troubling
_a. to one's liking; eliciting pleasure
__a. distracting one's attention by provision of enjoyment
__a. extremely pleasurable
_a. stimulating sexual desire or excitement
__a. provoking lechery
_a. inspiring fear
__a. suddenly frightening
___a. numbingly alarming
__a. extremely fearful; arousing great fear or dread, esp. by depiction or evocation of death, decay or injury
_a. not pleasant or enjoyable; kindling distaste
__a. profoundly disagreeable to one's senses or sensibilities; exciting visceral or somatic disgust or aversion
__a. morally or socially exceptionable, esp. erotically so
__a. glaringly offensive
__a. highly distasteful
__a. mildly offensive
_a. kindling sadness
__a. evoking depression
__a. affecting grief, as that of the bereaved
__a. touching great unhappiness
__a. eliciting or deserving commiseration

a. gathered or formed together into a (usu. incoherent) mass

a. quick, light and well-coordinated in movement or action
_n. tough and nimble

a. at variance with the actions, feelings, function, sentiments, etc. of another or others
_a. strikingly or shockingly incongruous

n. the quality of being alike

a. alike in character, form or function (esp. in a manner illustrative of the constitution of those compared), though not identical
_a. corresponding in relative position or structure

a. of the same ancestry; related by blood of familial relation or descended from a common ancestor
_a. mutually cognate by a common father or lineage thereof
_a. consanguineous by a differing lineage
_a. consanguine by a mother or her lineage

a. acting, moving, occurring or reacting with formidable speed
_a. suddenly swift

n. great speed of action or motion

av. done or felt without reluctance, hesitation or compunction

a. of, regarding or similar to a member of a municipality's legislative body

a. represented, claimed or appearing as such, though not necessarily so

a. relieving or moderating distress, pain or sorrow

n. of or concerning a representative's signature

n. the power to provoke pleasure, interest and admiration; any attractive quality

a. arousing and regularly retaining curiosity and interest
_a. extremely interesting, occupying the totality of one's attention
_a. provocatively, often indelicately or scandalously fascinating

a. joined or formed into a single, coordinated entity, mass or whole

a. exciting great wonder or surprise by virtue of significance, improbability or exceptional singularity

n. incertitude attendant of multiple possible interpretations or indefinite meanings

a. admitting numerous possible meanings or interpretations thereof

n. a pleasing property
_n. a fantastically felicific feature

n. containing plenteous space

a. eliciting laughter
_a. risible or hysterical by virtue of foolishness or incongruity
_a. subtly, elegantly witty
_a. humorously lewd
__a. slightly, usu. suggestively raunchy
_a. weirdly or whimsically funny
_a. irreverently or insincerely amusing
__a. spitefully tongue-in-cheek; expressing derision with sneering, witty irony
__a. phlegmatically facetious; of humor expressed with an impassive pretense
__a. cynically facetious
_a. extremely funny, esp. when provoking hearty or irrepressible laughter
_a. (of wit or humor) effortlessly, playfully brilliant

a. firmly, immovably, often permanently emplaced or implanted

a. sexually ambiguous; possessing traits of both or neither gender

a. lacking vitality
_a. gradually becoming languid

a. of or like a feeble or senile old woman

a. afflicted by a destitution of values

a. exclusively and mutually different in action, character, direction, effect, meaning, nature, order, position or relation and thusly incompatible
_v. (of two parts or varieties) converse

a. not genuine, or what it's purported to be
_a. fabricated as a credible imitation of something for a fraudulent or deceptive intention

a. designed or intended to deter or dispel evil

a. aesthetically, logically, etc. acceptable or palatable for an occasion, purpose or situation

av. in a due, fit or becoming manner; as anything ought be

a. of, regarding, consisting of or resembling water
_a. containing water
__a. containing excess water
_a. of, relating to or characterized by rain
_a. distinguished, formed or effected by a plenitude of rainfall
_a. of, being, derived from or regarding water occurring or available above the water table

a. of a secret or hidden meaning

a. intended for or understood by only a select few of specialized knowledge or interest

a. extremely, often bitingly cold

a. compelling or demanding tremendous, exhausting physical or mental exertion
_a. interminably operose and ultimately futile

a. of, regarding, belonging to or characteristic of hereditary nobility

a. extremely evident by virtue of some distinct prominence or attribute; attracting attention

a. characterized by, pertaining to or suggesting severe self-discipline and abstention from all indulgences and luxuries

n. uncompromising self-discipline and rigorous abstinence from indulgence and luxury

a. distinguished by a dearth of intelligence
_a. barren of intelligence and vitality: sluggishly and usu. clumsily stupid
_a. smugly stupid

a. consisting of or incorporating differing components, elements, features or forms
_a. copiously diversified

a. relating to or characteristic of regression to a primitive or ancestral type or character

n. of, concerning or characteristic of ancient Attica, neighboring Athens or the Athenians

n. elegantly simple or pure

n. a distinctive property by which individuals or objects may be identified or distinguished
_n. a quality of a circumstance, condition, problem or subject
_n. an aggregate of attributes that distinguish one person or thing from others
__n. an intrinsic or inborn individuality
_n. a character shared by several
_n. an odd property
_n. any conspicuous characteristic
_n. a unique trait
_n. any inherent lineament

a. effectuating or promoting a gradual diminution of strength, number or mass

a. without ornament; sparsely adorned

a. difficult to use, convey or carry for an irregular conformation, excessive magnitude or immoderate weight

a. lacking grace or coordinated ease of movement

a. used, performed, obtained, devised or achieved in concealment

a. inflicting damage or harm
_a. exerting, inflicting or involving injurious or destructive force
__a. intended to violently or arbitrarily enforce compliance
_a. operating or proceeding with surreptitious inconspicuity to ultimately malign effect

a. of low or inadequate quality, as a performance, product, service, etc.
_a. extremely or especially inferior

a. portending misfortune, menace, harm, evil or cataclysm

n. any attribute imparting stability

a. of or regarding baths or bathing

a. lacking originality (usu. ensuing exploitation of exhausted concepts, trends or tropes), and often consequently predictable, embarrassing or dull
_a. banal by unregenerate adherence to convention
_a. stale for a shortfall of imagination

a. (usu. followed by in or *of) not possessing a sufficiency of a quality
_a. (usu. followed by of or *from) wholly without an attribute or capacity

a. sumptuously ornamented and distinguished by intricacy and complexity of detail

a. unable to procreate

a. immoderately or artificially emotional

a. (of a person) sexually attractive or exciting
_a. (of a woman) foxy and sexually mature

a. smudged, smeared, ingrained or covered with filth
_a. abhorrently filthy, usu. attendant of poverty or neglect
_a. grungy with grease
_a. begrimed with soot

a. deeply cleft into two parts or lobes, as a petal or leaf

a. pertaining to, affecting or essayed by two or both sides, parties, etc.

a. enlarged or expanded by internal gaseous or fluid pressure
_a. slightly swollen
_a. uncommonly tumefied

a. not especially or remotely interesting
_a. exceedingly, painfully tedious

a. of, belonging to, concerning, composing or representative of the middle class

a. induing vitality and energy; stimulating health and strength
_a. energizing anew

a. slightly salty, as briny sea water immingled with the fresh water of an estuary

a. consisting or constructed of brass
a. similar to the color or durability of brass

a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of a dandy

a. able or apt to float upon or rise to the surface of a liquid or gas

a. difficult to bear, as grueling labor or repression

a. dim, misty and consequently gloomy

a. innocent of practical or required experience or training

a. relating or conforming to established and usu. procedural rules

a. capable of burning, corroding, dissolving or destroying matter (esp. living tissue) by chemical action
_a. exceedingly corrosive

a. of, for, concerning, involving or suitable for a festival

a. not subject to denial, dispute or doubt; impossible to disaffirm by virtue of verity

a. apt to change
_a. suddenly or violently labile

a. not or never changing; remaining the same

a. causing or characterized by excited or confused unrest, disorder or conflict

a. signifying a quality or character of a person or thing that distinguishes it from others
_a. existing as a permanent, essential characteristic of something or someone
__a. intrinsic from birth, as an aptitude or physical trait
_a. distinguishing a person or group

a. of, involving or pertaining to generosity for the benefit of those in need
_a. exercising and demonstrating munificence for the poor and needy by furnishment of money, property or work

a. enjoying, or characterized or occurring by favorable chance

a. conforming to and thus characteristic and representative of a currently popular trend or style

a. appreciably, moderately, often uncomfortably cold

a. ostentatiously and crudely or tastelessly colorful or ornate

a. deviating from a direct course to a longer route or method; not straightforward

a. representing the unequaled excellence of a class or kind; worthy of imitation

a. of, concerning or comprising an accurate, distinctive example of a class, quality or type
_a. exemplary of an original type or model
_a. of, regarding or forming a perfect or purest example

a. qualified for arrangement or organization in a class or category

a. of, distinctive of or comprising a decisive phase or moment

a. holding together
_a. sticking or stuck together, as by glue or another adhesive

a. in sound, logical concord: never erroneous by discrepancy

a. capable of thinking and expressing oneself in a perspicuous, consistent manner

a. of, characteristic or expressive of a group
_a. collectively conducted, created, planned or realized
_a. collectively and equally owned or shared

comme il faut/conventional/correct/decorous/formal/proper/orthodox/right/seemly
a. conforming to etiquette or protocol

a. deserving or worthy of praise or esteem

a. (of hardware) capable of joint function or interaction
_a. (of different computers or systems) able to exchange and share data
_a. (of software) executable on a computer or in an operating system
_a. (of software) capable of functioning or being compiled for execution in different operating systems
_a. (of files) accessible with different programs

a. constituting an undiminished entirety; containing all essential or necessary elements or parts

a. (of punishment or retribution) appropriate to the crime or wrongdoing; fitting and deserved

a. fit to be excused or forgiven, as a minor affront or trespass

a. lacking a logical or coherent sequence or continuity

n. a potential or capacity to be connected
n. a capacity for hardware interconnection

a. characterized by or occurring in continuous succession: following one after the other

n. of the same essence, nature or substance [as something else]

a. subject to control
_a. easily controlled or managed

a. able to be assembled, esp. with ease

a. (of an atmosphere or event) friendly, lively and enjoyable

n. a milieu characterized by or conducive to friendly, lively sociality

a. signed jointly

a. characterized or generated by, or attendant of growth by gradual addition or inclusion

a. briskly performed, without attention to detail; not thorough
_a. excessively hasty

a. fraught with uncertainty and some risk of harm or death
_a. dangerously insecure or unsteady, esp. if liable to fall

n. vigorous, distinctive, elegant style

a. done or intended to deceive; inducing belief in what is not true

a. (usu. unintentionally) likely to prompt false belief

a. able to be sustained or defended against assault or injury
_a. sufficiently robust or otherwise secure to resist attack and frustrate invasion or entry

a. lacking in needed or desired size, extent or degree

a. failing to fulfill what one's duty, obligation or responsibility requires

deluxe/de luxe/grand/lavish/Lucullan/lush/luxe/luxuriant/luxurious/luxury/opulent/plush(y)/posh/rich/ritzy/sumptuous/swank(y)
a. of, conducing, distinguished by or furnishing superb, elaborate quality and splendid, elegant luxuriance, esp. that necessitating great expense

a. requiring exceptional sedulity, skill or resources

de rigueur
a. required by etiquette or protocol
a. required by present fashion

a. fine and translucent, as a thin, light fabric

a. intended or serving to instruct, as by teaching
_a. of, concerning or furnishing exordial instruction

n. the quality of being neither similar nor equivalent to another or others
_n. a difference between conflicting claims, facts or opinions
_n. any subtle variance of character, color, feeling, expression, meaning, sound, taste, tone, etc.

a. not like another's or each other's character, form, nature or quality
_a. (of multiple things or people) unlike one another
_a. (of multiple accounts, claims, opinions) differing
_a. of a dissimilar type
__a. fundamentally and entirely heterogeneous
_a. different from others of the same type or standard

a. existing as or constituting a different or independent constituent, entity or occurrence

n. the quality of being distinct from others

a. intended to postpone, esp. by dint of some temporizing diversion

av. without delay; at once

a. directed downward, as one's eyes or a trajectory

a. causing or forcing to move forward or onward

n. any quality distinguished by or reflecting two parts or aspects

n. any physical or mental faculty for intense or operose exertion
_n. muscular power or strength

a. requiring or achieved with paltry or no difficulty

av. without difficulty or inordinate effort

a. furnishing moral or intellectual instruction; imparting knowledge, understanding or insight

a. producing or capable of producing an intended or desired result or effect
_a. effectual with minimal effort, expense or waste

a. (of a male) possessing or exhibiting feminine characteristics

a. of, based on or pertaining to selection by vote

a. of, regarding or serving as a visible symbol of something, esp. a particular property or concept

a. inducing vomiting

a. softening or smoothing, esp. to skin

a. peculiar or confined to a certain region or population, as an organism, disease or condition

a. far surpassing a typical amount, degree or extent

a. of, regarding, having or characterized by luxuriant, often refined predilections or habits, esp. in regard to cuisine; devoted to sensual pleasure

a. identical in value, quantity, degree, force, significance, etc.

a. of or pertaining to horsemen or horsemanship
a. of, regarding or composed of knights or other breeds of mounted warriors, esp. the Holy Roman Empire's imperial free knights

a. wearing matter down, off or away by pressure or motion
_a. eroding by application of friction (esp. rubbing)

a. not correct: containing, characterized by or derived from error
_a. superficially or seemingly plausible, yet false

a. fabricated as an artificial (and usu. inferior) substitute for something else

n. the distinctive temperament of a culture or an era manifest by its prevailing values, convictions, aspirations, etc.

a. treating of and focused on European culture, history and peoples

n. a quality distinctly contrary to morality

a. eliciting memories, images or feelings, esp. by similitude to that visualized

a. (of demands) exceeding all bounds of reason or propriety

a. subject to exchange, return, replacement or negotiation for another of correspondent or equivalent substance or function

a. owned by or restricted to a single person or party

a. not admitting something or anything else

a. of or regarding the outside

a. intended or suitable for the general public by virtue of an essentially accessible quality

a. adopted, attempted, established or performed as an experiment on an uncertain or temporary basis

a. not germane to certain circumstances or an immediate matter
_a. of superficial relevance

a. unfettered in an excessive, imprudent expenditure of funds or other resources

a. neither contained in nor forming the essence of something: not inherent

a. working or acting with ease or fluency

a. (of theories or arguments) ostensibly neat and comprehensive in disregard of pertinent complexities or nuances

a. of, concerning or consequent of faction
_a. of or regarding exponents of cultural, ethnic, political or religious secession from a group, organization or country
_a. prone to dissever into smaller groups or factions, esp. from a larger association
_a. fomenting division between dissenting or opposed factions

a. destitute of ability, influence, or power; unable to take effective action

a. vacant of the proficiency or knowledge required to execute a task or fulfill a responsibility

n. any quality or power that enables or conduces healthy and bounteous production, esp. of offspring

a. producing or capable of producing new growth (crops, fruit or other vegetation) or offspring (eggs or progeny)
_a. amply fecund; bearing fulsome productive or reproductive growth

a. of, regarding or beseeming an offspring
a. denoting a generation or sequence of generations succeeding that of the parental

a. not subject or susceptible to change or variation, as of form, quality or nature

a. incapable of moving or being moved

a. constantly changing

n. any destitution of good sense or sound judgment, esp. that engendering disaster
_n. imprudent mismanagement of resources and concerns

n. any dearth of significance

a. unpleasantly threatening in manner or appearance

a. characterized by, demonstrating, exerting or possessing force and power

a. admirable by virtue of exceptional strength, intensity, excellence, enormity, etc.

a. abounding in, filled with, disgorging, obnubilated by or smelling of smoke

a. adapted, adjusted, designed or optimized for specific needs, purposes, circumstances or individuals
_a. created or modified in accordance with personal specifications

a. pertaining, distinctive or becoming to either the female or male sex

n. sumptuous, imposing beauty and elegance exhibited publicly

n. of, pertaining to, consisting or constructed of gold
_a. coated with gold leaf or paint

a. characterized by an extravagant, ostentatious exhibition of gravitas or significance, esp. that purposed to impress and betraying insufferable vanity

a. resembling, containing or consisting of grease

a. of a period characterized by pleasant repose or eudaemonia

a. promoting good health of mind or body; beneficial to one's health

a. of or concerning hedonism or hedonists
_a. relating to or suitable for an epicure
_a. pertaining to sybarites

a. of or characterized by austere solitude or a lifestyle thereof

a. conferring or demonstrating honor or respect

a. not composed of matter; neither material nor physical

a. of no importance whatsoever
_de minimis/desipient/dinky/fiddling/foolish/footling/frivolous/inconsequential/inconsiderable/insignificant/light/lilliputian/little/marginal/negligible/niggling/nugatory/paltry/peripheral/petty/picayune/piddling/piffling/pissant/slight/small/superficial/trifling/trivial/unimportant
a. of such minor significance as to warrant disregard

a. impossible to comprehend

a. without personal reference, relation or connection

a. possessing neither a personality nor human traits; not existing as a person

a. of any variance entailing mutual opposition or inconsistency beyond resolution

a. (of marks, stains, etc.) impossible to erase or obliterate

a. incapable of being surmounted or overcome

a. impossible to subdue or defeat

a. impossible to escape or evade; certain to happen

av. (done or occurring) by necessity or force of circumstance

a. impossible to explain

a. existing, graded, located or occurring between two stages, points, extremes, etc. in time, place, order, etc. or of status, size or quantity
_a. centrally intermediate between two extremes or limits of a property such as degree, quantity or size
_a. existing in an intermediary state between liquid and crystal

a. of or pertaining to conflict within a group, organization, nation, etc.
a. mutually destructive: ruinous or fatal to both or all belligerent parties

a. (of a coating or sealant) swelling when heated to protect underlying material or seal a gap

a. incapable of being decreased, reduced or simplified

a. of or regarding tears

a. of or concerning gemstones
a. of or pertaining to the art of cutting, engraving, polishing and setting precious stones

a. of or relating to the feudal relationship between a suzerain and vassal

a. comprised of or simultaneously operating correspondent or identical devices

a. tracing, regarding or predicated on maternal descent

a. readily remembered
_a. (of memories) persistently perturbing, pleasant or poignant
_a. permanently memorable; too affecting, evocative, impressive or potent to ever be forgotten

a. of, relating to or characteristic of a prostitute

a. deserving a reward

a. having many aspects
_a. innumerably multifaceted

n. produced by natural (instead of human or supernatural) forces or phenomena

a. of or relating to newborns

a. recently created, introduced, obtained or produced
_n. unprecedentedly, uniquely or strikingly new

a. (of aerospace technology or operations) normally or acceptably functioning or accomplished

a. of, regarding or prescribing an established or ordinary standard

n. originality by virtue of being new and unique, esp. refreshingly so

a. of, pertaining to or idiosyncratic of a stepmother

a. serving no practical purpose

a. of, characteristic of, composed of, containing, regarding or resembling oil
_a. producing oil

a. including, pertaining to or providing for several items, matters or objects simultaneously

a. of, regarding or suggestive of dreams

a. of, concerning or involving the simultaneous performance of multiple operations
_a. of, concerning or involving transmission of multiple, concurrent signals or messages along a single channel or circuit of communication

a. no longer fashionable

a. of, regarding, characteristic of or belonging to the aristocratic families of the Roman Republic, who held the nigh-totality of senatorial and praetorian offices

a. based on, pertaining to or tracing paternal descent

a. of or characteristic of a teacher

a. of or pertaining to philately, the study and collection of postage stamps and postmarks

a. (of a meeting) to be attended by all members, who might otherwise convene in smaller groups

a. of, pertaining to or typical of a state or society governed by the wealthy

a. suggesting, representing or indicating in advance
_a. foreshadowing in warning of some future calamity or evil

a. of a prevenient action, event, text, etc. that presents or prepares for a principal event or subject

a. regarding, establishing or dictating rules, laws or instructions

a. possessing or exerting superior power or influence
_a. rising in power or influence

a. immoderately concerned with masculinity and male sexuality

a. of, regarding, befitting or exemplary of a prince

a. designed or serving for testing or trial, as to provide demonstration or evidence

a. easily adopting various forms, shapes, roles, etc.

a. characteristic of a province's trifling and unsophisticated inhabitants

a. of, regarding, belonging to or associated with a rural administrative division of a country or empire

a. of or concerning punishment
_a. prescribing punishment
_a. inflicting or intended as punishment

a. serving a purpose

a. posessing, indicating or acting for a purpose

n. someone's or something's inherent, invariant nature

a. given, expressed, experienced, felt or done by each of two or more parties toward the other or others

a. commanding or worthy of respect or honor
_a. deserving or commanding profound respect and awe, usu. by virtue of advanced age, attainment, identity or position

a. impossible to control, govern, manage, restrain, etc.

a. generating bacterial or fungal decomposition of organic matter

a. produced by or otherwise consequent of putrefaction

a. of or pertaining to systematic instruction, esp. that taught at a school or university
_a. of or regarding institutionalized education

a. of or resonant of a funeral or inhumation

a. of, relating to or redolent of a tomb

a. shriveled and shrunken for want of moisture or aliment

a. of, regarding, consisting of, occuring or arranged in a series

a. of or concerning the successive performance of multiple operations

single/singular/sui generis/unique
a. constituting an individual class; being the only one of its kind

a. regarding, provoking, ensuing, connoting or characterized by bloodshed

a. inducing sleep or somnolence

a. deceptively attractive or gratifying

a. like or resembling a sphinx

a. incited, elicited or done by natural impulse without conscious volition or intention

a. spreading, growing or disposed in an irregular, often untidy manner, as paths, buildings, vegetation, etc.

a. of superior spiritual, moral, intellectual or aesthetic character, standards or values

a. (of fluid, light, etc.) apt or able to spread or penetrate throughout

a. slow to act or respond to stimulation

a. no longer commonly used, esp. when superseded
_a. becoming or increasingly outmoded

a. executed beyond requirement or expectation

a. concerning, involving or acting as a parent and guardian of a child who is neither cognate nor legally adopted

a. of or relating to tension

a. of, regarding or representing the earth or life thereon

a. of, pertaining to, occurring on or belonging to land

a. (of the sky) darkened by ominous clouds portending inclement weather

n. sparing prudence in the management and utilization of resources (money, food, etc.)

a. (of a position, status or title) existing in name only, though bereft of authority or power
_a. retired from active duty or office but retaining one's honorary, nominal title or rank
_a. (of a position or title) nominal and honorably conferred

a. highly resistant to wear, pressure, decay or damage; not easily breached or broken by adverse conditions or careless handling
_a. durably constructed
_a. extremely durable

a. extremely, often uncomfortably hot
_a. (usu. exceedingly or excessively) hot and humid

a. puzzlingly, often deviously or hopelessly intricate

n. evident, emblematic, usu. characteristic features or objects associated with a particular role, scenario, state, etc.

a. (of a situation) easily upset, consequently difficult to manage and necessitating discreet tact, prowess or diplomacy

a. of or concerning a cave-dweller, esp. that of a prehistoric era

a. in a deplorable condition of severe disrepair and deterioration sequent to age, neglect or use

a. of, concerning or affecting first principles or basic aspects of a subject

a. not restricted, restrained or controlled

a. widely or frequently encountered, expected, experienced or observed

a. (of a fetus or newborn) adequately developed to survive thereout its uterus
a. (of seeds, eggs, etc.) capable of life, growth and development prior to hatching, germination, etc.

a. categorically needed to achieve an objective or fulfill a function
_a. required by circumstance or dictate as a prior condition

a. capable of flight

a. apt to provoke violence or calamity

a. subsisting on live prey
_a. ravenous and rapacious; esurient whilst hunting for prey

a. following from, executed with or distinguished by malice without justification, motivation or provocation

a. extravagantly, impractically, unrealistically imaginative and idealistic

a. (of weather) distinguished by plenteous precipitation and fierce winds, thunder or lightning
_a. briefly tempestuous

a. difficult to discern for a deficiency of distinct character, form or shape

a. of, concerned with or peculiar to the present physical world or matters thereof in lieu of the spiritual

a. of or concerning ethnic groups and individuals of light hair and skin

n. the spirit of a time: predominant trends of thought or sentiment characteristic of a historical period


abbey (Roman Catholic)
n. a convent managed by an abbess
n. a monastery supervised by an abbot
n. a church constituting an annex of a monastery or convent

n. a ceremonial rite of bathing that lustrates one's body and soul
n. liquid (usu. water) used to cleanse one's body, esp. as a function of a religious rite

ablution (Roman Catholic)
n. the ritual washing of sacred vessels or a priest's hands

absolution/shrift (Roman Catholic)
n. an ecclesiastical remission of one's sins administered by a priest in the sacrament of penance

absolution (Roman Catholic)
n. the act of absolving one of their sins; sacred redemption as declared by a priest in the sacrament of penance
n. the condition of being so absolved ensuing that sacrament

v. to wish or invoke evil or misfortune upon someone or something

n. a verbal evocation (usu. addressed to a deity or other supernatural power) to inflict evil, doom or cataclysm on a person or collective
_anathema (Roman Catholic)
_n. a formal ecclesiastical curse of excommunication, usu. pronounced by a pope or archbishop
_n. any person or thing anathematized by clerical or papal authority

aegis (Greek, Roman)
n. the goatskin shield of Zeus or Athena (Jupiter or Minerva), at the center of which the Gorgon's head is fastened

agape (Christian)
n. a spiritual, asexual love for God, Christ or other people, often accounted a paragon of Christian sentiment
n. a religious meal conducted as a token of Christian fellowship, held by early Christians to commemorate the Last Supper

Alcyone (Greek)
n. the daughter of Aeolus, so aggrieved by the death of her husband King Ceyx that she drowned herself and was transmuted by divine intervention into a kingfisher

altar (Christian)
n. a table in a Christian church where communion is administered
n. a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are placed, or religious rites performed
_baldachin/ciborium (Christian)
_n. a canopy standing on four pillars over an altar
_n. a white linen cloth upon an altar on which the Sacrament's ciborium and chalice are laid

ambo (Christian)
n. one of two raised, oblong pulpits in which the gospels and epistles were read in early Christian churches

anachoret/anchoress [OR] anchoret/anchorite/eremite/hermit
n. a religious recluse

a. of, regarding or beseeming religious recluses or their practices

"Anathema Maranatha" (Abrahamic)
n. an emphatic expression of anathema; Maran atha: "Our Lord cometh"

n. a doctrine asserting that the souls of wicked people are eradicated upon death, rather than condemned to an afterlife of suffering on earth or in hell

antinomianism (Christian)
n. a theological doctrine asserting that Christians may achieve salvation solely by bestowal of faith and divine grace, fulfillment of which exempts them from scriptural, moral or civil laws

n. renunciation of or departure from a religion, political party, ideology or cause, often in favor of another

v. to abandon one's party, faith or convictions

n. someone who renounces a religion, ideology, or any other faith, cause or principles

apostolic(al) (Christian)
a. of, regarding or contemporaneous with Christ's twelve Apostles
a. of, concerning or derived from the practices and doctrines of Christ's twelve Apostles

apostolic(al)/pontifical/papal (Roman Catholic)
a. of or pertaining to the pope, deemed the successor of St. Peter
_a. befitting or characteristic of a pope or pontiff
_a. ordered by or subject to a pope

n. the exaltation of a person to the rank of a god
_n. deification of oneself

v. to esteem someone as a god or godlike; to worship as or exalt to the position of a god
_v. to worship a material object (esp. a simulacrum) as a deity or representation thereof

Argonaut (Greek)
n. any of the heroes who sailed with Jason to Colchis on the Argo on his quest to claim the Golden Fleece

Armageddon (Christian)
n. the ultimate, climacteric battle between the forces of good and evil precursive to the Day of Judgment, as foretold in the Apocalypse of Saint John
n. the Armageddon's locus

assume (Christianity)
v. (of God) to intromit someone's soul into heaven

atonement (Christian)
n. the reconciliation of man and God engendered by Christ's redemptive life and sacrificial death
n. the lineaments of God or Christ as epitomized in mankind

n. penitence for one's sin provoked by a fear of damnation rather than the love of God

auspex/augur (Roman)
n. a religious official of ancient Rome who interpreted omens (esp. those educed from avian activity) to advise authorities regarding matters of public policy

n. worship of oneself

avatar (Hindu)
n. the manifestation of a Hindu deity (esp. Vishnu) in superhuman, human or animal form

v. to condemn to divine, eonian punishment

n. any system of beliefs, principles and practices fundamental to a form of theistic worship

n. an invocation of divine blessing usu. performed at the conclusion of a religious service

Benediction (Roman Catholic)
n. a brief service comprehending prayers, a Eucharistic hymn and the blessing of the congregation and sacrament

benefice (Roman Catholic)
n. an endowed church office furnishing a fixed income and property to its hieratic beneficiary

benefice/rectory (Anglican)
n. an endowed church office (commonly that of a rector or vicar) furnishing a fixed income and property to its holder

benefice (Roman Catholic, Anglican)
n. the property or revenue of a benefice
v. to afford a benefice

n. a priest's book containing hymns, psalms and prayers recited daily in the divine office during the canonical hours

Broad Church (Anglican)
n. a latitudinarian Anglican party, movement and doctrine of tolerance and reason that assumed de facto preponderance in the Church of England during the 18th century

caduceus (Greek, Roman)
n. the winged staff twined by a brace of serpents carried by the messenger god Hermes (Mercury)

n. a fundamental rule or principle of established validity in a religion, philosophy or field of art or science that governs belief, conduct and procedure, and in compliance with which something may be judged, decided or compared

canon (Christian)
n. the Bible's collective books recognized by any Christian church as genuine holy scripture
n. an ecclesiastical decree or law promulgated to regulate morality or practice

canon (Roman Catholic)
n. a prayer of the Mass consecrating the Host to be consumed
n. a complete register of saints recognized by the Roman Catholic church

canonic(al) (Christian)
a. of or included in the Biblical canon
a. of, relating to, prescribed by or in accordance with canon law

catafalque (Roman Catholic)
n. a structure shaped to resemble a coffin and draped with a pall, signifying the corpus at a Requiem Mass

catechesis (Christian)
n. oral religious instruction imparted to children or converts antecedent to baptism or confirmation, often conveyed via maieutic method

catechetic(al) (Christian)
a. of, regarding or involving oral religious insruction in preparation of a baptism or confirmation

catechize (Christian)
v. to instruct someone in the rudiments of Christianity by means of Socratic method

Catholic (Christian)
a. of or pertaining to the ancient, undivided Christian church
a. of or relating to any Christian church (Anglican, Orthodox, Roman Catholic, etc.) asserting representation of the foregoing church of antiquity, esp. those perpetuating the apostolic succession of bishops

Catholic (Roman Catholic)
a. of or concerning the Roman Catholic church

n. a container wherein incense is burned during religious services

chancel (Roman Catholic)
n. the space in a church circumferent of its altar, usu. enclosed by a lattice or railing and occupied by the clergy and often the choir

Chimera (Greek)
n. Typhon's daughter: a distaff, fire-breathing monster embodied of a lion's head, goat's body and serpent's tail

ciborium (Roman Catholic)
n. a lidded vessel shaped like a goblet in which the consecrated bread or wafers of the Eucharist are contained

n. a trained member of a religious order authorized to conduct religious worship, as an imam, minister, priest or rabbi
_archpriest (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest of the first rank in a cathedral chapter, acting as chief assistant and subordinate only to its bishop
_canon (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest who is a permanent member of a cathedral chapter's staff
_n. a monk of the Augustinian or Premonstratensian Canons
_coadjutor (Roman Catholic)
_n. a bishop designated to assist and succeed a diocesan bishop
_cordelier (Roman Catholic)
_n. a Franciscan friar of the order of the Friars Minor
_curate (Protestant)
_n. any cleric who administers a parish
_n. a clergyman who assists a rector or vicar
__parson/rector (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican divine who manages a parish and collects its tithes as his income of this benefice
__vicar (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican curate paid a stipend in lieu of the tithes allocated to a rector
__rector (Episcopalian)
__n. a clergyman supervising a parish
_imam/imaum (Islam)
_n. a Muslim cleric who leads recitation of prayer in a mosque
_a. a priest or priestess in classical antiquity who purported to serve as a divine medium and presaged future events
_minister/parson (Protestant)
_n. a cleric of a Protestant denomination, as a pastor or rector
__pastor (Christian)
__n. a minister in charge of a church and its congregation
_n. any ecclesiastic of high rank or office, as an abbot, archbishop, bishop or cardinal
__abbot (Roman Catholic)/archimandrite (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a priest who oversees a monastery
__primate/archbishop (Roman Catholic)
__n. a bishop of the higest rank who presides over the archdiocese or archbishopric of a province or country
___n. an archbishop whose purview extends to one or multiple suffragan sees
__Primate (of all England)/Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican)
__n. the Church of England's chief bishop, whose influence as a leader guides the global Anglican church
__vicar (Roman Catholic)
__n. a Roman Catholic priest assigned the delegacy of a prelate (as a primate, bishop, abbot, et al.) or the pontiff
_provincial (Christianity)
_n. any cleric (as an archbishop or metropolitan) presiding over an ecclesiastic province
__metropolitan (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a provincial ranking betwixt an archbishop and a patriarch
_rector (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest administering a Roman Catholic institution, as a university, religious house or Jesuit seminary
_shrift father (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest to whom confession is recited
_vicar (Anglican)
_n. a clergyman in the Church of England acting as a substitute or deputy for a rector or bishop
_vicar (Episcopal)
_n. an Episcopal cleric governing a chapel

n. a residence of religious seclusion, as a convent or monastery
n. life in a cloister

n. an informal conference wherein discussions of theological matters are conducted

commination (Anglican)
n. a liturgical recitation of divine threats against sinners performed during Ash Wednesday

concordat (Roman Catholic)
n. a pontifical pact with a secular government regarding Catholic legality

confess (Roman Catholic)
v. (of a penitent) to profess one's sins to a priest or to God in the presence of a priest to obtain absolution
v. (of a priest) to hear a penitent's confession, so to subsequently administer his or her absolution
_shrive (Roman Catholic)
_v. (of a priest) to hear a confession of, assign a penance to and absolve a penitent
_v. to avow one's sins to a priest, receive absolution and perform one's delegated penance

n. a prayer for a deity's aid, forgiveness or guidance

n. earnest dedication to God and ardent observance of religious tenets

n. (of the Holy Trinity) of the same divine essence, despite their dissimilar aspects

n. sincere repentance for one's sins inspired by a love of God

cope (Roman Catholic)
n. a long, loose cloak worn by a priest or bishop over an alb or surplice in a procession or during a litugical function

n. a small table adjoining an altar on which bread, wine and vessels of the Eucharist are placed ere the consecration of those elements

credo (Christian)
n. a musical setting of The Nicene Creed

creed (Christian)
n. any proclamation of essential Christian belief, as The Apostles' Creed
_n. The Apostles' Creed
_n. The Nicene Creed, being the third constituent of Roman Catholic Eucharist

a. (of friars or nuns) barefoot or indued with sandals

a. of, regarding, from, expressed by, characteristic of or being a deity

n. a sanctioned body of principles immanent of a religion and appurtenant to matters of morality and faith

ecclesiastic(al) (Christian)
a. of or concerning a church or the Christian church

ecumenic(al)/oecumenic(al) (Christian)
a. of or pertinent to the global Christian faith
a. purposed for or concerned with constituting and advancing unity among religions and denominations thereof

n. an inhabitant of an element (earth, fire, water, wind) existing in an intermediary state between living humans and spirits

a. of or regarding the finality of mankind and the world

n. a doctrine or branch of theology concerned with conclusive events: death, the Second Coming, the Last Judgment, and the ultimate destiny of humankind

a. of, pertaining to or affecting the spirit or soul

evangelist (Protestant)
n. an itinerant, missionary or occasional preacher

Evangelist (Christian)
n. any of the four Apostles who authored the New Testament's Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke or John

evangelist/gospeler (Christian)
n. a preacher who instructs of or professes faith in the gospels

n. someone (often a clergyman) who advocates or leads a religious revivial

n. a critical explanation or interpretation of Biblical scripture

n. a person proficient in analysis and interpretation of religious texts

a. of, regarding, existing or occurring beyond the physical world or universe

n. a (usu. ceremonial) celebration of a religious holiday, esp. a saint's day
_Carnival (Roman Catholic)
_n. a frolic fiesta contiguously anteceding Lent

v. to bow while bending one knee to a floor before a religious superior or image as a demonstration of worship

n. a biography of a saint or saints
n. composition of a hagiography

halcyon (Greek)
n. a mythical bird that nested on the sea's surface during the winter solstice, and possessed the power to calm winds and waves

hallelujah/alleluia (Christian)
n. any sacred musical composition based on the hosanna, "hallelujah"

hecatomb (Greek, Roman)
n. a public sacrifice of 100 oxen to the ancient gods

n. any belief, doctrine or opinion at variance with a religion's established tenets

n. the innovator or chief exponent of a heresy
n. the leader of a heretical sect

n. a religious disquisition ordinarily proclaimed by a cleric in address of a moral or scriptural topic, intended to edify their congregation

hosana/hosannah (Christian)
_i., n. an impassioned exclamation of praise or adoration to God
_hallelujah/alleluia (Christian)
__i., n. a hosanna, literally: "praise the Lord!"

hymnody/hymnology/psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing hymns

hymnody/hymnology (Christian)
n. the composition of hymns
n. the study of hymnal classification, composition, history, etc.

hymnody/psalmody (Christian)
n. hymns collectively

imam/imaum (Islam)
n. a Muslim spiritual guide and esteemed authority of Islamic theology and law
n. one in a succession of seven or twelve divinely inspired Shiite religious leaders descended from Muhammad

in petto (Roman Catholic)
a., av. (of cardinals papally appointed but not disclosed in the consistory) secret, private; secretly, privately

interdict (Roman Catholic)
n. a punitory ecclesiastical or papal censure rescinding a person's or locality's privileges of certain sacraments (save communion) and Christian burial

n. a prayer obsecrating God for succor or forgiveness

Lamia (Greek)
n. the beauteous queen of Libya and consort of Zeus, whose children were either abducted or murdered by Hera, and who resorted in her envious, dolorous madness to devour the children of others -- a transgression that metamorphosed her into a serpentine monster

latitudinarian (Anglican)
n. an Anglican of the 17th-19th century opposed to the dogmatism endemic to the Church of England, whose exegesis was based on reason

n. tolerance and freedom of opinion in matters pertaining to religious belief and exegesis

lavabo (Roman Catholic)
n. a large stone washbasin of a medieval monastery

leviathan (Judaism, Christianity)
n. an immense, monstrous sea beast prominent in the Tanakh and Old Testament

n. a syncretic religion founded by the Persian prophet Manes in the third century that coalesced and reconciled Zoroastrian dualism of light and dark, Gnostic philosophy, selected tenets of Christianity, Buddhist ethics and Babylonian folklore; though broadly propagated throughout the Roman Empire, Manichaeism declined to moribundity by 1000 A.D.

a. of or relating to Manichaeism or Manichees

n. an adherent of Manichaeism

muadhdhin/muazzin/muezzin (Islam)
n. a mosque's cryer, who vociferously convokes the Islamic faithful to prayer from its minaret five times daily

Muse (Greek)
n. any of nine sororal goddesses born to Zeus and Mnemosyne, each of whom presided over and inspired afflatuses of an art or science

narthex (Christian)
n. an early Christian or Byzantine church's lobby or portico leading to its nave by way of a railing or screen

nave (Christian)
n. the central area of a church flanked by aisles, spanning from its narthex to its chancel

n. religious observance of law or laws

numen (pl. numina) (Roman)
n. a deity or spirit that inhabits or presides over an object or place

nuncio (Roman Catholic)
n. a papal ambassador: any diplomat representing the Holy See at a foreign capital or court
_n. a papal envoy ranking immediately beneath a nuncio

n. a layperson dedicated to religious life, esp. one affiliated with a monastic order

n. any offering to a god, as a libation or sacrifice

oblation (Roman Catholic)
n. the offering of consecrated elements during the Eucharist

a. of, pertaining to or assuming the authority of an oracle

a. of, resembling, regarding or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy; pertaining to or associated with mystical or spiritual interpretation
_a. cryptically prophetic
_a. gravely prophetic

paean (Greek)
n. a hymn of praise or exultation, ordinarily sung to invoke or thank an ancient deity, esp. Apollo

Panacea (Greek)
n. a goddess of universal remedy who healed the ailing with a poultice, born to Asclepius and Epione

n. belief in and worship of all gods
n. a doctrine asserting that:
__a) God is the totality of the universe and all its phenomena
__b) the universe is a manifestation of God

patrimony (Christian)
n. an ecclesiastic estate or endowment

n. worship of nature

n. ascription of physicality to deities and other divine beings

posada (Roman Catholic)
n. a Latin American Christmas festival in which the legend of Joseph and Mary's search for accommodation is dramatized

a. of or regarding the period or condition preceding the fall of Adam and Eve

presbytery (Presbyterian)
n. a local court comprising its vicinity's church ministers and elders 
n. those ministers and elders who compose a presbytery
n. ecclesiastic government of and by a presbytery
n. churches in a presbytery's jurisdiction

presbytery/rectory (Roman Catholic)
n. a parish priest's residence

primacy (Christian)
n. the office, period, province or rank of a senior bishop, primate or the pope

v. to asseverate one's faith in a religion and its doctrine, or allegiance to its order
v. to take the vows of and join a religious order or congregation
v. to admit someone into a religious order

n. the appeasement of a deity, esp. that attained with a conciliatory offering

providence (Christianity)
n. guardianship and guidance as exercised by God
n. any manifestation of God's foreseeing care for and protection of his creatures
n. God in a context of providence

provision (Roman Catholic, Anglican)
n. an appointment to an ecclesiastical office (esp. a benefice)

psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing psalms
n. the composition of psalms
n. any musical arrangement of a psalm
n. psalms collectively

n. one who worships fire

n. worship of fire

recusants (Roman Catholic, Anglican)
n. noncompliant English Catholics of the 16th to 18th centuries who refused to attend Anglican church services and suffered legal and social penalties for their recalcitrance

redemption (Christian)
n. salvation from sin effectuated by the death of Christ

(Protestant) Reformation (Protestant)
n. a religious movement of the 16th century commenced by John Calvin, Martin Luther, Philipp Melanchthon, et al. as an endeavor to reform the Roman Catholic Church that resulted in the schismatic inception and institution of the Protestant churches

n. a receptacle in which holy relics are reposited

reprobate (Calvinism)
n. an irreclaimable sinner predestined to everlasting damnation
a. rejected by God and condemned to amaranthine damnation
v. (of God) to abandon or consign to eternal damnation

rubric (Christian)
n. directions for the conduct of Christian church services, often printed with red ink in a liturgical text, as a prayer book, missal, hymnal, etc.

sacerdotal/priestly/hieratic(al) (Roman Catholic)
a. of or regarding priests or a priesthood

sacrament (Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant)
n. one of seven traditional Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox or Anglican ceremonies instituted by Christ to accord sanctifying grace: baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointment of the ailing, matrimony or ordination
n. either of two sacred Protestant rituals that confer consecration: baptism and the Eucharist
_(Holy) Communion/Eucharist/Mass/Sacrament (Christian)
_n. a sacrament in which bread and wine representing Christ's divine body and blood are consecrated and consumed by a congregation

sacrament/Eucharist (Christian)
n. the consecrated elements eaten during the Eucharist

sacristy/vestry (Christian)
n. a room within a church where sacred vessels and vestments are reposited and ecclesiastics habilitate

a. inviolable by virtue of a sacred condition

v. to render or declare holy and dedicate to a religious purpose by means of religious ceremony

v. to free from guilt, sin or spiritual corruption
_v. to purify by means of a religious ritual or ceremony, as propitiation or ablution

scapular(y) (Roman Catholic)
n. a loose, sleeveless, often cowled monastic garment worn over the shoulders

schism (Christian)
n. a formal division within or separation of a church into two denominations
n. the secession of a group in dissent regarding doctrinal variance

a. of, distinguished by or fomenting division between dissenting or opposed factions

shrift (Roman Catholic)
n. a confession of sin communicated to a priest, and his subsequent absolution of the professing penitent
n. the act of confessing one's sins in the presence of a priest

n. (Greek, Roman) a female oracle or prophet of antiquity
_n. one who believes or follows a sibyl or sibyls

simony (Roman Catholic)
n. traffic of ecclesiastic appointments, benefices, indulgences or relics
_n. traffic of ecclesiastical preferments

Stentor (Greek)
n. a mythical herald of the Trojan War who possessed an exceptionally loud voice and perished after losing a shouting contest with Hermes

stoup/stoop (Roman Catholic)
n. a basin containing holy water, into which the faithful might dip their fingers before crossing themselves; ordinarily mounted to a wall immediate to an entrance for the convenience of worshipers

n. a female demon believed to inflict a pernicious effect while engaging sleeping men in sexual congress

a. of or pertaining to heaven as the abode of God

n. the customary, suicidal autocremation of a Hindu woman upon her husband's funeral pyre
n. a Hindu widow who cremates herself on her husband's funeral pyre

sylph (Paracelsus)
n. a mortal, soulless, usu. female elemental being that inhabits the air

n. the conciliation, fusion or union of different religions, philosophies, ideologies, cultures, etc.

tabernacle (Roman Catholic)
n. a bedight box emplaced upon a church's altar that contains the sacrament
n. a niche wherein a statue or relic is enshrined

n. the belief that the origin of all life was a miracle

n. the execution of miracles

n. a visible (but not perforce material) manifestation of a deity beheld by a human or humans

n. divine, often miraculous intervention in human affairs

transubstantiate (Roman Catholic)
v. to transmute the Eucharist (bread and wine) into the body and blood of Christ

uncovenanted (Abrahamic)
a. neither committed to a relationship with God through the appointed means of grace nor assured His divine promises or salvation

undine (Paracelsus)
n. a mortal, soulless, usu. female elemental being that inhabits water

n. an undead, sentient, nocturnal corpse sporting protrusible canine teeth who rises at night to drink the blood of the living
_n. a female vampire

vespers (Roman Catholic)
n. that sixth of the divine office's seven canonical hours, first recurring during the early evening and now a public service every Sunday and fete day
_placebo (Roman Catholic)
_n. vespers of the office for the dead

vespers/evensong/Evening Prayer (Anglican)
n. an evening service of prayer and Biblical readings

n. any appearance or arrival of a supernatural being, esp. a deity
n. an instance of divine calamity, castigation, relief or reprisal


n. the right or permission granted to enter

n. the right to receive an annuity

n. the right to be attended before others or furnished preference
_n. the state of being the first in position, rank or significance: priority exceeding and preceding that of all others

n. the freedom or power to act or decide in accordance with one's own judgment

n. the power to exert an effect, exploit an advantage or realize an objective by dint of one's wealth, eminence or social or political connections

n. the supreme right to command

n. the act of cancelling someone's inheritance
n. a state of disinheritance

n. a limited right afforded to one owner of property over that of another, as of passage or free access to water

n. the right to exit

a. (of a group or populace) accorded the authority to elect

n. exclusive tenure of an estate attributing its inheritance to a specific line of heirs

n. the supremacy, leadership or preponderant influence of one country, class or ethnicity over another or others
_n. the hegemonic authority, power or domain of a suzerain

n. freedom or opportunity to do or think what one pleases

a. of a legitimate marriage between a royal or noble and a peer of lower rank; neither the inferior of the betrothed nor their offspring may accede to titles or inherit property of the superior

noblesse oblige
n. a moral obligation of the wealthy or elite to acquit themselves with prodigality and politesse towards those less privileged

n. a (usu. legal) right to possess or dispose of something
_n. individual ownership of (usu. real) property

n. an inheritance by right of birth (esp. that of primogeniture)

n. a right or privilege reserved exclusively by a particular person or group
_n. an eldest offspring's prerogative of inheritance

a. of or pertaining to a firstborn offspring's precedent patrimony

n. the sovereignty or jurisdiction of a prince

n. executive or legislative power to prevent or quash legislation


a. possessing or emitting a distinctive odor
_a. distinguished by or emitting a pleasant odor
_a. emanating an offensive odor
_a. (of scents) keenly potent

n. a foul, potent, possibly poisonous odor

v. to diffuse a scent over or through
_v. to permeate with a fragrancy
__v. to embalm with incense
_v. to suffuse throughout

n. the pleasant scent of rain on earth or rock, most readily perceptible following a rainstorm, esp. that occurring posterior to a prolonged period of warm, dry weather


(visual) acuity
n. sharpness of vision: the visual faculty to perceive fine detail

a. clearly revealed to one's sight; easily seen

v. to overspread with light

a. eradiating or reflecting much light
_a. extremely or intensely bright
__a. blindingly blazing
_a. softly, gently luminous

n. the state or quality of emanating or reflecting light
_n. intense or extreme effulgence
_a. soft luminance

v. to visually perceive with one's eyes
_v. to view thoroughly, rigorously, attentively and often minutely, esp. in assessment
__v. to scan so to isolate or discern whatever is most germane or significant
__v. to furtively watch
__v. to examine comprehensively
_v. to observe in rumination
_v. to catch sight of something distant or indistinct, esp. with strenuity
__v. to briefly (usu. momentarily) espy
_v. to directly, fixedly view someone or something with fascination, hostility, intent, vacuity, etc.
__v. to stare in amazement
__v. to gaze with one's eyes wide open, as in stupefaction
__v. to gaze flirtatiously or salaciously

v. to shine with a wavering, unsteady light, as a candle or star
_v. to flicker dimly
_v. to bicker softly

a. of or exhibiting a very broad, extensive view, as from the perspective of an altitude or distance

a. of or regarding reflection or reflectors (esp. mirrors)

n. a French photic standard approximating 9.74 candelas, predicated on the output of a Carcel lamp that consumes forty-two grams of colza oil per hour whilst emitting a flame of forty millimeters' height

v. to put or send forth light, shadow, etc. on a surface
_v. to cast an image

v. to emit light briefly and suddenly
_v. to gleam by reflecting light
_v. to flash in intermittence
__v. to twinkle in reflection
_v. to coruscate with bright, usu. small points of light
__v. to sparkle by reflection of light

n. an abrupt, fleeting, fulgent light
_n. an intermittent gleam
_n. a gleam consisting of little sparks
__n. a reflected sparkle

crepuscular rays
n. rays of sunlight visibly shed from specific points, such as cloudy lacunae

a. fading from sight, usu. apace

a. looking downward

ignis fatuus/will-o'-the-wisp
n. nocturnal, phosphorescent light that flickers, flits and hovers over swampy ground, surmised to eventuate from combustion of effluvium

n. any emission of light unrelated to thermal generation at relatively low temperatures, usu. caused by biological and/or chemical processes
n. luminescent light
_n. luminescence caused by a chemical reaction
_n. chemiluminescent light
__n. chemiluminescence produced by living organisms such as fireflies, glowworms, jellyfish, certain bacteria or fungi, etc.
_n. luminescence issued by a substance irradiated by electromagnetic radiation, as visible light or x-rays
_n. fluorescent light
__n. fluorescence that persists awhile after its generative radiation has ceased
__n. phosphorescent light
_n. luminescence generated by friction, as by certain crystals when they're crushed

a. emitting light neither generated by nor radiating heat
_a. luminescent for a chemical reaction
__a. (of living organisms) chemiluminescent
_a. luminescent when exposed to electromagnetic radiation
__a. enduringly fluorescent, as from the slow oxidation of phosphorous
_a. luminescent when chafed, crushed, torn, etc.

v. to increase the apparent size of something, as by the refraction of a lens

v. to make less visible
_v. to obscure with clouds
_v. to cut or shut off from view
__v. to shroud with clouds

a. facing or turned toward an observer

a. admitting neither the passage of light nor concomitant visibility; not transparent or translucent

n. the science or scientific study of light
_n. a branch of physics treating of vision and the functions, generation, phenomena, propagation and properties of light
__n. a branch of optics concerned with visual reflection, esp. mirrored images
__n. a branch of optics dealing with photic refraction
__n. a branch of optics addressing photic reflection and refraction
_n. the study of signal lights, such as those of lighthouses
_n. a branch of biology concerning the effects of light on living organisms, as plants or animals

n. an apparent, erroneous shift in an object's position consequent of its observer's

n. a fluid, illusory, often oneiric series of associated images, as phantasms

n. rings or spots of visual light induced by excitation of the retina, as by pressure applied to the eyeball under a closed eyelid

a. of or regarding light

n. movement stimulated by exposure to light
_n. responsive motion to or from light
__n. motion or growth of a sessile organism toward or away from light

n. chemical decomposition caused by exposure to light

n. measurement of photic properties, esp. illuminative intensity
_n. measurement of thermal intensity of violet and ultraviolet light
_n. measurement of photic polarization

n. the deflection of light passing from one medium to another in which its velocity differs
_birefringence/double refraction
_n. split of an unpolarized ray of light into two polarized, unequally refracted rays, as through certain crystals

n. refractive intensity

n. visual or apparent similarity
_n. a vague, unreal or superficial likeness

n. anything seen or well worth seeing
_n. a (usu. alfresco, extensive) sight of a location
__n. a vista seen from a specific site
__n. a broad, unobstructed view of a surrounding area, esp. a landscape or seascape
__n. a perspective beheld through a long, narrow passage, as between rows of buildings or trees

n. a photograph or graphic of a spectrum

a. dimly illumined; lacking light
_a. stygian or replete with shadow or shadows

a. permitting the passage of light so diffused that things or people positioned behind, beneath or beyond are obfuscated

a. of or concerning shade or shadows

a. admitting an absolute passage of light, so that whatever's or whoever's situated behind, beneath or beyond can be clearly seen

a. (of light) not bright; of very low intensity


v. (of a sound) to make or become similar

a. offensively coarse to the ear
_a. loudly discordant
_a. (of a voice) harshly grating
__a. (of a voice) gutturally deep in pitch
__a. (of a voice) slightly hoarse

n. sharp, slight snapping sounds 

n. a crackling noise within the chest sounded during pneumonia or other diseases afflicting the lungs
n. the rude sound of a broken bone's edges when they rub against one another

a. pleasant to the ear
_a. euphonically flowing
_a. softly dulcet
__a. richly mellow

n. the repeating gurgle of liquid poured from a bottle

v. to make silent

v. to become quiet

n. the sound of a bell rung slowly, esp. to herald a death, funeral or hour
v. (of a bell) to ring slowly and somberly, esp. during a funeral

a. (of sound) great in volume and intensity
_a. loudly discordant
_a. harshly, loudly, metallically resonant, as the ringing sound produced by a brass instrument
_a. keenly strident and high-pitched
_a. loudly resounding
_a. (of a voice) extremely loud

n. a sound or sounds heard at night

n. a sustained, strident, ordinarily reverberant noise or succession thereof, as that of large bells
_n. a peal produced by bells

n. a sound's individual height or depth, determined by its frequency

n. the murmuring sound produced by flowing, rippling water
v. (of a liquid, usu. water) to produce such a sound

n. the deflection of sound passing from one medium to another in which its velocity differs

n. refractive intensity

n. a condition or quality of sonic prolongation by reflection and sympathetic vibration
_n. loud resonance

a. (of sound) protracted and often amplified by reflection and vibration
_a. loudly resounding
_a. clearly resounding

a. producing or augmenting sonority

v. to sound with prolonged reflection and vibration
_v. to loudly resound
__v. (of bells) to sound with a peal whilst swinging
_v. to reverberate clearly
_v. to reverberate deeply, as thunder or drums

n. a low, sustained, sonorous sound, as that of thunder

v. (of bagpipes) to emit a shrill wail
n. the stridulous wail produced by bagpipes

n. the noise of hoarse or labored, snorting, somnial respiration

a. generating or conducting sound

n. sound (esp. noise) distinguished by brief, abrupt sunderance
a. (of sounds) shortly, suddenly severed

n. the gradation of sonic intensity

n. the sharp, snapping sound of a whip's blow

n. a short, sharp buzz of high pitch, as of a shot bullet or tautly plucked string
v. to sound a zing, usu. by speeding

n. a brief, keen, hissing sound, as of an object in flight
v. to produce a zip by festinating


n. liquid (usu. water) used to cleanse one's body, esp. as a function of a religious rite

n. any substance that wears, scrapes or grinds away, often to buff, clean, hone, polish, sand or smooth, as sandpaper, pumice, emery or other powdered surface cleansers

n. an appurtenant drug immixed or administered with another (esp. an antigen) to enhance its effect

n. volcanic rock consisting of fused rounded and angular fragments

n. a procedure by which precious metals (esp. gold and silver) are extracted from their ores when treated with mercury to create an amalgam

n. a hard, lucent fossil resin of yellow, orange, red, brownish-yellow or tawny coloration, harvested from extinct coniferous trees; often used as a component of jewelry or other ornaments

n. a substance (esp. a drug or lotion) that causes contraction and constriction of bodily tissues and canals

n. woolen or cotton fabric napped to emulate felt, dyed bright green and utilized as a covering for cue sporting tables and lining for firearms cases

n. coarse gravel or crushed rock or stone laid as a foundation for street tarmacadam and railroad ties
n. a mixture of coarse and fine, sandy gravel aggregate with which concrete is made

n. any of various fragrant oleoresins derived from trees (esp. the Balsam fir) and shrubs, and used as an ingredient in medicines and perfumes
n. a fragrant ointment containing a balsam

n. a bitter, alkaline, brownish- or greenish-yellow fluid secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and discharged during digestion into the duodenum, where it conduces emulsification, digestion and absorption of consumed fats, and neutralizes acids

n. fine soot derived from the smoke of burnt carbonaceous materials that's bestowed as a pigment and ingredient of carbon electrodes, dynamo brushes, explosives, fertilizers, lubricants and matches

n. an especially rich vein, pocket or mine of ore

boneblack/bone charcoal
n. a residual black pigment created by roasting bones in airtight receptacles and used as a filtering medium, polish ingredient and sugar decolorant

n. any compound comprehending bromine, such as methyl bromide
n. a salt of hydrobromic acid composed of bromine and another element
_(potassium) bromide
_n. a white, soluble, crystalline bromide formerly employed in photographic emulsion and lithography, and as a sedative; superseded in its latter function by safer drugs and discontinued in 1975

caoutchouc/gum elastic/rubber
n. an extremely elastic material of light cream to dark amber colors obtained from the latex or sap of tropical plants (usu. of the Hevea and Ficus species) that's polymerized by coagulation, dried, dyed, finished and fashioned into various products: automotive tires, elastic bands, electrical insulation, etc.

n. any substance capable of chemically burning, corroding or dissolving another, esp. living tissue
_calcium oxide/calx/(burnt [OR] calcined [OR] fluxing [OR] unslaked) lime/quicklime
_n. a white, lumpy, caustic crystalline powder used as an industrial alkali, flux and refractory, to produce calcium hydroxide, and to manufacture glass, insecticides, paper, steel, etc.
_n. a corrosive bestowed in etching
_(oil of) vitriol/sulfuric acid
_n. a colorless to brown (depending on its purity), dense, oily, highly corrosive acid readily miscible with water; utilized extensively as an industrial and scientific reagent, and in the manufacture of detergents, drugs, dyes, explosives, fertilizers, paints, pigments, etc.

n. a piece of something chewable or chewed, such as a stick of gum or plug of tobacco

n. a thick, soft, tufted cord or yarn composed of cotton, silk or worsted velvet applied in embroidery, fringing, trimmings, etc.
n. a fabric consisting of chenille, from which bathrobes, bedspreads, rugs etc. are fashioned

n. vitrified refuse resulting from smelted metal or ore
_n. oxidized, mostly metallic scum that forms on molten metal surfaces

n. cindery, crusty, dark, porous, solidified cellular lava

n. a heavy, vermilion mineral comprised of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury

n. the coconut husk's prepared fiber applied as a component in the manufacture of rope, matting, etc.

n. a hard, solid mass formed by the local, cohesive accumulation of matter, esp. within a mass of sediment
n. the process by which matter accrues into a concretion

n. particles of loose material (gravel, rocks, silt, stone fragments, etc.) broken or worn away by attrition from a mass
_n. a mass of rocky rubble that covers or constitutes a slope at the base of a cliff or hillside, or on a mountainside
n. scattered fragments of something that has been destroyed or broken into pieces, esp. demolished buildings

n. decomposing matter (esp. leaves and branches) covering a forest floor

n. noisome vapors emanating from putrescent matter or other waste

n. any agent (esp. a cream or lotion) applied to skin to soften or soothe it

n. a concentrated extract of a substance
_n. a fragrant, floral essential oil, often exploited as a base for perfume
_n. liquid essence, usu. extracted by distillation
_n. a pure essence containing the most concentrated form of its principle

n. any liquid substance oozed, esp. through pores

n. a single, slender structure of natural or synthetic substance, such as hair, string or wire
_n. an especially or relatively small fiber

n. intestinal gas accrued of bacterial fermentation or swallowed air in or from the stomach

n. any substance that induces or conduces flow or fusion, as to refine metals by merging with impurities to form disposable slag, avert the oxidation of fused metals or facilitate the flow of plastics during mold injection

n. a cumulation of small gas bubbles produced by agitation or fermentation on a fluid surface

n. a heavy, coarse woolen fabric featuring a long nap, usu. only on one side

n. slender, usu. tubular glassy rock generated by lightning when it strikes and fuses rock or sand

n. a gray, heavy mineral mined from hydrothermal veins notable as the primary ore of lead

n. cotton fabric composed of dyed yarn and woven in checked, plaid or striped patterns

n. a shiny, yellow, incomparably pliable and ductile metallic element of great intrinsic monetary value; resistant to corrosion and immune to oxidation, yet soluble by contact with chlorine and aqua regia
_n. a coating of gold leaf or paint applied to a surface or other object

n. the milky, whitish liquid latex of the gutta-percha tree
n. a rubbery substance derived from the aforementioned congealed latex, utilized as an element of dental cement, electrical insulation and golf balls

n. hydrous calcium sulfate: a colorless, white or xanthous mineral bestowed as an ingredient of cement, fertilizer, glass, paint, plaster of Paris, plasterboard and school chalk

n. any of multiple compounds composed of dissimilar atomic arrays of the same molecular formula

n. a smoky or translucent, colorless or pale yellow variety of zircon

a. any substance that absorbs or promotes retention of moisture
_n. a cosmetic cream or lotion applied to skin that restores to it moisture or promotes retention thereof

n. a silvery, poisonous, metallic, heavy, fluid element applied as an active component of barometers, batteries, thermometers and vapor lamps

n. a dark blue crystalline compound extracted from the indigo plant and broadly bestowed as a textile dye

n. a semiprecious stone composed of either the nephrite or jadeite minerals, the color of which ranges from rich green to white and is applied primarily to fashion gemstones or sculptures

n. soft, smooth leather tanned from the hide of a young goat

n. a concoction of certain dried leaves and bark smoked with or as a substitute for tobacco by Native Americans and pioneers

n. soil composed of clay, sand, silt and decomposing vegetable matter
n. a mixture of moist clay, sand and straw packed to produce foundry molds and plaster walls

n. fiber obtained from the magueys, usu. applied in the manufacture of rope

n. crumbly, fine, friable deposit rich with a mixture of clay, calcium and magnesium carbonates and shell fragments employed as fertilizer to enrich soil lacking lime

n. dark green mucoid matter primarily composed of bile, epithelial cells and mucus, which accrues in fetal intestines and ultimately comprises a newborn infant's first excretion

(culture [OR] growth) medium
n. a nutritive liquid or gelatinous substance in which tissues, microorganisms or (bacterial, fungal, faunal, floral) cells are cultivated for scientific uses

n. any substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed

n. an intervening substance (esp. air) through which force or signals may be transmitted as a means to impart effect or convey communication to the senses

n. a solvent with which pigment is mixed to produce paint, or paint is mixed to extenuate its viscosity

niter/potassium nitrate/saltpeter
n. a white or colorless crystalline mineral compound generated by nitrification in soil and used as an ingredient in explosives, gunpowders, fertilizers, matches, preservatives, pyrotechnics and rocket propellants

n. loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unraveling old ropes; impregnated with tar, it's used to caulk seams of wooden ships

n. any of numerous soils primarily embodying alumina, ferric oxide and silica; utilized as red and yellow pigments
_n. red ochre, usu. applied to mark sheep
_v. to dye or mark with ruddle

n. gilded brass or bronze, often used to fashion fixtures, furniture mounts and other adornments
n. any of numerous, gilt copper, tin or zinc alloys, utilized as a decorative component of architecture, furnishings, jewelry, etc.
_n. an alloy composed of copper and zinc employed as fake gold

n. rawhide depilated by soaking in lye and water and dried on a stretcher

n. a green or brown film or crust consisting of oxide that gradually forms on the surface of bronze or copper
_n. a green to aqua patina composed of copper sulfate or copper chloride and resulting from atmospheric oxidation on brass, bronze or copper exposed to air or seawater for protracted durations

n. acidulous, commonly yellowish excretory liquid filtered from blood by the kidneys, containing waste matter that's egested via the urethra

n. a hypothetical chemical once believed to be a volatile ingredient of all combustible substances and released as flame during combustion

n. any of varied thick, sticky, dark substances distilled from petroleum, coal or wood tar, and applied to caulk, pave, roof and waterproof
n. a natural bitumen (such as asphalt) used for many of the same purposes
n. a resin derived from a coniferous tree's sap

n. dark, igneous, reddish-purple rocks containing large crystals (usu. feldspar) embedded in a mineral groundmass

n. water formed by atmospheric condensation that falls from clouds to earth: hail, rain, sleet or snow

n. any explosive substance used to ignite a charge, as gunpowder

n. a white, bitter, crystalline or powdered alkaloid extracted from cinchona bark and used as an active ingredient of antimalarial treatments

n. a lucent, extremely radioactive metallic element found minutely in uranium ores, the decay of which produces alpha rays and radon gas; applied for radiotherapy and as an ingredient of luminescent paints

n. any gravelly stone

n. any reactive substance used in chemical analysis and synthesis as a means to detect, examine, measure or produce other substances

n. a watery discharge of the mucous membranes that seeps from the eyes or nose, as during a cold

n. an incrustation of ice formed when supercooled water droplets in fog freeze on contact with solid objects
n. any coating akin to rime, as frozen mud or slime

n. any flaky or scaly matter that flakes or peels from a surface
_n. dry, scaly, exfoliated shreds of skin
__n. scurf of the scalp

n. fissile rock formed by compression of sedimentary layers rich in clay

n. the insoluble, refractory, white dioxide form of silicon, a crystalline compound that occurs naturally as agate, flint, quartz, sand, etc., and is bestowed to manufacture abrasives, ceramics, concrete and glass
_n. hard, lucent silica found in igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks: the most common of minerals, and utilized in the manufacture of abrasives, cement and glass 
__n. purple or violet quartz, often fashioned into gemstones
__n. translucent to transparent and often milky or grayish quartz consisting of microscopic crystals, slender fibers of which are disposed in parallel bands
___n. fibrous chalcedony of particolored bands
___n. semitransparent, pale to deep reddish-yellow to reddish-brown chalcedony
___n. chalcedony of alternating black and white striations, often used as gemstones
__n. siliceous, sedimentary rock primarily composed of microcrystalline quartz
__n. an opaque, cryptocrystalline variant of quartz colored brown, red or yellow
_n. a white, porous, siliceous incrustation deposited from hot mineral springs
_n. any of numerous small, rounded, vitreous, silicate glass objects dyed from brown to green, presumed resultant of meteoritic impact

n. any fine suspension of insoluble particles in a liquid, as cement, clay, coal or feces in water or oil

n. a piece of otter feces

n. any substance on which an enzyme acts

n. any matter ingested to nourish the body
_n. any solid or semisolid nutriment that's eaten
__n. grass, hay or other vegetation eaten by grazing animals such as equine or cattle
__n. solid and fluid esculent refuse (as table scraps) fed to animals, esp. pigs and goats
__n. food eaten by humans
___n. an article of victual

n. saline fluid excreted by sweat glands through dermal pores

n. moisture (esp. droplets) wept from something, as that condensed on a cold surface

n. coarse, crushed stone immingled with tar and bitumen, and compressed (usually by a steamroller) to pave a surface

n. the hard, substantial, yellowish-brown wood of teak trees, which is resistant to insects and warping, and utilized in the construction of ships and furniture

n. any of various medicinal compounds (usu. ointments or potions) formerly dispensed and applied or ingested as antidotes for poison

n. a porous, sedimentary limestone formed by precipitation of calcium carbonate; colored white, cream, tan and rusty, and utilized as a construction material; bounteous deposits exist and are quarried at Tivoli, near Rome

n. a medicinal fluid or lotion applied externally to treat, soothe or palliate a contusion, irritation, sprain. etc.
_n. a fragrant salve
__n. a fragrant ointment containing a balsam
_n. an ointment applied to skin to soothe stiffness, soreness, sprain or inflammation

n. a substance that evaporates readily at ordinary pressures and temperatures

v. any matter orally ejected from one's stomach

wastewater/sewer water/sewerage/sewage
n. water mixed with waste matter during ablution, flushing or a manufacturing procedure channeled through sewers
_n. wastewater discharged from a factory, nuclear plant, sewage system, etc. into another body of water

n. any of several varieties of hard, dark rocks
_n. a dark, hard, igneous, often vitreous rock composed of olivine, plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene, which constitutes most of the oceanic floor


v. to make or become less dense
_v. to attenuate the consistency or viscosity of a fluid

a. readily flexed, esp. without sustaining damage

a. (of a liquid) thickened (usu. by cooling) to a semisolid or gelatinous state
_a. curdled into one or several soft, thick lumps

v. to render or become thick or thicker of consistency or viscosity
_v. (of a liquid, semifluid or semisolid) to solidify, as by cooling, drying, freezing or thickening
_v. (of a liquid) to change or cause to change to a semisolid or gelatinous state, usu. by thickening
__v. to congeal into a soft, viscous mass or lump

n. transformation of solid into liquid matter

v. to make or become a liquid
_v. (of a gas or vapor) to flux, usu. by cooling
_v. (of a solid) to liquefy, ordinarily by heating
__v. to melt from a frozen state
_v. (of a solid) to liquidize by absorbing moisture from air

a. capable of being shaped when subjected to pressure
_a. very malleable; easily molded
_a. malleable to protraction

a. subject to melting

a. (of liquids) incapable of being mixed, as oil and water

a. (of liquids) capable of being mixed; forming a homogeneous mixture when coalesced

a. capable of being cut smoothly, as with a knife

a. likely to occasion slipping; difficult to hold firmly, or stand or walk on by detriment of a greasy, wet, slimy or otherwise exceedingly smooth surface

v. to make soft or softer; to render less hard
_v. to soften by soaking

a. not flexible when subjected to pressure: not to be or not easily bent
_a. slightly or somewhat stiff

a. (of hair, smoke, thread, etc.) extremely light and slender


n. any indefinitely long span

a. without beginning or end; of an infinite duration

av. (existing or occurring) at a previous time
_av. before now; ere the present time
_av. until now
_av. before a previous time
_av. until then

conj., prep. (being or happening) at an earlier time

n. any historical span distinguished by particular characteristics, conditions, events, personalities, phenomena or zeitgeist

a. out of proper chronological order; chronologically jumbled

a. chronologically misplaced; erroneous of date or period

v. to exist or occur during an earlier time

a. existing or occurring before in time or order

n. a state of being or occurring earlier

a. temporally close; soon to occur
_a. about to occur; to happen at any moment

a. existing or occurring in brevity; lasting only for a short time
_a. lasting but a moment; especially ephemeral

a. existing at the same time; of the same age, generation or period

a. (of several events, processes, etc.) of the same duration

a. occurring during the same span

v. to happen simultaneously

n. a temporal correspondence of multiple events, the simultaneous occurrence of which ordinarily denotes no causal relation

a. occurring directly before or after; immediately preceding or succeeding in time; temporally closer than any other

a. of or happening during daytime
_a. recurring every day
_a. issued every day

n. ten consecutive years
_n. five successive years; a half-decade

Devonian (Period)
n. the fourth period of the Paleozoic Era (approximately 405 to 345 million years ago), historically distinguished by the advent of amphibians, insects and forests, and the evolutionary development of lobe-finned fish
a. of, being, concerning or incipient during the Devonian Period

av. at an agreed, scheduled or specified time

n. the longest division of geological time (minimally, 500,000,000 years) during which the eonothem rock strata is formed, comprising two to fourteen eras
_n. several hundred million years when the erathem rock strata is formed, consisting of numerous periods
__n. the primary unit of geologic time representing the formation of a standard rock system; constituted of epochs
___n. tens of millions of years during which a series of rock strata is laid down, comprehending multiple ages
____n. millions of years during which a stage of rock strata is formed

a. of, regarding or composing a geological eon

n. any state of temporal closeness

a. of, pertaining to, active or occurring during the night
_a. appearing, happening or performed every night

a. done or recurring every ninth year
a. lasting nine years

av. of, in or during the next month

v. to extend across a period of time

a. of or pertaining to time

a. existing or occurring later in time or order

av. of, in or during last month

a. transpiring, arriving, accomplished, etc. ulterior to an accepted, expected or scheduled time

a. of, belonging to, existing or occurring during a previous time; that once was

av. in the past; at an earlier time

a. of or concerning a week
_a. occurring once every seven days, or every week


n. an additional, subordinate item or component that enhances or extends capability or function
_n. an accessorial computing device, as an external storage drive, keyboard, mouse, printer, etc.

n. an instrument that measures intensity of radiation
_n. an actinometer that measures intensity of solar radiation

n. any radio's or television's antenna

n. a tubular metal or plastic sheath that seals each end of a shoelace or cord to facilitate passage through eyelets

n. a long, stout staff that terminates to an iron point plied by mountain climbers

n. a large, ovoid, earthenware jar of ancient Roman or Greek origin distinguished by a narrow neck and twin handles that extend from its lip to its shoulder, which was used to contain oil or wine

aperture (stop)
n. a (usu. adjustable and circinate) component of an optical instrument (such as a camera or telescope) that limits an amount of light admitted to its lens or mirror

n. any selection of articles (as tools, instruments, attire, etc.) bestowed to execute a particular operation or activity
_n. bulky, encumbering equipage
_n. a warrior's integral outfit of arms and armor

attache (case)
n. a flat, shallow, rectangular briefcase in which documents are carried

n. a mechanism programmed to perform a series of functions and act in response to a range of circumstances

n. a crossbar supporting a vehicle (as a cart or wagon) terminating to opposite spindles on which a twain of wheels revolve

n. receptacles in which one bestows one's personalty (esp. clothes and toiletries) while traveling, as bags, suitcases or trunks
_n. heavy or bulky baggage that encumbers

n. any heavy material (gravel, sand, iron) placed to stabilize a vessel
n. heavy, stabilizing material loaded on an airship or hot-air balloon that's jettisoned to achieve greater altitude

n. a device that maintains an electrical circuit's current

ballast resistor/barretter
n. a resistor inserted into a circuit to moderate changes in current, esp. those ensuant of temperature fluctuations

n. a court jester's mock scepter, fashioned in parody of his king's

bevel (square)
n. twain hinged rules with which one can mensurate or delineate angles of various sizes or inclinations

n. a stand on which a corpse or coffin containing a corpse is laid afore its inhumation
_n. an adorned bier on which a corpse or coffin rests before or during a funeral

n. any curve or loop in a rope

n. the (usu. middle) loose portion of an extended rope

n. a thick, enlarged portion of a hub, shaft, wheel, etc. to which another is coupled or keyed

n. a thin wire nail sporting a small head or lateral projection in lieu of a head

Brannock Device
n. an instrument used to measure a foot's proportions to ascertain an appropriate correspondent shoe size

n. a metal pan in which coals or charcoal are burnt to heat an area
n. a metal receptacle in which charcoal or coal are burnt to grill food

n. a toothed, tapered, elongate cutting tool used to shape or enlarge a hole

n. a spit on which meat is roasted

n. the collective totality of a warship's lateral armament

n. a (usu. rectilinear) frame fitted with a hinged prong designed to pass through the perforations of a belt or strap to join its ends
n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle

n. a small, round shield held by a handle or worn on one's forearm

n. a wooden mallet used to loosen the bung of a cask

n. wood sliced from a tree's burl and used decoratively as a veneer

n. a handheld, electric rotary file used to remove burrs

n. a chest in which ammunition is stored

n. a float employed to raise a sunken vessel

n. a large, watertight box fastened to the side of a ship for the underwater repair of its hull

n. the transparent covering of an aircraft cockpit constructed of glass or plastic

n. a parachute's hemispheric, folded, expanding component composed of silk or nylon, which fills with air to decelerate one's descent

n. the rear, upcurved portion of a saddle

n. a large plastic or glass bottle cased in a crate or basket, usu. applied to contain corrosive liquids

n. a cylindrical case containing a bullet and priming for small arms, esp. handguns, rifles and shotguns

n. a container wherein incense is burned

n. a reservoir or tank in which water is stored, esp. that utilized to supply taps or flush toilets

clamshell (bucket)
n. a large industrial dredging bucket of two hinged parts akin in shape to the shell of a clam

n. a small, flat, hinged, cosmetic case designed to be carried in a purse, in which an integrated mirror, compartmented pressed powder(s) and powder puff are contained

n. a vertical, cylindrical blast furnace wherein metals (esp. iron) are remelted ere casting

n. a plane's, tank's or warship's plastic or glass dome under which a gunner is seated

n. a cannon that launches a ball weighing between nine and thirteen pounds

n. a simple crane embodying a movable boom equipped with cables and pulleys secured to the base of a stabile, upright beam, ordinarily utilized to shift cargo

n. an item used to perform a manual or mechanical function
_n. a (usu. ingenious) mechanical, electric or electronic implement
__n. a device employed to perform a domestic function, as a washing machine, toaster, refrigerator or dishwasher
__n. a small contraption
__n. any contrivance applied to control, measure, monitor or record
__n. a type of electronic device on which information is stored and accessed: discs, magnetic tape, floppy, flash and hard drives, etc.
_n. an implement designed for the execution of precision work

dispatch box
n. a locked case in which documents or valuables are reposited

drop/gallous/gallows (tree)/gibbet
n. a wooden frame comprised of two uprights supporting a traverse from which a noose is suspended to gird the neck of a condemned person executed by hanging
_n. a wooden structure resembling a gallows from which corpses of executed convicts were hung for public exhibition

n. loose material laid beneath and betwixt articles of cargo to avert damage
_n. fine curled or curved softwood shavings employed as packing or stuffing

n. a machine that converts mechanical into electric energy, embracing a coil (the armature) that rotates between the poles of its electromagnet (the field magnet) and elicits the flow of electric current in the aforementioned armature

n. a compendious manual or reference book furnishing information or instruction regarding an implement, locale or topic

n. a mechanism in a timepiece comprising an escape wheel and anchor that controls its wheel and periodically impels a pendulum or balance

n. a mechanical component of a typewriter carriage embodying pawls and a toothed rack or wheel that regulates its sidelong motion

n. a mechanism in a piano that permits a hammer to fall clear of a string after striking so not to dampen its resonance

n. a hinged case containing writing materials that opens to a surface on which one may write

n. a shield or emblem of a shield's conformation on which a coat of arms is blazoned

n. a rim of a wooden wheel (or portion thereof) to which spokes are attached
_n. any dowel joining the ends of felloes that compose the circle of a gun carriage's wheel

n. a plastic or metal sleeve, ring or cap affixed to the end of a shaft (as a handle, tube, stick, etc.) to impart durability and forestall splitting or wear
n. a metal band (such as that of a pencil's eraser or paintbrush's bristles) that forms a joint or stengthens the instrument of which it's a constituent

n. a thin (usually tungsten) wire in a light bulb or electric lamp heated to incandescence by its conduction of an electric current

n. a charcoal hearth in which cast or pig iron is converted into wrought iron

n. a tool employed to implement manual threshing comprehending a staff or handle hinged to a free-swinging swipe pole or bar
n. an ancient weapon adapted from the farming tool, composed of a handgrip coupled by a chain to a spiked metal ball

n. an arrow's feathers

n. any lateral barb or barbed head of an arrow, fishhook, harpoon, spear, etc.

n. the weaker half of a sword's blade extending from its center to tip

n. the reflective, metallic sheet or coating constituting a mirror's backing

n. the stronger half of a sword's blade, from hilt to center

n. a flintlock action's pivoted metal upright situated over its flash pan that encloses the priming against which a flint strikes

furnace lining
n. the lining of a furnace's interior walls, which is composed of refractory material

n. a match sporting a large head that burns slowly and can't be easily extinguished, usu. employed to light cigars

n. a lightweight flintlock musket

n. an iron hook fixed to a handle or shaft used to land fish
v. to strike, impale or land with a gaff

n. a sharp metal spike strapped to the leg of a gamecock

n. a pair of rings mounted on axes that pivot perpendicular to enable a component device (such as a ship's compass) to remain horizontal even as its support tilts

grapnel/grapple/grappler/grappling (hook [OR] iron)
n. an iron shaft fastened to a rope at one end and at the other terminating in one or multiple hooks or clamps; used for grasping, holding or climbing

n. a light anchor for small boats terminating in three or more flukes

n. any tool used to engrave
_n. a tool with a rounded hilt terminating in an acute, beveled point, applied to engrave or carve marble, metal or wood
_n. a fine chisel, the tip of which is square or arcuate, used to clear lines or large areas when engraving wood or metal

n. any component designed to be held in one's hand, so to be lifted, moved or operated
_n. the handle of a weapon, as a battle-ax, dagger or sword
__n. a knob protruding from the hilt of a weapon, usu. a sword
_n. the handle of a tool, as an ax, chisel, driver, hammer, hatchet, pick, etc.

n. a small military flag or pennant utilized as a marker or standard by a unit, esp. a calvalry regiment

n. an implement consisting of rope or straps fit about the head of an animal (usu. a horse) with which it's lead, restrained or secured
_n. a halter of rawhide or rope applying controlling pressure to its wearer's nose, the wide band of which can be lowered to shroud a horse's eyes; utilized primarily to gentle foals
_n. the portion of a halter that girds a horse's head

n. a metal clasp, the hinged, slotted strap of which passes over a staple to which it's fixated with a bolt, pin or padlock

n. the portion of a bridle that girds a horse's head

n. a rope or strap with which an animal is hobbled
_n. a noosed rope used to hobble an animal, esp. a sheep, horse or cow

n. an open box fixed atop a pole in which bricks or mortar are carried against one's shoulder

n. a saddle's arched forepart

n. a short cannon that fires shells at medium velocity to steep trajectories

n. a pair of metal rings or bands linked by a chain or bar and locked around someone's wrists or ankles to inhibit their movement
_n. shackles girding the wrists to restrain appendicular or manual motion
_n. shackles fastened about the ankles or feet to cumber ambulation

n. any of various (usu. portable) mechanical, hydraulic or pneumatic tools utilized to raise heavy objects at relatively short heights

n. a mechanical or electronic device that rotates a spit

jumper (cable [OR] lead)
n. a short length of wire used to complete an electrical circuit or bypass a break therein

n. any rugged steel bar or bit with a tapered tip used to bore rock or drill holes with rapid and repeated impact, as that of a hammer drill or jackhammer

n. a masonry hammer used to break and crudely contour stone, the head of which is flat at one end and tapered to a wedged point at the other

key fob
n. a small, usu. flat object attached to a keyring or keychain, ordinarily composed of plastic or fiberglass and molded to be readily and comfortably handled

n. a small ridge or bead (usu. one in a series) intended to aid prehension, as on the edge of a revolver's hammer or a thumbscrew
v. to impress (a component) with a fine series of ridges

n. a long rope terminating to a running noose applied to catch an animal

n. a rope used to tether a grazing animal, as to a post or picket

n. a fishing spear terminating to treble prongs used to transfix fish

n. a series of narrow, usu. equilateral openings framed with slant, overlapping, fixed or movable fins or slats through which air or light are received while blocking rain
n. any of a louver's fins or slats

n. a pipe or chamber that branches into multiple apertures linked as inlets or outlets to enable the concurrent flux of liquids or gases

n. a feedbag fashioned of thick, tough cloth (usu. canvas)

n. any receptacle containing human bones, as an urn

n. a low, portable, wooden platform on which goods (usu. cargo) are stored or transported, through the open ends of which a forklift's forks are admitted

n. a potter's tool used to mix and model clay that's composed of a handgrip and flat blade or plate, comparable to a spatula

n. one of a brace of bags, baskets or packs slung over a person's shoulders, the back of a pack animal or stern of a bicycle or motorcycle

n. the spherical or wedged end of a hammer's head opposite its flat striking face

n. a device that regulates coruscations to effect the illusion that a revolving object is still or moving in opposite rotation
n. an apparatus that generates unusual effects with flashes reflected by disks upon which patterns or figures are rendered

n. an instrument that measures an attribute or attributes of light, esp. radiance
_n. a photometer that measures degrees of photic polarization
_n. a photometer that measures, records and compares varied wavelengths in a photic spectrum

n. a wooden framework mounted on a post, in holes of which the wrists and neck of the penalized are locked; thereafter, the captive is exposed to public scorn

n. a salient written or printed sign that's publicly posted
_n. a large placard posted to advertise or publicize

plumb line
n. a cord from which a metal weight is suspended, used to ascertain verticality or depth from a specific point
_plumb bob/plummet
_n. the (usually conical, lead) metal weight hung from the end of a plumb line

(two- [OR] three- [OR] four- [OR] five-, etc.) ply
n. one of several strands twisted together to make yarn, thread or rope
n. one of several layers of cloth, paper or wood, as those constituting a sheet of plywood, square of toilet paper, etc.

n. a large suitcase fashioned of stiff leather that opens to a pair of hinged compartments

n. a tool with which a blacksmith or farrier punches or enlarges a horseshoe's nail holes

n. a large cask, the capacity of which varies from 70 to 120 gallons

n. a riding whip embodying a short, stiff, stout handle and plaited leather lash

n. a rod applied to clean a firearm's barrel
n. a rod used to insert the charge of a muzzleloading firearm

n. an electrical device that activates or severs connections in a circuit in response to a minor alteration of current or voltage in another

n. any barricade intended to shield against explosives, ordinarily comprising sandbags or stones

n. an adjustable resistor designed to respond to variance of current without opening the electrical circuit of which it's a component, as that of a light slider

n. that portion of a carthorse's harness connecting it to its cart

n. a string on which preserved foodstuffs such as chilies, garlic, onions, dried fruit, etc. are threaded to be hung

n. a sharp, spiked wheel to which the shank of a spur terminates, used to impel a horse

n. a steering mechanism consisting of a hinged, vertical plate mounted to the stern of a vessel
_n. a bar or lever used to turn a boat's rudder
n. a hinged airfoil mounted at an aircraft's vertical stabilizer that occasions horizontal course changes when pivoted

scribe(r)/scratch awl
n. a handgrip from which a thin, acuate steel spike projects; used to score wood, metal, ceramic, brick, etc. to indicate where it's to be cut

n. any surrounding, surplus strip or frame, as that of stickers, postage stamps, or plastic or metal components

setline/trawl (line)
n. a long, buoyed fishing line extended across a span of sea to which shorter hooked, baited lines are fastened at intervals

n. a long fishing line extended athwart a river or stream to which shorter, hooked, baited, intervallic lines are affixed

n. a padlock's U-shaped bar

n. an oriental pipe encompassing an urn wherein marijuana or (often fruit-scented) tobacco smoke is cooled by passage through water, affixed to a long, flexible tube through which it's aspirated

n. a removable board fitted to the side of a wagon, truck or trailer to expand its lateral capacity

n. a tube extended from liquid in a vessel to a nether external level, through which the liquid is first drawn from the vessel by suction or immersion to enable atmospheric pressure and gravity to convey further liquid

n. curved and welded tubular sheet or plate metal

n. an ornamental object, feature or design fashioned to resemble a functional component or a precursory substance or design, as electric tea kettles, simulated automotive woodgrain, faux buckles and the emulation of any software interface derived from calculators, calendars, drum machines, keyboards, modular synthesizers, notebooks, rotary phones, etc.
_n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle

n. a photograph or graphic of a spectrum

n. any instrument with which a spectrum of light or other radiation is generated and analyzed, usually embodying a collimating lens and a prism
_n. a spectroscope that records spectra, as by photographing them to produce spectrograms

n. any short, straight length of wood, as a post, stake or stump

n. a mechanical contrivance that feeds fuel (usu. coal) to a furnace

a. a thick, tethered leather strip on which razors are sharpened

n. a semiconductor foundation on which an integrated electronic circuit is fabricated or posited

n. a cloth or handkerchief used to wipe sweat from the face

n. any coupling device or component (as a pivot or link) on which a fastened part or object may turn freely
_n. any point, pin or short shaft on which a component it supports rotates or vacillates, as an axle, capstan, fulcrum, gudgeon, or hinge
__n. a pivot on which a lever turns

n. a wooden stick on which notches or scores denoting items of an account (esp. amounts paid or pending) are cut; a wood tally is often halved to furnish each of two parties with its record

n. a large drinking mug featuring a single lateral handle and hinged lid, ordinarily crafted from silver or pewter

n. the leather covering of an American saddle's stirrup

n. a slim candle
n. a long, wax-coated wick applied to light candles, gas, etc.

n. an instrument used to measure temperature, most commonly constructed as a sealed glass tube, a bulb of which contains mercury or dyed alcohol that expands as temperature rises and contracts as it falls in a thin column to a point on a graduated scale printed on the tube or its frame, which indicates the temperature
_clinical thermometer
_n. a small thermometer employed to measure bodily temperature, which is placed under the tongue or armpit, or within the rectum
_gas thermometer
_n. a thermometer that measures temperature by scanning the volume of gas at a constant pressure, or pressure of gas at a constant volume
_n. a thermometer that detects and gauges high temperatures
__optical pyrometer/pyrophotometer
__n. a pyrometer that optically or photometrically measures temperature
_resistance thermometer
_n. a thermometer that metes temperature from the resistance of a coiled, usu. platinum wire or semiconductor
_n. a thermometer consisting of two conjoined semiconductors or wires of different metals, which functions by producing electromotive force when heat is applied to both

n. a grooved metal ring fixed to line any of a sail's eyes to forfend tears or corrasion

n. a valve regulating fluid flux, usu. that of an engine controlling the quantity of fuel or mixed fuel and air into its cylinders
n. a lever or pedal controlling a throttle
v. to choke or moderate a fluid's flow with a throttle

n. a farm implement or machine used to fragment soil and deracinate weeds with shovels or blades

n. a couple of sidelong leather straps or chains flanking and linking harnessed draft beasts to a vehicle, plow or whippletree thereof

n. a piece of leather from which a single glove is cut
n. the body of a glove, sans thumb, gussets and fourchettes

n. a movable framework consisting of a horizontal beam supported by a pair of sloping legs, a dyad of which are often used to bear a flat surface such as a tabletop

vernier (scale)
n. a small, graduated ancillary scale fixed parallel to another and calibrated to designate fractional degrees of the superior's gradations
a. of, pertaining to or fitted with a vernier

n. a specialty bullet with a flat front designed for paper target shooting

water gate/penstock/floodgate/head gate
n. a gate that regulates a flow of water passing through a conduit
_sluicegate/sluice/head gate
_n. a sluice's floodgate

n. any hand tool used to bore holes
_(screw) auger
_n. a wimble comprising a cross handle affixed to a shaft that terminates in a leading helical screw, used to bore holes in wood or ice
__n. a small auger
___n. a gimlet designed to tap casks

n. a winch comprehending a horizontal drum or barrel on which rope or chain is wound when lifting a load to which it's secured; utilized on ships to hoist anchors


n. any bird's esp. lofty nest

n. the peculiar sauntering gait of a horse, by which both sidelong legs move simultaneously, alternating with those opposite

a. of, regarding, typical of or derived from an animal or animals
_a. of, about or akin to a snake or snakes
__a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of the viper
_a. of or pertaining to the order Anisoptera (damselflies, dragonflies)
_a. of, regarding or resembling bees
_a. of, pertaining to or characteristic of birds
__a. of, belonging or relating to, or characteristic of birds of the order Galliformes: chickens, ducks, grouse, pheasants, quail, turkeys, etc.
__a. of, concerning or belonging to the order Passeriformes, as blackbirds, cardinals, crows, finches, jays, larks, sparrows, starlings, thrushes, etc.
__a. of, related or analogous to an owl or owls 
_a. of, about or belonging to the family Camelidae or its members: alpaca, camels, guanaco, llama, vicuña
_a. of, relating or kindred to a dog or dogs 
_a. of, regarding or belonging to the family Canidae (dogs, coyotes, foxes, jackals, wolves)
__a. of, typical of, pertaining or analogous to a wolf or wolves
_a. of or regarding the rhinoceros
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to the marine order Cetacea and its members: dolphins, porpoises, whales
__a. of, regarding or characteristic of the dolphin
_a. of or about gerbils and hamsters, rodents of the subfamily Cricetinae
_a. of, pertaining or similar to the elephant
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to the family Equidae, which includes donkeys, horses and zebras
__a. of, about or akin to a donkey or donkeys
_a. of, concerning, characteristic of or comparable to a horse or horses
__a. of, regarding or resembling a zebra or zebras
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to the family Felidae, which comprehends wild and domestic cats, cheetahs, jaguars, leopards, lions, tigers
_a. like or typical of a cat
__a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of a lion or lions
__a. of or pertaining to the leopard
__a. of, concerning, distinctive or similar to a tiger or tigers
_a. of, concerning or beloning to Gastropoda, a class of mollusks comprehending cowries, limpets, slugs, snails and whelks
__a. of or regarding slugs
_a. of of about the sea horse
_a. of, regarding or like a hippopotamus
_a. of or pertaining to hyenas
_a. of, relating or corresponding to porcupines
_a. of, resembling, regarding or belonging to the indruses' and lemurs' family Lemuroidea
_a. of, regarding or belonging to order Lepidoptera, which embodies butterflies, moths and larval caterpillars
_a. of, about, similar or individual to hares and rabbits
_a. of or related to the kangaroo
_a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of a mastodon
_a. of or concerning any rodent of family Muridae, as the house mouse and brown rat
_a. of, resembling, relating or belonging to the family Mustelidae, comprised of badgers, ferrets, martens, minks, otters, polecats, skunks and weasels
__a. of or relating to the otter
__a. of or about the badger
__a. of or regarding a skunk or skunks
_a. of or pertaining to the anteater of family Myrmecophagidae
_a. of or regarding the octopus
_a. of of concerning the walrus	
_a. of, relating to, resembling or affecting seals
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to Phocinae, family of the harbor and harp seals
_a. of, pertaining to, resembling or characteristic of fish
__a. of, concerning or belonging to the cartilaginous Elasmobranchii/Selachii: dogfish, rays, sharks and skates
_a. of, regarding or resembling pigs
__a. of or concerning the hog
_a. of or relating to the raccoon
_a. of, regarding or resembling a frog or frogs
_a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of reptiles
__a. of, like, regarding or belonging to the order Chelonia (tortoises, turtles) 
___a. of or pertaining to the tortoise
__a. of, regarding or resembling a crocodile
__a. of, relating or belonging to the order Crocodilia (alligators, caimans, crocodiles, gharial)
_a. of, concerning or belonging to Ruminantia, a suborder comprised of artiodactyl mammals possessing quadripartite stomachs, and who chew reguritated cud, as antelopes, cows, deer, giraffes, goats and sheep 
__a. of or concerning the family Alcelaphinae (antelopes, hartebeest, wildebeest)
__a. of, regarding, resembling or belonging to the ruminant family Bovinae, which encompasses buffalo, cows, oxen, etc.
___a. of, concerning or similar to a bull
__a. of, regarding or resembling a goat or goats
__a. of, concerning, distinctive or belonging to the family Caprinae (goats, ibex, sheep)
__a. of, relating or similar to deer
__a. of, about or belonging to the family Cervidae (deer, elk, moose)
__a. of or regarding giraffes
__a. of, relating to or typical of sheep
_a. of, relating or belonging to the Sciuridae, a family of rodents that incorporates chipmunks, marmots and squirrels 
_a. of, concerning or belonging to Scyphozoa, the class of true marine jellyfishes
_a. of or pertaining to the shrew or its family, Soricidae
_a. of, regarding or resembling Talpinae, a subfamily of primarily Eurasian moles
_a. of or pertaining to the armadillo
_a. of, regarding or resembling a bear or bears
_a. of, concerning, resembling or characteristic of a fox or foxes

n. deciduous, typically branched horns growing from the head of a deer, elk or moose
_n. a male deer's antlers

n. any of an animal's defensive organs (such as claws, teeth) or protective coverings (as a carapace)
_n. a hard, protective external casing, as a turtle's integrated dorsal plates, crustacean's exoskeleton, etc.

apiary/bee house
n. an edifice containing numerous beehives, wherein they're usually raised for harvest of their honey

n. a small American lizard of genus Basiliscus bearing a cranial crest and webbed toes that enable it to run upright across an aquatic surface

n. an animal of reddish-brown coloration, esp. a horse possessing a black mane and tail

n. animals inhabiting the bottom of a lake, river, sea, etc.

n. a beaked, feathered, oviparous, winged mammal, many species of which possess the power of flight
_n. indigenous birds of a specific region or period
_n. a waterbird of genus Fulica distinguished by its black head and neck, white bill and dark gray plumage
_n. any domestic or game bird of the order Galliformes widely hunted or bred for its meat and eggs, as chickens, ducks, grouse, pheasants, quail, turkeys, etc.
__n. small, gallinaceous European game birds of genus Coturnix, correspondent to partridges and typified by brown, camoflaged plumage and short tails
_n. any nonpasserine bird of the family Alcedinidae, characterized by its large cranium, short tail, brilliant plumage and long, sharp bill; kingfishers that reside proximal to water feed on fish; those of forests predate insects and lizards
__n. a kingfisher of genus Halcyon prevalent in warm regions of Asia and Africa
_n. any among a variety of wading birds in the family Ardeidae possessing spearlike bills and long legs and necks
_lanner (falcon)
_n. a large falcon of southern Europe, southern Asia and north Africa distinguished by gray and brown dorsal plumage and a white breast
__n. a female lanner falcon
__n. a male lanner falcon
_n. any among several (usu. nocturnal) birds of prey constituting the order Strigiformes, characterized by a broad head, flat face, large eyes encompassed by feathered facial disks, small and hoooked bill, short neck, hooked and feathered talons and fluffy plumage that muffles its flight
_n. perching birds of the order Passeriformes possessing four toes of prehensile faculty; most are diminutive and songbirds, and hatchlings of these breeds are helpless: blackbirds, cardinals, crows, finches, jays, larks, sparrows, starlings, thrushes, etc.
__n. any of varied passerine of the family Fringillidae possessing short, stout bills employed to crack seeds: bullfinches, chaffinches, canaries, goldfinches, and siskins
__n. any similar birds of the families Cardinalidae and Emberizidae: cardinals, grosbeaks and sparrows
___n. a crested North American songbird, males of which sport vivid red plumage
__n. any North or South American blackbird of the family Icteridae and genus Quiscalus, whose plumage is iridescently black
__n. passerine of family Alaudidae, distinguished by their dull plume, melody and long hind claws
___Alauda arvensis/skylark
___n. a songbird of Europe, Asia and northern Africa of brown-speckled plumage that sings melodiously whilst hovering at terrific heights
__n. a gregarious Eurasian passeriform bird, notable for a bare patch of skin about the base of its bill and proclivity to nest and roost at the tops of trees
__n. any carnivorous songbird of the family Laniidae, distinguished by its robust, severely hooked bill and propensity to predate insects and small vertebrates by empalement on thorns, barbed wire, etc.
_n. any of many compact tropical and subtropical birds of the order Psittaciformes distinguished by their vibrant plumage, short, hooked bill, and select capacity to mimic human speech
__n. any among various large Latin American parrots of genera Ara and Anodorhynchus characterized by stout bills and long tails
__n. a small, slim parrot possessing a tapering tail
_n. a shorebird of family Charadriidae distinguished by its thick neck, short bill and tail, and compact, rounded body
_n. any among the smallest sandpipers of genera Erolia or Calidris found in Eurasia or Alaska
_(long-tailed) sylph
_n. any of several South American hummingbird species boasting brilliant green, blue and purple feathers; males of these species have extremely long, forficate tails
_n. any among various seabirds of genus Sterna bearing cleft tails and long, slim wings, which are smaller than gulls
_n. a migratory bird that resides somewhere pro tempore

n. the chirping, whistling and song of a (usu. passerine) bird

n. a small butterfly of the family Lycaenidae bearing blue wings

n. a short or docked tail
n. any animal possessing a short or truncated tail
a. having a short tail

n. a group of chicks who've hatched together

v. (of herbivorous animals) to feed on grass or other herbage, as in a meadow
_v. to graze in a pasture

a. shed at an early stage of development, as an amphibian's gills

n. a horse's or other quadruped's smooth, triple-beat gait between the velocity of a trot and a gallop
_n. a leisurely canter

n. the shrill, yowling sonant verbalized by a cat whilst rutting

cayuse/(Cayuse) Indian pony
n. a small, strapping range pony endemic of the western United States, gentled and employed by Native American tribes (esp. the Cayuse) and cowboys

n. an animal's spine

cinnabar (moth)/Callimorpha jacobeae
n. a large, black European moth sporting vivid red patches, the larvae of which feed on leaves of ragwort

n. a group of cats
_a. a clowder comprised of cats who are uncertain of one another
_n. a litter of kittens

n. a set of eggs in simultaneous incubation

n. any radially symmetrical invertebrate of phylum Cnidaria, formed of a saclike internal cavity and single orifice ringed with tentacles furnished with stinging structures: corals, hydras, jellyfish and sea anemonies

a. feeding on feces, as certain insects or Teutons

a. (of a cat) seated with body resting on legs and head raised

n. a mature, usu. domesticated female ox exploited for its milk or beef
n. a mature female mammal, as an elephant, moose, seal, whale, etc.

n. a large, aquatic rodent native to South America that possesses large teeth, a long, thick tail, and webbed feet, and resembles a small beaver

n. defensive discharge by certain beetles of an acerbic fluid

n. a small bud or knob protruding from and topping a deer's antler

n. a dog of mixed breed
_n. a vicious or substandard mongrel

n. any among a variety of small, bluish-green or jade freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae

n. a domestic, quadrupedal mother, such as a mare or sow

n. a group of dogs
_n. a ravening doggery

a. (of animals) active during the daytime

n. any among varied marine fish of order Zeiformes possessing spiny dorsal fins and slim, ovate bodies

n. a driven herd of livestock, esp. of oxen, sheep or swine

n. that branch of zoology pertaining to the study of insects

ermine/Mustela erminea/short-tailed weasel/stoat
n. a weasel of the Northern Hemisphere notable for its black-tipped tail and lush, dark brown fur, which blanches during winters

n. atypical redness of plumage

n. pubic hair growing from the perineum betwixt a cow's udder and vulva, attributes of which were esteemed an index of milking qualities

n. the fleshy or muscular portion of an animal's side between its ribs and hip

flehmen position [OR] reaction [OR] response
n. the act of curling back an upper lip to expose incisors and canines while inspiring orally

n. flat, bilateral lobes to which a cetacean's tail terminates

n. any parasitic flatworm
_n. an ectoparasite of class Monogenea whose entire life cycle is spent fastened to a fish
_n. a fluke of class Trematoda that fastens itself with hooks or suckers to its host

n. horny, durable, elastic matter centered in the sole of an equine's foot

a. living together in colonies, herds, hives, flocks, etc. and often adherent to an organized and hierarchical system

n. a small, narrow fish of the family Pholidae distinguished by its long dorsal fin and small or absence of pelvic fins; rife in the coastal waters and tidal pools of northern seas

n. an old or worn-out horse

n. any organism that requires a saline environment

n. jointly, the loin and leg of a quadruped

husky/Eskimo dog
n. a powerful Arctic sled dog distinguished by its pricked ears, curled tail and dense, coarse double coat

n. a sexually mature insect posterior to its metamorphosis

n. a large, green grasshopper of genus Microcentrum and family Tettigoniidae possessing long antennae; males of this species emit a stridulous song when they rub organs of their forewings together

n. a gargantuan marine animal, esp. a whale

n. a large timber wolf of the western United States

n. a dry, scabby or scurfy eruption behind an equine's knee

n. (of equines) suffering from or bearing malanders

n. a tusked, immane, hirsute, extinct mammal akin to the elephant that flourished worldwide from the Oligocene to Pleistocene epoch, secerned by its dental array and stockier, more robust build from those of the mammoth

n. the defensive resemblance of an animal or plant to another or an inanimate object developed to enable concealment or convey an unappetizing impression

n. a genus of large, pilose spiders that trap their prey in subterranean tubes rather than webs

(ecological) niche
n. the function, position or role of an organism or species within its environment and community

n. the prolonged, snorting, stridulous clamor of a horse
v. (of a horse) to vocalize this noise
_n. a soft, gentle neigh
_v. (of a horse) to emit a nicker

n. any creature that glows in darkness, esp. bioluminescent marine dinoflagellates of genus Noctiluca

v. to be relegated to an intermediary class between two taxonomic groups

n. two species of piglike mammals autochthonous to North America
_collared peccary/javelina
_n. a peccary possessing a gray coat ringed with a white collar

n. numerous undressed pelts

a. (of a faunal organ) retained; not shed upon maturity

n. motion or growth of a sessile organism toward or away from light

n. collectively, a bird's feathers

v. (of birds) to smooth or clean feathers with the beak

n. a bottom-dwelling fish of the family Zoarcidae, resident in cool or cold seas and distinguished by its broad head, thick lips and elongated body, the dorsal and anal fins of which extend along its tail

pout/hornpout/horned pout/bullhead/Ameiurus [OR] Ictalurus nebulosus
n. a freshwater catfish native to eastern North America and readily identified by its large head, oral barbels and spined dorsal and pectoral fins

v. (of a predatory animal) to hunt for, kill and eat an animal of another species

n. killing and consumption by a predator of its prey

a. (of an extremity) adapted to seize or grasp, esp. by wrapping around and clutching an object

n. an equine herd from which ranch hands select their daily mounts

n. a group of nesting birds
n. wherever a rookery nests

v. (of ruminants) to chew cud posterior to its regurgitation

n. any natural projection of an animal's anterior head, as a beak or snout

n. any feathers covering the shoulders of a bird

n. any large group of aquatic animals (esp. fish) that swim in confluence, esp. during migration
_n. a school of whales

n. one of several thick, horny or bony plates or scales, as of a turle's shell, armadillo's banded armor, crocodile's back, etc.

n. a weaned piglet

n. a tubular organ (of clams, mollusks, squids, etc.) through which liquid (usu. water) is drawn or discharged

n. a flock of ducks or geese in flight

n. any lusk, freshwater or terrestrial gastropod mollusk that can withdraw its entire internal body into its voluted shell
_n. a terrene snail of genus Helix

n. spiders distinguished by large, fierce fangs

a. comprised of, or covered or coated with scales

n. a trumpet-shaped protozoan of the genus Stentor that ravens other microorganisms in freshwater ponds with its spiral, ciliated orifice

v. (of insects, esp. the cricket) to produce a strident, often chirping sound by rubbing organs together

n. a joint between a quadruped's hind femur and tibia homologous and inverse to the human knee
_n. a joint diametric yet homologous to the human ankle in gallinaceous legs and some quadrupedal hind legs

a. inhabiting dry land

a. containing, secreting or capable of injecting venom by biting or stinging

n. a whip scorpion of Mexico and the southern United States that sprays a fluid of vinegary odor when disturbed

(rabbit) warren
n. a network of subterranean rabbit burrows interconnected by tunnels

n. a group of wombats

n. a flock of snipe
© 2012-2021 Robert Buchanan

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